The Beatles' recording sessions

The Beatles' recording sessions

The recordings made by the Beatles, a rock group from Liverpool, England, from their inception as the Quarrymen in 1957 and to their break-up in 1970 and the reunion of their surviving members in the mid-1990s, have huge cultural and historical value. The studio session tapes are kept at Abbey Road Studios, formerly known as "EMI Studios" until 1970, where the Beatles recorded most of their music. While most have never been officially released, their outtakes and demos are seen by fans as collectables, and some of the recordings have appeared on countless bootlegs. Until 2013, the only outtakes and demos to be officially released were on The Beatles Anthology series and its tie-in singles, and bits of some previously unreleased studio recordings were used in The Beatles: Rock Band video game as background noise and to give songs studio-sounding beginnings and endings. In 2013, Apple Records released the album The Beatles Bootleg Recordings 1963, which includes previously unreleased outtakes and demos, to stop the recordings falling into the public domain.[1]

All of the following songs are written by Lennon–McCartney except where noted. All single and album releases are for the United Kingdom.

Contents

  • 1958 1
    • Phillips' Sound Recording Services 1.1
    • The Quarrymen demos 1.2
  • 1960 2
    • Early Beatles homemade recordings 2.1
    • Akustik studio recordings 2.2
      • 15 October 1960 2.2.1
  • 1961 3
    • Tony Sheridan recordings 3.1
      • 22 June 1961 3.1.1
  • 1962 4
    • Decca audition 4.1
      • 1 January 1962 4.1.1
    • Parlophone audition 4.2
      • 6 June 1962 4.2.1
    • "Love Me Do" single sessions 4.3
      • 4 September 1962 4.3.1
      • 11 September 1962 4.3.2
    • "Please Please Me" single sessions 4.4
      • 26 November 1962 4.4.1
      • 30 November 1962 4.4.2
  • 1963 5
    • Please Please Me album sessions 5.1
      • 11 February 1963 5.1.1
      • 20 February 1963 5.1.2
      • 25 February 1963 5.1.3
    • "From Me to You" single sessions 5.2
      • 5 March 1963 5.2.1
      • 13 March 1963 5.2.2
      • 14 March 1963 5.2.3
    • "She Loves You" single sessions 5.3
      • 1 July 1963 5.3.1
      • 4 July 1963 5.3.2
    • With the Beatles and "I Want to Hold Your Hand" sessions 5.4
      • 18 July 1963 5.4.1
      • 30 July 1963 5.4.2
      • 21 August 1963 5.4.3
      • 11 September 1963 5.4.4
      • 12 September 1963 5.4.5
      • 30 September 1963 5.4.6
      • 3 October 1963 5.4.7
      • 17 October 1963 5.4.8
      • 21 October 1963 5.4.9
      • 23 October 1963 5.4.10
      • 29 October 1963 5.4.11
      • 30 October 1963 5.4.12
  • 1964 6
    • A Hard Day's Night and Long Tall Sally sessions 6.1
      • 24 January 1964 6.1.1
      • 29 January 1964 6.1.2
      • 25 February 1964 6.1.3
      • 26 February 1964 6.1.4
      • 27 February 1964 6.1.5
      • 1 March 1964 6.1.6
      • 3 March 1964 6.1.7
      • 4 March 1964 6.1.8
      • 10 March 1964 6.1.9
      • 12 March 1964 6.1.10
      • 16 April 1964 6.1.11
      • 20 April 1964 6.1.12
      • 23 April 1964 6.1.13
      • 22 May 1964 6.1.14
      • 1 June 1964 6.1.15
      • 2 June 1964 6.1.16
      • 3 June 1964 6.1.17
      • 4 June 1964 6.1.18
      • 9 June 1964 6.1.19
      • 10 June 1964 6.1.20
      • 22 June 1964 6.1.21
    • Beatles for Sale and "I Feel Fine" sessions 6.2
      • 11 August 1964 6.2.1
      • 14 August 1964 6.2.2
      • 29 September 1964 6.2.3
      • 30 September 1964 6.2.4
      • 6 October 1964 6.2.5
      • 8 October 1964 6.2.6
      • 12 October 1964 6.2.7
      • 16 October 1964 6.2.8
      • 18 October 1964 6.2.9
      • 21 October 1964 6.2.10
      • 22 October 1964 6.2.11
      • 26 October 1964 6.2.12
      • 27 October 1964 6.2.13
      • 4 November 1964 6.2.14
  • 1965 7
    • Help! sessions 7.1
      • 15 February 1965 7.1.1
      • 16 February 1965 7.1.2
      • 17 February 1965 7.1.3
      • 18 February 1965 7.1.4
      • 19 February 1965 7.1.5
      • 20 February 1965 7.1.6
      • 23 February 1965 7.1.7
      • 15 March 1965 7.1.8
      • 30 March 1965 7.1.9
      • 2 April 1965 7.1.10
      • 13 April 1965 7.1.11
      • 18 April 1965 7.1.12
      • 10 May 1965 7.1.13
      • 8 June 1965 7.1.14
      • 14 June 1965 7.1.15
      • 15 June 1965 7.1.16
      • 17 June 1965 7.1.17
      • 17 June 1965 7.1.18
    • Rubber Soul and "Day Tripper"/"We Can Work It Out" sessions 7.2
      • 12 October 1965 7.2.1
      • 13 October 1965 7.2.2
      • 16 October 1965 7.2.3
      • 18 October 1965 7.2.4
      • 20 October 1965 7.2.5
      • 21 October 1965 7.2.6
      • 22 October 1965 7.2.7
      • 24 October 1965 7.2.8
      • 25 October 1965 7.2.9
      • 26 October 1965 7.2.10
      • 28 October 1965 7.2.11
      • 29 October 1965 7.2.12
      • 3 November 1965 7.2.13
      • 4 November 1965 7.2.14
      • 6 November 1965 7.2.15
      • 8 November 1965 7.2.16
      • 9 November 1965 7.2.17
      • 10 November 1965 7.2.18
      • 11 November 1965 7.2.19
      • 15 November 1965 7.2.20
      • 30 November 1965 7.2.21
  • 1966 8
    • Revolver and "Paperback Writer" sessions 8.1
      • 6 April 1966 8.1.1
      • 7 April 1966 8.1.2
      • 8 April 1966 8.1.3
      • 11 April 1966 8.1.4
      • 13 April 1966 8.1.5
      • 14 April 1966 8.1.6
      • 16 April 1966 8.1.7
      • 17 April 1966 8.1.8
      • 19 April 1966 8.1.9
      • 20 April 1966 8.1.10
      • 21 April 1966 8.1.11
      • 22 April 1966 8.1.12
      • 25 April 1966 8.1.13
      • 26 April 1966 8.1.14
      • 27 April 1966 8.1.15
      • 28 April 1966 8.1.16
      • 29 April 1966 8.1.17
      • 5 May 1966 8.1.18
      • 6 May 1966 8.1.19
      • 9 May 1966 8.1.20
      • 12 May 1966 8.1.21
      • 16 May 1966 8.1.22
      • 18 May 1966 8.1.23
      • 19 May 1966 8.1.24
      • 20 May 1966 8.1.25
      • 26 May 1966 8.1.26
      • 1 June 1966 8.1.27
      • 2 June 1966 8.1.28
      • 3 June 1966 8.1.29
      • 6 June 1966 8.1.30
      • 8 June 1966 8.1.31
      • 9 June 1966 8.1.32
      • 14 June 1966 8.1.33
      • 16 June 1966 8.1.34
      • 17 June 1966 8.1.35
      • 20 June 1966 8.1.36
      • 21 June 1966 8.1.37
      • 22 June 1966 8.1.38
    • A Collection of Beatles Oldies sessions 8.2
      • 31 October 1966 8.2.1
      • 7 November 1966 8.2.2
      • 8 November 1966 8.2.3
      • 10 November 1966 8.2.4
  • 1967 9
    • Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band album sessions 9.1
    • Magical Mystery Tour EP sessions 9.2
  • 1968 10
    • "Lady Madonna" sessions 10.1
      • 12 January 1968 10.1.1
      • 3 February 1968 10.1.2
      • 4 February 1968 10.1.3
      • 6 February 1968 10.1.4
      • 8 February 1968 10.1.5
      • 11 February 1968 10.1.6
      • 15 February 1968 10.1.7
    • The Beatles ("White Album") sessions 10.2
    • Yellow Submarine session 10.3
      • 29 October 1968 10.3.1
  • 1969 11
    • Get Back album sessions 11.1
      • Medleys 11.1.1
    • Let It Be album sessions 11.2
    • Abbey Road sessions 11.3
    • No One's Gonna Change Our World and Hey Jude sessions 11.4
      • 11 September 1969 11.4.1
      • 2 October 1969 11.4.2
      • 26 November 1969 11.4.3
      • 2 December 1969 11.4.4
      • 5 December 1969 11.4.5
      • 8 December 1969 11.4.6
  • See also 12
  • Notes 13
  • References 14
  • Further reading 15
  • External links 16

