28 February 1918|
Moosbach in Schleiz, Thuringia
20 April 1943
Protville in Tunisia
|Buried at||German Military Cemetery at Bordj-Cedria|
|Years of service||1937–43|
|Commands held||3./JG 53|
|Awards||Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves|
Wolfgang Tonne (28 February 1918 – 20 April 1943) was a German former Luftwaffe fighter ace and recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves (German: Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes mit Eichenlaub) during World War II. The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross and its higher grade Oak Leaves was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership. Tonne was credited with 122 aerial victories before being killed in a flying accident on 20 April 1943 at Protville, Tunisia.
World War II
Wolfgang Tonne joined the Luftwaffe in 1937 as an officer cadet. Tonne was posted to 3./Jagdgeschwader 53 (JG 53) on 6 December 1939. Leutnant Tonne achieved his first aerial victory against a Royal Air Force (RAF) Bristol Blenheim twin-engined bomber over Sedan on 14 May 1940. Later the same day, he was shot down near Bouillon. He bailed out landing in enemy territory. However, he returned safely to his own lines, uninjured.
Over England and the Channel he was to gain a further three victories by the spring of 1941. On 1 July, Tonne was appointed Adjutant of I./JG 53. Tonne participated in the invasion of Russia. In June and July 1941, he scored eight further victories.
In December 1941, I./JG 53 was transferred to the Mediterranean theatre. On 24 January 1942, Tonne was appointed Staffelkapitän of 3./JG 53. Tonne flew 116 combat missions over Malta, without adding to his victory total, before being transferred back to the Eastern Front.
From 31 May 1942 to 29 September 1942, Tonne flew 155 combat missions and shot down 88 aircraft in the Russian theatre. Oberleutnant Tonne was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross on 6 September 1942 following his 54th victory. The Oak Leaves were awarded on 24 September for 101 victories.
In November 1942, Tonne led 3./JG 53 to North Africa. He gained his first victory in this theatre on 26 December 1942 shooting down a United States Army Air Forces (USAAF) P-38 Lightning twin-engine fighter. He specialised in shooting down Supermarine Spitfire fighters claiming ten of the type in a short time. Tonne flew 82 combat missions and claimed 21 victories over Tunisia. Wolfgang Tonne was killed in a flying accident caused in the attempt to celebrate his 122nd victory over the airfield at Protville, Tunisia on 20 April 1943 in his Messerschmitt Bf 109 G-6 (Werknummer 16523—factory number).
Wolfgang Tonne was credited with 122 victories in 641 missions. He scored 26 victories over the Western Front, including 16 Supermarine Spitfire. 10 of his 96 victories claimed over the Eastern Front were Il-2 Sturmoviks.
- Iron Cross (1939)
- Ehrenpokal der Luftwaffe (6 August 1941)
- German Cross in Gold on 21 August 1942 as Oberleutnant in the I./JG 53
- Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves
- Thomas 1998, p. 387.
- Patzwall and Scherzer 2001, p. 478.
- Scherzer 2007, p. 748.
- Obermaier, Ernst (1989). Die Ritterkreuzträger der Luftwaffe Jagdflieger 1939 – 1945 [The Knight's Cross Bearers of the Luftwaffe Fighter Force 1941 – 1945] (in German). Mainz, Germany: Verlag Dieter Hoffmann.
- Patzwall, Klaus D.; Scherzer, Veit (2001). Das Deutsche Kreuz 1941 – 1945 Geschichte und Inhaber Band II [The German Cross 1941 – 1945 History and Recipients Volume 2] (in German). Norderstedt, Germany: Verlag Klaus D. Patzwall.
- Prien, Jochen (1998). Jagdgeschwader 53 A History of the "Pik As" Geschwader Volume 2:May 1942 - January 1944 (in German). Schiffer Military History. ISBN 0-7643-0292-2.
- Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives [The Knight's Cross Bearers 1939–1945 The Holders of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939 by Army, Air Force, Navy, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm and Allied Forces with Germany According to the Documents of the Federal Archives] (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Miltaer-Verlag.
- Thomas, Franz (1998). Die Eichenlaubträger 1939–1945 Band 2: L–Z [The Oak Leaves Bearers 1939–1945 Volume 2: L–Z] (in German). Osnabrück, Germany: Biblio-Verlag.
- Frey, Gerhard; Herrmann, Hajo: Helden der Wehrmacht III - Unsterbliche deutsche Soldaten (in German). München, Germany: FZ-Verlag GmbH, 2007. ISBN 978-3-924309-82-4.
- "Wolfgang Tonne". Aces of the Luftwaffe. Retrieved 29 April 2013.
- "Wolfgang Tonne". Rechtes Regensburg (in German). Retrieved 29 April 2013.