Twenty-seventh United States Congress

Twenty-seventh United States Congress

27th Congress redirects here, for the Soviet congress, see 27th Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
27th United States Congress
United States Capitol (1846)

Duration: March 4, 1841 – March 4, 1843

Senate President: John Tyler (Mar.–Apr. 1841)
Vacant (1841–1845)
Senate Pres. pro tem: William R. King
Samuel L. Southard
Willie P. Mangum
House Speaker: John White
Members: 52 Senators
242 Representatives
3 Non-voting members
Senate Majority: Whig
House Majority: Whig

Sessions
Special: March 4, 1841 – March 15, 1841
1st: May 31, 1841 – September 13, 1841
2nd: December 6, 1841 – August 31, 1842
3rd: December 5, 1842 – March 3, 1843 (lame duck)
<26th 28th>

The Twenty-seventh United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1841 to March 4, 1843, during the one-month administration of U.S. President William Henry Harrison and the first two years of the administration of his successor, John Tyler. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Fifth Census of the United States in 1830. Both chambers had a Whig majority.

Major events

Major legislation

Main article: Major legislation: 27th United States Congress
  • April 19, 1841: Bankruptcy Act of 1841, ch. 9, 5 440
  • September 4, 1841: 453
  • August 4, 1842: 502
  • August 30, 1842: 548

Treaties

  • August 9, 1842: Webster-Ashburton Treaty signed, establishing the United States–Canada border east of the Rocky Mountains.

Party summary

Senate

Template:USCongress Party summary

House of Representatives

Affiliation Party
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
Total
Democratic Independent
Democratic
States Rights
Whig
Whig Other Vacant
End of previous Congress 124 0 0 111 2 242 0
Begin 97 1 1 142 0 241 1
End 100 139
Final voting share 41.5% 0.4% 0.4% 57.7% 0.0%
Beginning of next Congress 147 1 0 72 3 223 0

Leadership



Senate

House of Representatives

Members

This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district.

Senate

Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1844; Class 2 meant their term began with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1846; and Class 3 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1842.

House of Representatives

Changes in membership

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.

Senate

  • replacements: 9
  • deaths: 2
  • resignations: 8
  • interim appointments: 0
  • vacancy: 1
  • Total seats with changes: 10


Template:Ordinal US Congress Senate |- | Alabama
(3) | style="background:#B0CEFF" | Clement C. Clay (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned November 15, 1841 | style="background:#B0CEFF" | Arthur P. Bagby (D) | Elected November 24, 1841 |- | Rhode Island
(1) | style="background:#FFFFCC" | Nathan F. Dixon (W) | style="font-size:80%" | Died January 29, 1842 | style="background:#FFFFCC" | William Sprague (W) | Elected February 18, 1842 |- | Tennessee
(1) | style="background:#B0CEFF" | Alfred O. P. Nicholson (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned February 7, 1842 | Vacant | Not filled this term |- | New Hampshire
(3) | style="background:#B0CEFF" | Franklin Pierce (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned February 28, 1842 | style="background:#B0CEFF" | Leonard Wilcox (D) | Appointed March 1, 1842 and subsequently elected |- | Louisiana
(3) | style="background:#B0CEFF" | Alexandre Mouton (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned March 1, 1842 after being elected Governor of Louisiana | style="background:#FFFFCC" | Charles M. Conrad (W) | Appointed April 14, 1842 |- | Kentucky
(3) | style="background:#FFFFCC" | Henry Clay (W) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned March 31, 1842 | style="background:#FFFFCC" | John J. Crittenden (W) | Appointed March 31, 1842 and subsequently elected |- | Vermont
(3) | style="background:#FFFFCC" | Samuel Prentiss (W) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned April 11, 1842 to become judge of the U.S. District Court of Vermont | style="background:#FFFFCC" | Samuel C. Crafts (W) | Appointed April 23, 1842 and subsequently elected |- | New Jersey
(1) | style="background:#FFFFCC" | Samuel L. Southard (W) | style="font-size:80%" | Died June 26, 1842 | style="background:#FFFFCC" | William L. Dayton (W) | Appointed July 2, 1842 |- | South Carolina
(3) | style="background:#FFFFCC" | William C. Preston (W) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned November 29, 1842 | style="background:#B0CEFF" | George McDuffie (D) | Elected December 23, 1842 |- | Maine
(1) | style="background:#B0CEFF" | Reuel Williams (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned February 15, 1843 | Vacant | Not filled this term |}

House of Representatives

  • replacements: 17
  • deaths: 8
  • resignations: 12
  • contested election: 1
  • Total seats with changes: 20