1958

Phillips' Sound Recording Services

In the spring or summer of 1958, the Quarrymen recorded two songs at Phillips' Sound Recording Services in their hometown of Liverpool. It was the group's first recording session, for which they paid 17s 6d (87.5p or £17.84 now[2]). The recordings were pressed onto a mono 10-inch 78 rpm shellac disc, then the sessions tapes were erased to be reused with new customers. Because of the low quality and age of the recordings, the songs are filled with hiss but are still listenable. The record was not intended for release but for the Quarrymen's personal use.[3][4]

When we got the record, the agreement was that we would have it for a week each. Colin had it for a week and passed it to Duff Lowe, who kept it for 23 years.

In 1981, Lowe sold the record to McCartney for an undisclosed amount. McCartney then had audio engineers attempt to improve the sound quality.[3][4]

Recordings[3][4]
Personnel[3][4]

Musicians:

Production staff:

The Quarrymen demos

The Quarrymen recorded several low-quality, homemade, mono demo tapes. Those known to still exist are:

  • "One After 909" with Mike McCartney (1:42)
    • Another demo of "One After 909" is known to exist.
  • "Well, Darling" (5:11)
  • "Some Days"
  • "Wildcat"
  • "I'll Always Be in Love with You"
  • "When I'm Sixty-Four"
    • Although it is known that Paul McCartney wrote "When I'm Sixty-Four" when he was about 16, no demo tape from this era has ever turned up, but is believed to exist.
  • "Winston's Walk"
  • "Ask Me Why"
    • The same principle goes for "Ask Me Why".
  • Lennon's spoken nonsense with radio

1960

Early Beatles homemade recordings

As they did when they were the Quarrymen, the Beatles recorded several low-quality, homemade, mono demo tapes. The tapes are the only known recordings featuring their former bass guitarist Stuart Sutcliffe. From the 16 known demos made in early 1960 at McCartney's house, only three have been released.[5][6][7]

Recordings[5][6][7]
Personnel[5][6][7]

Akustik studio recordings

15 October 1960

In recordings at Phillips' Sound Recording Services. The song, with a spoken advertisement as the B-side, was pressed onto nine mono 78 rpm acetate discs. After the song was recorded, Walters, Starr, Ty Brian and Johnny Byrne, all in the Hurricanes, recorded "Fever" and "September Song". None of the recordings was ever released. The session tapes were most likely erased and none of the discs are known to have survived.[8]

Recordings[8]
  • "Gershwin) – destroyed
Personnel[8]

Musicians:

  • George Harrison – guitar
  • John Lennon – guitar
  • Paul McCartney – guitar
  • Ringo Starr – drums
  • Lu Walters – bass guitar, vocals

1961

Tony Sheridan recordings

22 June 1961

In what is now the Friedrich-Ebert-Halle, in the Friedrich-Ebert-Gymnasium (then known as Gymnasium für Jungen Harburg [English: Gymnasium for Boys in Harburg]), during The Beatles' second stint in Hamburg, the group, under the name "the Beat Brothers", recorded several songs with English rock and roller Tony Sheridan for an album called My Bonnie. After recording the songs with Sheridan, the Beatles recorded two songs by themselves. The session tapes have since been destroyed, but some of the songs have been issued on numerous singles, EPs and albums, both official and unofficial. Sheridan later made more recordings with different backing musicians, resulting in some debate over which songs the Beatles are on. They are generally believed to appear on seven surviving tracks.[9]

Recordings[9]
Personnel[10][11][12]

Musicians:

Production staff:

1962

Decca audition

1 January 1962

On

  • Beatles Bootleg History
  • mp3s of bootlegs
  • The Beatles Bible – Days in the life: The Beatles' history
  • Information for Hardcore collectors of Beatles Music (Bootleg and Commercial Release)
  • Bootleg Zone

External links

  • Sulpy, Doug (2006). Complete Beatles Audio Guide. The 910 Publishing.  
  • Sulpy, Doug; Schweighhardt, Ray (2007). Drugs, Divorce and a Slipping Image: The Complete, Unauthorized Story of the Beatles Get Back Sessions. The 910 Publishing.  
  • Winn, John C. (2003). The Beatles Recorded Legacy, volume 1: Way Beyond Compare, 1957-1965. Multiplus Books.  
  • Winn, John C. (2003). The Beatles Recorded Legacy, volume 2: That Magic Feeling, 1966-1970. Multiplus Books.  
  • Winn, John C. (2005). The Beatles Recorded Legacy, volume 3: Lifting Latches: Inside the Beatles Vaults. Multiplus Books.  

