Miami Open (tennis)

Miami Open (tennis)

Miami Open
Founded 1985
Location Miami, Florida
USA
Venue Tennis Center at Crandon Park
Surface Hard (Laykold) / Outdoors
Official website
 ATP World Tour
Category Masters 1000
Draw 96S / 48Q / 32D
Prize Money $5,185,625
 WTA Tour
Category Premier Mandatory
Draw 96S / 48Q / 32D
Prize Money $5,185,625

The Miami Open is an annual tennis tournament for men and women held in Miami, Florida. It is an ATP World Tour Masters 1000 event on the men's tour and a Premier Mandatory event on the women's tour, played on hard courts at the Tennis Center at Crandon Park. The tournament is held in March each year. It is owned by IMG.

The tournament has had multiple sponsorships in its history. It was initially known as the Lipton International Players Championships and was a premier event of the Grand Prix Tennis Tour from 1985 until 1990 as part of the Grand Prix Super Series. In 2000, the event was renamed the Ericsson Open. In 2002, the event became known as the NASDAQ-100 Open. In 2007, the tournament was renamed the Sony Ericsson Open, in a deal by which the company would pay $20 million over the next four years, until 2014. From 2015-2019, the international bank Itaú became the presenting sponsor, making the official name of the tournament Miami Open presented by Itaú.[1]

In 2010, a record 300,000 visitors attended matches at the 12-day Sony Ericsson Open, making it one of the largest tennis tournaments outside the four Majors.[2] In 2011, 316,267 visitors attended the Open.[3]

The court has been criticized as the slowest hardcourt on the tour, subjecting players to endless grinding rallies in extreme heat and humidity.[4][5]

Contents

  • History 1
  • Event characteristics 2
    • Points and prize money 2.1
  • Past results 3
    • Men's singles 3.1
    • Women's singles 3.2
    • Men's doubles 3.3
    • Women's doubles 3.4
    • Mixed doubles 3.5
  • Records and Stats 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6

History

Stadium Court, the main venue at the Miami Open at night time
A 2009 match between Rafael Nadal and Juan Martín del Potro at Stadium Court

The tournament was founded by former player Butch Buchholz. His original aim was to make the event the first major tournament of the year (the Australian Open was held in December at that time), and he dubbed it the "Winter Wimbledon". Buchholz approached the ATP and the WTA, offering to provide the prize-money, and to give them a percentage of the ticket sales and worldwide television rights in return for the right to run the tournament for 15 years. The two associations agreed.

The first tournament was held in February 1985 at Laver's International Tennis Resort at Delray Beach, Florida. Buchholz brought in Alan Mills, the tournament referee at Wimbledon, as the head referee; and Ted Tinling, a well-known tennis fashion designer since the 1920s, as the director of protocol. At the time, the prize money of US$1.8 million was surpassed only by Wimbledon and the US Open. (The event's prize money has since grown to over US$9 million.)

In 1986, the tournament relocated to Boca West. After its successful second year there, Merrett Stierheim, Dade County Manager and Women's Tennis Association (WTA) President, helped Buchholz in 1987 to move the tournament to its current home in Key Biscayne.[6] In keeping with the ambitions of its founder, the tournament has been maintained as one of the premiere events in tennis.[7]

In 1999, Buchholz sold the tournament to IMG.[8]

Event characteristics

Beside the four Grand Slam championships, the Sony Ericsson Open is one of the few events on the Association of Tennis Professionals (ATP) and WTA tours where the main singles draw (for both the men and the women) involves more than 64 players, and where main draw play extends beyond one week. 96 men and 96 women compete in the singles competition, and 32 teams compete in each of the doubles competitions. The event lasts 12 days. As of 2012, ESPN televises early-round coverage in the U.S., and CBS broadcasts the men's and women's finals.

In 2006, the tournament became the first event in the United States to use Hawk-Eye to allow players to challenge close line calls. Players were allowed two challenges per set, with an additional challenge allowed for tiebreaks. The first challenge was made by Jamea Jackson against Ashley Harkleroad in the first round.

