Cal Ripken, Jr
|This biographical article needs additional citations for verification. (April 2010)|
|Cal Ripken, Jr.|
|Shortstop / Third baseman|
Born: August 24, 1960|
Havre de Grace, Maryland
|Batted: Right||Threw: Right|
|August 10, 1981 for the Baltimore Orioles|
|Last MLB appearance|
|October 6, 2001 for the Baltimore Orioles|
|Runs batted in||1,695|
|Career highlights and awards|
|Vote||98.53% (first ballot)|
Calvin Edwin "Cal" Ripken, Jr. (born August 24, 1960), nicknamed "The Iron man", is an American former baseball shortstop and third baseman who played 21 years in Major League Baseball (MLB) for the Baltimore Orioles (1981–2001). A 19-time All-Star and two-time American League (AL) Most Valuable Player (MVP), Ripken is perhaps best known for breaking Lou Gehrig's record for consecutive games played, a record that had stood for 56 years and many deemed unbreakable. Ripken surpassed the mark on September 6, 1995 by playing his 2,131st consecutive game, which fans later voted the "Most Memorable Moment" in MLB history. Ripken voluntarily ended his 17-year streak at 2,632 games in 1998. One of his position's most offensively productive players, Ripken tallied 3,184 hits, 431 home runs, and 1,695 runs batted in during his career, and he won two Gold Glove Awards for his defense.
Ripken is considered one of the best shortstops and third basemen in baseball history. At 6 ft 4 in (1.93 m), 225 lb. (102.27 kg), he pioneered the way for taller, larger shortstops to be successful at those positions. When inducted into the National Baseball Hall of Fame in 2007, he was a first ballot inductee with the third-highest voting percentage (98.53%) in Hall of Fame history, behind Tom Seaver (98.84%) and Nolan Ryan (98.79%).
He is a best-selling author and the President and CEO of Ripken Baseball, Inc., whose goal is to grow the love of baseball from a more grassroots level. Established in 2001, Ripken Baseball represents Cal's and his brother Billy's business and philanthropy dealings and focuses on several subsidiaries: Ripken Management and Design, Youth Camps and Clinics, Cal Ripken, Sr. foundation, Ripken Professional Baseball, with three minor-league teams—the Aberdeen IronBirds (affiliated with the Orioles); the Augusta GreenJackets (affiliated with the San Francisco Giants); and the Charlotte Stone Crabs (affiliated with the Tampa Bay Rays). He is also on the Board of Directors of ZeniMax Media.
- 1 Personal life
- 2 Playing career
- 3 Post-baseball life
- 4 Legacy
- 5 Awards and records
- 6 See also
- 7 References
- 8 External links
Ripken was born to Cal, Sr. and Violet "Vi" Ripken in Havre de Grace and was raised in Aberdeen, Maryland, in a baseball family. His father, Cal, Sr., was a long-time coach in baseball who managed the Orioles in the late 1980s. Ripken attended Aberdeen High School as did his brother Billy, who later played second base for various teams, including the Orioles. He has two other siblings, Ellen and Fred. Ripken married the former Kelly Geer at Towson United Methodist Church on Friday, November 13, 1987. They have a daughter, Rachel, and a son, Ryan, who will start his freshman year in the fall of 2012 and play baseball at the University of South Carolina. Ryan Ripken was drafted by the Baltimore Orioles in the 20th round of Major League Baseball's 2012 amateur draft and extends the Ripken legacy in the Orioles organization to a third generation.
Ripken was drafted by the Orioles in the second round of the 1978 Major League Baseball Draft.
Ripken, as a member of the Rochester Red Wings (the Orioles Triple-A farm club at the time), played in the longest professional baseball game. Ripken started at third base and played all 33 innings against the Pawtucket Red Sox (which featured another future Hall of Famer, Wade Boggs) in a game that took parts of three days to complete. He made his big-league debut in a strike year. Ripken split time between shortstop and third base in 1981 and 1982, but he started to achieve prominence right away. Ripken homered in his very first at bat of the first game of the Orioles 1982 season against Kansas City and he hit 28 home runs that year en route to the American League's Rookie of the Year Award. Ripken would eventually win the shortstop job from veteran Mark Belanger, an eight-time Gold Glover. Ripken began his consecutive-games-played streak on May 30, 1982, and broke Lou Gehrig's "unbreakable" record 14 years later in what would be seen by many as a bright spot following the devastating 1994 strike. For example, the writeup in the 1996 Sporting News Baseball Guide called it "what almost everyone considered the high point of the major league season."
