Delray Beach, Florida
Delray Beach Florida 900 block Seagate
|Motto: "Village By The Sea"|
Location in Palm Beach County and the state of Florida
|• Mayor||Cary Glickstein|
|• City Manager||Terrance Stewart|
|• Total||15.89 sq mi (41.2 km2)|
|• Land||15.37 sq mi (39.8 km2)|
|• Water||.53 sq mi (1.4 km2)|
|Elevation||9 ft (2.7 m)|
|Population (2007 est.)|
|• Density||3,905.6/sq mi (1,507.9/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|Zip Code||33444–33448, 33482–33484|
|GNIS feature ID||0281485|
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Sports
- 5 Economy
- 6 Notable landmarks and buildings
- 7 Transportation
- 8 Notable people
- 9 Sister cities
- 10 See also
- 11 References
- 12 Sources
- 13 External links
The Early Years
Native Americans lived or passed through the area at various times, and hunters, trappers, and runaway slaves may also have lived or passed through the area in the 18th and 19th centuries, but there is no record or evidence of them.
Recorded history begins with the construction of the Orange Grove House of Refuge in 1876. The house derived its name from the grove of mature sour orange and other tropical fruit trees found at the site chosen for the house of refuge, but no record or evidence of who planted the trees has survived.
Settlement began around 1884, when African-Americans from the Panhandle of Florida purchased land a little inland from the Orange Grove House of Refuge and began farming. By 1894 the Black community was large enough to establish the first school in the area.
In 1894 William S. Linton, a Republican US Congressman for Saginaw, Michigan, bought a tract of land just west of the Orange Grove House of Refuge, and began selling plots in what he hoped would become a farming community. Initially, this community was named after Linton. In 1896 Henry Flagler extended his Florida East Coast Railroad south from West Palm Beach to Miami, with a station at Linton.
The Linton settlers began to achieve success with truck farming of winter vegetables for the northern market. A hard freeze in 1898 was a setback, and many of the settlers left, including William Linton. Partly in an attempt to change the community's luck, or to leave behind a bad reputation, the settlement's name was changed in 1901 to Delray, after the Detroit neighborhood of Delray ("Delray" being the anglicized spelling of "Del Rey," which is Spanish for "of the king"), which in turn was named after the Mexican-American War's Battle of Molino del Rey).
Prior to 1909, the Delray settlement land was within Dade County. That year, Palm Beach County was carved out of the northern portion of the region. In 1915, Palm Beach County and Dade County contributed nearly equal portions of land to create what is now Broward County between the two, leaving Delray situated within the southeastern portion of Palm Beach County.
By 1910, Delray had a population of 250. In 1911, the area was chartered by the State of Florida as an incorporated town. In the same year, pineapple and tomato canning plants were built. Pineapples became the primary crop of the area. This is reflected in the name of the present day Pineapple Grove neighborhood near downtown Delray Beach. By 1920, Delray's population had reached 1,051.
In the 1920s, drainage of the Everglades west of Delray lowered the water table, making it harder to grow pineapples, while the extension of the Florida East Coast Railway to Key West resulted in competition from Cuban pineapples for the markets of the northern United States.
The Florida land boom of the 1920s brought renewed prosperity to Delray. Tourism and real estate speculation became important parts of the local economy. Delray issued bonds to raise money to install water and sewer lines, paved streets, and sidewalks. Several hotels were built. At that time Delray was the largest town on the east coast of Florida between West Palm Beach and Fort Lauderdale. The collapse of the land boom in 1926 left Delray saddled with high bond debts, and greatly reduced income from property taxes.
Delray was separated from the Atlantic Ocean beach by the Florida East Coast Canal (now part of the Intracoastal Waterway). In 1923 the area between the canal and the ocean was incorporated as Delray Beach. In 1927 Delray and Delray Beach merged into one town named Delray Beach.