Points and prize money

As an ATP World Tour Masters 1000 event, the tournament will distribute up to 1000 ATP Rankings points to the singles and doubles champions. For the 2014 edition, a total of US$$11,076,510 was shared between the singles and doubles competitors. This is a table detailing the points and prize money allocation for each round of the 2014 Miami ATP Masters 1000 and WTA Premier Mandatory event:[9]

Event W F SF QF 4R 3R 2R 1R Q Q2 Q1
Singles Points 1000 600 360 180 90 45 25 10 25 8 0
Prize money $787,000 $384,065 $192,485 $98,130 $51,730 $27,685 $14,945 $9,165 $2,730 $1,395
Doubles Points 1000 600 360 180 90
Prize money $257,860 $125,850 $63,070 $32,140 $16,950 $9,070

Past results

Men's singles

  • The men's final has been abandoned three times since the tournament's inception.
    • In 1989, Thomas Muster was hit by a drunk driver just hours after his semifinal victory, severing left knee ligaments, which put him in a wheelchair for months. He won the championship eight years later.
    • In 1996, Goran Ivanišević retired from the final early with a stiff neck, after sleeping awkwardly the night before.
    • In 2004, Guillermo Coria was visibly bothered by back pain from late in the first set of the final. Coria eventually retired during the first game of the fourth set due to this back pain. The problem turned out to be kidney stones.
Year Champion Runner-up Score
Lipton International Players Championships
1985 Tim Mayotte Scott Davis 4–6, 4–6, 6–3, 6–2, 6–4
1986 Ivan Lendl Mats Wilander 3–6, 6–1, 7–6(7–5), 6–4
1987 Miloslav Mečíř Ivan Lendl 7–5, 6–2, 7–5
1988 Mats Wilander Jimmy Connors 6–4, 4–6, 6–4, 6–4
1989 Ivan Lendl Thomas Muster W/O
↓  ATP Masters 1000 tournament  ↓
1990 Andre Agassi Stefan Edberg 6–1, 6–4, 0–6, 6–2
1991 Jim Courier David Wheaton 4–6, 6–3, 6–4
1992 Michael Chang Alberto Mancini 7–5, 7–5
Lipton Championships
1993 Pete Sampras MaliVai Washington 6–3, 6–2
1994 Pete Sampras Andre Agassi 5–7, 6–3, 6–3
1995 Andre Agassi Pete Sampras 3–6, 6–2, 7–6(7–3)
1996 Andre Agassi Goran Ivanišević 3–0, retired
1997 Thomas Muster Sergi Bruguera 7–6(8–6), 6–3, 6–1
1998 Marcelo Ríos Andre Agassi 7–5, 6–3, 6–4
1999 Richard Krajicek Sébastien Grosjean 4–6, 6–1, 6–2, 7–5
Ericsson Open
2000 Pete Sampras Gustavo Kuerten 6–1, 6–7(2–7), 7–6(7–5), 7–6(10–8)
2001 Andre Agassi Jan-Michael Gambill 7–6(7–4), 6–1, 6–0
NASDAQ-100 Open
2002 Andre Agassi Roger Federer 6–3, 6–3, 3–6, 6–4
2003 Andre Agassi Carlos Moyá 6–3, 6–3
2004 Andy Roddick Guillermo Coria 6–7(2-7), 6–3, 6–1, retired
2005 Roger Federer Rafael Nadal 2–6, 6–7(4–7), 7–6(7–5), 6–3, 6–1
2006 Roger Federer Ivan Ljubičić 7–6(7–5), 7–6(7–4), 7–6(8–6)
Sony Ericsson Open
2007 Novak Djokovic Guillermo Cañas 6–3, 6–2, 6–4
2008 Nikolay Davydenko Rafael Nadal 6–4, 6–2
2009 Andy Murray Novak Djokovic 6–2, 7–5
2010 Andy Roddick Tomáš Berdych 7–5, 6–4
2011 Novak Djokovic Rafael Nadal 4–6, 6–3, 7–6(7–4)
2012 Novak Djokovic Andy Murray 6–1, 7–6(7–4)
Sony Open Tennis
2013 Andy Murray David Ferrer 2–6, 6–4, 7–6(7–1)
2014 Novak Djokovic Rafael Nadal 6–3, 6–3
Miami Open presented by Itaú
2015 Novak Djokovic Andy Murray 7–6(7–3), 4–6, 6–0

