United National Progressive Alliance

United National Progressive Alliance

Sometimes known as the Third Front. For the Third Front in power between 1996 and 1998, see United Front (India). For the Third Front in power between 1989 and 1991, see National Front (India).

The United National Progressive Alliance (or Third Front) was created as an alliance of ten different political parties on March 12, 2009, at a rally held in Dobbaspet, a small town 50 kilometres from Bengaluru.[1] The advertisement put forth on this day read:

"The Third Front is being launched, against the pro-rich economic policies of the national parties like the Congress and the Bharatiya Janata Party, against the growth of communal and fascist forces and to remain determined and committed to the cause of the pro-farmer, pro-poor, pro-worker, pro-Other Backward Classes, pro-Dalit, pro-women, pro-minorities and pro-youth."

Member parties

Parties Lok Sabha MPs before 2009 election Lok Sabha MPs after 2009 election
Left Front 53 24
Bahujan Samaj Partyb 19 21
Biju Janata Dal 11 14
Telugu Desam Party 5 6
All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam 0 9
Janata Dal (Secular)a 4 3
Haryana Janhit Congress 0 1
Pattali Makkal Katchi 6 0
Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam 4 1
Total 102 79



Current members

Former members

History of the Third Front

Prior to 2008, the Third Front existed as the United National Progressive Alliance for a brief period of time. It was then a grouping of eight political parties in India who were neither in United Progressive Alliance nor in National Democratic Alliance (NDA) or in Indian left. The alliance had then approached Abdul Kalam to contest the Indian presidential election. Rasheed Masood was their Vice-Presidential candidate.

The UNPA however split in 2008,[3] to be resurrected in 2009 as the Third Front.

External links

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