Post World War II
Since the end of World War II, downtown Delray, located in the eastern part of the city, along Atlantic Avenue, east of I-95 and stretching to the beach, has undergone a large scale renovation. The Delray Beach Tennis Center has brought business to the area. It has hosted several major international tennis events such as the April 2005 Fed Cup (USA vs. Belgium, the April 2004 Davis Cup (USA vs. Sweden), the Delray Beach International Tennis Championships (ATP Event), and the Chris Evert / Bank of America Pro Celebrity. Several local historic landmark structures were renovated during the last decade of the 20th century. These include Old School Square, formerly Delray Elementary School and Delray High School, since turned into a cultural center; and the Colony Hotel. Old School Square comprises the Crest Theatre, a venue for the performing arts, in the former High School building; the 1925 Gymnasium, restored to maintain its appearance, which has since become a venue for local events such as wedding receptions and dances; the Cornell Museum of Art and History, built in the restored Elementary School; and a recently constructed outdoor entertainment pavilion, which serves as a venue for musical performances and has also been used for events such as political rallies.
The historic home of teacher/principal Solomon D. Spady was renovated and turned into the Spady Cultural Heritage Museum. The Spady Museum houses black archives. It hosts exhibits and programs designed to recognize the efforts of blacks who were instrumental in shaping Delray Beach and Palm Beach County. In 2007 the museum was expanded by renovating a 1935 cottage as a Kid's Cultural Clubhouse, and the construction of a 50-seat amphitheater named for C. Spencer Pompey, a pioneer black educator.
In 2007, Delray Beach was labeled as the drug recovery capital of the United States because it had one of the country’s largest recovery communities and relative number of halfway houses. As a result of the article, as of July 7, 2009, the city government approved ordinances made it illegal for sober houses and other transient rentals to operate in the area. These ordinances may be tested in the courts in the future.
The city's eastern boundary includes 4 miles (6.4 km) of beachfront along the Atlantic Ocean.
The city lies directly north of Boca Raton and south of Boynton Beach. The town of Highland Beach also borders it to the south on the same barrier island east of the Intracoastal Waterway. The town of Gulf Stream also borders it to the north on the barrier island and on the mainland east of U.S. Route 1.
Delray Beach has an urbanized area extending west beyond the city limits to the Loxahatchee National Wildlife Refuge section of the Everglades, in unincorporated Palm Beach County. Many residences and businesses within this region use a Delray Beach postal address including the census-designated places, High Point, Kings Point, Villages of Oriole, and several gated communities. This urbanized area is often referred to collectively and informally as "West Delray".
Delray Beach's location in South Palm Beach County is in the middle of Florida's Gold Coast region.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city of Delray Beach has a total area of 15.9 sq mi (41.2 km2), of which 15.4 square miles (40 km2) is land and .53 square miles (1 km2) is water (3.34%).
In earlier years downtown Delray was centered along Atlantic Avenue as far west as Swinton Avenue and as far east as the intracoastal waterway. Downtown has since expanded. By 2010, downtown extended west to I-95 and east as the Atlantic Ocean; The north-south boundaries extend roughly two blocks north and south of Atlantic Avenue.
Delray Beach's climate barely qualifies as a tropical rainforest climate (Köppen climate classification Af), as its driest month (February) averages 64.8mm of precipitation, narrowly meeting the minimum standard of 60mm in the driest month needed to qualify for that designation.
|Climate data for Delray Beach|
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|Delray Beach Demographics|
|2010 Census||Delray Beach||Palm Beach County||Florida|
|Population, percent change, 2000 to 2010||+0.8%||+16.7%||+17.6%|
|Population density||3,828.4/sq mi||670.2/sq mi||350.6/sq mi|
|White or Caucasian (including White Hispanic)||65.7%||73.5%||75.0%|
|(Non-Hispanic White or Caucasian)||59.2%||60.1%||57.9%|
|Black or African-American||28.0%||17.3%||16.0%|
|Hispanic or Latino (of any race)||9.5%||19.0%||22.5%|
|Native American or Native Alaskan||0.2%||0.5%||0.4%|
|Pacific Islander or Native Hawaiian||0.1%||0.1%||0.1%|
|Two or more races (Multiracial)||1.7%||2.3%||2.5%|
|Some Other Race||2.5%||3.9%||3.6%|
As of 2010, there were 34,156 households out of which 20.4% were vacant. As of 2000, 18.9% of households had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.4% were married couples living together, 10.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 43.7% were non-families. 35.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.22 and the average family size was 2.87.
In 2000, the city's population was spread out with 18.2% under the age of 18, 6.3% from 18 to 24, 27.1% from 25 to 44, 22.4% from 45 to 64, and 25.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females there were 91.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.0 males.