Further reading

  • Joe (2012). "The Beatles Bible".  
  •  

References

  1. ^ Kozinn, Allan (2013-12-11). "European Copyright Laws Lead to Rare Music Releases".  
  2. ^ UK CPI inflation numbers based on data available from Gregory Clark (2014), "What Were the British Earnings and Prices Then? (New Series)" MeasuringWorth.
  3. ^ a b c d e Beatles Bible, In Spite Of All The Danger.
  4. ^ a b c d e Beatles Bible, That'll Be The Day.
  5. ^ a b c Beatles Bible, Cayenne.
  6. ^ a b c Beatles Bible, Hallelujah, I Love Her So.
  7. ^ a b c Beatles Bible, You'll Be Mine.
  8. ^ a b c Beatles Bible, Recording: Summertime.
  9. ^ a b Beatles Bible, Recording: My Bonnie.
  10. ^ Beatles Bible, Ain't She Sweet.
  11. ^ Beatles Bible, Cry For A Shadow.
  12. ^ Beatles Bible, My Bonnie.
  13. ^ a b Beatles Bible, The Beatles' audition for Decca Records.
  14. ^ Beatles Bible, Like Dreamers Do.
  15. ^ a b c Lewisohn 2004, pp. 16–17.
  16. ^ a b c Lewisohn 2004, pp. 18–19.
  17. ^ a b c d e Lewisohn 2004, p. 23.
  18. ^ a b c Lewisohn 2004, pp. 20–21.
  19. ^ Lewisohn 2004, p. 22.
  20. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Lewisohn 2004, p. 28.
  21. ^ a b c Lewisohn 2004, pp. 24–27.
  22. ^ a b c d e f Lewisohn 2004, p. 36.
  23. ^ Lewisohn 2004, pp. 168.
  24. ^ a b c d e f Lewisohn 2004, pp. 67.
  25. ^ a b c d e f Lewisohn 2004, pp. 31.
  26. ^ a b c d e Lewisohn 2004, p. 32.
  27. ^ a b c Lewisohn 2004, p. 34.
  28. ^ a b Lewisohn 2004, p. 35.
  29. ^ a b c d Lewisohn 2004, p. 37.
  30. ^ a b Lewisohn 2004, p. 38.
  31. ^ a b Lewisohn 2004, p. 39.
  32. ^ a b c d e Lewisohn 2004, p. 40.
  33. ^ a b Lewisohn 2004, p. 41.
  34. ^ a b c Lewisohn 2004, p. 42.
  35. ^ Lewisohn 2004, p. 43.
  36. ^ a b c d e f g Lewisohn 2004, p. 44.
  37. ^ a b Lewisohn 2004, p. 45.
  38. ^ a b c d e Lewisohn 2004, p. 46.
  39. ^ Lewisohn 2004, p. 47.
  40. ^ a b c Lewisohn 2004, p. 48.
  41. ^ a b c d e f g Lewisohn 2004, p. 49.
  42. ^ a b c d Lewisohn 2004, p. 50.
  43. ^ a b c d e f Lewisohn 2004, p. 51.
  44. ^ a b c Lewisohn 2004, p. 52.
  45. ^ a b c d e f g Lewisohn 2004, p. 54.
  46. ^ a b c d Lewisohn 2004, p. 55.
  47. ^ a b c d e Lewisohn 2004, p. 56.
  48. ^ a b c Lewisohn 2004, p. 57.
  49. ^ a b c d e Lewisohn 2004, p. 58.
  50. ^ a b Lewisohn 2004, p. 59.
  51. ^ a b c d e Lewisohn 2004, p. 60.
  52. ^ a b c Lewisohn 2004, p. 63.
  53. ^ a b c d e Lewisohn 2004, p. 64.
  54. ^ a b c d e f g Lewisohn 2004, p. 65.
  55. ^ a b c d e Lewisohn 2004, p. 66.
  56. ^ a b c d e f Lewisohn 2004, p. 68.
  57. ^ Lewisohn 2004, p. 69.
  58. ^ Lewisohn 2004, p. 70.
  59. ^ a b c d e f Lewisohn 2004, p. 71.
  60. ^ a b Lewisohn 2004, p. 73.
  61. ^ a b c Lewisohn 2004, p. 74.
  62. ^ a b c d Lewisohn 2004, p. 75.
  63. ^ a b c Lewisohn 2004, p. 76.
  64. ^ a b c d e Lewisohn 2004, p. 77.
  65. ^ a b c d e f Lewisohn 2004, p. 78.
  66. ^ a b Lewisohn 2004, p. 79.
  67. ^ a b Lewisohn 2004, p. 80.
  68. ^ a b Lewisohn 2004, p. 81.
  69. ^ a b c d e Lewisohn 2004, p. 82.
  70. ^ a b c d Lewisohn 2004, p. 83.
  71. ^ a b c d Lewisohn 2004, p. 84.
  72. ^ a b c d Lewisohn 2004, p. 86.
  73. ^ a b Lewisohn 2004, p. 132.
  74. ^ a b c Lewisohn 2004, p. 133.
  75. ^ a b c d Lewisohn 2004, p. 134.
  76. ^ Lewisohn 2004, p. 163.
  77. ^ Lewisohn 2004, p. 192.
  78. ^ Lewisohn 2004, p. 193.
  79. ^ a b c Lewisohn 2004, p. 194.
  80. ^ Lewisohn 2004, p. 195.

Notes

See also

  • Tape copying with simultaneous recording
    • "Octopus's Garden" (takes 1-10)
  • Personnel
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Martin Benge (engineer), Richard Lush (2nd engineer)
Studio Two, EMI Studios, London (10.00am-12.15pm)[80]

8 December 1969

  • Stereo mixing
    • "Hey Jude (Lennon/McCartney) (remixes 20 and 21, from take 1) - remix 20 or 21 released on Hey Jude; included on Past Masters
    • "Revolution (Lennon/McCartney) (remix 1, from take 16) - released on Hey Jude; included on Past Masters
  • Personnel
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Geoff Emerick and Phil McDonald (engineer), Neil Richmond (2nd engineer)
Room 4, Abbey Road, London (2.30pm-5.15pm)[79]

5 December 1969

  • Stereo mixing
    • "Lady Madonna (Lennon/McCartney) (remix 1, from take 5) - released on Hey Jude; included on Past Masters
    • "Rain (Lennon/McCartney) (remix 1, from take 7) - released on Hey Jude; included on Past Masters
    • "Octopus's Garden (Richard Starkey) (remixes 1 and 2, from take 32) - for the TV program With a Little Help from My Friends
  • Personnel
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Geoff Emerick and Phil McDonald (engineer), Richard Lush (2nd engineer)
Studio Two (control room only), EMI Studios, London (2.30pm-5.30pm)[79]

2 December 1969

  • Tape copying
  • Editing
    • "You Know My Name (Look Up the Number)" (of remix mono 4) - released as the B-side to "Let It Be"; included on Past Masters and Mono Masters
  • Stereo mixing
    • "What's the New Mary Jane" (remix 4, from take 4)
  • Stereo mixing with simultaneous overdub
    • "What's the New Mary Jane" (remix 5, from take 4)
  • Editing
    • "What's the New Mary Jane" (of remix stereo 5, called remix stereo 6)
  • Tape copying with simultaneous editing
    • "What's the New Mary Jane" (of stereo remixes 4 into 5)
  • Tape copying
    • "What's the New Mary Jane" (of stereo remixes 4 and 5)
  • Personnel
Studio Two, EMI Studios, London (7.00pm-3.00am)[79]

26 November 1969

Room 4, Abbey Road, London (9.30pm-11.00am)[78]

2 October 1969

  • Stereo mixing
  • Tape copying
    • "What's the New Mary Jane" (of stereo remixes 1-3)
  • Personnel
    • Production staff: Malcolm Davies (producer), Tony Clark (engineer), Chris Blair (2nd engineer)
Studio Three (control room only), EMI Studios, London (2.30pm-5.30pm)[77]

11 September 1969

No One's Gonna Change Our World and Hey Jude sessions

Abbey Road sessions

  • Two of Us (take 1, shown in the Let It Be film.)
  • Dig a Pony (take 1, recorded 30 January 1969, at the rooftop concert.)
  • I Me Mine (take 16)
  • Dig It (take 1, "Dig It" was an eleven minute, twenty-five second jam that had a fifty-second excerpt included in the Let It Be album, due to the fact that a section of it was included in the film by the same name.)
  • Let It Be (take 27 A)
  • Maggie Mae (no numbered takes; Maggie Mae was a traditional Liverpool folk tune that the Beatles played in the early 1960s)
  • I've Got a Feeling (take 1, recorded 30 January 1969 at the Rooftop Concert)
  • One After 909 (take 1, recorded 30 January 1969 at the Rooftop Concert. "One After 909" was an early Lennon–McCartney composition that was rehearsed many times during the Get Back sessions, but was never intended to appear on the Let It Be album.)
  • The Long and Winding Road (take ?)
  • For You Blue (take ?)
  • Get Back (take 3, recorded 30 January 1969. Segment of speech by McCartney and Lennon was included after the song appearing on the album.)

Songs:

Let It Be was put together from the above Get Back sessions, thus some of the songs do not have formal take numbers.

Let It Be album sessions

  • "Little Demon" (Screamin' Jay Hawkins)/"Maybellene" (Berry)/"You Can't Catch Me" (Berry)/"Brown-Eyed Handsome Man" (Berry)
    • Recorded 24 January 1969, at 3 Savile Row.
  • "Blue Suede Shoes" (Perkins)/"You Really Got A Hold On Me" (Robinson)
    • Recorded 26 January 1969 at 3 Savile Row.
  • "Rip It Up" (Blackwell-Marascalco)/"Shake, Rattle, And Roll" (Calhoun)
    • Recorded 26 January 1969 at 3 Savile Row. Although Anthology 3 places this medley and the above together, they were recorded separately, but on the same day.
  • "Cannonball"/"Not Fade Away" (Hardin-Petty)/"Hey Little Girl"/"Bo Diddley" (McDaniel)
    • Recorded 29 January 1969 at 3 Savile Row.
  • "Take This Hammer" (Traditional)/"Long Lost John" (Traditional)/"Black Dog Blues" (also known as "Daddy, Where You Been So Long?")/"The Right String (But the Wrong Yo-Yo)" (Speckled Red)/"Run For Your Life" (Lennon–McCartney)
    • Recorded at 3 Savile Row.
  • "Kansas City" (Leiber-Stoller)/"Miss Ann" (Penniman-Johnson)/"Lawdy Miss Clawdy" (Price)
    • Recorded 26 January 1969, at 3 Savile Row.
  • "All Shook Up" (Blackwell-Presley)/"Your True Love"/"Blue Suede Shoes" (Perkins)
    • Recorded 3 January 1969, at Twickenham Film Studios..
  • "Ramblin' Woman"/"I Threw It All Away" (Dylan)/"Mama, You Been On My Mind" (Dylan)
    • Recorded 9 January 1969, at Twickenham Film Studios.
  • "Sausages and French Fries" (Lennon–McCartney-Harrison-Starr)/"Early In The Morning"/"Honey Hush" (Turner)
    • Recorded 8 January 1969 at Twickenham Film Studios.
  • "I've Got A Feeling" (Lennon–McCartney)/"Help!" (Lennon–McCartney)/"Please Please Me" (Lennon–McCartney)
    • Recorded 23 January 1969, at 3 Savile Row.
  • "I'm Ready" (Domino; also known as "Rocker")/"Save The Last Dance For Me" (Pomus-Shuman)/"Don't Let Me Down" (Lennon–McCartney)
    • Recorded at 3 Savile Row.

