Telecommunications in Costa Rica
Telecommunications in Costa Rica include radio, television, fixed and mobile telephones, and the Internet.
Radio and television
- Radio stations: more than 100 privately owned radio stations and a public radio network (2007).
- Radios: 980,000 (1997).
- Television stations: multiple privately owned TV stations and 1 publicly owned TV station; cable network services are widely available (2007).
- Television sets: 525,000 (1997).
- Communications service provider: Grupo ICE, government monopoly.
- Calling code: +506
- International call prefix: 00
- Main lines: 1.0 million lines in use, 75th in the world (2012).
- Mobile cellular: 6.2 million lines, 100th in the world (2012).
- Telephone system: good domestic telephone service in terms of breadth of coverage; under the terms of CAFTA-DR, the state-run telecommunications monopoly is scheduled to be opened to competition from domestic and international firms, but has been slow to open to competition, point-to-point and point-to-multi-point microwave, fiber-optic, and coaxial cable link rural areas; connected to Central American Microwave System, a trunk microwave radio relay system that links the countries of Central America and Mexico with each other. (2011).
- Satellite earth stations: 2 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean) (2011).
- Communications cables: landing points for the Americas Region Caribbean Ring System (ARCOS-1), MAYA-1, and the Pan-American Crossing submarine cables that provide links to South and Central America, parts of the Caribbean, and the US (2011).
- Top-level domain: .cr, the Academia Nacional de Ciencias is the registrar.
- Internet users: 194,269 users, 154th in the world; 34.7% of the population, 123rd in the world (2012).
- Fixed broadband: 32,192 subscriptions, 120th in the world; 5.7% of population, 98th in the world (2012).
- Wireless broadband: Unknown (2012).
- Internet hosts: 147,258 hosts, 78th in the world (2012).
- IPv4: 44,032 addresses allocated, less than 0.05% of the world total, 78.6 addresses per 1000 people (2012).
Internet Service Providers: 2 ISPs (1999):
- Consumer ADSL services are only offered by Grupo ICE.
- Cable Modem services are offered by two companies countrywide, Cable Tica and Amnet. Several other companies offer local cable modem services.
- Six new ISP licenses were awarded by regulator Sutel in June 2009. The licenses include the right to provide VoIP services.
Internet censorship and surveillance
The constitution provides for 
- This article incorporates public domain material from the CIA World Factbook document "2014 edition".
- This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States Department of State.
- "Communications: Costa Rica", World Factbook, U.S. Central Intelligence Agency, 7 January 2014. Retrieved 13 January 2014.
- Dialing Procedures (International Prefix, National (Trunk) Prefix and National (Significant) Number) (in Accordance with ITY-T Recommendation E.164 (11/2010)), Annex to ITU Operational Bulletin No. 994-15.XII.2011, International Telecommunication Union (ITU, Geneva), 15 December 2011. Retrieved 2 January 2014.
- "Telephone System terms and abbreviations", World Factbook, U.S. Central Intelligence Agency, 7 January 2014. Retrieved 12 January 2014.
- Calculated using penetration rate and population data from "Countries and Areas Ranked by Population: 2012", Population data, International Programs, U.S. Census Bureau, retrieved 26 June 2013
- "Percentage of Individuals using the Internet 2000-2012", International Telecommunications Union (Geneva), June 2013, retrieved 22 June 2013
- "Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions per 100 inhabitants 2012", Dynamic Report, ITU ITC EYE, International Telecommunication Union. Retrieved on 29 June 2013.
- "Active mobile-broadband subscriptions per 100 inhabitants 2012", Dynamic Report, ITU ITC EYE, International Telecommunication Union. Retrieved on 29 June 2013.
- Select Formats, Country IP Blocks. Accessed on 2 April 2012. Note: Site is said to be updated daily.
- Population, The World Factbook, United States Central Intelligence Agency. Accessed on 2 April 2012. Note: Data are mostly for 1 July 2012.
- "Costa Rica", Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2012, Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor, U.S. Department of State, 20 March 2013. Retrieved 13 January 2014.
- Superintendencia de Telecomunicaciones (SUTEL) (Spanish).
- NIC.cr, registrar for the .cr domain.