Zelia Nuttall

Zelia Nuttall

Zelia Nuttall
Zelia Nuttall
Born September 6, 1857
San Francisco
Died April 12, 1933(1933-04-12) (aged 75)
Casa de Alvarado, Coyoacán, Mexico
Nationality United States
Occupation archaeologist
Known for Mexican archaeology
Spouse(s) Alphonse Pinart
Children Nadine Nuttall Laughton
Parents Robert Kennedy Nuttall, Magdalena Parrott
Relatives George Nuttall

Zelia Maria Magdalena Nuttall (September 6, 1857 – April 12, 1933) was an American archaeologist and anthropologist.


  • Life 1
  • References 2
  • Works 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5
  • See also 6


Nuttall was born at San Francisco in 1857. She specialised in pre-Columbian Mesoamerican manuscripts and the pre-Aztec culture in Mexico. She traced the Mixtec codex now called the Codex Zouche-Nuttall and wrote the introduction to its first facsimile publication.[1]

She was educated in France, Germany, and Italy, and at Bedford College, London. She first came into prominence on the publication of her work on the "Terra Cotta Heads of Teotihuacan" in the American Journal of Archaeology (1886). The following year she became an honorary special assistant of the Peabody Museum, and in 1908 was named honorary professor of the National Museum of Mexico.


  1. ^ (Peabody Museum, Harvard), 1902


  • Nuttall, Zelia (1891). The atlatl or spear-thrower of the ancient Mexicans. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Peabody Museum of American Archaeology and Ethnology.  
  • Nuttall, Zelia (1901) [1901]. The fundamental principles of Old and New World civilizations : a comparative research based on a study of the Ancient Mexican religious, sociological and calendrical systems. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Peabody Museum of American Archaeology and Ethnology.  
  • Nuttall, Zelia (1983) [1903]. The book of the life of the ancient Mexicans : containing an account of their rites and superstitions : an anonymous Hispano-Mexican manuscript preserved at the Biblioteca nazionale centrale, Florence, Italy. Berkeley: University of California Press.  
  • Nuttall, Zelia (1904) [1904]. A Penitential Rite of the Ancient Mexicans. Cambridge, Massachusetts: The Museum.  
  • Nuttall, Zelia (1910). The island of Sacrificios. New Era Printing Co., 1910, 39pp. (Reprinted from: American Anthropologist, vol. XII, no. 2, April–June 1910.) OCLC 29606682
  • Nuttall, Zelia; Pedro Sarmiento de Gamboa; Nuno da Silva (1914) [1914]. New Light on  


Chiñas, Beverley Newbold (1989). "Zelia Maria Magdalena Nuttall". In Ute Gacs, Aisha Khan, Jerrie McIntyre, and Ruth Weinberg (eds.). Women Anthropologists: Selected Biographies (Illini Books edition, Reprint of Westport, CT: Greenwood Press original [©1988]. ed.). Urbana:  

External links

  • Zelia Nuttall's obituary by Alfred M. Tozzer on American Ethnography. (The obituary originally appeared in American Anthropologist July - September, 1933, New Series 35(3): 475-482.)

See also

Nuttall's life and work was chronicled in Amanda Adams' book Ladies Of The Field