Texas School Book Depository
|Texas School Book Depository|
Dallas County Administration Building in 2005, formerly the Texas School Book Depository
Southern Rock Island Plow Company
Texas School Book Depository
Dallas County Administration Building
The Sixth Floor Museum
|Architectural style||Romanesque Revival|
|Location||West End Historic District|
|Town or city||Dallas, Texas|
|Elevation||139 m (455 ft.)|
|Structural system||B-Reinforced Concrete Frame Piers|
|Floor area||10,000 sq. ft. (929 m2)|
|Design and construction|
|Main contractor||Rock Island Plow Company|
|The Sixth Floor Museum at Dealey Plaza|
The Texas School Book Depository, now known as the Dallas County Administration Building, is a seven-floor building facing Dealey Plaza in Dallas, Texas, United States. It is located 411 Elm Street on the northwest corner of Elm and North Houston Streets, at the western end of downtown Dallas. The building is notable for its connection to the assassination of John F. Kennedy. An employee, Lee Harvey Oswald, shot the president from a sixth floor window on the southeast corner. The structure is a Recorded Texas Historic Landmark.
- Early history 1
Assassination of John F. Kennedy 2
- Second building 2.1
- Later years 3
- Gallery 4
- See also 5
- References 6
- External links 7
The site of the building was originally owned by 
Under Byrd's ownership the building remained empty until 1940, when it was leased by a grocery wholesaler, the 
Assassination of John F. Kennedy
In 1963, the building was in use as a multi-floor 
On November 22, 1963, Lee Harvey Oswald, a 24-year-old former U.S. Marine who was working as a temporary employee at the building, fired the shots from the sixth floor that killed the 35th President of the United States, John F. Kennedy. Oswald was murdered in police custody before he could stand on trial.
In addition to its building at Elm and Houston, the Texas School Book Depository Company maintained a second warehouse at 1917 Houston. Several blocks north of the main building, the short four-story structure was well removed from the parade route, half-hidden on an unpaved section of Houston. Oswald's supervisor, Roy Truly, told the Warren Commission that he had had the option to assign Oswald to either building on his first day at work. "I might have sent Oswald to work [there]... Oswald and another fellow reported for work on the same day [October 15] and I needed one of them for the depository building. I picked Oswald." This second building was eventually destroyed to make way for the Woodall Rodgers Freeway.
The Texas School Book Depository Company moved out in 1970 and the building was sold at auction to Aubrey Mayhew, a Nashville, Tennessee music producer and collector of Kennedy memorabilia, by the owner D. H. Byrd. In 1972, ownership reverted to Byrd, and the building was purchased in 1977 by the government of Dallas County. After renovating the lower five floors of the building for use as county government offices, the Dallas County Administration Building was dedicated on March 29, 1981. On President's Day 1989, the sixth floor opened to the public (for an admission charge) as the Sixth Floor Museum of assassination-related exhibits. On President's Day 2002, the seventh floor gallery opened.
On May 4, 2010 burglars attempted to steal a safe from the Sixth Floor Museum, but fled when "they were confronted by a security guard", leaving the unopened safe suspended from a winch on the back of a truck.
As it appeared in 1969, when still used as the School Book Depository.
Viewed from the west (Note: The HERTZ RENT-A-CAR sign is gone.)
The sixth floor window
- Murder Perch to Museum: A History of the Texas School Book Depository
- Dealey Plaza live cam
- Official property ownership record from the Dallas Central Appraisal District
- "Southern Rock Island Building (Texas School Book Depository)". Texas Historic Sites Atlas. Texas Historical Commission. 1901.