's-Hertogenbosch, commonly known as Den Bosch, is a city in the south of the Netherlands and the capital of the province of North Brabant. Once a stronghold, vital in the protection of the young Dutch nation, Den Bosch has a charming and well-preserved medieval centre. Wander through the winding streets to see Saint John's Cathedral and then pick out a street terrace on the market square to relax with a chilling beer. Take a boat to see part of the unique Binnendieze, a subterranean network of canals under the city, or head to the south part of town where the ancient ramparts still mark the border of the city and the beginning of a natural reserve area. In short: what Den Bosch lacks in fame, it makes up for in charm. A place well worth visiting.
- Understand 1
Get in 2
- By plane 2.1
- By train 2.2
- By car 2.3
- By bus 2.4
Get around 3
- On foot 3.1
- By bus 3.2
- By car 3.3
- By bike 3.4
- Taxi 3.5
- See 4
- Do 5
- Buy 6
- Restaurants 7.1
- Budget 7.2
- Mid-range 7.3
- Splurge 7.4
- Drink 8
- Sleep 9
- Connect 10
- Stay safe 11
- Go next 12
The population of Den Bosch is approximately 151,000 and with that it is reaching its limits. This because almost all the ground available for building has been used. This does not mean that the whole area is one big city as there are several (big) parks. Likewise, the southern edge of city is totally green as this is a protected natural reserve.
Den Bosch can be seen in 9 regions (note: these regions are built up of several neighborhoods):
- Center includes the whole area inside the city walls. Most sights and places to visit can be found in this area.
- North is the area between the city center and the A59, which includes the neighborhoods de Rompert, Orthen, Herven and the area around the Prins Hendrik Park.
- Maaspoort is the area north of the A59. Mostly a residential area with some industry.
- Hintham is the area around the FC Den Bosch football stadium.
- South is the area between the city center and the A2 highway to the south. Residential, but with also a large amount of office buildings.
- West is the area west of the central station. High presence of industry, as wel as the residential neighborhoods Kruiskamp and Helftheuvel. The Brabanthallen can be found here.
- Engelen is the village of Engelen which is going through the development of Haverleij, a combined residential complex on a golfcourse.
- Rosmalen, a town to the east of the A2.
- Empel, small village to the north of Rosmalen.
Most visitor attractions are found in the center, except for the footballstadium and the Sportiom.
Amsterdam Airport Schiphol is the largest airport in The Netherlands. It is located near Amsterdam and there is a direct train link from the airport to the station of Den Bosch.
Rotterdam Airport and Eindhoven Airport are smaller, regional airports located near their respective cities. Transavia, KLM CityHopper and Ryanair service these airports from various destinations within Europe. Getting from the airport to Den Bosch is possible by public transport, although it necessary to change modes of transport several times. From these airports a car is best option.
Den Bosch has a good location within the railway system of the "Nederlandse Spoorwegen" (Dutch Railroads) and almost every city has a direct connection or with a single stopover. Trains depart from Den Bosch main station in city center, which is located at the 'Stationsweg', towards Utrecht-Amsterdam-Haarlem and Utrecht-Schiphol in the north, in the direction of Nijmegen-Arnhem-Zwolle in the east, towards Eindhoven-Maastricht in the south and Tilburg-Breda-Roosendaal in the west.
Although Den Bosch is along major highways, it is not easy to reach Den Bosch because of traffic jams.
The major highway that passes Den Bosch is the A2, generally seen from Amsterdam to Maastricht. This one of the busiest highways of The Netherlands, and the part along Den Bosch, known as "knooppunt Hintham" and "knooppunt Empel" (intersection Hintham and Rosmalen), is in the top 5 of busiest traffic points in The Netherlands.
The other, less busy, highway passing Den Bosch is the A59, coming from Roosendaal (and the A16) towards Nijmegen. This highway is less busy than the A2, although traffic jams might occur when there is a jam on the A2 as the A59 merges into the A2 for a short part.
Nevertheless, if staying outside the peak hours, which are roughly from 7AM-9PM and from 4:30PM–7:30PM, Den Bosch is easily accessible by car.
The regional buses, operated by the BBA, link Den Bosch with Tilburg and Eindhoven. As these are the regional buses, they do not go directly between these city but stop at several small villages. Therefore, the fastest and advisable way is using the train.
