National symbols of Canada

National symbols of Canada

National symbols of Canada are the symbols that are used in Canada and abroad to represent the country and its people. Prominently, the use of the maple leaf as a Canadian symbol dates back to the early 18th century, and is depicted on its current and previous flags, the penny, and on the coat of arms (or royal arms).

The Crown symbolizes the Canadian monarchy,[1] and appears on the coat of arms (used by parliamentarians and government ministries), the flag of the Governor General,[1] the coats of arms of many provinces and territories; the badges of several federal departments, the Canadian Forces, Royal Military College of Canada, Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP), many regiments, and other police forces; on buildings, as well as some highway signs and licence plates. Also, the Queen's image appears in Canadian government buildings, military installations and schools; and on Canadian stamps, $20 bank notes, and all coins.

Contents

  • List of symbols 1
  • See also 2
  • References 3
  • Further reading 4
  • External links 5

List of symbols

Canada does not have a floral emblem,[2] and none of the tartan, maple leaf, or Great Seal emblems are official symbols.[3]

Symbol image Declared
Royal Standard[1] September 1961
Vice-Regal Standard
adopted 1980
National flag[4] February 15, 1965
Royal cypher[1] 1952
Royal Crest
Royal Arms[4][5] November 21, 1921
Great Seal[3] 1952
Royal Anthem[1]
"God Save the Queen"
1867 (song dates to 1744)
National anthem[4]
"O Canada"
July 1, 1980 (song dates to 1880)
Motto[4]
A Mari Usque Ad Mare
(From sea to sea)
November 21, 1921
National colours[4]

Red

White

November 21, 1921 by order of King George V
Tree[4]
Maple
1996
Additional national symbol[3]
Maple leaf
c. 1860
Animal[4]
Beaver
1975

Canadian horse
2002
National sport[4][6]
Lacrosse (summer)
May 12, 1994

Ice hockey (winter)
May 12, 1994
Tartan[4]
Maple Leaf Tartan
March 9, 2011

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e "The Crown in Canada". Department of Canadian Heritage. Retrieved 2011-07-27. 
  2. ^ "Floral Emblems of Canada – A Bouquet".  
  3. ^ a b c "Other symbols of Canada". The Department of Canadian Heritage. Retrieved 2011-07-27. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Official symbols of Canada". The Department of Canadian Heritage. Retrieved 2011-07-27. 
  5. ^ "The arms of Canada". Department of Canadian Heritage. Retrieved 2011-07-27. 
  6. ^ "National Sports of Canada Act, CHAPTER N-16.7". Code of Canada. Government of Canada. 12 May 1994. 

Further reading

  • Department of Canadian Heritage (2002). Symbols of Canada. Ottawa, ON: Queen's Printer for Canada.  
  • Ross, David; Hook, Richard (1988). The Royal Canadian Mounted Police 1873–1987. London: Osprey.  
  • Hutchins, Donna; Hutchins, Nigel (2006). The Maple Leaf Forever: A Celebration of Canadian Symbols. Erin: The Boston Mills Press.  

External links

  • Canadian Heritage: The Symbols of Canada