Ripken took an even bigger step forward in 1983, when he earned the first of his 19 All-Star berths and was named the American League Most Valuable Player (MVP) in 1983, hitting .318 with 27 home runs and 102 RBI. His fielding percentage that year was .970. He would go on to hit at least 20 home runs in each of the next eight seasons, for a total of ten consecutive years (1982–1991).
The Orioles defeated the Chicago White Sox in the ALCS before beating the Philadelphia Phillies four games to one in the 1983 World Series. In the series Ripken hit just .167 with no homers and only one RBI. Although not contributing significantly in the World Series with his bat, he made a number of key plays defensively at shortstop, including the final out of the series on a Garry Maddox lineout in Game 5.
1987 was a family affair year for Ripken as his father, Cal Ripken, Sr., became manager of the Orioles. That year, he became the first manager to write two of his sons into the lineup card when both Ripken, Jr. and his brother and fellow Oriole, Billy Ripken, played in the same game. Later in the season, Ripken, Sr. decided to take Ripken out of the game on September 14, in a blow out loss to the Toronto Blue Jays at Exhibition Stadium. Replacing him in the eighth inning was current Rangers Manager Ron Washington, thus ending Ripken's streak of 8,243 consecutive innings.
While Ripken narrowly missed out on a Gold Glove in 1990—when he made just three errors in 162 games—he had a career year in 1991. Ripken led the American League with 211 hits and a .348 batting average at the All-Star break. He finished the season by hitting .323/.374/.566 over 650 plate appearances, with 34 HR and 114 RBI. In addition to that, Ripken hit 46 doubles, stole a career-high 6 bases and was caught once, and hit 5 triples, while posting his career lowest strikeout rate and lowest number of strikeouts in a season with 600 or more plate appearances. His 1991 season is the fourth-greatest in baseball history (second among non-pitchers) as measured by WARP3 at 17.0 wins, bested only by Walter Johnson's 1913 (18.1 wins), Babe Ruth's 1923 (18 wins), and Amos Rusie's 1894 season (17.6 wins).
Ripken won his second AL MVP award, the Gold Glove Award, 1991 All Star Game MVP award (going 2 for 3 including a 3-run home run off Dennis Martínez), the Gatorade Home Run Derby contest (hitting a then record 12 home runs in 22 swings, including 7 consecutive homers to start the contest), Louisville Slugger "Silver Slugger Award", AP Player of the Year Award, and The Sporting News Player of the Year Award. The only other player in MLB history to win all those awards in the same season, excluding the Home Run Derby, was Maury Wills in 1962.
Ripken became the first player ever to win the Home Run Derby and be named All Star Game MVP in the same year. The only other player that has accomplished this feat is Garret Anderson of the Anaheim Angels in 2003. He was the first AL MVP in MLB history to win the award while playing with a sub .500 club. The Orioles finished in 6th place that year with a 67–95 record.
At the end of the 1991 season, Memorial Stadium, the Orioles' home since 1954, saw its last MLB game against the Detroit Tigers. Ripken was the last Oriole to bat at Baltimore's Memorial Stadium, hitting into a double play against Detroit's Frank Tanana on Oct. 6, 1991.
Ripken achieved a personal milestone on July 10, 1993, when he collected his 2,000th career hit, during a game at Oriole Park against the Chicago White Sox. This came on the Saturday of "All-Star Weekend", just prior to the All-Star Game played at Camden Yards on July 13.
On September 6, 1995, many baseball fans within and out of the United States tuned into cable TV network ESPN to watch Ripken surpass Lou Gehrig's 56-year-old record for consecutive games played (2,130 games). The game, between the Orioles and the California Angels, still ranks as one of the network's most watched baseball games (Baseball's most-watched game was Game 7 of the 1986 World Series). Cal's children, Rachel and Ryan, threw out the ceremonial first balls. Both President Bill Clinton and Vice President Al Gore were at the game. Clinton was in the WBAL local radio broadcast booth when Ripken hit a home run in the fourth inning, and called the home run over the air. When the game became official after the Angels' half of the fifth inning, the numerical banners that displayed Ripken's streak on the wall of the B&O Warehouse outside the stadium's right field wall changed from 2130 to 2131.
