Private first class

Private first class

Navies Armies Air forces
Commissioned officers
Admiral of
the fleet
Marshal or
Field marshal
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the air force
Admiral General Air chief marshal
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Brigadier general
Air commodore
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Major or
Squadron leader
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First lieutenant
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Enlisted grades
Warrant officer or
Chief petty officer
Warrant officer or
Sergeant major
Warrant officer
Petty officer Sergeant Sergeant
Leading seaman Corporal Corporal
Seaman Private Aircraftman

Private first class (PFC) is a military rank held by junior enlisted persons.


  • United States 1
    • United States Army 1.1
    • United States Marine Corps 1.2
  • Singapore 2
  • Vietnam 3
  • Philippines 4
  • See also 5
  • References 6

United States

United States Army

U.S. Army private first class insignia
U.S. Army private first class insignia (1959-1968)

In the United States Army, recruits usually enter service as a private, in pay grade E-1. Private (E-2), designated by a single chevron, is typically an automatic promotion after six months of service, or for those who have achieved the rank of Eagle Scout in the Boy Scouts or have been awarded the Girl Scout Gold Award in the Girl Scouts of the USA, or have completed 30 semester units of college courses.[1] Private first class (E-3), equivalent to NATO grade OR-3, is designated by a single chevron and a rocker stripe and is more common among soldiers who have served in the U.S. Army for one year or more. Soldiers who have achieved an associate degree or its equivalent are entitled to enter the Army at this pay grade.[2] Advancement from private first class is typically to specialist, although occasionally it may be to corporal.

The rank of private first class has existed since 1866 and, prior to 1919, its insignia consisted of the branch of service insignia without any arcs or chevrons. The Secretary of War approved "an arc of one bar" (i.e., a "rocker") under the branch of service or trade insignia for privates first class on 22 July 1919. From August 5, 1920 to May 28, 1968, the rank insignia for private first class was a single chevron, per War Department Circular No. 303. On May 28, 1968, the insignia was changed to its current form, consisting of a single chevron with one arc.[3]

United States Marine Corps

U.S. Marine Corps private first class insignia.

In the

  1. ^ "AR 601-210, Chapter 2-18a(12) and (13)"
  2. ^ "AR 601-210, Chapter 2-18a(7)"
  3. ^ United States Army Institute of Heraldry (2006). "History of Enlisted Ranks". United States Army. Retrieved December 31, 2006. 
  4. ^ Estimates submitted by the Secretary of the Navy, 1918: hearings before Committee on Naval Affairs, House of Representatives, Sixty-fifth Congress, on estimates submitted by the Secretary of the Navy, 1918, p. 240
  5. ^


See also

The Philippine Army Private First Class rank insignia.


In the Vietnam People's Army, private first class (Vietnamese: binh nhất) is the highest junior enlisted rank. Private first class is below corporal and above private second class.

Vietnam People's Army private first class insignia.


The PFC rank is rarely awarded nowadays by the SAF since 2010s. All private enlistees are eligible to be promoted directly to lance corporal should they meet the minimum qualifying requirements and work performance.

The rank of private first class (PFC) in the Singapore Armed Forces lies between the ranks of private (PTE) and lance-corporal (LCP).[5] Introduced in 1983, it is awarded to hardworking conscript citizen-soldiers who performed well in their National Service term. Privates first class (一等兵) wear a rank insignia of a single chevron pointing down.

The SAF Private First Class rank insignia.


, will graduate from USMC Recruit Training with the rank of PFC. Young Marines and had obtained the rank of Young Marine sergeant or above in the United States Marine Corps Recruit Training Enlistees that complete [4]