Everything within the city center is reachable by foot. Everywhere in the city, so also in the suburbs, are sidewalks. In the city center, most areas are pedestrian only, and traffic within the city is restricted.
If you want to go to the suburbs (where there is no reason to, as all points of interest are within the city center), Arriva operates a network of buses throughout the city and places in the vicinity. All buses arrive and depart from the central station, although for some lines it is not a terminus. Travelling on these buses is around €1,20 per zone, and you have to purchase at least 2 zones. You can either pay cash at the driver, or buy a 'strippenkaart', a sort of multiple journey card, for this. The last one should only be considered of you intend a lot of traveling, or travel with multiple persons.
The city council is trying to get the city center car free, so it is bringing up all kind of measures to deter people from taking the car into the city. Cars can still be parked in the city center, but on Saturdays and Thursday evening these garages are packed. Parking is also available just outside the city center and from there buses are available every 15 minutes for only €1.
The best means of transportation is, just as in the rest of The Netherlands, by bicycle. The city is rather flat and bike friendly
While taxis are relatively expensive in the Netherlands, they are typically reliable and can be good value if you're a small group. Taxis can be found in front of the train station and are available on call. Companies include Taxi TCO, ☎ . and Taxi de Hart, ☎ . . They will also offer transportation services to other cities or towns in the region. While they will work by meter for trips inside the city, fixed prices are available for longer trips, e.g. to Eindhoven Airport (around €45) or Schiphol (around €90).
's-Hertogenbosch is a medieval city and among the oldest cities in the Netherlands. When the Netherlands were still young it was a fortified city that served for the protection of The Netherlands. Especially on the south side of the city, a lot of these fortifications have been saved and over time restored. Start at Bastion Vught and walk northwards via the Parklaan, Spinhuiswal, Zuidwal and Bastion Oranje and Hekellaan until you reach the bridge over the Zuid Willemsvaart. This way you covert the best part of the old fortifications. In 2004, the city was awarded European Fortress of the year.
The Sint Jans Cathedral is one of the most prominent landmarks of Den Bosch. Building on the cathedral as we know it right now started in 1380 and is built in Gothic style. Because the exterior of the building is deteriorating fast due to toxic rain they started in 1998 with the restoration of the exterior. It will take years to restore the full church, but the first sections are already finished and can be seen at this moment. This restoration only applies to the exterior.
The Moriaan is the oldest brick building in The Netherlands, built in the 13th century. It is located on the market square and currently houses the Tourist Center (VVV), and in the basement rockcafe Plein79.
Another place on the market square that is worth a visit is the Town Hall. It is located on the south side of the square next to the V&D department store. It was built in the 17th century and reflects Dutch classicism.
In the north of the city center, outside the boundaries of the northern fortifications is the Citadel. This fortress was added to the city later and is not directly included in the fortifications but sort of pasted on. It held the garrison to protect the city or, if necessary, to counter an uprising in the city. It is now part of the national archive.
Opposite the Citadel is the Kruithuis, or powder arsenal. It is an hexagonal building and one of the last in its kind. It is currently used as a museum for art.
As the city center is protected there are still a lot of medieval buildings to be found. Wander around and see the traditional building style.
Hidden below the old city is a canal network called the Binnendieze that once spanned 22 kilometres. It started out as a regular river, the Dommel, running through the city in medieval times but due to lack of space in the city, people started building their houses and roads over the river. In later times it functioned as a sewer and fell into disrepair. In recent decades, the remaining sixth of the old waterway system has been renovated, and it is possible to take several guided subterranean boat trips through it.
- Efteling Park. A family theme park. It is not in Den Bosch, but a 15-20 minute drive from the centre. It does have some number of thrill rides, and also kids rides, which makes it fun for everyone.
- Take a boat on the Binnendieze, a river that goes below the houses of the center of town, which was used historically as an open sewer, but is now quite a special tour.
Den Bosch is a popular place for shopping, combining a charming historic atmosphere with a wide variety of stores. In the city centre you'll find all the major chains and department stores. For more characteristic speciality stores or small boutiques try the Snellestraat or the so-called Bossche Kwartier, meaning the small streets around the Fonteinstraat. The Verwerstraat, with its large monumental buildings, is the place to go for antiques, fashion and design. The Vughterstraat is another excellent pick, with clothing shops as well as some fine home decoration and furniture places.
