Clockwise from center: Taoyuan Martyrs' Shrine, Hutoushan Park, Taoyuan Jinfu Temple, Taoyuan Wenchang Temple, Taoyuan Exhibition Center, Taoyuan Confucius Temple, Zhongzhen Road
|Country||Republic of China|
|• Total||34.8046 km2 (13.4381 sq mi)|
|Population (December 2014)|
|• Density||12,000/km2 (31,000/sq mi)|
Taoyuan District (Chinese: 桃園區; pinyin: Táoyuán Qū), formerly known as Taoyuan City (Chinese: 桃園市; pinyin: Táoyuán Shì; Wade–Giles: T'ao-yüan Shih; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Thô-hn̂g-chhī), is a district of Taoyuan City in the northwestern part of the island of Taiwan.
- History 1
- Climate 2.1
- Administrative divisions 3
- Government institutions 4
- Education 5
- Economy 6
International relations 7
- Twin towns – Sister cities 7.1
- Tourist attractions 8
- See also 9
- References 10
- External links 11
Taoyuan is the native home to the plains tribes of Taiwanese aborigines. Taoyuan's old name was Toahong (Chinese: 桃仔園; pinyin: Táozǐyuán; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Thô-á-hn̂g; literally: "peach orchard") since there used to be many peach blossoms in the area.
In November 1901, under Japanese rule, a local administrative office, Toshien Cho (桃仔園廳), was established in the area. In 1909, the number of Cho were reduced and the local unit was renamed Tōen Chō (Japanese: 桃園廳). In 1920, the area was renamed Tōen Town (桃園街), and incorporated into Tōen District (桃園郡), Shinchiku Prefecture as a county jurisdiction. After the Chinese Civil War, it was "Taoyuan Town, Taoyuan County." Since April 21, 1971, the name was "Taoyuan City" (桃園市). And on December 25, 2014, the city center and government seat was upgraded to the current status of "Taoyuan District."
- Area: 34.80 km2 (13.44 sq mi)
- Elevation: 157 ft (48 m)
- Population: 417,366 people (December 2014)
Taoyuan has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification: Cfa), with hot summers and mild winters. Precipitation is high throughout the year and is generally higher in the first half of the year. Due to the effect of wind from mainland China, Taoyuan is typically cooler than New Taipei, despite having a lower latitude.
Dalin Village, Dafeng Village, Jianguo Village, Yunlin Village, Fuan Village, Fulin Village, Fenglin Village, Zhonghe Village, Zhongxing Village, Wenhua Village, Wenchang Village, Wenming Village, Beimen Village, Minsheng Village, Yongxing Village, Guangxing Village, Ximen Village, Xihu Village, Wuling Village, Zhangmei Village, Nanmen Village, Nanhua Village, Zhongshan Village, Zhongping Village, Zhongzheng Village, Zhongcheng Village, Zhongxin Village, Zhongyuan Village, Zhongtai Village, Zhongsheng Village, Zhonglu Village, Zhongde Village, Wenzhong Village, Yushan Village, Taishan Village, Longshan Village, Longan Village, Longgang Village, Longxiang Village, Longshou Village, Longfeng Village, Zhongpu Village, Zhongning Village, Beipu Village, Yongan Village, Tongan Village, Tongde Village, Zijiang Village, Xipu Village, Mingde Village, Tungpu Village, Zhangan Village, Zhangde Village, Xinguang Village, Nanpu Village, Zhuangjing Village, Ciwen Village, Xinpu Village, Ruiqing Village, Bao'an Village, Baoqing Village, Sanyuan Village, Sanmin Village, Dayou Village, Daxing Village, Chenggong Village, Bianzhou Village, Zhongyi Village, Tungshan Village, Tungmen Village, Jingxi Village, Chunri Village, Zhaoyang Village, Guiji Village, Wanshou Village, Baoshan Village.
Within Taoyuan, there are five high schools, 12 junior high schools, 23 primary schools, and an "intelligence initiation school." Taoyuan is also home to a number of buxibans, or cram schools or language schools, which teach additional courses in mathematics, English, science, etc. There are also 10 universities located in Taoyuan.
Taoyuan was one of the host cities for the Taiwan European Film Festival in 2012.
Companies headquartered or located in Taoyuan City include
- Atotech Taiwan
- Wacoal Taiwan
- Ford Motor Company
- SHL - Scandinavian Health Limited
Twin towns – Sister cities
Taoyuan is twinned with:
- Bartholomew, Ian (November 11, 2012). "European film festival opens".
- "Radom - Miasta partnerskie" [Radom - Parntership cities]. Miasto Radom [City of Radom] (in Polish). Archived from the original on 2013-04-03. Retrieved 2013-08-07.
- Ginsburg, Norton Sydney (et al.) (1991). The Extended metropolis: settlement transition in Asia. University of Hawaii Press.
- Taoyuan City Office (English)