|Invented by||Tony Horton|
P90X, or Power 90 Extreme, is a commercial home exercise regimen created by Tony Horton, known for a high level of intensity. Developed as a successor to the program called "Power 90", it is designed to take 90 days, and consists of a training program that uses cross-training and periodization, combined with a nutrition and dietary supplement plan.
The system was developed by Tony Horton, Beachbody CEO Carl Daikeler, Beachbody Fitness Advisor Steve Edwards, nutritionist Carrie Wyatt, Creative Director Ned Farr, and workout video director Mason Bendewald.
In 2002, Daikeler asked Horton to create a fitness program for people who were already fit. Daikeler hired Ned Farr to document the process of developing the new program. Horton consulted various fitness experts and experimented with several disciplines to develop the workout program.
Farr used a documentary approach when filming the infomercials, using raw home footage supplied by P90X graduates. "P90X: The Proof" infomercial won a Telly award in 2009 and "P90X: The Answer" infomercial won a Moxie award in 2010.
In 2011, the sequel to P90X was released, P90X2. Also a 90-day workout regimen, P90X2 focuses on an applied sports science called Muscle Integration. Instead of working one muscle group at a time, P90X2 uses resistance on unstable platforms to engage more muscles with each movement.
In December 2013, P90X3 was released and featured 30 minute workouts as opposed to hour-long ones. P90X3 includes 16 routines, and includes yoga, mixed martial arts, pilates, and plyometrics with upper and lower body workouts.
P90X uses the term "muscle confusion" in their advertising to refer to their training methods. Muscle confusion is said to prevent the body from adapting to exercises over time, resulting in continual improvement without plateau.
There are eight programs associated with the Power 90 name: P90, Power 90, Power 90 Master Series, P90X, P90X+, P90X One on One, P90X2, and P90X3.
P90X is a 90-day program that combines a variety of exercise techniques, including strength training, cardio, yoga, plyometrics, and stretching. The program consists of a nutrition guide, fitness plan, calendar, and series of DVDs demonstrating a variety of techniques. Others within the video demonstrate moves at lower and higher levels of intensity. The program provides a fitness test to determine if the program is suitable for an individual.
The P90X program cycle lasts 13 weeks, exercising six days per week. The program has three "rotations" or emphases, called "classic," "lean" and "doubles," that the individual selects according to their personal goals. There are a total of 12 DVD workouts included with the program; each targets different skills and muscles. Most of the workouts are less than an hour in duration, although the abdominal workout ("Ab Ripper X") is performed three times per week, after six of the rotating workouts, which adds approximately 15 minutes of exercise to the times in the table below.
|Program||Exercise||Week||Muscles Worked||Type||Ab Ripper X||Length||Equipment|
|P90X||Chest and Back||1-3, 9, 11||Pectorals, Back, Biceps, Triceps||Strength Training||Yes||52:50||Weights or Bands, Push-up bars, Pull-up bar or bands, Chair, Fitness guide and pen, Water and Towel|
|Plyometrics||1-3, 5-7, 9-12||Legs, Full Body||Cardio||No||58:36||Heart rate monitor, Mat, Stool or Chair, Water and towel|
|Shoulders and Arms||1-3, 9, 11||Biceps, Triceps, Shoulders||Strength Training||Yes||59:53||Weights or bands, Wall, Chair, Fitness guide and pen, water and towel|
|Yoga X||1-13||Full Body||Cardio, Stretch||No||92:24||Mat, Yoga blocks, Water and towel|
|Legs and Back||1-3, 5-7, 9-12||Quads, Hamstring, Calves, Back||Strength Training||Yes||58:56||Weights or bands, Wall, Pull-up bar or bands, Chair, Fitness guide and pen, Water and towel|
|Kenpō X||1-13||Full Body||Cardio||No||58:46||Heart rate monitor, Water and towel|
|X Stretch||1-13||Full Body||Stretch||No||57:32||Mat, Yoga blocks, Water and towel|
|Core Synergistics||4, 8, 13||Full Body||Strength Training||No||57:27||Mat, Weights or bands, Plastic plate, cardboard or towel, Water and towel|
|Chest, Shoulders and Triceps||5-7, 10, 12||Pectorals, Shoulders, Triceps||Strength Training||Yes||55:44||Weights or Bands, Push-up bars, Plastic plate, cardboard or towel, Chair, Fitness guide and pen, Water and towel|
|Back and Biceps||5-7, 10, 12||Back, Biceps||Strength Training||Yes||51:36||Weights or bands, Wall, Pull-up bar or bands, Chair, Fitness guide and pen, Water and towel|
|Cardio X||doubles||Full Body||Cardio Workout||No||43:18||Stool or Chair, Mat, Yoga blocks, Heart rate monitor, Water and towel|
|Ab Ripper X||weekly||Abdominals, Core||Strength Training||N/A||16:07||Mat, Water and towel|
|P90X+||Upper Plus||1-3, 5-7, 9-12||hips up: chest, back, biceps, triceps, shoulders||Strength Training||No, Abs/Core Plus instead||40 min||push-up stands, weights or bands, pull-up bar, water and towel|
|Interval X Plus||1-3, 9, 11||Full Body||Cardio Workout||No, Abs/Core Plus instead||40 min||Heart rate monitor, water and towel|
|Total Body Plus||1-3, 5-7, 9-12||Full Body||Strength Training||No||45 min||push-up stands, weights or bands, pull-up bar, water and towel|
|Kenpo Cardio Plus||1-3, 5-7, 9-12||Full Body||Cardio Workout||No||40 min||water and towel, heart rate monitor|
|Abs/Core Plus||1-12||Abs and Core||Strength Training||No||20 min||Mat, water and towel, weights or bands, pull-up bar|
P90X delivers complete exercise list in worksheets and calendar, which both help exercisers to keep track of their workouts.
The nutrition plan is composed of three phases. The first 30 days emphasize higher protein and lower carbohydrates. The second phase increases the percentages of carbohydrates. The third phase further increases the carbohydrates.
In popular culture
The singer P!nk told the Oprah Winfrey Show on February 5, 2010, that she gets her body in shape for tours with P90X. She was interviewed after her "Glitter in the Air" performance at the 2010 Grammy Awards show.
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