Medleys

Numerous improvisations were also recorded during these sessions.

Songs (arranged by artist):

There are no take numbers since they were not formal studio recording sessions, but rehearsals filmed for Let It Be. Some of the songs were released on later Beatles or solo records.

Get Back album sessions

1969

Studio Three (control room only), EMI Studios, London (10.00am-1.00pm)[76]

29 October 1968

Yellow Submarine session

The Beatles ("White Album") sessions

  • Mono mixing
    • "Lady Madonna" (remixes 3-10, from take 5) - released as a single; included on Mono Masters
  • Personnel
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Geoff Emerick (engineer), Martin Benge (2nd engineer)
Studio Three (control room only), EMI Studios, London (4.30pm-6.00pm)[75]

15 February 1968

  • Recording
  • Mono mixing
    • "Hey Bulldog" (remixes 1 and 2, from take 10) - remix 1 or 2 released on Mono Masters
  • Personnel
    • Musicians: John Lennon (piano, vocals), Paul McCartney (bass guitar, vocals), George Harrison (lead guitar), Ringo Starr (drums)
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Geoff Emerick (engineer), Phil McDonald (2nd engineer)
Studio Three, EMI Studios, London (4.00pm-2.00am)[75]

11 February 1968

  • Mono mixing
    • "Across the Universe" (remixes 1 and 2, from take 8)
  • Personnel
    • Musicians: John Lennon (mellotron, tone pedal guitar, vocals), Paul McCartney (piano, vocals), George Harrison (maracas, vocals), George Martin (organ)
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Geoff Emerick and Ken Scott (engineer), Richard Lush (2nd engineer)
Studio Two (control room only), EMI Studios, London (10.00pm-12.15am)[75]
  • Recording
    • "The Inner Light" (overdub onto take 6)
  • Mono mixing
    • "The Inner Light (remixes 2-4, from take 6) - released as the B-side to "Lady Madonna"; included on Mono Masters
  • Recording
    • "Across the Universe" (overdub onto take 8)
Studio Two, EMI Studios, London (2.30pm-9.00pm)[75]

8 February 1968

  • Recording
    • "Lady Madonna" (tape reduction take 3 into take 4, overdub onto take 4, tape reduction take 4 into take 5)
      • Edit of takes 3 and 4 - released on Anthology 2
  • Mono mixing
    • "Lady Madonna" (remixes 1 and 2, from take 5)
  • Personnel
    • Musicians: John Lennon (vocals), Paul McCartney (piano, vocal), George Harrison (vocal), Harry Klein and Bill Jackson (baritone saxophone), Ronnie Scott and Bill Povey (tenor saxophone)
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Geoff Emerick (engineer), Jerry Boys (2nd engineer)
Studio One, EMI Studios, London (9.00pm-2.00am)[74]
  • Tape copying
    • "The Inner Light" (of take 5, numbered take 6)
  • Recording
    • "The Inner Light" (overdub onto take 6)
  • Mono mixing
    • "The Inner Light" (remix 1, from take 6)
Studio One, EMI Studios, London (2.30pm-8.00pm)[74]

6 February 1968

  • Recording
    • "Across the Universe" (Lennon/McCartney) (takes 1-7)
    • "Across the Universe" (overdub onto take 7, tape reduction take 7 into take 8, overdub onto take 8, sound effects takes 1-3)
  • Personnel
    • Musicians: John Lennon (acoustic guitar, vocals), George Harrison (tamboura, sitar), Ringo Starr (tomtoms), Lizzie Bravo and Gayleen Pease (backing vocal)
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Ken Scott and Martin Benge (engineer), Richard Lush and Phil McDonald (2nd engineer)
Studio Three, EMI Studios, London (2.30pm-5.30pm)[74]

4 February 1968

  • Recording
  • Personnel
    • Musicians: John Lennon (fuzzed electric guitar, vocals), Paul McCartney (bass guitar, piano), George Harrison (fuzzed electric guitar), Ringo Starr (drums)
    • Production staff: Ken Scott (engineer), Richard Lush (2nd engineer)
Studio Three, EMI Studios, London (2.30pm-6.00pm)[73]

3 February 1968

  • Recording
    • "Untitled" (working title of "George Harrison) (takes 1-5)
  • Personnel
    • Musicians: Ashish Khan (sarod), Mahapurush Misra (tabla, pakavaj), Sharad Jadev and Hanuman Jadev (shanhais), Shambu-Das, Indril Bhattacharya and Shankar Ghosh (sitar), Chandra Shakher (sur-bahar), Shiv Kumar Sharmar (santorr), S.R. Kenkare and Hari Prasad Chaurasia (flute), Vinayak Vohra (taar shehnai), Rijram Desad (dholak, harmonium; tala-tarang)
    • Production staff: George Harrison (producer), J.P. Sen and S.N. Gupta (engineer), unknown (2nd engineer)
EMI Recording Studios, Bombay, India (time unknown)[73]

12 January 1968

"Lady Madonna" sessions

1968

Magical Mystery Tour EP sessions

Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band album sessions

1967

  • Stereo mixing
    • "This Boy" (Lennon/McCartney) (remixes 1 and 2, from takes 15 and 17)
    • "Day Tripper" (Lennon/McCartney) (remix 2, from take 3) - released on A Collection of Beatles Oldies (stereo); included on Past Masters
    • "We Can Work It Out" (Lennon/McCartney) (remix 2, from take 2) - released on A Collection of Beatles Oldies (stereo); included on Past Masters
  • Editing
    • "This Boy" (of stereo remixes 1 and 2) - released on Past Masters
  • Personnel
    • Production staff: Peter Brown (engineer), Graham Kirkby (2nd engineer)
Room 65, Abbey Road, London (2.00pm-4.30pm)[72]

10 November 1966

  • Stereo mixing
    • "She Loves You" (Lennon/McCartney) (remixes 1 and 2, from single's master tape) - "fake stereo remix" released on A Collection of Beatles Oldies (stereo)
  • Personnel
    • Production staff: Geoff Emerick (engineer)
Room 53, Abbey Road, London (4.00pm-5.30pm)[72]

8 November 1966

  • Stereo mixing
    • "I Want to Hold Your Hand" (Lennon/McCartney) (remix 1, from take 17) - released on A Collection of Beatles Oldies (stereo); included on Past Masters
  • Personnel
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Geoff Emerick (engineer), Mike Stone (2nd engineer)
Studio Two (control room only), EMI Studios, London (2.30pm-5.30pm)[72]

7 November 1966

Studio Two (control room only), EMI Studios, London (2.30pm-4.30pm)[72]

31 October 1966

A Collection of Beatles Oldies sessions

  • Mono mixing
    • "Eleanor Rigby" (remixes 4 and 5, from take 15)
    • "She Said She Said" (remix 4, from take 4)
    • "Good Day Sunshine" (remix 7, from take 1)
  • Stereo mixing
    • "Eleanor Rigby" (remix 1, from take 15)
    • "She Said She Said" (remix 1, from take 4)
    • "Good Day Sunshine" (remix 1, from take 1)
    • "Yellow Submarine" (remixes 1 and 2, from take 5)
    • "Tomorrow Never Knows" (remixes 1-6, from take 3)
    • "Got to Get You into My Life" (remix 1, from take 9)
  • Personnel
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Geoff Emerick (engineer), Jerry Boys (2nd engineer)
Studio Three (control room only), EMI Studios, London (7.00pm-1.30am)