Women's singles

Year Champion Runner-up Score
Lipton International Players Championships
1985 Martina Navratilova Chris Evert 6–2, 6–4
1986 Chris Evert Steffi Graf 6–4, 6–2
1987 Steffi Graf Chris Evert 6–1, 6–2
↓  Tier I tournament  ↓
1988 Steffi Graf Chris Evert 6–4, 6–4
1989 Gabriela Sabatini Chris Evert 6–1, 4–6, 6–2
1990 Monica Seles Judith Wiesner 6–1, 6–2
1991 Monica Seles Gabriela Sabatini 6–3, 7–5
1992 Arantxa Sánchez Gabriela Sabatini 6–1, 6–4
Lipton Championships
1993 Arantxa Sánchez Steffi Graf 6–4, 3–6, 6–3
1994 Steffi Graf Natasha Zvereva 4–6, 6–1, 6–2
1995 Steffi Graf Kimiko Date 6–1, 6–4
1996 Steffi Graf Chanda Rubin 6–1, 6–3
1997 Martina Hingis Monica Seles 6–2, 6–1
1998 Venus Williams Anna Kournikova 2–6, 6–4, 6–1
1999 Venus Williams Serena Williams 6–1, 4–6, 6–4
Ericsson Open
2000 Martina Hingis Lindsay Davenport 6–3, 6–2
2001 Venus Williams Jennifer Capriati 4–6, 6–1, 7–6(7–4)
NASDAQ-100 Open
2002 Serena Williams Jennifer Capriati 7–5, 7–6(7–4)
2003 Serena Williams Jennifer Capriati 4–6, 6–4, 6–1
2004 Serena Williams Elena Dementieva 6–1, 6–1
2005 Kim Clijsters Maria Sharapova 6–3, 7–5
2006 Svetlana Kuznetsova Maria Sharapova 6–4, 6–3
Sony Ericsson Open
2007 Serena Williams Justine Henin 0–6, 7–5, 6–3
2008 Serena Williams Jelena Janković 6–1, 5–7, 6–3
↓  Premier Mandatory tournament  ↓
2009 Victoria Azarenka Serena Williams 6–3, 6–1
2010 Kim Clijsters Venus Williams 6–2, 6–1
2011 Victoria Azarenka Maria Sharapova 6–1, 6–4
2012 Agnieszka Radwańska Maria Sharapova 7–5, 6–4
Sony Open Tennis
2013 Serena Williams Maria Sharapova 4–6, 6–3, 6–0
2014 Serena Williams Li Na 7–5, 6–1
Miami Open presented by Itaú
2015 Serena Williams Carla Suárez Navarro 6–2, 6–0

