Kasuga-taisha

Kasuga-taisha

Kasuga-taisha
春日大社
The middle gate and hall
Information
Type Twenty-Two Shrines
Chokusaisha
Beppyo jinja, Shikinaisya
Former kanpeitaisha
Dedicated to Takemikazuchi-o
Futsunushi
Ame no Koyane
Himegami
Founded 768
Reisai Kasuga-no-matsuri
(Kasuga-sai: 春日祭) (13th March)
Honden style Kasuga-zukuri
Address 160 Kasugano-chō, Nara-shi, Nara-ken
Website .jp.or.kasugataishawww
Glossary of Shinto

Kasuga Grand Shrine (春日大社 Kasuga-taisha) is a Shinto shrine in the city of Nara, in Nara Prefecture, Japan.[1] Established in 768 AD and rebuilt several times over the centuries, it is the shrine of the Fujiwara family. The interior is famous for its many bronze lanterns, as well as the many stone lanterns that lead up the shrine.

The architectural style Kasuga-zukuri takes its name from Kasuga Shrine's honden (sanctuary).

Kasuga Shrine, and the Kasugayama Primeval Forest near it, are registered as a UNESCO World Heritage Site as part of the "Historic Monuments of Ancient Nara".

The path to Kasuga Shrine passes through Deer Park. In Deer Park, deer are able to roam freely and are believed to be sacred messengers of the Shinto gods that inhabit the shrine and surrounding mountainous terrain. Kasuga Shrine and the deer have been featured in several paintings and works of art of the Nambokucho Period.[2] Over three thousand stone lanterns line the way. The Man'yo Botanical Garden, Nara is adjacent to the shrine.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Festivals 2
  • Kasugayama Primeval Forest 3
  • Images 4
  • See also 5
  • Notes 6
  • References 7
  • External links 8

History

The shrine became the object of Imperial patronage during the early Heian period.[3] In 965, Emperor Murakami ordered that Imperial messengers were sent to report important events to the guardian kami of Japan. These heihaku were initially presented to 16 shrines including the Kasuga Shrine.[4]

From 1871 through 1946, Kasuga Shrine was officially designated one of the Kanpei-taisha (官幣大社), meaning that it stood in the first rank of government supported shrines.[5]

Festivals

During the festivals of Setsubun Mantoro (February 2–4) and Obon Mantoro (August 14–15), the thousands shrine lanterns of Kasuga-taisha are all lit at once.[6]

March 13 is the Kasuga Matsuri ("Monkey Festival"), which features gagaku and bugaku dance performances.[6]

Kasugayama Primeval Forest

Kasugayama Primeval Forest is primeval forest of about 250ha near the summit of Kasugayama (498m), and contains 175 kinds of trees, 60 bird types, and 1,180 species of insects. In this area adjacent to Kasuga Grand Shrine, hunting and logging have been prohibited since AD 841. Because Kasugayama has long been tied to Kasuga Grand Shrine worship, it is regarded as a sacred hill. The forest backdrop of the Kasuga Grand Shrine's buildings today has been unchanged since the Nara period.[7][8]

Images

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Richard, Ponsonby-Fane. (1964) Visiting Famous Shrines in Japan, pp. 221-251.
  2. ^
  3. ^ Breen, John et al. (2000). pp. 74-75.Shinto in History: Ways of the Kami,
  4. ^ Ponsonby-Fane, Richard. (1962). Studies in Shinto and Shrines, pp. 116-117.
  5. ^ Ponsonby-Fane, Richard. (1959). The Imperial House of Japan, pp. 124.
  6. ^ a b
  7. ^ Naracity Tourist Association
  8. ^ Japan Airline "Guide to Japan - Historic Monuments of Ancient Nara"

References

  • Breen, John and Mark Teeuwen. (2000). Shinto in History: Ways of the Kami. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press. ISBN 978-0-8248-2363-4
  • Ponsonby-Fane, Richard. (1962). Studies in Shinto and Shrines. Kyoto: Ponsonby Memorial Society. OCLC 399449
  • ____________. (1959). The Imperial House of Japan. Kyoto: Ponsonby Memorial Society. OCLC 194887
  • ____________. (1964). Visiting Famous Shrines in Japan. Kyoto: Ponsonby-Fane Memorial Society. OCLC 1030156

External links

  • Official site in Japanese
  • Japan Guide
  • New York Public Library Digital Gallery, early photograph of entrance to Kasuga Shrine
  • National Diet Library: photo, 1913
  • National Archives of Japan: scroll showing annual festival at Nara Kasuga Grand Shrine (Edo period)Kasugashinkozu,