22 June 1966

  • Recording
    • "Untitled" (working title of "She Said She Said") (Lennon/McCartney) (takes 1-3, tape reduction take 3 into take 4)
  • Mono mixing
    • "She Said She Said" (remixes 1-3, from take 4)
  • Personnel
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Geoff Emerick (engineer), Phil McDonald (2nd engineer)
Studio Two, EMI Studios, London (7.00pm-3.45am)[71]
  • Mono mixing
    • "For No One" (remixes 7 and 8, from take 14)
    • "Doctor Robert" (remixes 4-6, from take 7)
    • "Taxman" (remixes 5 and 6, from take 12)
  • Editing
    • "Dr. Robert" (of remix mono 6)
    • "Taxman" (of mono remixes 5 and 6)
  • Stereo mixing
    • "For No One" (remix 1, from take 14)
    • "Taxman" (remixes 1 and 2, from take 12)
  • Editing
    • "Taxman" (of stereo remixes 1 and 2)
Studio Three (control room only), EMI Studios, London (2.30pm-6.30pm)[71]
  • Stereo mixing
    • "Granny Smith" (remixes 1-3, from take 7)
  • Editing
    • "Granny Smith" (of stereo remixes 1-3)
  • Stereo mixing
    • "I Want to Tell You" (remixes 1 and 2, from take 4)
    • "Here, There and Everywhere" (remixes 1 and 2, from take 14)
  • Mono mixing
    • "Here, There and Everywhere" (remixes 2 and 3, from take 14)
Studio Three (control room only), EMI Studios, London (10.00am-1.00pm)[71]

21 June 1966

  • Mono mixing and recording
    • "Got to Get You into My Life" (tape copying of remix 7 into remix 8 with overdub added from take 8)
  • Personnel
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Geoff Emerick (engineer), Phil McDonald (2nd engineer)
Studio One (control room only), EMI Studios, London (6.00pm-8.30pm)[71]

20 June 1966

  • Recording
    • "Here, There and Everywhere" (overdub onto take 14)
    • "Got to Get You into My Life" (overdub onto take 9)
  • Mono mixing
    • "Got to Get You into My Life" (remixes 3-7, from take 9)
    • "Here, There and Everywhere" (remix 1, from take 14)
  • Personnel
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Geoff Emerick (engineer), Phil McDonald (2nd engineer)
Studio Two, EMI Studios, London (7.00pm-1.30am)[70]

17 June 1966

  • Recording
    • "Here, There and Everywhere" (takes 5-13, tape reduction take 13 into take 14, overdub onto take 14)
  • Personnel
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Geoff Emerick (engineer), Phil McDonald (2nd engineer)
Studio Two, EMI Studios, London (7.00pm-3.30am)[70]

16 June 1966

  • Recording
  • Personnel
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Geoff Emerick (engineer), Phil McDonald (2nd engineer)
Studio Two, EMI Studios, London (7.00pm-2.00am)[70]

14 June 1966

  • Recording
    • "A Good Day's Sunshine" (overdub onto take 1)
  • Mono mixing
    • "A Good Day's Sunshine" (remixes 1-6, from take 1)
  • Personnel
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Geoff Emerick (engineer), Phil McDonald (2nd engineer)
Studio Two, EMI Studios, London (2.30pm-8.00pm)[70]

9 June 1966

  • Recording
    • "A Good Day's Sunshine" (working title of "Good Day Sunshine") (Lennon/McCartney) (takes 1-3)
  • Personnel
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Geoff Emerick (engineer), Richard Lush (2nd engineer)
Studio Two, EMI Studios, London (2.30pm-2.30am)[69]
  • Editing
    • "And Your Bird Can Sing" (of mono remixes 9 and 10)
Studio Two (control room only), EMI Studios, London (1.00pm-2.00pm)[69]

8 June 1966

  • Recording
    • "Eleanor Rigby" (overdub onto take 15)
  • Personnel
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Geoff Emerick (engineer), Phil McDonald (2nd engineer)
Studio Three, EMI Studios, London (12.00pm-1.30am)[69]
  • Tape copying
    • "I Want to Tell You" (two copies of remix mono 1, numbered mono remixes 5 and 6)
  • Mono mixing
    • "And Your Bird Can Sing" (remixes 9 and 10, from takes 10 and 4)
    • "For No One" (remixes 1-6, from take 14)
    • "I'm Only Sleeping" (remixes 5 and 6, from take 13)
    • "Tomorrow Never Knows" (remixes 10-12, from take 3)
Studio Three (control room only), EMI Studios, London (7.00pm-12.00pm)[69]

6 June 1966

  • Recording
    • "Laxton's Superb" (also "I Don't Know") (overdub onto take 4)
  • Mono mixing
    • "Laxton's Superb" (also "I Don't Know") (remixes 1-4, from take 4)
    • "Yellow Submarine" (remixes 1-5, from take 5)
  • Personnel
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Geoff Emerick (engineer), Phil McDonald (2nd engineer)
Studio Two, EMI Studios, London (7.00pm-2.30am)[69]

3 June 1966

  • Recording
    • "Laxton's Superb" (also "I Don't Know", both working titles of "I Want to Tell You") (Harrison) (takes 1-5, overdub onto take 3, tape reduction take 3 into take 4)
  • Mono mixing
    • "Yellow Submarine" (remix 1, from take 5)
  • Personnel
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Geoff Emerick (engineer), Phil McDonald (2nd engineer)
Studio Two, EMI Studios, London (7.00pm-3.30am)[68]

2 June 1966

  • Recording
    • "Yellow Submarine" (overdub onto take 5)
  • Personnel
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Geoff Emerick (engineer), Phil McDonald (2nd engineer)
Studio Two, EMI Studios, London (2.30pm-2.30am)[68]

1 June 1966

  • Recording
    • "Yellow Submarine" (Lennon/McCartney) (takes 1-4, tape reduction take 4 into take 5)
  • Personnel
    • Production staff: Geoff Emerick (engineer), Phil McDonald (2nd engineer)
Studio Three, EMI Studios, London (7.00pm-1.00am)[67]

26 May 1966

  • Stereo mixing
    • "And Your Bird Can Sing" (remixes 1 and 2, from takes 10 and 6)
    • "Doctor Robert" (remixes 1 and 2, from take 7)
    • "I'm Only Sleeping" (remixes 1 and 2, from take 13)
  • Editing
    • "And Your Bird Can Sing" (of stereo remixes 1 and 2)
    • "Doctor Robert" (of stereo remixes 1 and 2)
  • Personnel
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Geoff Emerick (engineer), Phil McDonald (2nd engineer)
Studio One (control room only), EMI Studios, London (11.00am-12.30pm)[67]

20 May 1966

  • Recording
    • "For No One" (overdub onto take 14)
  • Personnel
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Geoff Emerick (engineer), Phil McDonald (2nd engineer)
Studio Three, EMI Studios, London (7.00pm-11.00pm)[66]

19 May 1966

  • Recording
    • "Got to Get You into My Life" (overdub onto take 8, tape reduction take 8 into takes 9-11)
  • Mono mixing
    • "Got to Get You into My Life" (remixes 1 and 2, from take 9)
  • Personnel
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Geoff Emerick (engineer), Phil McDonald (2nd engineer)
Studio Two, EMI Studios, London (2.30pm-2.30am)[66]

18 May 1966

  • Recording
    • "Taxman" (overdub onto take 12)
  • Tape copying
    • "Granny Smith" (copies of remix mono 3, numbered mono remixes 4 and 5)
  • Mono mixing
    • "Taxman" (remixes 2-5, from take 12)
  • Recording
    • "For No One" (overdub onto take 10, tape reduction take 10 into takes 13 and 14 [no takes numbered 11 or 12])
  • Tape copying
    • "Taxman" (of remix mono 4)
    • "Granny Smith" (of remix mono 5)
    • "Mark I" (of remix mono 8)
  • Personnel
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Geoff Emerick (engineer), Phil McDonald (2nd engineer)
Studio Two, EMI Studios, London (2.30pm-1.30am)[65]