Men's doubles

Year Champion Runner-up Score
1985 Paul Annacone
Christo van Rensburg
Sherwood Stewart
Kim Warwick
7–5, 7–5, 6–4
1986 Brad Gilbert
Vince Van Patten
Stefan Edberg
Anders Järryd
W/O
1987 Paul Annacone
Christo van Rensburg
Ken Flach
Robert Seguso
6–2, 6–4, 6–4
1988 John Fitzgerald
Anders Järryd
Ken Flach
Robert Seguso
7–6, 6–1, 7–5
1989 Jakob Hlasek
Anders Järryd
Jim Grabb
Patrick McEnroe
6–3, retired
1990 Rick Leach
Jim Pugh
Boris Becker
Cassio Motta
6–3, 6–4
1991 Wayne Ferreira
Piet Norval
Ken Flach
Robert Seguso
5–7, 7–6, 6–2
1992 Ken Flach
Todd Witsken
Kent Kinnear
Sven Salumaa
6–4, 6–3
1993 Richard Krajicek
Jan Siemerink
Patrick McEnroe
Jonathan Stark
6–7, 6–4, 7–6
1994 Jacco Eltingh
Paul Haarhuis
Mark Knowles
Jared Palmer
7–6, 7–6
1995 Todd Woodbridge
Mark Woodforde
Jim Grabb
Patrick McEnroe
6–3, 7–6
1996 Todd Woodbridge
Mark Woodforde
Ellis Ferreira
Patrick Galbraith
6–1, 6–3
1997 Todd Woodbridge
Mark Woodforde
Mark Knowles
Daniel Nestor
7–6, 7–6
1998 Ellis Ferreira
Rick Leach
Alex O'Brien
Jonathan Stark
6–2, 6–4
1999 Wayne Black
Sandon Stolle
Boris Becker
Jan-Michael Gambill
6–1, 6–1
2000 Todd Woodbridge
Mark Woodforde
Martin Damm
Dominik Hrbatý
6–3, 6–4
2001 Jiří Novák
David Rikl
Jonas Björkman
Todd Woodbridge
7–5, 7–6(7–3)
2002 Mark Knowles
Daniel Nestor
Donald Johnson
Jared Palmer
6–3, 3–6, 6–1
2003 Roger Federer
Max Mirnyi
Leander Paes
David Rikl
7–5, 6–3
2004 Wayne Black
Kevin Ullyett
Jonas Björkman
Todd Woodbridge
6–2, 7–6(14–12)
2005 Jonas Björkman
Max Mirnyi
Wayne Black
Kevin Ullyett
6–1, 6–2
2006 Jonas Björkman
Max Mirnyi
Bob Bryan
Mike Bryan
6–4, 6–4
2007 Bob Bryan
Mike Bryan
Martin Damm
Leander Paes
6–7(7–9), 6–3, [10–7]
2008 Bob Bryan
Mike Bryan
Mahesh Bhupathi
Mark Knowles
6–2, 6–2
2009 Max Mirnyi
Andy Ram
Ashley Fisher
Stephen Huss
6–7(4–7), 6–2, [10–7]
2010 Lukáš Dlouhý
Leander Paes
Mahesh Bhupathi
Max Mirnyi
6–2, 7–5
2011 Mahesh Bhupathi
Leander Paes
Max Mirnyi
Daniel Nestor
6–7(5–7), 6–2, [10–5]
2012 Leander Paes
Radek Štěpánek
Max Mirnyi
Daniel Nestor
3–6, 6–1, [10–8]
2013 Aisam-ul-Haq Qureshi
Jean-Julien Rojer
Mariusz Fyrstenberg
Marcin Matkowski
6–4, 6–1
2014 Bob Bryan
Mike Bryan
Juan Sebastián Cabal
Robert Farah
7–6(10–8), 6–4
2015 Bob Bryan
Mike Bryan
Vasek Pospisil
Jack Sock
6–3, 1–6, [10–8]

