Dictyoglomus thermophilum

Dictyoglomus thermophilum

Dictyoglomus
Scientific classification
Domain: Bacteria
Phylum: Dictyoglomi[1][2]
Class: Dictyoglomia
Order: Dictyoglomales
Family: Dictyoglomaceae
Genus: Dictyoglomus Saiki et al. 1985
Species
  • D. thermophilum Saiki et al. 1985
  • D. turgidum corrig. Svetlichny and Svetlichnayá 1995

Dictyoglomus is a genus of xylanase, which digests xylan, a heteropolymer of the pentose sugar xylose. By pretreating wood pulp with this enzyme, paper manufacturers can achieve comparable levels of whiteness with much less chlorine bleach.

It has been described as Gram negative, with a triple-layered wall.[4]

References

  1. ^ J.P. Euzéby. "Dictyoglomi". List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature. Retrieved 2011-06-05. 
  2. ^ See the  
  3. ^ Morris DD, Gibbs MD, Chin CW; et al. (May 1998). "Cloning of the xynB gene from Dictyoglomus thermophilum Rt46B.1 and action of the gene product on kraft pulp". Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 64 (5): 1759–65.  
  4. ^ Kristjansson, Jakob K. (1992). Thermophilic bacteria. Boca Raton: CRC Press. p. 133.  

Further reading

  • Li, He; Kankaanpää, Anna; Xiong, Hairong; Hummel, Michael; Sixta, Herbert; Ojamo, Heikki; Turunen, Ossi (December 2013). "Thermostabilization of extremophilic Dictyoglomus thermophilum GH11 xylanase by an N-terminal disulfide bridge and the effect of ionic liquid [emim]OAc on the enzymatic performance". Enzyme and Microbial Technology 53 (6-7): 414–419.  
  • Zhang, Wei; Lou, Kai; Li, Guan (2010). "Expression and Characterization of the Dictyoglomus thermophilum Rt46B.1 Xylanase Gene (xynB) in Bacillus subtilis". Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology 160 (5): 1484–1495.