16 May 1966

  • Mono mixing
    • "Doctor Robert" (remix 4, from take 7)
    • "I'm Only Sleeping" (remix 5, from take 13)
    • "And Your Bird Can Sing" (remixes 7 and 8, from takes 10 and 6)
  • Editing
    • "And Your Bird Can Sing" (of mono remixes 7 and 8)
    • "Doctor Robert" (of remix mono 4)
  • Personnel
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Geoff Emerick (engineer), Jerry Boys (2nd engineer)
Studio Three (control room only), EMI Studios, London (1.45pm-3.30pm)[65]

12 May 1966

  • Recording
  • Personnel
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Geoff Emerick (engineer), Phil McDonald (2nd engineer)
Studio Two, EMI Studios, London (7.00pm-11.00pm)[65]

9 May 1966

  • Mono mixing
    • "I'm Only Sleeping" (remixes 1-4, from take 13)
  • Personnel
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Geoff Emerick (engineer), Phil McDonald (2nd engineer)
Studio Two (control room only), EMI Studios, London (1.00am-2.15am)[65]
  • Recording
    • "I'm Only Sleeping" (overdub onto take 11, tape reduction take 11 into takes 12 and 13)
Studio Two, EMI Studios, London (2.30pm-1.00am)[65]

6 May 1966

  • Recording
    • "I'm Only Sleeping" (overdub onto take 11)
  • Personnel
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Geoff Emerick (engineer), Phil McDonald (2nd engineer)
Studio Three, EMI Studios, London (9.30pm-3.00am)[65]

5 May 1966

  • Recording
    • "Eleanor Rigby" (overdub onto take 15)
  • Mono mixing
    • "Eleanor Rigby" (remixes 1-3, from take 15)
  • Recording
    • "I'm Only Sleeping" (overdub onto take 11)
  • Personnel
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Geoff Emerick (engineer), Phil McDonald (2nd engineer)
Studio Three, EMI Studios, London (5.00pm-1.00am)[64]

29 April 1966

  • Recording
    • "Eleanor Rigby" (takes 1-14, tape reduction take 14 into take 15)
  • Personnel
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Geoff Emerick (engineer), Phil McDonald (2nd engineer)
Studio Two, EMI Studios, London (5.00pm-7.50pm)[64]

28 April 1966

  • Recording
  • Personnel
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Geoff Emerick (engineer), Phil McDonald (2nd engineer)
Studio Three, EMI Studios, London (11.30pm-3.00am)[64]
  • Mono mixing
    • "Taxman" (remix 1, from take 12)
    • "And Your Bird Can Sing" (remix 6, from take 10)
    • "Mark I" (remixes 1-9, from take 3)
Studio Three (control room only), EMI Studios, London (6.00pm-11.30pm)[64]

27 April 1966

  • Recording
    • "And Your Bird Can Sing" [re-make] (takes 3-13, overdub onto take 10)
  • Personnel
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Geoff Emerick (engineer), Phil McDonald (2nd engineer)
Studio Two, EMI Studios, London (2.30pm-2.45am)[64]

26 April 1966

  • Mono mixing
    • "Got to Get You into My Life" (remixes 1 and 2, from take 8)
  • Personnel
    • Production staff: Peter Vince (engineer)
Room 65, Abbey Road, London (10.00am-11.00am)[63]

25 April 1966

  • Recording
    • "Taxman" (tape reduction take 11 into take 12, overdub onto take 12)
    • "Mark I" (overdub onto take 3)
  • Personnel
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Geoff Emerick (engineer), Phil McDonald (2nd engineer)
Studio Two, EMI Studios, London (2.30pm-11.30pm)[63]

22 April 1966

  • Recording
    • "Taxman" (takes 1-11)
  • Personnel
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Geoff Emerick (engineer), Phil McDonald (2nd engineer)
Studio Two, EMI Studios, London (2.30pm-12.50am)[63]

21 April 1966

  • Recording
  • Mono mixing
    • "And Your Bird Can Sing" (remixes 1-5, from take 2)
  • Personnel
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Geoff Emerick (engineer), Phil McDonald (2nd engineer)
Studio Two, EMI Studios, London (2.30pm-2.30am)[62]

20 April 1966

  • Recording
    • "Doctor Robert" (overdub onto take 7)
  • Mono mixing
    • "Doctor Robert" (remixes 1-3, from take 7)
  • Personnel
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Geoff Emerick (engineer), Phil McDonald (2nd engineer)
Studio Two, EMI Studios, London (2.30pm-12.00pm)[62]

19 April 1966

  • Recording
  • Personnel
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Geoff Emerick (engineer), Phil McDonald (2nd engineer)
Studio Two, EMI Studios, London (2.30pm-10.30pm)[62]

17 April 1966

  • Recording
    • "Rain" (overdub onto take 5, tape reduction take 5 into take 6, takes 7-8)
  • Mono mixing
    • "Rain" (remixes 1-4, from take 7) - remix 3 released as the B-side to "Paperback Writer"; included on Mono Masters
  • Personnel
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Geoff Emerick (engineer), Phil McDonald (2nd engineer)
Studio Two, EMI Studios, London (2.30pm-1.30am)[62]

16 April 1966

  • Recording
    • "Rain" (Lennon/McCartney) (takes 1-5)
  • Personnel
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Geoff Emerick (engineer), Phil McDonald (2nd engineer)
Studio Three, EMI Studios, London (8.30pm-1.30am)[61]
  • Mono mixing
    • "Paperback Writer" (remixes 1 and 2, from take 2) - remix 1 or 2 released as a single; included on Mono Masters
Studio Three (control room only), EMI Studios, London (7.30pm-8.00pm)[61]
  • Recording
    • "Paperback Writer" (overdub onto take 2)
Studio Three, EMI Studios, London (2.30pm-7.30pm)[61]

14 April 1966

  • Recording
  • Personnel
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Geoff Emerick (engineer), Richard Lush (2nd engineer)
Studio Three, EMI Studios, London (8.00pm-2.30am)[60]
  • Recording
    • "Granny Smith" (tape reduction take 6 into take 7, overdub onto take 7)
  • Mono mixing
    • "Granny Smith" (remixes 1-3, from take 7)
  • Editing
    • "Granny Smith" (of mono remixes 1-3)
Studio Three, EMI Studios, London (2.30pm-6.30pm)[60]

13 April 1966

  • Mono mixing
    • "Granny Smith" (remix 1, from take 6)
  • Personnel
    • Musicians: Paul McCartney (bass guitar, vocals), George Harrison (acoustic guitar, lead guitar, sitar, vocals), Anil Bhagwat (tabla)
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Geoff Emerick (engineer), Phil McDonald (2nd engineer)
Studio Two (control room only), EMI Studios, London (12.45am-1.00am)[59]
  • Recording
    • "Granny Smith" (takes 4-6)
Studio Two, EMI Studios, London (8.00pm-12.45am)[59]
  • Recording
    • "Got to Get You into My Life" (overdub onto take 8)
    • "Granny Smith" (working title of "Love You To") (Harrison) (takes 1-3)
Studio Two, EMI Studios, London (2.30pm-7.00pm)[59]

11 April 1966

  • Recording
    • "Got to Get You into My Life" (takes 6-8)
  • Personnel
    • Musicians: John Lennon (rhythm guitar, vocals), Paul McCartney (bass guitar, vocals), George Harrison (lead guitar, vocals), Ringo Starr (drums), George Martin (organ)
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Geoff Emerick (engineer), Phil McDonald (2nd engineer)
Studio Two, EMI Studios, London (2.30pm-9.00pm)[59]