Women's doubles

Year Champion Runner-up Score
1985 Gigi Fernández
Martina Navrátilová
Kathy Jordan
Hana Mandlíková
7–6(7–4), 6–2
1986 Pam Shriver
Helena Suková
Chris Evert
Wendy Turnbull
6–2, 6–3
1987 Martina Navrátilová
Pam Shriver
Claudia Kohde-Kilsch
Helena Suková
6–3, 7–6(8–6)
1988 Steffi Graf
Gabriela Sabatini
Gigi Fernández
Zina Garrison
7–6(8–6), 6–3
1989 Jana Novotná
Helena Suková
Gigi Fernández
Lori McNeil
7–6(7–5), 6–4
1990 Jana Novotná
Helena Suková
Betsy Nagelsen
Robin White
6–4, 6–3
1991 Mary Joe Fernández
Zina Garrison Jackson
Gigi Fernández
Jana Novotná
7–5, 6–2
1992 Arantxa Sánchez
Larisa Savchenko Neiland
Jill Hetherington
Kathy Rinaldi
7–5, 5–7, 6–3
1993 Jana Novotná
Larisa Savchenko Neiland
Jill Hetherington
Kathy Rinaldi
6–2, 7–5
1994 Gigi Fernández
Natasha Zvereva
Patty Fendick
Meredith McGrath
6–3, 6–1
1995 Jana Novotná
Arantxa Sánchez
Gigi Fernández
Natasha Zvereva
7–5, 2–6, 6–3
1996 Jana Novotná
Arantxa Sánchez
Meredith McGrath
Larisa Savchenko Neiland
6–4, 6–4
1997 Arantxa Sánchez
Natasha Zvereva
Sabine Appelmans
Miriam Oremans
6–4, 6–2
1998 Martina Hingis
Jana Novotná
Arantxa Sánchez
Natasha Zvereva
6–2, 3–6, 6–3
1999 Martina Hingis
Jana Novotná
Mary Joe Fernández
Monica Seles
0–6, 6–4, 7–6(7–1)
2000 Julie Halard-Decugis
Ai Sugiyama
Nicole Arendt
Manon Bollegraf
4–6, 7–5, 6–4
2001 Arantxa Sánchez
Nathalie Tauziat
Lisa Raymond
Rennae Stubbs
6–0, 6–4
2002 Lisa Raymond
Rennae Stubbs
Virginia Ruano
Paola Suárez
7–6(7–4), 6–7(4–7), 6–3
2003 Liezel Huber
Magdalena Maleeva
Shinobu Asagoe
Nana Miyagi
6–4, 3–6, 7–5
2004 Nadia Petrova
Meghann Shaughnessy
Svetlana Kuznetsova
Elena Likhovtseva
6–2, 6–3
2005 Svetlana Kuznetsova
Alicia Molik
Lisa Raymond
Rennae Stubbs
7–5, 6–7(5–7), 6–2
2006 Lisa Raymond
Samantha Stosur
Liezel Huber
Martina Navrátilová
6–4, 7–5
2007 Lisa Raymond
Samantha Stosur
Cara Black
Liezel Huber
6–4, 3–6, [10–2]
2008 Katarina Srebotnik
Ai Sugiyama
Cara Black
Liezel Huber
7–5, 4–6, [10–3]
2009 Svetlana Kuznetsova
Amélie Mauresmo
Květa Peschke
Lisa Raymond
4–6, 6–3, [10–3]
2010 Gisela Dulko
Flavia Pennetta
Nadia Petrova
Samantha Stosur
6–3, 4–6, [10–7]
2011 Daniela Hantuchová
Agnieszka Radwańska
Liezel Huber
Nadia Petrova
7–6(7–5), 2–6, [10–8]
2012 Maria Kirilenko
Nadia Petrova
Sara Errani
Roberta Vinci
7–6(7–0), 4–6, [10–4]
2013 Nadia Petrova
Katarina Srebotnik
Lisa Raymond
Laura Robson
6–1, 7–6(7–2)
2014 Martina Hingis
Sabine Lisicki
Ekaterina Makarova
Elena Vesnina
4-6, 6-4, [10-5]
2015 Martina Hingis
Sania Mirza
Ekaterina Makarova
Elena Vesnina
7-5, 6-1

Mixed doubles

Year Champion Runner-up Score
1985 Heinz Günthardt
Martina Navrátilová
Wojciech Fibak
Carling Bassett
6–3, 6–4
1986 John Fitzgerald
Elizabeth Smylie
Emilio Sanchez
Steffi Graf
6–4, 7–5
1987 Miloslav Mečíř
Jana Novotná
Christo van Rensburg
Elna Reinach
6–3, 3–6, 6–3
1988 Michiel Schapers
Ann Henricksson
Jim Pugh
Jana Novotná
6–4, 6–4
1989 Ken Flach
Jill Hetherington
Sherwood Stewart
Zina Garrison
6–2, 7–6(7–3)