Markets are frequently held on the large market square. The main market is on Saturdays (9-17h) and has a wide selection of food and non-food products. On Wednesday the selection is similar, but the market somewhat smaller. On Fridays, there's a biological market (9-14h) with a good selection of high-quality, mostly regional products. There's another regular market on every first Sunday of the month, but it's a lot smaller than the one on Saturday.
The city is famous for a local pastry called "Bossche Bol" or "moorkop", a must-try for any visitor. It's a chocolate ball filled with cream, the size of a tennis ball, typically eaten with a cup of coffee in the afternoon but also for desert. It makes for a fine sweet treat when you kick back and relax at one of the many cafés, after a day of walking through town.
- Jan de Groot, Stationsweg 24. This bakery is particularly well-known for its Bossche bollen and caters to many of the cafés in town. They also have a lunchroom of their own. € 2.05 for one pastry..
The city centre is packed with small and large restaurants that serve all kinds of crowds. The Korte Putstraat and the Lange Putstraat are your best bet if you're looking for a meal, as they have a particularly broad selection of places with nice outdoor terraces in summer. Typically you'll have no problems finding a table somewhere, but if you have a particular establishment in mind or if you want a good table on the terrace it's definitely wise to reserve ahead, as the best places are often full.
- Eetcafé 't Keershuys, Lepelstraat 45, ☎ , e-mail: email@example.com. Cosy place in a 14th-century building, once a small cheese factory. Today it's a restaurant serving simple, good value for money food. It's also a popular place for lunch and High Tea. Lunch breads start at around €5 and in the evening you can have the dish of the day for €10,50. Pasta dishes around €12 and other mains from €15.
- Bar Bistro Tic Tac, Kerkstraat 83, ☎ . Lots of finger food and bistro dishes with American and Asian influences. Think simple but tasty and filling steaks, burgers and salads. Full course mains around €15.
- In Den Zevenden Hemel, Korte Putstraat 13-17, ☎ . Popular with locals, this place gets good reviews and is often crowded. Mains start around €20 and there's several vegetarian options too. The staff is friendly; ask them for the English menu. €34.95 for a set 3 course menu.
- Nescio, Hinthamerstraat 80, ☎ . Cosy little restaurant with good food, right next to the cathedral. On the menu you'll find a range of small dishes which allows you to get a good idea of the cuisine. Most visitors opt for the chef's menu, called the "Wandeling door de kaart" (walk through the menu). € 34,50 for a 4 course chef's menu..
- Binnenhof -eten & drinken-, Guardianenhof 26, ☎ , e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. Modern, nicely decorated restaurant with good food. From €34,95 for a 3 course menu..
- Restaurant Sense, Verwersstraat 58, ☎ , e-mail: email@example.com. closed Sun&Mon. Sense has a number of small, high quality dishes on the menu; the idea is that you order them more or less in a random order, as you like. They start at around €16; count on 4 dishes for an average eater. If you're not very picky, the surprise menu is a good option. From €43,50 for 4 courses.
- Fabuleux, Verwerstraat 23, ☎ . Closed Mon&Tue. Proper French cuisine in a historic house. This place also has some excellent wines on the menu. From €37.50 for a 3 course surprise..
Nightlife in Den Bosch is as you might expect from a city of its size: not as extravagant as Amsterdam or Rotterdam, but nice, with a friendly crowd attending and a nice atmosphere. The places most worth visiting:
- De Drie Gezusters (One of the most popular places in Den Bosch, it has 3 areas: Pub, Apres Ski and Club with different music and appearance. Can't miss it on Friday and Saturday as there will be a line outside.), Karrenstraat. Opens at 21.00, but the scene starts at around 23.00. Open until 04.00. Entrance €4, coatcheck €1.
- Cinq (Formerly known as the Cuba Libre, it turns into a nightlife scene after 23.00. On busy nights hard to get in.), Parade, ☎ . Entrance depends on attendance. Busy nights require around €2 entrance to be paid..
- De Carrousel (Place to attracts a crowd of mainly 25+. Is sometimes open slightly longer than the other places.), Karrrenstraat, ☎ . starts at around 10PM until 4AM, sometimes later..
- Silva Ducis (Next to Cinq, same attendance.), Parade, ☎ . 10AM-4PM. '
- Golden Tulip Hotel Central (Located in the city center, this is one of the best hotels to visit the city if you are willing to pay a little more.), Burg. Loeffplein 98 (Go to the Markt (market square) which is easily found from within the city center. Here the hotel will be on the north side, easily recognized as a white building), ☎ , fax: +31 73 6145699. around €140.
