Al-Itihaad al-Islamiya

Al-Itihaad al-Islamiya

al-Itihaad al-Islamiya
الاتحاد الإسلامي
Participant in Somali Civil War
Active 1994–2006
Groups Ogaden
Leaders Hassan Aweys
Hassan Turki
Adan Eyrow
Headquarters Kismayo
Area of operations Somalia, Ogaden
Became Islamic Courts Union
Allies al-Qaeda
Opponents Transitional Federal Government
 United States
Somali Salvation Democratic Front
Isaaq clan
Dhulbahante clan
Absguul clan

Al-Itihaad al-Islamiya or AIAI (Paul O'Neill who called al Barakat as one of the "financiers of terrorism". The 9/11 Commission Report subsequently cleared al Barakat of involvement in financing the 9/11 hijackers, The 9/11 Commission determined that the 9/11 hijackers received their remote funds transfers through US financial institutions, not Islamic financial institutions.[11]

Funded by wealthy Saudis, al-Itihaad had extensive connections with the Somali expatriate community in Kenya, in particular the Eastleigh district of Nairobi and the predominantly Muslim coastal regions. At its height, the AIAI militia numbered over 1000.[12] According to U.S. intelligence officials, al-Itihaad cooperated with the al-Qaeda operatives who carried out the 1998 United States embassy bombings in Nairobi and Dar es Salaam that killed 224 people.

On March 7–8, 1999, Ethiopia claimed it had made a cross-border incursion into Ballanballe searching for members of AIAI who had reportedly kidnapped a person and stolen medical supplies, and denied reports of looting. Allegations from that time also claim Ethiopia was the supplier of various Somali warlords, while Eritrea was arming other warlords.[13][14]

On 24 September 2001, AIAI's finances were sanctioned by the administration of U.S. President

  • SECURITY ADVISORY, Security Enterprise Consultants, 25 September 2001

External links

  1. ^ [3]
  2. ^ "Background Information on Other Terrorist Groups" (PDF). Retrieved 2015-08-19. 
  3. ^ [4]
  4. ^ "Designated individuals and organisations" (PDF). Retrieved 2015-08-19. 
  5. ^ Hammer, Joshua (2007-12-23). "The African Front". NY Times. Retrieved 2007-12-28. 
  6. ^ a b c  
  7. ^ Report on Mission to Haud Area, Region 5, UNDP Emergencies Unit for Ethiopia report, dated 15 November 1994 (accessed 20 December 2008)
  8. ^ Peace and Unity Conference of the Somali Nation of Region 5, UNDP Emergencies Unit for Ethiopia report, dated 15 November 1994 (accessed 20 December 2008)
  9. ^ Dr. J. Peter Pham, "Regional dimensions of the human rights and Humanitarian situation in the 'Ogaden', Somalia, and beyond": Testimony before the United States House of Representatives Committee on Foreign Affairs, Subcommittee on Africa and Global Health, October 2, 2007 (accessed 5 June 2009)
  10. ^ Report on the Peace and Development Conference Jigjiga, 10-13 March 1996 UNDP Emergencies Unit for Ethiopia report, April 1996 (accessed 26 December 2008)
  11. ^ "US ends Somali banking blacklist". BBC. August 28, 2006. Archived from the original on 4 March 2007. Retrieved 2007-02-24. 
  12. ^ "Counter-terrorism in Somalia: Losing hearts and minds?" (PDF). International Crisis Group. 2005-07-11. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-06-13. Retrieved 2007-06-26. 
  13. ^ Ethiopia-Somalia: "Ethiopia denies looting Somali border town" .  
  14. ^ Somalia - Emerging third front in the Ethiopia-Eritrea War? Stratfor
  15. ^  
  16. ^ a b  
  17. ^  
  18. ^ SOMALIA: Islamic courts set up consultative council, Integrated Regional Information Networks, 26 June 2006


The following individuals were considered to be members of AIAI:

Members of Al-Itihaad al-Islamiya (AIAI)

Shortly thereafter it was claimed that al-Itihaad had dissolved as an organization. Sheikh Aweys went on to become one of the leaders of the Courts of the Aden Hashi Farah "Eyrow".

[6].Yemen, these camps were dismantled and the hundreds of trained militants sailed for the safety of tribal areas in September 11, 2001 attacks. In the aftermath of the Boosaaso near the northeast port of Las Quoay Other sources indicate that al-Qaeda formed a training camp on Kiyemboni, while al-Itihaad set up its own training camp at [17] near the border with Kenya.Kismayu, south of Ras Kiyemboni Al-Qaeda operatives were reported to have used the AIAI base on the island of [16] An article published in the

[10] clan, apparently in collaboration with disaffected members of this clan. Established local security forces cleared al-Itihaad infiltrators from the Jigjiga Zone, and the defeated remnants retreated to disputed border areas between the Somali and gala(oromo) regions, which has served as a refuge for them, as well as for Oromo fundamentalist rebel groups.Abskuul controlled by the Jigjiga Zone Another was in March of that year, when they raided areas in the [9] in 1996.Abdul Majid Hussein, Minister of Transportation and Communications Despite this promise al-Ittihad continued to engage in violent actions after this congress. One was the attempted assassination of then [8] By 1994, al-Itihaad had established itself in the

In the early 1990s, as Somalia fell into disorder following the collapse of the Siad Barre regime, Osama bin Laden took advantage of the chaos to fund al-Itihaad, later sending foreign militants who trained and fought alongside al-Itihaad members, with the goal of creating an Islamist state in the Horn of Africa.[5] AIAI was also active in setting up sharia courts. Despite its association with al-Qaeda, other analysts cautioned against overgeneralization, noting that al-Itihaad had elements of a genuine social movement and that the characters of sub-factions throughout the country substantially differed from each other.[6]



  • History 1
  • Members of Al-Itihaad al-Islamiya (AIAI) 2
  • References 3
  • External links 4

[4] It was also listed by New Zealand as a terror group.[3] It was listed a terrorist group in October 2005 by the UK.[2][1]