18 December 1918|
19 January 1945
|Years of service||1937–45|
|Unit||StG 1, StG 3|
|Awards||Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords|
Major Theodor Nordmann (born 18 December 1918 in Dorsten – Killed in flying accident 19 January 1945 near Insterburg) was a German World War II Luftwaffe Stuka ace.[Notes 1] He was also a recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords (Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes mit Eichenlaub und Schwertern). The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross and its higher grade Oak Leaves and Swords was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership.
Nordmann joined the Luftwaffe in 1937, and served as a reconnaissance pilot until March 1940, when he transferred to 1/StG 186, flying the Junkers Ju 87 'Stuka'. The unit was originally intended to serve on the aircraft carrier Graf Zeppelin, but in July 1940 was renamed III./Sturzkampfgeschwader 1 (StG 1—1st Dive Bomber Wing) and flew conventional bombing missions during the battle of France and Battle of Britain. Nordmann was awarded the Iron cross 1st and 2nd class during 1940. In 1941 Normann's unit was relocated to the Mediterranean for actions against Malta, where he claimed a 5,000 ton merchantman sunk.
StG 1 took part in the invasion of Russia in June 1941 and in September 1941, after 200 operations and 20 tanks destroyed, he was awarded the Ritterkreuz.
In January 1945 Nordmann was killed when his Focke-Wulf Fw 190 F-8 (Werknummer 588202—factory number) collided with his wing man, Oberfeldwebel Sroka (Fw 190 F-8 Werknummer 933242) in bad weather north of Insterburg. Nordmann was Gruppenkommandeur of II./Schlachtgeschwader 3 (SG 3—3rd Assault Wing) from October 1943 until his death in January 1945. He claimed some 80 Soviet tanks destroyed and 43,000 gross register tons (GRT) of merchant shipping sunk. He flew almost 1300 combat missions, including roughly 200 with the Fw 190.
- Verwundetenabzeichen in Silver
- Front Flying Clasp of the Luftwaffe in Gold with Pennant "1.100"
- Combined Pilots-Observation Badge
- "Kreta" Cuffband
- German Cross in Gold on 20 October 1942 as Oberleutnant in the III./Sturzkampfgeschwader 1
- Iron Cross (1939)
- Ehrenpokal der Luftwaffe
Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords
- Knight's Cross on 17 September 1941 Leutnant and pilot in the 8./Sturzkampfgeschwader 1
- 214th Oak Leaves on 17 March 1943 as Oberleutnant and acting commander of the III./Sturzkampfgeschwader 1[Notes 2]
- 98th Swords on 17 September 1944 as Major and Gruppenkommandeur of II./Schlachtgeschwader 3
- Thomas 1998, p. 125.
- Berger 2000, p. 248.
- Patzwall and Scherzer 2001, p. 333.
- Obermaier 1976, p. 49.
- Scherzer 2007, p. 572.
- Fellgiebel 2000, p. 67.
- Berger, Florian (1999). Mit Eichenlaub und Schwertern. Die höchstdekorierten Soldaten des Zweiten Weltkrieges [With Oak Leaves and Swords. The Highest Decorated Soldiers of the Second World War] (in German). Vienna, Austria: Selbstverlag Florian Berger.
- Brütting, Georg (1995). Das waren die deutschen Stuka-Asse 1939 – 1945 [These were the German Stuka Aces 1939 – 1945] (in German). Stuttgart, Germany: Motorbuch.
- Obermaier, Ernst (1976). Die Ritterkreuzträger der Luftwaffe 1939–1945 Band II Stuka- und Schlachtflieger [The Knight's Cross Bearers of the Luftwaffe 1941 – 1945 Volume II Dive Bomber and Attack Aircraft] (in German). Mainz, Germany: Verlag Dieter Hoffmann.
- Patzwall, Klaus D.; Scherzer, Veit (2001). Das Deutsche Kreuz 1941 – 1945 Geschichte und Inhaber Band II [The German Cross 1941 – 1945 History and Recipients Volume 2] (in German). Norderstedt, Germany: Verlag Klaus D. Patzwall.
- Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives [The Knight's Cross Bearers 1939–1945 The Holders of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939 by Army, Air Force, Navy, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm and Allied Forces with Germany According to the Documents of the Federal Archives] (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Miltaer-Verlag.
- Thomas, Franz (1998). Die Eichenlaubträger 1939–1945 Band 2: L–Z [The Oak Leaves Bearers 1939–1945 Volume 2: L–Z] (in German). Osnabrück, Germany: Biblio-Verlag.
- Helden der Wehrmacht - Unsterbliche deutsche Soldaten (in German). München, Germany: FZ-Verlag GmbH, 2004. ISBN 3-924309-53-1.
- Lexikon der Wehrmacht