Everyone attending (including the opposing Angels and all four umpires) erupted with a standing ovation lasting more than 22 minutes, one of the longest standing ovations for any athlete; ESPN did not go to a commercial break during the entire ovation. During the ovation, Ripken did a lap around the entire Camden Yards warning track to shake hands and give high-fives to the fans.
"It was very spontaneous. I was feeling a sense of anxiety that it was unfair to stop the game in the middle of the game. You felt for the pitchers—it's almost like a rain delay. I just kept saying to myself, 'okay, let's get the game started. Thank you very much. I'll celebrate it as much as you want after it's over, but let's stay with the game.'
"Tonight I stand here, overwhelmed, as my name is linked with the great and courageous Lou Gehrig. I'm truly humbled to have our names spoken in the same breath. This year has been unbelievable. I've been cheered in ballparks all over the country. People not only showed me their kindness, but more importantly, they demonstrated their love of the game of baseball. I give my thanks to baseball fans everywhere. Tonight, I want to make sure you know how I feel. As I grew up here, I not only had dreams of being a big league ballplayer, but also of being a Baltimore Oriole. For all of your support over the years, I want to thank you, the fans of Baltimore, from the bottom of my heart. This is the greatest place to play."
"Bobby Bonilla and Rafael Palmeiro pushed me out of the dugout and said, 'Hey, if you don't do a lap around this thing, we'll never get the game started.' I thought it was a ridiculous sort of thing... but as I started to do it, the celebration of 50,000 started to be very one-on-one and very personal. I started seeing people I knew... Those were the people that had been around the ballpark all those years, and it was really a wonderful human experience."
On June 14 at Kauffman Stadium in Kansas City against the Royals, Ripken broke the world record of consecutive games played of 2,216. The record had been held by Sachio Kinugasa of Japan. Kinugasa was at the game to watch Ripken break his record. On July 15, Ripken was moved to third base as an experiment, with Manny Alexander taking the shortstop position. In the first inning, Ripken dove for a grounder down the line and threw from his knees to get the runner out at first.
On September 20, 1998, before the final home game of the season against the New York Yankees, Ripken decided to end his streak at 2,632 games, having surpassed Gehrig's previous record by 502 games. Rookie third baseman Ryan Minor started in his place (at first he thought it was a rookie prank). Realizing that the streak was coming to an end, the fans, his teammates, and the visiting Yankees (with David Wells being the first to notice that Ripken was not playing during batting practice) gave Ripken an ovation after the game's first out was recorded. Ripken later stated that he decided to end the streak at the end of the season to avoid any off-season controversy about his playing status, and to end the streak entirely on his own terms while he still could.
In 1999, Ripken had his statistically best season since 1991. Although he was injured at both the beginning and the end of the 1999 season; and, also mourned the loss of his father and former coach Cal Ripken, Sr. only a few days before 1999's opening game, he managed to hit 18 homers in only 332 at-bats (one HR every 18.4 AB's) while hitting a career high .340. He had the best individual game of his career, going 6 for 6 with 2 homers off John Smoltz and tying a club record with 13 total bases against the Atlanta Braves on June 13, 1999.
Ripken's 1999 season ended early due to injury when he was only 9 hits away from joining the 3000 hit club. He finally achieved the milestone early in the 2000 season when he singled off reliever Héctor Carrasco in a game against the Minnesota Twins on April 15, 2000, in the Metrodome. Ripken had a good night at the plate, getting three hits, the third of which was the milestone. The Twins distributed a commemorative certificate to the fans as they left the Metrodome after the game.
