United States Army War College
|U.S. Army War College|
|Motto in English||wisdom and strength for the future|
|Officer in charge||Maj. Gen. William Rapp|
Carlisle, Pennsylvania, United States
The United States Army War College (USAWC) is a United States Army institution in Carlisle, Pennsylvania, on the 500 acre (2 km²) campus of the historic Carlisle Barracks. It provides graduate level instruction to senior military officers and civilians to prepare them for senior leadership assignments and responsibilities. Each year, a number of Army colonels and lieutenant colonels are considered by a board for admission. Approximately 800 students attend at any one time, half in a two-year-long distance learning program, and the other half in an on-campus full-time resident program lasting ten months. Upon completion, the college grants its graduates a master's degree in Strategic Studies.
Army applicants must have already completed the U.S. Army Command and General Staff College, the required Professional Military Education for officers in the rank of major. While the Army handpicks most of the students who participate in the residential program, the student body always includes officers from the other military branches, civilians from agencies like the Department of Defense, State Department, and National Security Agency, and officers from foreign countries. For example, the residential Class of 2004 included 268 officers from the five branches of the United States Armed Forces (from the active and reserve components), 30 senior civilian employees of the federal government, and 42 foreign military officers. Majors with the specialty of Function Area 59, Strategist, formerly Strategic Plans and Policy, also attend their qualification course, the Basic Strategic Arts Program (BSAP), at the college.
The Army War College is one of the three senior service colleges of the U.S. Department of Defense, joined by the Naval War College for the U.S. Navy and Air War College for the U.S. Air Force. The Army War College is a split-functional institution. While a great deal of emphasis is placed on research, students are also instructed in leadership, strategy, and joint-service/international operations.
According to U.S. Army regulation 10–44, the mission of the War College is "To prepare selected military, civilian, and international leaders for the responsibilities of strategic leadership; educate current and future leaders on the development and employment of landpower in a joint, multinational and interagency environment; conduct research and publish on national security and military strategy; and engage in activities in support of the Army’s strategic communication efforts."
Established from the principles learned in the Spanish-American War, the College was founded by Secretary of War, Elihu Root, and formally established by General Order 155 on 27 November 1901. Washington Barracks — now called Fort Lesley J. McNair — in Washington, D.C. was chosen as the site. Theodore Roosevelt attended the Masonic laying of the cornerstone of Roosevelt Hall on 21 February 1903.
During the presidency of Montgomery M. Macomb in 1916, President Woodrow Wilson accused students and staff of planning for taking part in an offensive war, even though the United States had not entered World War I. Wilson was unconvinced by Macomb's explanation that the college was concerned only with the intellectual growth and professional development of its students, and insisted that the school curtail its activities in order to ensure that the U.S. maintained its neutrality.
Basic Strategic Art Program
The Basic Strategic Art Program is one of the academic programs taught at the U.S. Army War College. When the program was founded in 2003, its purpose was to provide those officers who had been newly designated into Functional Area 59 (Strategist, formerly Strategic Plans & Policy) an introduction to strategy and to the unique skills, knowledge, and attributes needed as a foundation for their progressive development as army strategists. FA 59 officers have deployed to combat since the onset of the Global War on Terror in 2001. Since then, graduates of this program served in key positions in Iraq, Afghanistan, all combatant commands, and at the Pentagon.
Center for Strategic Leadership
The Center for Strategic Leadership and Development (CSLD)'s areas of emphasis are experiential education, Senior Leader education, support to Army Senior Leader research, and support to both US Army War College (USAWC) and Army Senior Leader strategic communication efforts. CSL's professional staff and Collins Hall facility host, support, develop, and conduct world-class events (workshops, symposia, conferences, games, and exercises) focused on a broad range of strategic leadership and national security issues and concepts in support of the USAWC, the Army, and the Interagency and Joint Communities.
Peacekeeping and Stability Operations Institute
The Peacekeeping and Stability Operations Institute (PKSOI) is located at the War College. The institute's mission is to serve as the U.S. Military’s Center of Excellence for Stability and Peace Operations at the strategic and operational levels in order to improve military, civilian agency, international, and multinational capabilities and execution.
PKSOI Stability Operations Lessons Learned Information Management System (SOLLIMS)
SOLLIMS is PKSOI's repository for Observations, Issues and Lessons (Best Practices) emerging from the Stability Operations community. SOLLIMS provides the ability to capture Lessons Learned data from ongoing Exercises, Experiments and real-world SSTR missions and operations. Access to SOLLIMS is provided to OSD, USG agencies, and other NGO, IO and multi-national organizations involved in SSTR operations across the globe.
