|First Secretary of the Communist Party of Kazakhstan|
7 December 1964 – 16 December 1986
|Preceded by||Ismail Yusupov|
|Succeeded by||Gennady Kolbin|
19 January 1960 – 26 December 1962
|Preceded by||Nikolay Belyayev|
|Succeeded by||Ismail Yusupov|
|Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Kazakh SSR|
26 December 1962 – 7 December 1964
|Preceded by||Masymkhan Beysembayev|
|Succeeded by||Masymkhan Beysembayev|
31 March 1955 – 29 January 1960
|Preceded by||Elubay Taibekov|
|Succeeded by||Zhumabek Tashenev|
|Full member of the 24th, 25th, 26th Politburo|
9 April 1971 – 28 January 1987
|Candidate member of the 23rd Politburo|
8 April 1966 – 9 April 1971
12 January 1912|
Verny, Semirechye Oblast, Russian Empire
22 August 1993
|Political party||Communist Party of the Soviet Union|
Dinmukhamed (Dimash) Akhmetuly Konayev (Kazakh: Дінмұхаммед (Димаш) Ахметұлы Қонаев; Russian: Динмухаммед Ахмедович Кунаев; 12 January 1912 [O.S. 31 December 1911] – 22 August 1993) was a Kazakh Soviet communist politician.
- Early life 1
- Career 2
- Legacy 3
- References 4
- External links 5
Kunayev, the son of a Kazakh clerk, was born at Verny, now Almaty, and grew up in a middle-income family. He graduated from the Institute of Non-Ferrous and Fine Metallurgy in Moscow in 1936, which enabled him to become a machine operator. By 1939 he had become engineer-in-chief of the Pribalkhashatroi mine, and joined the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU), a condition of the position.
Kunayev was deputy chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Kazakh SSR from 1942 to 1952. In 1947, 1951, 1955 and 1959 he also was a deputy in the Kazakh SSR Supreme Soviet. Kunayev's rise in Communist Party ranks had been closely tied to that of Leonid Brezhnev's. Khrushchev appointed Panteleymon Ponomarenko as the first secretary of the Communist Party of Kazakhstan, and Leonid Brezhnev as the second secretary, in February 1954. Soon, Kunayev and Brezhnev developed a close friendship which lasted until the death of Brezhnev. Brezhnev became the first secretary of the Communist Party of Kazakhstan in 1955 and a member of CPSU Politburo in 1956. When Brezhnev left Kazakhstan in 1956, I. Iakovlev became the First Secretary of the Kazakh Communist Party. Kunayev had to wait until 1960 to attain the post. He was the first native Kazakh to hold the post; all of his predecessors had been Russian (this is wrong: Zhumabay Shayakhmetov, ethnic Kazakh was the first secretary of CPK in 1945 to 1954).
Kunayev was an ardent supporter of the Virgin Lands campaign which opened millions of hectares of lands in Central Kazakhstan into agricultural development and caused a large influx of Russian immigrants into Kazakhstan. In 1962 he was dismissed from his position as he disagreed with Khrushchev's plans to incorporate some lands in Southern Kazakhstan to Uzbekistan. Ismail Yusupov, a supporter of the plan replaced Kunayev. He became first secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Kazakhstan again in 1964 when Khrushchev was ousted and replaced by Brezhnev. He kept his position for twenty-two more years. He was an alternate member of the Politburo from 1967, and a full member from 1971 to 1987.
During Kunayev's long reign, Kazakhs occupied prominent positions in the bureaucracy, economy and educational institutions. A Brezhnev loyalist, he was removed from office under pressure from Mikhail Gorbachev, who accused him of corruption. On 16 December 1986 the Politburo replaced him with Gennady Kolbin, who had never lived in the Kazakh SSR before. This provoked street riots in Almaty, which were the first signs of ethnic strife during Gorbachev's tenure. In modern Kazakhstan, this revolt is called Jeltoqsan, meaning December in Kazakh.
Kunayev was awarded the Gold Star of Hero of Socialist Labour three times. He spent the last years of his life in charitable activity, establishing the 'Dinmukhamed Kunayev Foundation', one of whose purposes was the support of political reform in Kazakhstan. An institute and avenue in Almaty have been named after him as well as an avenue in downtown Astana.
- Vronskaya, Jeanne (24 August 1993) "Obituary: Dinmukhamed Kunayev". The Independent London, Gazette Section, p. 18.
- Dornberg, John (1991) Brezhnev: the Masks of Power, London: Andre Deutsch, ISBN 0465007562, p. 133.
- Kunaev, Dinmukhammed (1992) O Moem Vremeni, Almaty: Dauir.
- Drexel, John (1991) "Kunayev, Dinmukhamed Akhmedovich (1912– )" The Facts on File Encyclopedia of the Twentieth Century Facts on File, New York, ISBN 0-8160-2461-8
- "Memorial plaque put up in Alma-Ata for ex-communist boss" ITAR-TASS news agency: BBC Summary of World Broadcasts British Broadcasting Company (16 January 1995)
- "Kazakh Reformist Party for Renaming Town after Soviet-era Leader" Global News Wire – Asia Africa Intelligence Wire British Broadcasting Company (23 August 2004)
- Ardayev, Vladimir (Izvestia staff) (24 August 1993) "Dinmukhamed Kunayev Dies" The Current Digest of the Soviet Press 45(34): p. 28
- Kazakhstan: Seven Year Plan for Prosperity by Dinmukhamed Konayev
- Commemorative Coin – 100 years anniversary of Konayev's birth