In June 2001, Ripken announced he would retire at the end of the season. He was voted the starting third baseman in the All-Star game at Safeco Field on July 10, 2001, in Seattle. In a tribute to Ripken's achievements and stature in the game, shortstop Alex Rodriguez (unknowingly foreshadowing his own future) insisted on exchanging positions with third baseman Ripken for the first inning, so that Ripken could play shortstop as he had for most of his career. That move, allowed Ripken to claim the record of most MLB All-Star Game appearances at shortstop. In the third inning, Ripken made his first plate appearance and was greeted with a standing ovation. Ripken then homered off the first pitch from Chan Ho Park. Ripken ended up with All Star MVP honors. He is one of four players in MLB history with multiple All Star Game MVP Awards (1991 and 2001) and is the only player to win All Star Game MVP in two different decades.
The Orioles planned to retire Ripken's #8 in a ceremony before the final home game of the 2001 season, in late September. Ripken's final game was originally set to be played at Yankee Stadium; however, the September 11, 2001 attacks led to the postponement of a week's worth of games. The games missed were added onto the end of the season's schedule. Since all the games the Orioles missed were at home, this changed the location of Ripken's final game to Oriole Park, much to the delight of Orioles fans. On October 6, Cal Ripken ended his career in the on deck circle in the bottom of the ninth inning. Long-time teammate Brady Anderson, also playing in his last game for the Orioles, swung and missed on a fastball high and tight on a 3–2 count to end the game. After the game, Ripken gave a speech thanking the fans for their support over 20 seasons.
|Cal Ripken's number 8 was retired by the Baltimore Orioles in 2001.|
Ripken has made donations to many various charitable causes, including donations supporting research on Lou Gehrig's disease. Along with his brother Billy, he formed the Cal Ripken, Sr. Foundation to give underprivileged children the opportunity to attend baseball camps around the country and learn the game. The Foundation is a branch of Ripken Baseball. In addition to controlling these camps and Ripken's minor league teams, Ripken Baseball operates for-profit camps and designs ballfields for youth, college, and professional teams. Cal Ripken youth leagues compete with Little League and are growing in importance while Little League shrinks. He gives speeches about his time in baseball and some of the lessons he has learned. Between 2001 and 2004, inclusive, Ripken served as commissioner of the White House Tee Ball Initiative of President George W. Bush, in which capacity he worked to promote the value of teamwork amongst players and volunteership amongst the public and helped to teach tee ball fundamentals to teams of children at the White House.
Ripken retired on October 6, 2001. He is a part owner of the New York–Penn League's Aberdeen IronBirds, the Short-season Class A affiliate Minor League Baseball team within the Orioles' system. The team plays at Ripken Stadium in Cal's hometown of Aberdeen, Maryland.
In 2005, the Orioles honored Ripken on the 10th anniversary of his 2,131st consecutive game. After the top of the 5th inning, the numbers 2130 on the warehouse behind the stadium changed to 2131, just as they did on September 6, 1995.
In 2007, Ripken, along with
On January 9, 2007, Ripken was elected to the Hall of Fame, appearing on 537 out of 545 of the ballots cast (98.53%), eight votes short of a unanimous selection. His percentage is the third highest in history, behind Tom Seaver who received 98.84 percent of the vote and Nolan Ryan who received 98.79 percent, and the highest ever for a regular position player. Tony Gwynn, who was appearing on his first ballot as well, was chosen alongside Ripken. Both Hall of Fame-Elects were formally inducted on July 29, 2007. The induction ceremony was attended by a record 75,000 people including special guests of Ripken: Ernie Tyler, John Travolta, Richard Gere and Brett Herman.
On January 10, 2007, Ripken expressed interest in purchasing the Baltimore Orioles if current owner Peter Angelos were to sell the team. He has yet to be approached about the potential purchase of the team. At a National Press Club speech in Washington, D.C. on April 13, 2007, he denied having an interest in purchasing the Orioles due to lack of sufficient funds.
Ripken is still a popular figure in Baltimore and Washington, D.C. area advertising, and frequently appears in regional commercials for Comcast cable and internet service. His appearance at a Washington Capitals game on February 10, 2007, prompted a standing ovation from the crowd.
In April 2007, he released two books, Get in the Game, described as a motivational guide to success, and The Longest Season, a children's book about the Orioles' 1988 season. Earlier in the year, he published Coaching Youth Baseball the Ripken Way, which highlights 50 practice drills, topics include coaching responsibly, goal setting for youth, and effective practice planning. He writes a weekly youth sports advice newspaper column in the Baltimore Sun which is syndicated nationwide and has produced a line of baseball training videos.