In 2000, the median income for a household in the city was $43,371, and the median income for a family was $51,195. Males had a median income of $33,699 versus $28,469 for females. The per capita income for the city was $29,350. About 8.2% of families and 11.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.6% of those under age 18 and 7.8% of those age 65 or over.
As of 2000, speakers of English as a first language accounted for 75.44% of all residents, while French Creole accounted for 11.73%, Spanish consisted of 7.02%, French was at 1.87%, Italian at 0.88%, and German made up 0.75% of the population.
Delray Beach International Tennis Championships (ITC) is an ATP World Tour 250 series men's tennis tournament held every year in the city. It is played on hard courts. The event was held in Coral Springs from 1993–1999; in 1999, it was relocated to the Delray Beach Tennis Center. American Todd Martin won the first ever ITC in 1993.
On July 20, 2010, the city's commissioners proclaimed that the city's name would be officially changed to Tennis Beach for one week in honor of its nomination by the United States Tennis Association as one of the top tennis towns in the United States.
The city has 2 miles (3.2 km) of public beach accessible from Florida State Road A1A. The remains of the steamship Inchulva that sank on Sept 11, 1903 are located in shallow water near the public beach, acting as habitat for native fish and corals. Better known today as the Delray Wreck, this is a popular site for both snorkeling and scuba diving.
Downtown Delray Beach has undergone a gentrification program centered on East Atlantic Avenue, also known as simply "The Avenue". The area is noted for its nightlife, dining, and shopping. In 2012 USA Today Travel named Delray Beach America's Most Fun Small Town.
In 2009, expansion of the Downtown Arts District was established. The arts district, centered in Pineapple Grove just north of Atlantic Avenue, is noted for its galleries, performance art, and cultural organizations. Art and Jazz on the Avenue is held six times a year.
Downtown Delray has had a building boom from roughly 2003-2008. New mixed-use development projects have recently been constructed in the areas immediately north and south of Atlantic Avenue. To accommodate the anticipated growth the city has also built two new municipal parking garages.
According to Delray Beach's 2011 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the city are:
|#||Employer||# of Employees|
|1||Delray Medical Center||1,520|
|6||Ed Morse Delray Toyota Kia||350|
|7||Lincoln of Delray||300|
|9||Marriott Hotels & Resorts||275|
|10||Gleneagles County Club||250|
Notable landmarks and buildings
- The Colony Hotel, built in 1926, is a "Delray Beach Historic Landmark"
- Old School Square
- Delray Beach Tennis Center, Tennis stadium capable of seating 8,200 spectators
- St. Vincent Ferrer Catholic Church, on the edge of the downtown area.
Points of interest
- Morikami Museum and Japanese Gardens
- Roji-en Japanese Gardens
- Delray Beach Public Library
- Cason Cottage
- Spady Museum
- Downtown Delray Arts District
- The Artists Guild
- ETTRA Art Gallery
- South County Courthouse
- Sandoway House Nature Center
- Wakodahatchee Wetlands
- Cornell Museum
- Florida State Road A1A, locally known as "Ocean Boulevard", is a north-south Scenic and Historic Coastal Route passing through the city between the Intercoastal Waterway and the Atlantic Ocean.
- U.S. Highway 1, locally known as "Federal Highway", is a north-south highway passing through downtown, commercial districts, and residential areas in the eastern part of the city.
- Interstate 95 bisects the city from north to south with two Delray Beach interchanges.
- Florida's Turnpike is a north-south toll road passing through unincorporated Delray Beach, with an interchange at Atlantic Avenue.
- U.S. Highway 441, also known as State Road 7, is a north-south highway passing through commercial and residential areas west of the city limits.
- Other major north-south roads include Congress Avenue, Military Trail, and Jog Road.
- Florida State Road 806, locally known as "Atlantic Avenue", is the primary east-west road between State Road A1A and US 441, and the main downtown thoroughfare.
- George Bush Boulevard, Atlantic Avenue, and Linton Boulevard are the east-west roads with drawbridge crossings over the Intercoastal Waterway.
- The Downtown Roundabout: A free shuttle that connects the Tri-Rail Station to Downtown Delray Beach. With two routes, and 22 stops throughout the downtown, it operates 7 days a week.
