Glanum Dam

Glanum Dam

Glanum Dam
Glanum Dam is located in France
Glanum Dam
Location of Glanum Dam
Location Glanum (Saint-Rémy-de-Provence), Bouches-du-Rhône, France
Coordinates
Opening date 1st century BC
Dam and spillways
Impounds Vallon de Baume
Height 12 m
Length 18 m
Width (base) 3.9 m
Reservoir
Creates Lac des Peiròu

The Glanum Dam, also known as the Vallon de Baume dam, was a Les Alpilles in the Roman province of Gallia Narbonensis. Dating to the 1st century BC, it was the earliest known dam of its kind.[1] The remains of the dam were destroyed during the construction of a modern replacement in 1891, which now facilitates the supply of water to Saint-Rémy-de-Provence in the Bouches-du-Rhône region of France.[2]

The remains of the Roman dam at Glanum were rediscovered in 1763 by aqueduct that in turn supplied the Roman town of Glanum.[4]

A modern arched gravity dam was constructed on the same site in 1891, destroying the remains of the Roman dam.[2][4] The dam's reservoir is called in French the Lac du Peirou and is accessible via the Chemin du Barrage.

Notes

  1. ^ Smith 1971, pp. 33–35; Schnitter 1978, pp. 31f.; Schnitter 1987a, p. 12; Schnitter 1987b, p. 80; Hodge 2000, p. 332, fn. 2
  2. ^ a b c Hodge 2002, p. 81
  3. ^ a b James 2004, pp. 39-56
  4. ^ a b c Hill 1996, p. 53

References

  • James, Patrick; Chanson, Hubert (2002), "Historical Development of Arch Dams. From Roman Arch Dams to Modern Concrete Designs", Australian Civil Engineering Transactions CE43: 39–56 

Further reading

  • Agusta-Boularot, S.; Paillet, J.L. (1997), "Le Barrage et l'Aqueduc Occidental de Glanum: le Premier Barrage-Voûte de l'Histoire des Techniques?", Revue Archéologique 1: 27–78 
  • Benoit, Fernand (1935), "Le Barrage et l'Aqueduc Romains de Saint-Rémy de Provence", Revue des Études Anciennes: 331–340 

See also