On August 13, 2007, Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice announced that Ripken has been named Special Sports Envoy for the US State Department and that he will be going to China in October: "...we're just delighted that somebody of Cal Ripken's stature is going to be someone who will go out and represent America so well and represent what we consider to be American values, but universal values; that hard work and diligence and the willingness to really put it all on the line every day is something that kids need to learn", said Rice.
Ripken added to his baseball business portfolio in August 2008, purchasing the Vero Beach Devil Rays of the Florida State League with plans to move the team to the Gulf Coast city of Port Charlotte. The team debuted in its new city in 2009 as the Charlotte Stone Crabs.
On May 2, 2009, Ripken, his wife, and several friends attended the Kentucky Derby, as they do every year. In this race he placed a bet on the race horse Mine That Bird claiming that the horse's name appealed to him given his career with the Orioles along with the jockey's name, Calvin Borel. The gelding also wearing saddle cloth number "8" post position, with odds set at 50 to 1, went on to win the race. This is the second time since 1913 that a horse won the Kentucky Derby after being given such odds. Ripken has not disclosed his winnings.
On May 8, 2009, "A Shortstop in China" premiered on the Mid-Atlantic Sports Network. The hour-long special chronicles Ripken's October 2008 trip to China to share the game of baseball with youth and coaches while nurturing American-Chinese diplomacy.
Return to the Orioles
In the summer of 2010, reports started to circulate that Ripken would be rejoining the Orioles organization. Ripken was quoted in a July 17 Associated Press article as saying he would consider rejoining the Orioles part-time as an advisor, and full-time after his son graduates from high school in 2012.
Ripken's mother, Violet Ripken, was kidnapped at gunpoint and safely returned on July 24. She was gone for 12 hours before her disappearance was reported to authorities.
On October 15, 2013, Ripken's mother, Violet Ripken, was approached by a man with a handgun in a parking lot at the NBRS Bank in Aberdeen, Maryland. The man demanded her car, but she activated a key alarm and he fled. She was unharmed.
At 6 ft 4 in, 225 lb (1.93 m, 102 kg), Ripken was a departure from the prototypical shortstop of the time—small, fleet-of-foot players who played a defensively difficult position but often did not post the home run and batting average totals that an outfielder might. Power hitting shortstops such as Alex Rodriguez, Nomar Garciaparra and Miguel Tejada are often seen by fans to be part of Ripken's legacy.
Nonetheless, Ripken demonstrated the ability to play excellent defense at shortstop, and as a result remained a fixture there for well over a decade, leading the league in assists several times, winning the Gold Glove twice, and, in 1990, setting the MLB record for best fielding percentage in a season at his position. Though not a flashy fielder, Ripken displayed excellent fundamentals, and studied batters and even his own pitching staff so he could position himself to compensate for his lack of physical speed, even calling pitches at times. Ripken's legacy as a fielder is reflected by his place near the top of almost every defensive statistical category—he holds at least one all-time record (for either season, career, or most seasons leading the league) in assists, putouts, fielding percentage, double plays, and fewest errors. Ripken's career range factor was 4.73 (and as high as 5.50 for a single season), a mark few shortstops have reached.
Ripken's power, which led to records like the most home runs by shortstop and 13th for career doubles, had consequences. His propensity to drive the ball often led to his grounders getting to fielders quickly for tailor-made double-play balls. In 1999, Ripken passed Hank Aaron as the player who had grounded into the most double plays in his career. Ripken is second on the fielding side for double plays by a shortstop.
Billy and Cal Ripken are one of only four two-brother combinations in major league history to play second base/shortstop on the same club. The others are Garvin and Granny Hamner, for the Philadelphia Phillies in 1945; the twins Eddie and Johnny O'Brien, with the Pittsburgh Pirates in the mid-1950s, and Frank and Milt Bolling, for the Detroit Tigers in 1958.