- The Downtowner: An on-demand, local, free ride service utilizing green technology.
Downtown Delray Beach is accessible by boat via The Intercoastal Waterway. Yacht cruises also launch daily from Veteran's Park at the Atlantic Avenue crossing.
- Morikami Park and the Morikami Museum and Japanese Gardens is named.
- Moshi, Tanzania
- Nahariya, Israel
- "Florida by place Population, Housing Units, Area and Density:2000".
- "Delray Beach, US Profile". Falling Rain Genomics. Retrieved 2007-08-06.
- "Annual Estimates of the population for the Incorporated Places of Florida" (XLS). US Census Bureau. Retrieved 2007-08-15.
- "American FactFinder".
- "US Board on Geographic Names".
- "Colony Hotel". Colony Hotel. 2007-11-08. Retrieved 2010-10-21.
- "Exhibit explores America’s first free black community". Broward Times. July 5, 2007. Retrieved July 5, 2007.
- Slire, Erika (July 15, 2007). "Spady Cultural Heritage Museum in Delray Beach adds facilities". South Florida Sun-Sentinel. p. PC-1.
- "City of Delray Beach FAQ on relocation of Atlantic High". Retrieved December 10, 2006.
- "Move of Delray High School Still a Good Move". Beach Post. 2002-07-20. Retrieved 2010-10-21.
- "Contact Us." Pet Airways. Retrieved on May 3, 2012. "Corporate Headquarters 777 E. Atlantic Ave. Suite C2-264 Delray Beach, FL 33483"
- "Contact Us." DayJet. March 16, 2006. Retrieved on May 3, 2012. "1801 S. Federal Highway, Suite 100 Delray Beach, Florida 33483"
- Gross, Jane (2007-11-16). "In Florida, Addicts Find an Oasis of Sobriety". The New York Times.
- Musgrave, Jane (2009-07-07). "'"Delray Beach loses its moniker as 'recovery capital of the world. The Palm Beach Post. Retrieved 2010-10-21.
- "Average weather for Delray Beach". Weather.com. June 2011. Retrieved 14 August 2009.
- "MLA Data Center Results for Delray Beach, Florida".
- "Ancestry Map of Haitian Communities". Epodunk.com. Retrieved 2007-12-03.
- "'"Delray Beach Now Called 'Tennis Beach. WPBF-TV. Retrieved 2010-07-20.
- "downtown-map-and-parking". The Delray Beach Downtown Development Authority. Retrieved 2010-10-20.
- "Historic Palm Beach – brought to you by the Palm Beach Post » British steamer runs aground off Delray Beach, nine drown". Historicpalmbeach.com. Retrieved 2014-02-16.
- Delray Wreck
- "Best of the Road 2012: The five best small towns in America – USATODAY.com". Travel.usatoday.com. 2012-07-20. Retrieved 2014-02-16.
- "Delray Beach: South Florida’s emerging ‘it’ town – NYPOST.com". 2014-03-31. Retrieved 2014-04-01.
- "On The Avenue". Downtown Delray Beach. Retrieved 2014-02-16.
- City of Capitola CAFR
- The Colony Hotel
- "About the Colony Hotel". Thecolonyhotel.com. Retrieved 2010-10-21.
- "Spady Cultural Heritage Museum | Delray Beach and South Palm Beach County Florida". Spadymuseum.com. Retrieved 2014-02-16.
- Downtown Delray Arts District
- The Artists Guild
- "ETTRA". ETTRA. Retrieved 2014-02-16.
- Fox, Margalit (2010-04-29). "Leslie Buck, Designer of Iconic Coffee Cup, Dies at 87".
- "Online Directory: Florida, USA". Sister Cities International. Retrieved 2007-08-06.
- Cecil W. and Margoann Farrar (1974). Incomparable Delray Beach - Its Early Life and Lore. Star Publishing.
- Sandy Simon (1999). Remembering: A History of Florida's South Palm Beach County 1894-1998. The Cedars Group.
- "Old School Square Cultural Arts Center – Creatively Blending Past and Present in Downtown Delray Beach"
- Spady Museum, Connecting Culture and Community
- City of Delray Beach
- Greater Delray Beach Chamber of Commerce
- Delray Beach Biz Website
- Morikami Museum and Japanese Gardens
- Delray Beach Public Library Website