Telecommunications in Costa Rica

Telecommunications in Costa Rica

Telecommunications in Costa Rica include radio, television, fixed and mobile telephones, and the Internet.

Radio and television

  • Radio stations: more than 100 privately owned radio stations and a public radio network (2007).[1]
  • Radios: 980,000 (1997).

Telephones

Internet

  • Top-level domain: .cr,[1] the Academia Nacional de Ciencias is the registrar.
  • Internet users: 194,269 users, 154th in the world; 34.7% of the population, 123rd in the world (2012).[4][5]
  • Fixed broadband: 32,192 subscriptions, 120th in the world; 5.7% of population, 98th in the world (2012).[4][6]
  • Wireless broadband: Unknown (2012).[7]
  • Internet hosts: 147,258 hosts, 78th in the world (2012).[1]
  • IPv4: 44,032 addresses allocated, less than 0.05% of the world total, 78.6 addresses per 1000 people (2012).[8][9]
  • Internet Service Providers: 2 ISPs (1999):
    • Consumer ADSL services are only offered by Grupo ICE.
    • Cable Modem services are offered by two companies countrywide, Cable Tica and Amnet. Several other companies offer local cable modem services.
    • Six new ISP licenses were awarded by regulator Sutel in June 2009. The licenses include the right to provide VoIP services.

Internet censorship and surveillance

There are no government restrictions on access to the Internet or credible reports that the government monitors e-mail or Internet chat rooms without judicial oversight.[10]

The constitution provides for [10]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Communications: Costa Rica", World Factbook, U.S. Central Intelligence Agency, 7 January 2014. Retrieved 13 January 2014.
  2. ^ Dialing Procedures (International Prefix, National (Trunk) Prefix and National (Significant) Number) (in Accordance with ITY-T Recommendation E.164 (11/2010)), Annex to ITU Operational Bulletin No. 994-15.XII.2011, International Telecommunication Union (ITU, Geneva), 15 December 2011. Retrieved 2 January 2014.
  3. ^ "Telephone System terms and abbreviations", World Factbook, U.S. Central Intelligence Agency, 7 January 2014. Retrieved 12 January 2014.
  4. ^ a b Calculated using penetration rate and population data from "Countries and Areas Ranked by Population: 2012", Population data, International Programs, U.S. Census Bureau, retrieved 26 June 2013
  5. ^ "Percentage of Individuals using the Internet 2000-2012", International Telecommunications Union (Geneva), June 2013, retrieved 22 June 2013
  6. ^ "Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions per 100 inhabitants 2012", Dynamic Report, ITU ITC EYE, International Telecommunication Union. Retrieved on 29 June 2013.
  7. ^ "Active mobile-broadband subscriptions per 100 inhabitants 2012", Dynamic Report, ITU ITC EYE, International Telecommunication Union. Retrieved on 29 June 2013.
  8. ^ Select Formats, Country IP Blocks. Accessed on 2 April 2012. Note: Site is said to be updated daily.
  9. ^ Population, The World Factbook, United States Central Intelligence Agency. Accessed on 2 April 2012. Note: Data are mostly for 1 July 2012.
  10. ^ a b "Costa Rica", Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2012, Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor, U.S. Department of State, 20 March 2013. Retrieved 13 January 2014.

External links

  • Superintendencia de Telecomunicaciones (SUTEL) (Spanish).
  • NIC.cr, registrar for the .cr domain.