Montparnasse Tower

Montparnasse Tower

Tour Maine-Montparnasse
File:Tour Montparnasse June 2010.jpg
General information
Type Commercial offices
Location 33 Avenue du Maine
15th arrondissement
Paris, France
Coordinates

48°50′32″N 2°19′19″E / 48.8421°N 2.3220°E / 48.8421; 2.3220Coordinates: 48°50′32″N 2°19′19″E / 48.8421°N 2.3220°E / 48.8421; 2.3220

Construction started 1969
Completed 1969 - 1973
Height
Roof 210 m (690 ft)
Technical details
Floor count 59
Floor area 88,400 m2 (952,000 sq ft)
Design and construction
Architect Cabinet Saubot-Jullien
Eugène Élie Beaudouin
Louis-Gabriel de Hoÿm de Marien
Urbain Cassan
A. Epstein and Sons International
References
[1][2][3][4]

Tour Maine-Montparnasse (Maine-Montparnasse Tower), also commonly named Tour Montparnasse, is a 210-metre (689 ft) office skyscraper located in the Montparnasse area of Paris, France. Constructed from 1969 to 1972, it was the tallest skyscraper in France until 2011, when it was surpassed by the 231 m (758 ft) Tour First. As of June 2013, it is the 14th tallest building in the European Union. The tower was designed by architects Eugène Beaudouin, Urbain Cassan and Louis Hoym de Marien and built by Campenon Bernard.[5]

Location

Built on top of the Montparnasse – Bienvenüe Paris Métro station, the 59 floors of the tower are mainly occupied by offices. The 56th floor, with a restaurant called le Ciel de Paris,[6] and the terrace on the top floor, are open to the public for viewing the city. In April 2012, the 56th floor and the restaurant were closed for renovations but reopened in June 7, 2012;[7] the terrace remains open to the public. The view covers a radius of 40 km (25 mi); aircraft can be seen taking off from Orly Airport. The guard rail, to which various antennae are attached, can be pneumatically lowered in just two minutes to allow helicopters to land. At the time of construction, it was the tallest building in Europe by roof height. The construction of La Grande Arche in La Défense places the tower in a second line of perspective across Paris: see Axe historique.

Criticism

The tower's simple architecture, large proportions and monolithic appearance have been often criticised for being out of place in Paris's urban landscape. As a result, two years after its completion the construction of buildings over seven storeys high in the city centre was banned.[8]

The design of the tower predates architectural trends of more modern skyscrapers today that are often designed to provide a window for every office. Only the offices around the perimeter of each floor of Tour Montparnasse have windows.

It is sometimes said that the view from the top is the most beautiful in Paris, because it is the only place from which the tower itself cannot be seen.[9]

A 2008 poll of editors on Virtualtourist voted the building the second-ugliest building in the world.[10]

Climbing the tower

In 1995, French urban climber, Alain "Spiderman" Robert, using only his bare hands and feet and with no safety devices of any kind, scaled the building's exterior glass and steel wall to the top, almost falling in the process.

Asbestos contamination

In 2005, studies showed that the tower contained asbestos material. When inhaled, for instance during repairs, asbestos is a carcinogen. As with the Jussieu Campus, the problem of removing the asbestos material from a large building used by thousands of people is acute. Projected completion times for removal are three years if the building is emptied for the duration of the work and ten years if the building is not emptied. The removal of asbestos began in July 2007.

Tenants

Previously Tour Maine-Montparnasse housed the executive management of Accor.[11]

Gallery

View over Paris, at dusk, from the top platform of Tour Montparnasse

See also

Paris portal

References

External links

  • Photos of Tour Montparnasse
  • Tour Montparnasse
  • Pictures and info