Records and Stats

Player Record Year
Most Singles Titles
Men's Singles  Andre Agassi (USA)
6
1990, 1995, 1996, 2001, 2002, 2003
Women's Singles  Serena Williams (USA)
8
2002, 2003, 2004, 2007, 2008, 2013, 2014, 2015
Most Consecutive Titles
Men's Singles  Andre Agassi (USA)
3
2001, 2002, 2003
Women's Singles  Steffi Graf (GER)
 Serena Williams (USA)
3
1994, 1995, 1996
2002, 2003, 2004; 2013, 2014, 2015
Most Consecutive Matches Won
Men's Singles  Andre Agassi (USA)
20
2001, 2002, 2003, 2004
Women's Singles  Steffi Graf (GER)
 Venus Williams (USA)
22
1994, 1995, 1996, 1999
1998, 1999, 2001, 2002
Most Times Seeded No. 1 at the Tournament
Men's Singles  Roger Federer (SUI)
6
2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2010
Women's Singles  Serena Williams (USA)
6
2003, 2004, 2009, 2013, 2014, 2015
Unseeded Players Who Advanced to the Finals
Men's Singles  Sébastien Grosjean (FRA)
 David Wheaton (USA)
 Tim Mayotte (USA) (winner)
 Scott Davis (USA)
1999
1991
1985
1985
Women's Singles  Kim Clijsters (BEL) (winner)
2005
Youngest & Oldest Winners
Youngest Men's Singles  Novak Djokovic (SRB)
19 years,
316 days old
2007
Youngest Women's Singles  Monica Seles (YUG)
16 years,
111 days old
1990
Oldest Men's Singles  Andre Agassi (USA)
32 years,
335 days old
2003
Oldest Women's Singles  Serena Williams (USA)
33 years,
190 days old
2015
Most Finals Reached
Men's Singles  Andre Agassi (USA)
8
1990, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1998, 2001, 2002, 2003
Women's Singles  Serena Williams (USA)
10
1999, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2013, 2014, 2015
Most Doubles Titles – Teams
Men's Doubles  Woodbridge (AUS) /  Woodforde (AUS)
 Bryan (USA) /  Bryan (USA)
4
1995, 1996, 1997, 2000
2007, 2008, 2014, 2015
Women's Doubles  Novotná (CZE) /  Suková (CZE)
 Novotná (CZE) /  Sánchez (ESP)
 Novotná (CZE) /  Hingis (SUI)
 Raymond (USA) /  Stosur (AUS)
2
1989, 1990
1995, 1996
1998, 1999
2006, 2007
Most Doubles Titles – Individual
Men's Doubles  Todd Woodbridge (AUS)
 Mark Woodforde (AUS)
 Max Mirnyi (BLR)
 Bob Bryan (USA)
 Mike Bryan (USA)
4
1995, 1996, 1997, 2000
1995, 1996, 1997, 2000
2003, 2005, 2006, 2009
2007, 2008, 2014, 2015
2007, 2008, 2014, 2015
Women's Doubles  Jana Novotná (CZE)
7
1989, 1990, 1993, 1995, 1996, 1998, 1999

References

  1. ^ [4]
  2. ^ [5]
  3. ^ [6]
  4. ^ http://blogs.reuters.com/sport/2012/04/03/miami-courts-too-slow-rusedski/
  5. ^ http://thetennisisland.com/2015/03/31/on-purple-clay-miami-and-the-homogenization-of-tennis/
  6. ^ "Sony Ericsson Open". Prolebrity. Retrieved 23 February 2011. 
  7. ^ "Murray wins Miami Masters title".  
  8. ^ Buchholz Is Selling, But Not Giving Up, Tournament He Founded
  9. ^ "Sony Open Tennis". Miami Open. Retrieved 2014-03-05. 

External links

  • Official tournament website
  • Satellite view of the tournament venue (Google Maps)
  • Miami Masters Tennis news & live streams
Awards and achievements
Preceded by
None
San Diego
Favorite WTA Tier I – II Tournament
1995
2004
Succeeded by
Indian Wells
Moscow
Preceded by
Indianapolis
ATP Tournament of the Year
1998-2000
Succeeded by
None
Preceded by
Monte-Carlo
Monte-Carlo
ATP Masters Series Tournament of the Year
2002-2006
2008
Succeeded by
Monte-Carlo
Shanghai