University of Zurich
|Latin: Universitas Turicensis|
|Budget||1,278 million Swiss francs|
|President||Prof. Dr. Michael Hengartner|
|3,702 (Full-time equivalent)|
|2,051 (Full-time equivalent)|
Zürich, Canton of Zurich, Switzerland
The University of Zurich (UZH, German: Universität Zürich), located in the city of Zürich, is the largest university in Switzerland, with over 26,000 students. It was founded in 1833 from the existing colleges of theology, law, medicine and a new faculty of philosophy.
Currently, the university has 7 faculties: Philosophy, Human Medicine, Economic Sciences, Law, Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Theology and Veterinary Medicine. The university offers the widest range of subjects and courses than any other Swiss higher education institution.
- History 1
- Museum 2.1
- Faculties 3.1
- Rankings 3.2
- Language policy 3.3
- Notable fellows of the university 3.4
- Student life 4
Notable alumni and faculty 5
- Politics, law and society 5.1
- Economics, business and management 5.2
- Medicine 5.3
- Nobel Prize laureates 5.4
- Associated institutions 6
- Notes and references 7
- See also 8
- External links 9
The University of Zurich was founded on April 29, 1833, when the existing colleges of theology, the Carolinum founded by Huldrych Zwingli in 1525, law and medicine were merged with a new faculty of Philosophy. It was the first university in Europe to be founded by the state rather than a monarch or church.
A stormy event in the University's early years was the 1839 appointment of the German theologian David Friedrich Strauss to its Chair of Theology - which caused a major controversy, since Strauss argued that the miracles in the New Testament were mythical retellings of normal events as supernatural happenings. Eventually, the authorities offered Strauss a pension before he had a chance to start his duties.
The university allowed women to attend philosophy lectures from 1847, and admitted the first female doctoral student in 1866. The Faculty of Veterinary Medicine was added in 1901, the second-oldest such faculty in the world. In 1914, the university moved to new premises designed by the architect Karl Moser on Rämistrasse 71.
The university is scattered all over the city of Zurich. There are several libraries available for use by members of the university, including the ETH-library, and the Zurich Central Library, with over 5 million volumes. In 1962, the faculty of science proposed to establish the Irchelpark campus on the Strickhofareal. The first stage the construction of the university buildings was begun in 1973, and the campus was inaugurated in 1979. The construction of the second stage lasted from 1978 to 1983. The campus also houses the anthropological museum Anthropologisches Museum, and the cantonal Staatsarchiv Zürich.
The Institute and Museum for the History of Medicine is part of the university.
The University of Zurich as a whole also ranks in the top ten of Europe and in the top fifty worldwide Notably in the fields of bioscience and finance, there is a close-knit collaboration between the University of Zurich and the ETH (Federal Institute for Technology, just across the road).Their faculty of chiropractic medicine is six years.
- Shanghai Jiao Tong University Ranking (heavy emphasis on research output – citations, Nobel prizes etc.)
- 53rd globally and 12th in Europe.
- THES – QS World University Rankings (heavy emphasis on peer review)
- 61st globally and 14th in Europe.
- QS World University Rankings 2014
- 57th globally.
- Professional Ranking of World Universities (Based on the number of alumni listed among CEOs in the 500 largest worldwide companies.)
- 32nd globally and 10th in Europe.
- University Ranking by Academic Performance (URAP) 2010
- 52nd globally and 1st in Switzerland.
According to Handelsblatt, the Department of Economics was ranked first (in 2009?) in the German-speaking area and in 2009 the faculty of Business Administration was ranked third in the German-speaking area.
Bachelor courses are taught in Swiss Standard German ("Hochdeutsch"), but use of English is increasing in many faculties. All Master courses at the Faculty of Science are held in English. In some highly competitive and international programs, such as the Master of Science in Quantitative Finance, all lectures are held in English.
Notable fellows of the university
The university's Academic Sports Association (ASVZ) offers a wide range of sports facilities to students of the university.