- Mövenpick Hotel 's-Hertogenbosch (Hotel located outside the city center. Easy accessed by car, but has a bad public transport connection to the city center. Walking is an option though, and would take about 20 minutes.), Pettelaarpark 90 (Near the highway A2. Take exit 22, where signage will guide you to the hotel.), ☎ , fax: +31 73 6874635, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. Check-in: 3PM, check-out: 12PM. around €140.
- Best Western Euro Hotel (Located in the city center. Cheaper hotel, but overal it is in a bad shape. Renovations has been done from Dec. 06 until Mar. 07, so there might be some improvement.), Kerkstraat 56 (Near the St. Jans Cathedral opposite the main post office.), ☎ , fax: +31 73 6128795. Check-in: 14:00, check-out: 11:00. €95.
- Campanile Hotel 's-Hertogenbosh (Cheap hotel located in the northern suburb 'Maasport' and adjacent industrial area), Goudsbloemvallei 21-25, ☎ , fax: +31 73 6410048, e-mail: email@example.com. €59.
- Bark Hotel 's-Hertogenbosch.
- Mercure Hotel Rosmalen (Located outside the city center along the A2 highway), Burg. Burgerslaan 50, ☎ , fax: +31 73 5216215, e-mail: H2112@accor.com. €120.
- van der Valk Hotel Vught (Large hotel located in the town of Vught, about 10 minutes by bus to 's-Hertogenbosch.), Bosscheweg 2, ☎ , fax: +31 73 6587700, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. €80-100.
Den Bosch uses the area code 073.
Den Bosch is in general a safe city. Even the neighborhoods considered dangerous by the locals are still quite safe during daylight (Hambaken, Graafsewijk and Kruiskamp). If a traveler uses his common sense he will be alright, also during night. The only time the crowd can get a bit rough is during Thursday, Friday and Saturday night. These are the general party nights, so people sometimes drink too much. Nevertheless, there is a lot of police around, and you will be safe if you just take care and mind your own business.
Well connected and at a fairly central location, there are endless options for next destinations when leaving 'sHertogenbosch. Some of the more prominent nearby places are Utrecht, Tilburg, Eindhoven, Breda and Nijmegen. The Loonse en Drunense Duinen National Park is also a short ride.
|Routes through 's-Hertogenbosch|
|Culemborg ←||N S||→ Eindhoven → Maastricht|
|City and Municipality|
Market Square of 's-Hertogenbosch
Location in North Brabant
|• Body||Municipal council|
|• Mayor||Ton Rombouts (CDA)|
|• Municipality||91.79 km2 (35.44 sq mi)|
|• Land||84.45 km2 (32.61 sq mi)|
|• Water||7.34 km2 (2.83 sq mi)|
|Elevation||6 m (20 ft)|
|Population (Municipality, May 2014; Urban and Metro, May 2014)|
|• Density||1,704/km2 (4,410/sq mi)|
|• Metropolitan region||451,139|
|• Brabant cities region||2,213,379|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
's-Hertogenbosch (Dutch pronunciation: ( ), literally "The Duke's Forest", in French and historically in English: Bois-le-Duc) is a city and municipality in the southern Netherlands. It is the capital of the province of North Brabant.
In speech, the Dutch seldom use the formal 's-Hertogenbosch but rather the colloquial Den Bosch ( ). Den Bosch means "The Forest".
- Population centres 1
- Eighty Years' War 2.1
- Thirty Years' War 2.2
- Louis XIV to Bonaparte 2.3
- World War II and after 2.4
- Main sights 3
- Economy 4
- Culture 5
- Sport 6
- Carnival celebrations 7
- Transport 8
- Notable residents 9
- Climate 10.1
- References and notes 11
- External links 12
The city's official name is a contraction of the Dutch des Hertogen bosch—"the Duke's forest". The duke in question was Henry I, Duke of Brabant, whose family had owned a large estate at nearby Orthen for at least four centuries. He founded a new town located on some forested dunes in the middle of a marsh. At age 26, he granted 's-Hertogenbosch city rights and the corresponding trade privileges in 1185. This is, however, the traditional date given by later chroniclers; the first mention in contemporaneous sources is 1196. The original charter has been lost. His reason for founding the city was to protect his own interests against encroachment from Gelre and Holland; from its first days, he conceived of the city as a fortress. It was destroyed in 1203 in a joint expedition of Gelre and Holland, but was soon rebuilt. Some remnants of the original city walls may still be seen. In the late 15th century, a much larger wall was erected to protect the greatly expanded settled area. Artificial waterways were dug to serve as a city moat, through which the rivers Dommel and Aa were diverted.