Template:Ordinal US Congress Rep |- | Maine 4th | Vacant | style="font-size:80%" | Rep. George Evans resigned in previous congress | style="background:#FFFFCC" | David Bronson (W) | Seated May 31, 1841 |- | New York 26th | style="background:#FFFFCC" | Francis Granger (W) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned March 5, 1841 after being appointed United States Postmaster General | style="background:#FFFFCC" | John Greig (W) | Seated May 21, 1841 |- | Massachusetts 5th | style="background:#FFFFCC" | Levi Lincoln, Jr. (W) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned March 16, 1841 after being appointed Collector of the port of Boston | style="background:#FFFFCC" | Charles Hudson (W) | Seated May 3, 1841 |- | Pennsylvania 20th | style="background:#B0CEFF" | Enos Hook (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned April 18, 1841 | style="background:#B0CEFF" | Henry W. Beeson (D) | Seated May 31, 1841 |- | Pennsylvania 18th | style="background:#FFFFCC" | Charles Ogle (W) | style="font-size:80%" | Died May 10, 1841 | style="background:#FFFFCC" | Henry Black (W) | Seated June 28, 1841 |- | Pennsylvania 2nd | style="background:#FFFFCC" | John Sergeant (W) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned September 15, 1841 | style="background:#FFFFCC" | Joseph R. Ingersoll (W) | Seated October 12, 1841 |- | New York 26th | style="background:#FFFFCC" | John Greig (W) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned September 25, 1841 | style="background:#FFFFCC" | Francis Granger (W) | Seated November 27, 1841 |- | Georgia At-large | style="background:#FFFFCC" | Julius C. Alford (W) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned October 1, 1841 | style="background:#B0CEFF" | Edward J. Black (D) | Seated January 3, 1842 |- | Georgia At-large | style="background:#FFFFCC" | Eugenius A. Nisbet (W) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned October 12, 1841 | style="background:#B0CEFF" | Mark A. Cooper (D) | Seated January 3, 1842 |- | Georgia At-large | style="background:#FFFFCC" | William C. Dawson (W) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned November 13, 1841 | style="background:#B0CEFF" | Walter T. Colquitt (D) | Seated January 3, 1842 |- | Pennsylvania 18th | style="background:#FFFFCC" | Henry Black (W) | style="font-size:80%" | Died November 28, 1841 | style="background:#FFFFCC" | James M. Russell (W) | Seated December 21, 1841 |- | Virginia 13th | style="background:#B0CEFF" | Linn Banks (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Lost contested election December 6, 1841 | style="background:#B0CEFF" | William Smith (D) | Seated December 6, 1841 |- | Pennsylvania 17th | style="background:#B0CEFF" | Davis Dimock, Jr. (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Died January 13, 1842 | style="background:#B0CEFF" | Almon H. Read (D) | Seated March 18, 1842 |- | North Carolina 13th | style="background:#FFFFCC" | Lewis Williams (W) | style="font-size:80%" | Died February 23, 1842 | style="background:#FFFFCC" | Anderson Mitchell (W) | Seated April 27, 1842 |- | Ohio 16th | style="background:#FFFFCC" | Joshua R. Giddings (W) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned March 22, 1842 after vote of his censure and re-elected to same seat | style="background:#FFFFCC" | Joshua R. Giddings (W) | Seated December 5, 1842 |- | Pennsylvania 21st | style="background:#FFFFCC" | Joseph Lawrence (W) | style="font-size:80%" | Died April 17, 1842 | style="background:#FFFFCC" | Thomas M. T. McKennan (W) | Seated May 30, 1842 |- | Massachusetts 1st | style="background:#FFFFCC" | Robert C. Winthrop (W) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned May 25, 1842 | style="background:#FFFFCC" | Nathan Appleton (W) | Seated June 9, 1842 |- | Massachusetts 9th | style="background:#FFFFCC" | William S. Hastings (W) | style="font-size:80%" | Died June 17, 1842 | Vacant | Not filled this Congress |- | South Carolina 4th | style="background:#B0CEFF" | Sampson H. Butler (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned September 27, 1842 | style="background:#B0CEFF" | Samuel W. Trotti (D) | Seated December 17, 1842 |- | Massachusetts 1st | style="background:#FFFFCC" | Nathan Appleton (W) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned September 28, 1842 | style="background:#FFFFCC" | Robert C. Winthrop (W) | Seated November 29, 1842 |- | Georgia At-large | style="background:#FFFFCC" | Richard W. Habersham (W) | style="font-size:80%" | Died December 2, 1842 | style="background:#FFFFCC" | George W. Crawford (W) | Seated January 7, 1843 |- | Maryland 3rd | style="background:#B0CEFF" | James W. Williams (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Died December 2, 1842 | style="background:#B0CEFF" | Charles S. Sewall (D) | Seated January 2, 1843 |}

Employees

Senate

House of Representatives

References

External links

  • Statutes at Large, 1789-1875
  • Senate Journal, First Forty-three Sessions of Congress
  • House Journal, First Forty-three Sessions of Congress
  • Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress
  • U.S. House of Representatives: House History
  • U.S. Senate: Statistics and Lists