UH 25 is a fuel mixture for rockets. It was developed for the European Ariane 2-4 launch vehicles.

UH 25 was developed after a disaster during flight 2 of the Ariane 1 rocket. During launch, one of the four Viking engines on the first stage developed a combustion instability which led to an engine fire, subsequent explosion and destruction of the vehicle. Following this event and starting with Ariane 2, the fuel was changed from pure UDMH to the mixture UH 25.[1]

UH 25 was used in Ariane rocket versions 2 through 4.

UH 25 is a mixture of 75% UDMH and 25% hydrazine hydrate.[2] It is hypergolic with dinitrogen tetroxide as oxidizer, and both can be stored as liquids at room temperature.


Like its components, UH 25 is flammable, toxic (carcinogenic) and corrosive.

Safety labels

easily flammable


  1. ^ Die Geschichte der Europarakete Ariane (German)
  2. ^ Tim Furniss: Ingenieure bei der Arbeit, Raumschiffe und Raketen, Tessloff Verlag, N├╝rnberg (1989), ISBN 3-7886-0493-X Seite: 31 (German)

See also