|Awards||Nobel Peace Prize (1951)|
- Biography 1
- Legacy 2
- Quotation 3
- References 4
Jouhaux was born in Pantin, Seine-Saint-Denis, France. Jouhaux's father worked in a match factory in Aubervilliers. His secondary schooling ended when his father's earnings were stopped by a strike. He gained employment at the factory at age sixteen and immediately became an important part of the union. In 1900, Jouhaux joined a strike against the use of the white phosphorus that blinded his father, was dismissed, and worked at a succession of jobs until union influence saw him reinstated.
In 1906, he was elected by the local union as a representative to the trade unionist were the familiar ones of the early labour movement — the eight hour day, the right to union representation and collective bargaining, and paid holidays. During the Popular Front, the 1936 Matignon Agreement, to which he was a signatory, awarded many of these rights to French workers.
In an international context, his work was instrumental in the setting up of the World Federation of Trade Unions until that body split.
On his passing in 1954, Léon Jouhaux was interred in Le Père Lachaise Cemetery in Paris.
- The rue Léon Jouhaux in Aix-en-Provence, Grenoble, Lyon, Genas, Villefranche-sur-Saône and Paris are named for him.
"I would not go so far as to say that the French trade unions attached greater importance to the struggle for peace than the others did; but they certainly seemed to take it more to heart." Léon Jouhaux
- Nobel Committee information on Jouhaux
- Aix Google Map
- Grenoble Google Map
- Lyon Google Map
- Genas Google Map
- Villefranche-sur-Saône Google Map
- Paris Google Map
- Léon Jouhaux Quotations