Baltimore Black Sox
Baltimore Black Sox
Independent (1916–22, 30–31)
- Founding 1
- Heyday 2
- Decline, demise and reincarnate 3
- MLB throwback jersey 4
- References 5
- External links 6
The Black Sox started as an independent team in 1913.
In 1929, The Black Sox boasted the "Million Dollar Infield" of Jud "Boojum" Wilson (first baseman), Frank Warfield (second baseman), Oliver "Ghost" Marcelle (third baseman) and Sir Richard Lundy (shortstop). The nickname was given to them by the media because of the prospective worth had they been white players. The Black Sox won over 70% of their games during the 1929 season and won the American Negro League Championship.
During their only season in the East-West League (1932), the Black Sox were in third place with a 41-41 record when the league ceased operations.
Decline, demise and reincarnate
In 1932, Joe Cambria became co-owner and general manager and moved the team into Cum Posey's new East-West League. During that same year, the team moved its home games to Bugle Field, which was owned by Cambria. He renovated and expanded the field and added lighting equipment for night games. The team was in first place in the East-West League in late June when the league disbanded and the teams stopped paying player salaries, instead splitting a percentage of the gate receipts with the players. In 1933, the team joined Gus Greenlee's new Negro National League. The next season, Cambria applied to reenter the Negro National League, but when several star players announced they would leave the team, his application was rejected and he disbanded the team.
In mid-season 1934, another team entered the league using the Black Sox name, but it didn't meet with much success and disbanded after only one year.
MLB throwback jersey
- Gibson, Bill (June 4, 1932). "Hear Me Talkin' to Ya". The Afro-American. p. 14. Retrieved February 24, 2013.
- "East-West League Moguls Abandon Hope of Survival: Players' Salaries Stop; Use Co-Plan". The Afro-American. July 2, 1932. p. 15. Retrieved February 24, 2013.
- McKenna, Brian. "Joe Cambria". SABR BioProject. Retrieved February 23, 2013.
- "Tribute to '32 Black Sox highlights OriolesREACH activities for homestand". Baltimore Orioles press release. September 6, 2007. Retrieved August 13, 2012.
- "Orioles to wear Negro League throwback uniforms on May 18th against the Royals". SB Nation Camden Chat. May 17, 2014. Retrieved May 18, 2014.
- 1920 Baltimore Black Sox Calendar