University of Kiel
|Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel|
Seal of the University of Kiel
Latin: Academia Holsatorum Chiloniensis
|Motto||Pax optima rerum|
Motto in English
|Peace is the greatest good|
|Colors||Purple and white|
The University of Kiel (German: Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel, CAU) is a university in the city of Kiel, Germany. It was founded in 1665 as the Academia Holsatorum Chiloniensis by Christian Albert, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp and has approximately 24,000 students today. The University of Kiel is the largest, oldest, and most prestigious in the state of Schleswig-Holstein. Until 1864/66 it was not only the northernmost university in Germany but at the same time the 2nd largest university of Denmark.
- History 1
- Faculties 2
Notable people 3
- Alumni 3.1
- Nobel Prize Winners 3.2.1
- Points of interest 4
- See also 5
- References 6
- External links 7
The University of Kiel was founded under the name Christiana Albertina on 5 October 1665 by Christian Albert, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp. The citizens of the city of Kiel were initially quite sceptical about the upcoming influx of students, thinking that these could be "quite a pest with their gluttony, heavy drinking and their questionable character" (German: mit Fressen, Sauffen und allerley leichtfertigem Wesen sehr ärgerlich seyn). But those in the city who envisioned economic advantages of a university in the city won, and Kiel thus became the northernmost university in the German Holy Roman Empire.
After 1773, when Kiel had come under Danish rule, the university began to thrive, and when Kiel became part of Prussia in the year 1867, the university grew rapidly in size. The university opened one of the first botanical gardens in Germany (now the Alter Botanischer Garten Kiel), and Martin Gropius designed many of the new buildings needed to teach the growing number of students.
The Christiana Albertina was one of the first German universities to obey the Gleichschaltung in 1933 and agreed to remove many professors and students from the school, for instance Ferdinand Tönnies or Felix Jacoby. During World War II, the University of Kiel suffered heavy damage, therefore it was later rebuilt at a different location with only a few of the older buildings housing the medical school.
- Faculty of Theology
- Faculty of Law
- Faculty of Business, Economics and Social Sciences
- Faculty of Medicine
- Faculty of Arts and Humanities
- Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences
- Faculty of Agricultural Science and Nutrition
- Faculty of Engineering
- See also Category:University of Kiel alumni
- Franz Boas (1858–1942), anthropologist
- Gerhard Domagk, bacteriologist, Nobel laureate
- Gerhard Stoltenberg, politician, former prime minister of Schleswig-Holstein, former finance minister of Germany
- Peer Steinbrück, politician, former prime minister of North Rhine Westphalia, former finance minister of Germany
- Erich Walter Sternberg, composer
- See also Category:University of Kiel faculty
Nobel Prize Winners
There are several Nobel Prize Winners affiliated with the University of Kiel, including:
- 1902 Theodor Mommsen (Literature)
- 1905 Philipp Lenard (Physics)
- 1918 Max Planck (Physics)
- 1922 Otto Meyerhof (Medicine)
- 1950 Kurt Alder and Otto Diels (Chemistry).
Points of interest
- "SwRI Radiation Assessment Detector (RAD) Homepage". Southwest Research Institute. Retrieved January 19, 2011.
- University of Kiel Web site
- University of Kiel International Affairs
- Students' Association at University of Kiel (German)