8 April 1966

  • Recording
  • Personnel
    • Musicians: John Lennon (rhythm guitar, vocals), Paul McCartney (bass guitar, vocals), George Harrison (lead guitar, vocals), Ringo Starr (drums), George Martin (organ)
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Geoff Emerick (engineer), Phil McDonald (2nd engineer)
Studio Three, EMI Studios, London (8.15pm-1.30am)[59]
  • Recording
    • "Mark I" (working title of "Tomorrow Never Knows") (overdub onto take 3)
Studio Three, EMI Studios, London (2.30pm-7.15pm)[59]

7 April 1966

Studio Three, EMI Studios, London (8.00pm-1.15am)[58]

6 April 1966

Revolver and "Paperback Writer" sessions

1966

  • Mono mixing
    • "12-Bar Original" (from take 2)
  • Personnel
    • Production staff: Norman Smith (engineer), Ron Pender (2nd engineer)
Room 65, Abbey Road, London (4.45pm-5.30pm)[57]

30 November 1965

  • Mono mixing
    • "I'm Looking Through You" (from take 4) - released on Rubber Soul (mono)
    • "You Won't See Me" (from take 2) - released on Rubber Soul (mono)
    • "Girl" (from take 2) - released on Rubber Soul (mono)
    • "Wait" (remix 2, from take 4) - released on Rubber Soul (mono)
  • Stereo mixing
    • "Wait" (from take 4) - released on Rubber Soul (stereo)
    • "I'm Looking Through You" (from take 4) - released on Rubber Soul (stereo)
    • "You Won't See Me" (from take 2) - released on Rubber Soul (stereo)
    • "Girl" (from take 2) - released on Rubber Soul (stereo)
    • "The Word" (remix 2, from take 3) - released on Rubber Soul (stereo)
  • Mono mixing
    • "Michelle" (remix 2, from take 2) - released on Rubber Soul (mono)
  • Personnel
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Norman Smith (engineer), Richard Lush (2nd engineer)
Studio One (control room only), EMI Studios, London (2.30pm-5.30pm)[56]

15 November 1965

  • Recording
    • "You Won't See Me" (Lennon/McCartney) (takes 1-2)
    • "Girl" (Lennon/McCartney) (takes 1-2)
    • "Wait" (Lennon/McCartney) (overdub onto take 4)
    • "I'm Looking Through You" (overdub onto take 4)
  • Personnel
    • Musicians: John Lennon (acoustic and rhythm guitar, vocals), Paul McCartney (bass guitar, piano, vocals), George Harrison (lead guitar, tone pedal guitar, vocals), Ringo Starr (drums), George Martin (harmonium)
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Norman Smith (engineer), Mike Stone and Ken Scott (2nd engineer)
Studio Two, EMI Studios, London (6.00pm-7.00am)[56]
  • Mono mixing
    • "The Word" (from take 3) - released on Rubber Soul (mono)
  • Stereo mixing
    • "The Word" (remix 1, from take 3)
Room 65, Abbey Road, London (4.00pm-5.30pm)[56]

11 November 1965

  • Recording
    • "The Word" (Lennon/McCartney) (takes 1-3)
    • "I'm Looking Through You" [re-re-make] (take 4)
  • Personnel
    • Musicians: John Lennon (rhythm guitar, vocals), Paul McCartney (bass guitar, piano, vocals), George Harrison (lead guitar, vocals), Ringo Starr (drums), George Martin (harmonium)
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Norman Smith (engineer), Jerry Boys and Ken Scott (2nd engineer)
Studio Two, EMI Studios, London (9.00pm-4.00am)[56]
  • Stereo mixing
    • "Run for Your Life" (from take 5) - released on Rubber Soul (stereo)
    • "We Can Work It Out" (from take 2)
Room 65, Abbey Road, London (2.30pm-5.30pm)[56]

10 November 1965

  • Editing
    • "The Beatles' Third Christmas Record" (of takes 1-3)
  • Mono mixing
    • "Michelle" (remix 1, from take 2)
    • "What Goes On" (from take 1) - released on Rubber Soul (mono)
    • "Run for Your Life" (from take 5) - released on Rubber Soul (mono)
    • "Think for Yourself" (from take 1) - released on Rubber Soul (mono)
    • "The Beatles' Third Christmas Record" (from edit of takes 1-3)
  • Stereo mixing
    • "Think for Yourself" (from take 1) - released on Rubber Soul (stereo)
    • "Michelle" (remix 1, from take 2) - released on Rubber Soul (stereo)
    • "What Goes On" (from take 1) - released on Rubber Soul (stereo)
  • Personnel
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Norman Smith (engineer), Jerry Boys (2nd engineer)
Room 65, Abbey Road, London (2.30pm-5.30pm)[56]

9 November 1965

  • Recording
    • "Beatle Speech" (take 1)
    • "Won't Be There with You" (working title of "Think for Yourself") (take 1)
    • "The Beatles' Third Christmas Record" (takes 1-3)
  • Personnel
    • Musicians: John Lennon (rhythm guitar), Paul McCartney (bass guitar, fuzz bass guitar, vocals), George Harrison (lead guitar, vocals), Ringo Starr (drums)
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Norman Smith (engineer), Ken Scott (2nd engineer)
Studio Two, EMI Studios, London (9.00pm-3.00am)[24]

8 November 1965

  • Recording
    • "I'm Looking Through You" [re-make] (takes 2-3)
  • Personnel
    • Musicians: John Lennon (rhythm guitar), Paul McCartney (bass guitar), George Harrison (lead guitar), Ringo Starr (drums)
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Norman Smith (engineer), Ken Scott (2nd engineer)
Studio Two, EMI Studios, London (7.00pm-1.00am)[24]

6 November 1965

  • Recording
  • Personnel
    • Musicians: John Lennon (lead guitar, rhythm guitar, vocals), Paul McCartney (bass guitar, vocals), George Harrison (lead guitar, tone pedal guitar), Ringo Starr (drums), George Martin (harmonium)
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Norman Smith (engineer), Ken Scott and Graham Platt (2nd engineer)
Studio Two, EMI Studios, London (11.00pm-3.30am)[24]

4 November 1965

  • Recording
    • "Michelle" (tape reduction take 1 into take 2, overdub onto take 2)
  • Personnel
    • Musicians: John Lennon (rhythm guitar, vocals), Paul McCartney (bass guitar, vocals), George Harrison (lead guitar), Ringo Starr (drums)
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Norman Smith (engineer), Ken Scott (2nd engineer)
Studio Two, EMI Studios, London (7.00pm-11.30pm)[24]
  • Recording
    • "Michelle" (Lennon/McCartney) (take 1)
Studio Two, EMI Studios, London (2.30pm-7.00pm)[24]

3 November 1965

  • Mono mixing
    • "We Can Work It Out" (remixes 2 and 3, from take 2) - remix 2 released as a double A-sided single with "Day Tripper"; included on Mono Masters
    • "Day Tripper" (remixes 2 and 3, from take 3) - remix 2 released as a double A-sided single with "We Can Work It Out"; included on Mono Masters
  • Personnel
    • Musicians: John Lennon (vocals), Paul McCartney (vocals)
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Norman Smith (engineer), Ken Scott (2nd engineer)
Studio Two (control room only), EMI Studios, London (4.00pm-5.00pm)[55]
  • Recording
    • "We Can Work It Out" (overdub onto take 2)
Studio Two, EMI Studios, London (2.00pm-4.00pm)[55]

29 October 1965

  • Mono mixing
    • "We Can Work It Out" (remix 1, from take 2)
  • Personnel
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Norman Smith (engineer), Jerry Boys (2nd engineer)
Studio Two (control room only), EMI Studios, London (5.00pm-5.30pm)[55]

28 October 1965

  • Stereo mixing
    • "Drive My Car" (from take 4) - released on Rubber Soul (stereo)
    • "Day Tripper" (remix 1, from take 3)
    • "In My Life" (from take 3) - released on Rubber Soul (stereo)
    • "If I Needed Someone" (from take 1) - released on Rubber Soul (stereo)
    • "Norwegian Wood (This Bird Has Flown)" (from take 4) - released on Rubber Soul (stereo)
    • "Nowhere Man" (from take 4) - released on Rubber Soul (stereo)
  • Personnel
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Norman Smith (engineer), Ron Pender (2nd engineer)
Studio Two (control room only), EMI Studios, London (10.00am-12.30pm)[55]

