A hieroglyph (Greek for "sacred writing") is a character of the ancient Egyptian writing system. Logographic scripts that are pictographic in form in a way reminiscent of ancient Egyptian are also sometimes called "hieroglyphs".  In Neoplatonism, especially during the Renaissance, a "hieroglyph" was an artistic representation of an esoteric idea, which Neoplatonists believed actual Egyptian hieroglyphs to be. The word hieroglyphics (τὰ ἱερογλυφικά [γράμματα]) may refer to a hieroglyphic script.
List of hieroglyphic scripts
The following scripts have been called "hieroglyphs".
- Anatolian hieroglyphs
- Cretan hieroglyphs
- Egyptian hieroglyphs
- Mayan hieroglyphs
- Mi'kmaq hieroglyphs
- Ojibwe hieroglyphs
- Olmec hieroglyphs
- "Egypt, Ancient: Hieroglyphics and Origins of Alphabet". Encyclopedia of African History Title information – via
- Brewer, Douglas J.; Teeter, Emily (2007). Egypt and the Egyptians. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
- Kamrin, Janice (2004).
- Robinson, Andrew (2007). The Story of Writing: Alphabets, Hieroglyphs & Pictograms. London: Thames & Hudson.
- Discussion of modern use of hieroglyphs