Transport in Hungary

Transport in Hungary

Contents

  • Railways 1
  • Roads 2
    • Motorways 2.1
  • Waterways 3
    • Ports and harbors 3.1
    • Merchant marine 3.2
  • Pipelines 4
  • Airports 5
    • Airports with paved runways 5.1
    • Airports with unpaved runways 5.2
  • Heliports 6
  • Transport in cities 7
    • Transport companies of cities 7.1
    • Trams and light rail 7.2
      • Cities with tram lines 7.2.1
      • Cities with former tram lines 7.2.2
  • See also 8
  • References 9
  • External links 10

Railways

Keleti Railway Station, Budapest

Note: Hungary and Austria jointly manage the cross-border standard-gauge railway between GyőrSopronEbenfurt (GySEV/ROeEE), a distance of about 101 km in Hungary and 65 km in Austria.

In Budapest, the three main railway stations are the Eastern (Keleti), Western (Nyugati) and Southern (Déli), with other outlying stations like Kelenföld. Of the three, the Southern is the most modern but the Eastern and the Western are more decorative and architecturally interesting.

Other important railway stations countrywide include Szolnok (the most important railway intersection outside Budapest), Tiszai Railway Station in Miskolc and the stations of Pécs, Győr, Debrecen, Szeged and Székesfehérvár.

The only city with an underground railway system is Budapest with its Metro.

In Budapest there is also a suburban rail service in and around the city, operated under the name HÉV.

Roads

M7 motorway in Hungary
  • Total: 159,568 km
    • Paved: 70,050 km (including 1515 km of motorways, as of 2011)
    • Unpaved: 89,518 km (2005 est.)

Motorways

Motorways (Hungarian: Autópálya) : M0 - M1 - M15 - M2 - M3 - M30 - M35 - M43 - M5 - M6 - M60 - M7 - M70 - M85 - M86

New motorway sections are being added to the existing network, that already connects many major economically important cities to the capital.

Waterways

1,373 km permanently navigable (1997)

Ports and harbors

The most important port is Budapest, the capital. Other important ones include Dunaújváros and Baja.

Merchant marine

Pipelines

  • Crude oil 1,204 km
  • Natural gas 4,387 km (1991)

Airports

There are 43-45 airports in Hungary, including smaller, unpaved airports, too. The five international airports are Budapest-Liszt Ferenc, Debrecen Airport, Sármellék Airport (also called FlyBalaton for its proximity to Lake Balaton, Hungary's number one tourist attraction), Győr-Pér and Pécs-Pogány. Malév Hungarian Airlines ceased operations in 2012.

Airports with paved runways

  • Total: 16
    • Over 3,047 m: 2
    • 2,438 to 3,047 m: 8
    • 1,524 to 2,437 m: 4
    • 914 to 1,523 m: 1
    • Under 914 m: 1 (1999 est.)

Airports with unpaved runways

  • Total: 27
    • 2,438 to 3,047 m: 3
    • 1,524 to 2,437 m: 5
    • 914 to 1,523 m: 12
    • Under 914 m: 7 (1999 est.)

Heliports

Siemens Desiro in Esztergom

Hungary has five heliports.[1]

Transport in cities

Transport companies of cities

In the rest of the cities and towns local transport is provided by Volán companies that also provide intercity bus lines.

Trams and light rail

The busiest traditional city tram line in the world is still route 4/6 in Budapest, where 50-meter long trains run at 60 to 90 second intervals at peak time and are usually packed with people. A part of this route is the same as where electric trams made their world first run in 1887. Budapest has recently ordered 40 Siemens Combino Supra low floor trams. Trams began carrying the passengers on the 1 July 2006 but during the first weeks there were many technical difficulties.

Cities with tram lines

  • Budapest (since November 28, 1887)
  • Miskolc (since July 10, 1897)
  • Szeged (since October 1, 1908)
  • Debrecen (since March 16, 1911)

Cities with former tram lines

  • Szombathely (1897–1974)
  • Sopron (1900–1923)
  • Nyíregyháza (1905–1969)
  • Pécs (1913 – August 31, 1960)

There were some towns, where narrow gauge railways were used as tram lines or interurban lines (for example: Sárospatak, Sátoraljaújhely, Békéscsaba, Békés, Cegléd). These lines were closed in the 1970s.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Hungary". Texas Tech University - Office of International Affairs. 

External links

  • Public Transport and Railways in Hungary
  • Transport briefing on Hungary Starts Here