On September 23, 2001, the NASCAR Winston Cup series and MBNA renamed the fall race at Dover International Speedway in Dover, Delaware, naming the race the MBNA Cal Ripken Jr. 400. The race paid tribute to the legacy of Ripken, who was in attendance greeting the competing drivers as they crossed the stage during driver introductions. Driver Bobby Labonte had a special paint scheme on his #18 Interstate Batteries car featuring Baltimore Orioles colors along with Ripken's retirement seal. The race was won by Dale Earnhardt Jr., who was then driving the #8 car (coincidentally matching Ripken's jersey number). (The race was also the first race held after the September 11, 2001 attacks as the race scheduled for Loudon a week earlier had been postponed in the wake of the attacks.)
Awards and records
|Award / Honor||Time(s)||Date(s)|
|American League All-Star||19||1983, 1984, 1985, 1986, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001|
|American League Silver Slugger Award (SS)||8||1983, 1984, 1985, 1986, 1989, 1991, 1993, 1994|
|American League Most Valuable Player||2||1983, 1991|
|MLB All-Star Game Most Valuable Player||2||1991, 2001|
|American League Gold Glove Award (SS)||2||1991, 1992|
|The Sporting News' MLB Player of the Year||2||1983, 1991|
|American League Rookie of the Year||1||1982|
|Roberto Clemente Award||1||1992|
|Lou Gehrig Memorial Award||1||1992|
|Sports Illustrated magazine's "Sportsman of the Year"||1||1995|
|Associated Press "Athlete of the Year"||1||1995|
|The Sporting News' "Sportsman of the Year"||1||1995|
|Commissioner's Historic Achievement Award||1||2001|
Records and honors
- 1999: Ranked Number 78 on The Sporting News' list of the 100 Greatest Baseball Players
- 1999: Elected to the Major League Baseball All-Century Team.
- Beat Lou Gehrig's Consecutive Games Streak
- 2001: Ranked third greatest shortstop all-time in the The New Bill James Historical Abstract.
- 2001: Uniform number (8) retired by the Baltimore Orioles
- 2007: Elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame by 98.53 percent of voters. The highest percentage of votes ever for a position player, as well as third highest overall.
- 2007: Inducted to the Baseball Hall of Fame on July 29 with the San Diego Padres' great Tony Gwynn in front of a record crowd of 75,000 people
- 2013: Honorary Doctor of Public Service degree awarded by the University of Maryland, College Park
- Most consecutive games played at 2,632
- Most consecutive innings played at 8,243 (World record until 2005, current MLB record)
- Most grounded into double plays at 350
- Most home runs by a shortstop at 345
- Most double plays by a shortstop, American League, at 1,682
- All-time leader in MLB All-Star fan balloting (36,123,483)
- Most American League, MLB All-Star team selections (19) – 1983–2001
- Most MLB All-Star Game appearances at shortstop (15) – 1983–1996, 2001
- Most consecutive MLB All-Star Game starts (17)
- Most plate appearances by one player in one game at 15 (Triple-A game tied with Tom Eaton and Dallas Williams).
Baltimore Oriole records
- Games Played: 3,001
- Consecutive games: 2,632
- At bats: 11,551
- Hits: 3,184
- Runs: 1,647
- RBI: 1,695
- Extra Base Hits: 1,078
- Doubles: 603
- Home runs: 431 (Baltimore has had six members of the 500 home run club on its roster, but none have hit more with the Orioles than Ripken)
- Total Bases: 5,168
- Walks: 1,129
- Strikeouts: 1,305
- Assists: 8,212
- Double Plays: 1,682
- MLB consecutive games played streaks
- DHL Hometown Heroes
- List of MLB individual streaks
- List of top 300 Major League Baseball home run hitters
- List of major league players with 2,000 hits
- List of Major League Baseball doubles records
- List of Major League Baseball players with 400 doubles
- List of Major League Baseball players with 1,000 runs
- List of Major League Baseball players with 1,000 RBI
- List of Major League Baseball doubles champions
- 3,000 hit club
- Hitting for the cycle
- List of Major League Baseball runs scored champions
- List of second-generation Major League Baseball players
- Season Ticket - a 1988 book by Roger Angell where Earl Weaver recalls a 1982 prediction that Ripken could be penciled into the lineup every game "for the next 15 years."
|Commons has media related to Cal Ripken, Jr..|
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- Gallery and archive – Cal Ripken Jr.
- Career statistics and player information from The Baseball Cube
- Ripken Baseball
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|Most Consecutive MLB Starts
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