Notable alumni and faculty
Politics, law and society
- Jonas Furrer, former President of the Swiss Confederation
- Joachim Heer, former President of the Swiss Confederation
- Bernhard Hammer, former President of the Swiss Confederation
- Hashim Thaçi, prime minister of the Republic of Kosovo
- Adolf Deucher, former President of the Swiss Confederation
- Ludwig Forrer, former President of the Swiss Confederation
- Arthur Hoffmann, former President of the Swiss Confederation
- Felix Calonder, former President of the Swiss Confederation
- Robert Haab, former President of the Swiss Confederation
- Heinrich Häberlin, former President of the Swiss Confederation
- Albert Meyer, former President of the Swiss Confederation
- Johannes Baumann, former President of the Swiss Confederation
- Philipp Etter, former President of the Swiss Confederation
- Ernst Wetter, former President of the Swiss Confederation
- Walther Stampfli, former President of the Swiss Confederation
- Max Petitpierre, former President of the Swiss Confederation
- Willy Spühler, former President of the Swiss Confederation
- Ernst Brugger, former President of the Swiss Confederation
- Kurt Furgler, former President of the Swiss Confederation
- Fritz Honegger, former President of the Swiss Confederation
- Leon Schlumpf, former President of the Swiss Confederation
- Alphons Egli, former President of the Swiss Confederation
- Daniel Jositsch, law professor and SP politician
- Moritz Leuenberger, former President of the Swiss Confederation
- Doris Leuthard, former President of the Swiss Confederation
- Klaus Tschütscher, former Head of Government of Liechtenstein as Prime Minister
- Carl Jacob Burckhardt, Swiss diplomat and historian
- Max Huber, Swiss lawyer and diplomat
- Stephan Klapproth, Swiss journalist and television presenter
- Roger Sablonier (1941–2010), Swiss historian and writer (faculty, Emeritierter Ordinarius für Geschichte des Mittelalters)
- Cornelio Sommaruga, Swiss humanitarian, lawyer and diplomat
- Jakob Kellenberger, Swiss diplomat and the president of the International Committee of the Red Cross
- Eugen Huber, Swiss jurist and the creator of the Swiss Civil Code
- Daniel Thürer, Swiss jurist
- Elisabeth Kopp, Swiss politician and the first woman elected to the Swiss Federal Council
- Johann Jakob Blumer, Swiss statesman and historian
- Rosa Luxemburg, Marxist theorist, philosopher, economist and activist of Polish Jewish descent
- Ursula Koch (born 1941), Swiss politician
- Sigmund Widmer (1919-2003), Swiss politician
- Dölf Wild (born 1954), Swiss historian and archäologist
- Ernst Sieber (born 1927), Swiss pastor, social worker, writer and former EVP politician
Economics, business and management
- Stephan Schmidheiny, Swiss businessman and billionaire
- Christoph Blocher, Swiss politician, industrialist and former member of the Swiss Federal Council
- Walter Haefner, businessman and a Thoroughbred racehorse owner/breeder in Ireland
- Peter Kurer, Swiss manager and lawyer
- Markus U. Diethelm, Swiss businessman and Group General Counsel at UBS AG
- Marc Faber, an investment analyst and entrepreneur
- Marcel Rohner (banker), Swiss businessman (UBS AG)
- Karl Brunner (economist), Swiss economist
- Bruno Frey, Swiss economist
- Raynold Kaufgetz, Swiss economist
- Adriano B. Lucatelli, Swiss manager and businessperson
- Dominique Rinderknecht, Swiss model and Miss Switzerland 2013
Nobel Prize laureates
|1901||Physics||Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen|
|1914||Physics||Max von Laue|
|1949||Medicine||Walter Rudolf Hess|
|1987||Physics||Karl Alex Müller|
|1996||Medicine||Rolf M. Zinkernagel|
Notes and references
- Gull, Thomas; Nickl, Roger; Siegfried, Carol, eds. (2013). "Facts and Figures 2012" (PDF). The Executive Board of the University of Zurich.
- "University of Zurich". https://www.coursera.org/zurich.
- "Profile: UZH in Numbers". University of Zurich. 2013. Retrieved November 5, 2013.
- "University of Zurich, Switzerland". http://www.euroscholars.eu.
- "University of Zurich". http://www.timeshighereducation.co.uk.
- "Profile: At a glance". University of Zurich. 2008. Retrieved April 26, 2008.
- "Dies academicus". University of Zurich. August 62, 2009. Retrieved January 31, 2010.
- The Life of Jesus, Critically Examined by David Friedrich Strauss 2010 ISBN 1-61640-309-8 pages 39–43 and 87–91
- The Making of the New Spirituality by James A. Herrick 2003 ISBN 0-8308-2398-0 pages 58–65
- Familiar Stranger: An Introduction to Jesus of Nazareth by Michael J. McClymond (Mar 22, 2004) ISBN 0802826806 page 82
- See Douglas R McGaughey, "On D.F. Strauß and the 1839 Revolution in Zurich"
- . University Zurich hosts several nobel price winners, such as Alber Einstein, Röntgen, etc. Ganz, Michael T.; Stucki, Heinzpeter (2008), History in brief, University of Zurich, retrieved January 31, 2010
- Stadt Zürich (Map). 1:1000. University of Zurich. April 4, 2006. Retrieved January 31, 2010.
- "Irchelpark" (in German). Universität Zürich. Retrieved 2014-12-20.
- "Irchelpark" (in German). Grün Stadt Zürich. Retrieved 2014-12-20.
- "Anthropologisches Museum" (in German). Universität Zürich. Retrieved 2014-12-20.
- "Kleine Zürcher Verfassungsgeschichte 1218–2000" (PDF) (in German).
- Website of the Institute and Museum for the History of Medicine, University of Zurich
- Staff Writer. "Chiropractic medicine". University website. University of Zurich. Retrieved January 30, 2014.
- "THES – QS World University Rankings 2009 – top universities".
- QS World University Rankings – 2014. Top Universities (August 22, 2015). Retrieved on September 7, 2013.
- "The 377 leading higher education institutions in 2009". International Professional Ranking of Higher Education Institutions.
- "URAP – University Ranking by Academic Performance". URAP. December 2014. Retrieved February 15, 2011.
- "Handelsblatt Ranking Betriebswirtschaftslehre 2009". Handelsblatt. Retrieved November 11, 2013.
- List of largest universities by enrollment in Switzerland
- List of modern universities in Europe (1801–1945)
- Union of students' associations of the University of Zurich
- The Ranking Forum of Swiss Universities