- John J. Pershing, Class of 1905
- Lyman W.V. Kennon, Class of 1910
- John A. Lejeune, Class of 1910
- Hunter Liggett, Class of 1910
- Samson L. Faison, Class of 1911
- Ben Hebard Fuller, Class of 1914
- John Wilson Ruckman, Class of 1915
- Walter Krueger, Class of 1921
- Charles H. Corlett, Class of 1925
- Edmund L. Gruber, Class of 1927
- Dwight D. Eisenhower, Class of 1928
- Simon Bolivar Buckner, Jr., Class of 1929
- Roy Geiger, Class of 1929
- Oscar Griswold, Class of 1929
- Clarence R. Huebner, Class of 1929
- Lesley J. McNair, Class of 1929
- Troy H. Middleton, Class of 1929
- Franklin C. Sibert, Class of 1929
- Willis D. Crittenberger, Class of 1930
- Robert L. Eichelberger, Class of 1930
- Charles P. Hall, Class of 1930
- Jesse B. Oldendorf, Class of 1930
- Frank Jack Fletcher, Class of 1931
- William R. Schmidt, Class of 1931
- Gilbert R. Cook, Class of 1932
- Leonard T. Gerow, Class of 1932
- Wade H. Haislip, Class of 1932
- Thomas Holcomb, Class of 1932
- John P. Lucas, Class of 1932
- Alexander M. Patch, Class of 1932
- George S. Patton Jr., Class of 1932
- Frank M. Andrews, Class of 1933
- George Kenney, Class of 1933
- Edward Almond, Class of 1934
- Omar Bradley, Class of 1934
- Ulysses S. Grant III, Class of 1934
- Lewis Blaine Hershey, Class of 1934
- Ernest N. Harmon, Class of 1934
- Jonathan Wainwright, Class of 1934
- Norman Cota, Class of 1936
- John R. Hodge, Class of 1936
- Richard Marshall, Class of 1936
- Edward H. Brooks, Class of 1937
- Mark W. Clark, Class of 1937
- Matthew Ridgway, Class of 1937
- Walter Bedell Smith, Class of 1937
- J. Lawton Collins, Class of 1938
- Leslie Groves, Class of 1939
- Hoyt Vandenberg, Class of 1939
- Anthony McAuliffe, Class of 1940
- Maxwell D. Taylor, Class of 1940
- Pedro del Valle, Class of 1940
- William Westmoreland, Class of 1951
- Bruce Palmer, Jr., Class of 1952
- Creighton Abrams, Class of 1953
- Earl E. Anderson, Class of 1960
- Bernard W. Rogers, Class of 1960
- Alexander Haig, Class of 1966
- Donn A. Starry, Class of 1966
- H. Norman Schwarzkopf, Class of 1973
- Lewis Sorley, Class of 1973
- George Joulwan, Class of 1978
- Gordon R. Sullivan, Class of 1978
- William Hartzog, Class of 1981
- Richard Myers, Class of 1981
- Clara Leach Adams-Ender, Class of 1982
- Donald Fowler, Class of 1983
- Thomas E. White, Class of 1984
- W. Patrick Lang, Class of 1985
- Tommy Franks, Class of 1985
- James Peake, Class of 1988
- Lance L. Smith, Class of 1990
- Abdulkadir Sheikh Dini (Somali Army), Class of 1990
- William G. Boykin, Class of 1991
- John Kimmons, Class of 1995
- Raymond T. Odierno, Class of 1995
- Vijay Kumar Singh (Indian Army), Class of 2001
- Frank J. Corte, Jr., Class of 2002
- Parami Kulatunga (Sri Lankan Army), Class of 2003
- Bikram Singh, (Indian Army), Class of 2004
- Joe Heck, Class of 2006
- Abdul Fatah al-Sisi, Class of 2006
- Rizwan Akhtar (Pakistan Army) (Director General Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI)), Class of 2008
- Basic Strategic Arts Program
- Staff College
- United States Military Academy
- United States Army Command and General Staff College
- National War College
- Naval War College
- Marine Corps War College
- Air War College
- Strategic Studies Institute
- The Institute of World Politics
- "Commandant's Column: Envisioning USAWC 2020". Archived from the original on 2013-11-27. Retrieved 2013-11-27.
- "The Torch: Global Application of Landpower". Retrieved 2014-07-26.
- US Army War College. Carlisle.army.mil. Retrieved on 2013-07-23.
- Commanding Generals and Chiefs of Staff, 1775-2005: Portraits & Biographical Sketches of the United States Army's Senior Officer; William Gardner Bell; Government Printing Office, 2006.
- Lengel, Edward G. (2014). A Companion to the Meuse-Argonne Campaign. West Sussex, England: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. p. 391.
- Grotelueschen, Mark Ethan (2007). The AEF Way of War: The American Army and Combat in World War I. New York: Cambridge University Press. p. 24.
- Strategic Studies Institute of the US Army War College – the College's strategic and security research facility
- Peacekeeping and Stability Operations Institute website
- US Military Strategists Association
- Strategic Experiential Education Group – the College's Strategic Experiential Education Group
- The College's quarterly refereed journal (Parameters), for senior military professionals
- U. S. Army heraldic entitlements for the War College
- What Is the War College, Anyway?, a May 2004 article from Slate