Until 1520, the city flourished, becoming the second largest population centre in the territory of the present Netherlands, after Utrecht. The birthplace and home of one of the greatest painters of the northern Renaissance, Hieronymus Bosch, the city was also a center of music, and composers, such as Jheronimus Clibano, received their training at its churches. Others held positions there: Matthaeus Pipelare was musical director at the Confraternity of Our Lady; and renowned Habsburg copyist and composer Pierre Alamire did much of his work at 's-Hertogenbosch.
Eighty Years' War
The wars of the Reformation changed the course of the city's history. It became an independent bishopric. During the Eighty Years' War, the city took the side of the Habsburg (Catholic) authorities and thwarted a Calvinist coup. It was besieged several times by Prince Maurice of Orange, stadtholder of most of the Dutch Republic, who wanted to bring 's-Hertogenbosch under the rule of the rebel United Provinces. The city was successfully defended by Claude de Berlaymont, also known as Haultpenne.
Thirty Years' War
In the years of Truce, before the renewed fighting after 1618, the fortifications were greatly expanded. The surrounding marshes made a siege of the conventional type impossible, and the fortress, deemed impregnable, was nicknamed the Marsh Dragon. The town was nevertheless finally conquered by Frederik Hendrik of Orange in 1629 in a typically Dutch stratagem: he diverted the rivers Dommel and Aa, created a polder by constructing a forty-kilometre dyke and then pumped out the water by mills. After a siege of three months, the city had to surrender—an enormous blow to Habsburg geo-political strategy during the Thirty Years' War. This surrender cut the town off from the rest of the duchy and the area was treated by the Republic as an occupation zone without political liberties (see also Generality Lands).
Louis XIV to Bonaparte
After the Peace of Westphalia, the fortifications were again expanded. In 1672, the Dutch rampjaar, the city held against the army of Louis XIV. In 1794, French revolutionary troops under command of Charles Pichegru took the city with hardly a fight: in the Batavian Republic, both Catholics and Brabanders at last gained equal rights.
From 1806, the city became part of the Kingdom of Holland and, from 1810, it was incorporated into the French Empire. It was captured by the Prussians in 1814. The next year, when the United Kingdom of the Netherlands was established, it became the capital of North Brabant. Many newer and more modern fortresses were created in the vicinity of the city. Until 1878 it was forbidden to build outside the ramparts. This led to overcrowding and the highest infant mortality in the kingdom. The very conservative city government prevented industrial investment—they didn't want the number of workers to grow—and the establishment of educational institutions—students were regarded as disorderly. As a result, the relative importance of the city diminished.
World War II and after
One of the few official Nazi concentration camp complexes in western Europe located outside of Germany and Austria was named after 's-Hertogenbosch. It operated from January 1943, to September 1944 and was known to the Germans as Herzogenbusch (see List of subcamps of Herzogenbusch). About 30,000 inmates were interned in the complex during this time, of whom about 12,000 were Jews. In the Netherlands, this camp is known as 'Kamp Vught', because the concentration camp was actually located at a heath near Vught, a village a few kilometres south of 's-Hertogenbosch.
Conquered by the Germans in World War II (1940), with its railway station bombed by RAF planes on 16 September 1944, it was liberated in 24–27 October 1944 by the British 53rd (Welsh) Division after Major Bremna and B company had already routed the enemy on 23/24th.
's-Hertogenbosch was founded as a fortified city and that heritage can still be seen today. After World War II, plans were made to modernise the old city, by filling in the canals, removing or modifying some ramparts and redeveloping historic neighbourhoods. Before these plans could come to effect however, the central government declared the city a protected townscape. Most historic elements have been preserved. Because the main ramparts are crucial in keeping out the water, they have never been slighted, their usual fate in the Netherlands. In contrast to cities like Rotterdam, 's-Hertogenbosch also survived the Second World War relatively unscathed. Much of its historic heritage remains intact, and today there are always renovations going on in the city to preserve the many old buildings, fortifications, churches and statues for later generations. In 2004 the city was awarded the title European Fortress City of the year. It is planned to restore the city defences to much of their old glory in the coming years. 's-Hertogenbosch also has the oldest remaining brick house in the Netherlands, 'de Moriaan', which was built at the beginning of the 13th century. In the 1960s, de Moriaan was renovated to its former glory based on a famous 16th-century Dutch painting called 'De Lakenmarkt van 's-Hertogenbosch' ('The fabric market of 's-Hertogenbosch'). In the north of the old city, the hexagonal powder arsenal, or Kruithuis, still exists, one of only two of its kind in the country. The Townhall is an originally 14th-century Gothic building, transformed in the typical style of Dutch classicism in the 17th century. Around the city itself many other fortresses can still be seen. Until recently it was a major garrison town.
The old city of 's-Hertogenbosch is still almost completely surrounded by continuous ramparts. On the south side, this wall still borders on an old polder, kept intact as a nature reserve, that stretches all the way to Vught. These city walls are currently undergoing renovations. Hidden below the old city is a canal network called the Binnendieze that once spanned 22 km (14 mi). It started out as a regular river, the Dommel, running through the city in medieval times but due to lack of space in the city, people started building their houses and roads over the river. In later times it functioned as a sewer and fell into disrepair. In recent decades, the remaining sixth of the old waterway system has been renovated, and it is possible to take several guided subterranean boat trips through it.
's-Hertogenbosch is also home to Saint John's Cathedral (Sint Jans kathedraal in Dutch), which dates from c. 1220 and is best known for its Brabantine Gothic design and the many sculptures of craftsmen that are sitting on almost every arc and rim along the outside of the cathedral. In 2010 an extensive restoration was completed, undoing the damage of many years of wear-and-tear and acid rain.
Museums are the Stedelijk Museum 's-Hertogenbosch, Noordbrabants Museum and the Jheronimus Bosch Art Center. The painter Hieronymus Bosch (c. 1450–1516) remains probably the best known citizen of 's-Hertogenbosch.
The city is also the location of the Bolwoningen complex, an array of fifty experimental spherical houses designed by Dries Kreijkamp.
The city of 's-Hertogenbosch has become a center of industry, education, administration and culture. It is currently the fourth city of Noord Brabant. It is home to many national and international businesses such as Heineken, Epic, Tyco International and many others.
's-Hertogenbosch is home to a variety of events such as the theatre festival Boulevard, Jazz in Duketown, and hip hop in duketown, the start of the Tour de France (1996), Tour Feminin (1997), the International Vocal Competition, November Music (a contemporary music festival) and the UNICEF Open (formerly the Ordina Open) grass court tennis tournament (in the nearby town of Rosmalen). There are also over 350 restaurants, pubs and cafés to be found in the city.
Den Bosch is also home to the European Ceramic Work Centre. This is a juried international ceramic residency where they invite Artist, Designers and Architects from around to the world to explore the medium of Ceramics. This program was initially started in 1991 and continues to this day.
The spoken language is Maaslands (The variant spoken in Den Bosch is called Bosch which is placed among the Central North Brabantian dialects, although other classification systems also describe it as East Brabantian), which is very similar to colloquial Dutch.
The city has one professional football club, FC Den Bosch (first club of Dutch international player Ruud van Nistelrooy), and is also the home to top field hockey club HC Den Bosch, basketball team EiffelTowers Den Bosch and 2008 national rugby champion The Dukes
Once a year, 's-Hertogenbosch changes its name to "Oeteldonk". Contrary to popular belief, "oetel" in the name "Oeteldonk" is not a referral to a frog but is a facetious reference to the 's-Hertogenbosch Bishop Adrianus Godschalk who came from the village of Den Dungen, and he often fulminated against the 'pagan' Carnival festivities. Van den Oetelaar was a very common name in Den Dungen at that time. "Donk" is a reference to a dry place in the marsh. The frog is however a symbol often used during Carnival, and it is a symbol of the Oeteldonk Marsh.
This change only lasts for the three days of Carnival even though this original meaning has disappeared to the background. The Mayor then hands over his duties temporarily to "Peer vaan den Muggenheuvel tot den Bobberd" during this three-day festival. "Peer vaan den Muggenheuvel tot den Bobberd" is the host of Prince Carnaval "Prince Amadeiro XXV" when he visits Oeteldonk.
Like most Dutch cities, 's-Hertogenbosch is well adapted to the high number of cyclists. A large network of bike paths make it convenient to cycle to various destinations and within the town the bike is the most popular mean of transportation. In 2011, the city was chosen as Fietsstad 2011 — the top BikeCity of the Netherlands for 2011.
As for trains, 's-Hertogenbosch has three railway stations:
As for buses, Arriva buslines serve the city and most of its suburbs.
- Patrick van Aanholt (1990), footballer (Chelsea F.C.)
- Hieronymus Bosch (c. 1450–1516), painter
- Hubert Gerhard (c. 1540 -1620), sculptor
- Charles Bolsius (1907-1983), painter, sculptor
- Mijntje Donners (1974), field hockey player, World Hockey player of the year 2003
- Fred van der Hoorn (1963), footballer (FC Den Bosch, Dundee United, Eendracht Aalst)
- Marco Kroon (1970), recipient of the Militaire Willemsorde
- Joris van Lanckvelt--aka Georgius Macropedius (1487-1558), humanist
- Anthony Lurling (1977), footballer (FC Den Bosch, Feyenoord, Heerenveen, NAC)
- Arie Luyendyk, Jr. (1981) Auto Racer (Firestone Indy Lights)
- Gerardus Mercator (c. 1520-1530), cartographer
- Henri van Opstal (1989), kickboxer
- Robin van Roosmalen (1989), kickboxer
- Maikel Scheffers (1982), wheelchair tennis player
- Arnold Scholten (1962), footballer (FC Den Bosch, Ajax, Feyenoord, JEF United)
- Andy Souwer (1982), kickboxer, two time K-1 World MAX Champion, reigning three time Shootboxing World Tournament Champion
- Frans de Waal (1948), psychologist, primatologist and book author
- Leon de Winter (1954), writer and columnist
- Marianne Vos (1987), National, Olympic and World professional cycling champion
- Trees Huberts-Fokkelman (1934–2013), politician
ClimateClimate in this area has mild differences between highs and lows, and there is adequate rainfall year round. The Köppen Climate Classification subtype for this climate is "Cfb". (Marine West Coast Climate/Oceanic climate).
|Climate data for Gemert-Bakel|
|Average high °C (°F)||
|Average low °C (°F)||
|Precipitation mm (inches)||
|Avg. precipitation days||8.8||6.3||5.8||4||6||6.7||7.8||8.7||8.2||7||5.4||8.8||83.5|
|Source: Weatherbase |
References and notes
Stedelijke regio Waalwijk-’s-Hertogenbosch-Oss
143,945 - 's-Hertogenbosch
85,085 - Oss
46,495 - Waalwijk
43,199 - Heusden
30,356 - Boxtel
28,286 - Sint-Michielsgestel
25,769 - Vught
23,126 - Loon op Zand
13,594 - Haaren
11,284 - Maasdonk
- "Samenstelling van het college" [Members of the board] (in Dutch). Gemeente 's-Hertogenbosch. Retrieved 12 April 2014.
- "Kerncijfers wijken en buurten" [Key figures for neighbourhoods]. CBS Statline (in Dutch).
- "Postcodetool for 5211HH". Actueel Hoogtebestand Nederland (in Dutch). Het Waterschapshuis. Retrieved 15 April 2014.
- "Bevolkingsontwikkeling; regio per maand" [Population growth; regions per month]. CBS Statline (in Dutch).
- "Bevolkingsontwikkeling; regio per maand" [Population growth; regions per month]. CBS Statline (in Dutch).
- "De grenzeloze regio".
- Teletijd.nl: 'De Moriaan' before and after renovation
- Painting: De Lakenmarkt van 's-Hertogenbosch
- Teletijd.nl: Kruithuis inner court
- "The Worlds Ugliest Buildings - AOL Real Estate". Realestate.aol.com. Retrieved 2013-03-25.
- Jos & Cor Swanenberg: Taal in stad en land: Oost-Brabants, ISBN 9012090105
- "Oeteldonk - Oetelpedia" (in Dutch). Oetelpedia.nl. 2010-11-17. Retrieved 2013-03-25.
- Climate Summary for Gemert-Bakel (closest city on record)
- "Weatherbase.com". Weatherbase. 2013. Retrieved on June 3, 2013.
- 's-Hertogenbosch travel guide from Wikivoyage
- Media related to at Wikimedia Commons
- Official website