26 October 1965

  • Mono mixing
    • "Drive My Car" (from take 4) - released on Rubber Soul (mono)
    • "In My Life" (from take 3) - released on Rubber Soul (mono)
    • "If I Needed Someone" (from take 1) - released on Rubber Soul (mono)
    • "Day Tripper" (remix 1, from take 3)
    • "Norwegian Wood (This Bird Has Flown)" (from take 4) - released on Rubber Soul (mono)
    • "Nowhere Man" (from take 4) - released on Rubber Soul (mono)
  • Personnel
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Norman Smith (engineer), Ken Scott (2nd engineer)
Studio Two (control room only), EMI Studios, London (10.00am-1.00pm)[55]

25 October 1965

  • Recording
    • "I'm Looking Through You" (overdub onto take 1)
  • Personnel
    • Musicians: John Lennon (rhythm guitar, vocals), Paul McCartney (bass guitar, organ?, vocals), George Harrison (lead guitar, vocals), Ringo Starr (maracas)
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Norman Smith (engineer), Ken Scott (2nd engineer)
Studio Two, EMI Studios, London (7.00pm-11.30pm)[54]
Studio Two, EMI Studios, London (2.30pm-7.00pm)[54]

24 October 1965

  • Recording
    • "Nowhere Man" (overdub onto take 4)
  • Personnel
    • Musicians: John Lennon (rhythm guitar, vocals), Paul McCartney (bass guitar, vocals), George Harrison (lead guitar, vocals), Ringo Starr (drums), George Martin (piano)
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Stuart Eltham and Norman Smith (engineer), Mike Stone and Ken Scott (2nd engineer)
Studio Two, EMI Studios, London (7.00pm-11.30pm)[54]
  • Recording
    • "Nowhere Man" [re-make] (takes 3-5)
Studio Two, EMI Studios, London (2.30pm-7.00pm)[54]
  • Recording
    • "In My Life" (overdub onto take 3)
Studio Two, EMI Studios, London (10.30am-11.30am)[54]

22 October 1965

  • Recording
  • Personnel
    • Musicians: John Lennon (rhythm guitar, vocals), Paul McCartney (bass guitar, vocals), George Harrison (sitar), Ringo Starr (tambourine)
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Norman Smith (engineer), Ken Scott (2nd engineer)
Studio Two, EMI Studios, London (7.00pm-12.00pm)[54]
  • Recording
    • "Norwegian Wood (This Bird Has Flown)" [re-make] (takes 2-4)
Studio Two, EMI Studios, London (2.30pm-7.00pm)[54]

21 October 1965

  • Recording
    • "We Can Work It Out" (overdub onto take 2)
  • Personnel
    • Musicians: John Lennon (harmonium, rhythm guitar, vocals), Paul McCartney (bass guitar, vocals), George Harrison (lead guitar, vocals), Ringo Starr (drums, tambourine)
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Norman Smith (engineer), Ken Scott (2nd engineer)
Studio Two, EMI Studios, London (7.00pm-11.46pm)[53]
Studio Two, EMI Studios, London (2.30pm-6.30pm)[53]

20 October 1965

  • Recording
    • "If I Needed Someone" (overdub onto take 1)
    • "In My Life" (Lennon/McCartney) (takes 1-3)
  • Personnel
    • Musicians: John Lennon (rhythm guitar, vocals), Paul McCartney (bass guitar, vocals), George Harrison (lead guitar, vocals), Ringo Starr (drums, tambourine)
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Norman Smith (engineer), Ken Scott (2nd engineer)
Studio Two, EMI Studios, London (2.30pm-5.45pm)[53]

18 October 1965

  • Recording
  • Personnel
    • Musicians: John Lennon (rhythm guitar, vocals), Paul McCartney (bass guitar, vocals), George Harrison (lead guitar), Ringo Starr (drums)
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Norman Smith (engineer), Ken Scott (2nd engineer)
Studio Two, EMI Studios, London (7.00pm-12.00pm)[53]
  • Recording
Studio Two, EMI Studios, London (2.30pm-7.00pm)[53]

16 October 1965

  • Recording
  • Personnel
    • Musicians: John Lennon (rhythm guitar, vocals), Paul McCartney (bass guitar, piano?, vocals), George Harrison (lead guitar, vocals), Ringo Starr (cowbell, drums)
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Norman Smith (engineer), Ken Scott (2nd engineer)
Studio Two, EMI Studios, London (7.00pm-12.15pm)[52]

13 October 1965

  • Recording
  • Personnel
    • Musicians: John Lennon (acoustic guitar, vocals), Paul McCartney (bass guitar, vocals), Ringo Starr (drums, finger cymbals, maracas, tambourine)
    • Production staff: Norman Smith (engineer), Ken Scott and Phil McDonald (2nd engineer)
Studio Two, EMI Studios, London (7.00pm-11.30pm)[52]
Studio Two, EMI Studios, London (2.30pm-7.00pm)[52]

12 October 1965

Rubber Soul and "Day Tripper"/"We Can Work It Out" sessions

  • Stereo mixing
    • "I've Just Seen a Face" (from take 6) - released on Help! (stereo)
    • "I'm Down" (from take 7) - released on Past Masters
    • "Yesterday" (from take 2) - released on Help! (stereo)
    • "It's Only Love" (from take 6) - released on Help! (stereo)
    • "Act Naturally" (from take 13) - released on Help! (stereo)
    • "Help!" (remix 2, from take 12) - released on Help! (stereo)
  • Personnel
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Norman Smith (engineer), Phil McDonald (2nd engineer)
Studio Two (control room only), EMI Studios, London (12.30pm-1.30pm)[51]
  • Mono mixing
    • "I've Just Seen a Face" (from take 6) - released on Help! (mono)
    • "I'm Down" (from take 7) - released as the B-side to "Help!"; included on Mono Masters
    • "It's Only Love" (from take 6) - released on Help! (mono)
    • "Act Naturally" (from take 13) - released on Help! (mono)
    • "Wait" (remix 1, from take 4)
    • "Help!" (remix 4, from take 12) - released as a single; included on Help! (mono)
Studio Two (control room only), EMI Studios, London (10.00am-12.30pm)[51]

17 June 1965

  • Recording
    • "Wait" (Lennon/McCartney) (takes 1-3)
    • "Yesterday" (overdub onto take 2)
  • Mono mixing
    • "Yesterday" (remixes 1 and 2, from take 2) - remix 2 released on Help! (mono)
  • Personnel
    • Musicians: John Lennon (rhythm guitar, vocals), Paul McCartney (bass guitar, vocals), George Harrison (acoustic guitar, lead guitar), Ringo Starr (drums, vocals), Tony Gilbert and Sidney Sax (violin), Francisco Gabarro (cello), Kenneth Essex (viola)
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Norman Smith (engineer), Phil McDonald (2nd engineer)
Studio Two, EMI Studios, London (7.00pm-10.00pm)[51]
Studio Two, EMI Studios, London (2.30pm-5.30pm)[51]

17 June 1965

  • Recording
    • "It's Only Love" (Lennon/McCartney) (takes 1-6)
      • Edit of takes 2 and 3 - released on Anthology 2
  • Personnel
    • Musicians: John Lennon (acoustic guitar, vocals), Paul McCartney (bass guitar), George Harrison (tone pedal guitar), Ringo Starr (drums)
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Norman Smith (engineer), Phil McDonald (2nd engineer)
Studio Two, EMI Studios, London (2.30pm-5.30pm)[51]

15 June 1965

  • Recording
    • "Yesterday" (Lennon/McCartney) (takes 1-2)
      • Take 1 - released on Anthology 2
  • Personnel
    • Musicians: John Lennon (rhythm guitar, organ, vocals), Paul McCartney (acoustic guitar, bass guitar, vocals), George Harrison (lead guitar, vocals), Ringo Starr (bongos, drums, maracas)
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Norman Smith (engineer), Phil McDonald (2nd engineer)
Studio Two, EMI Studios, London (7.00pm-10.00pm)[50]
Studio Two, EMI Studios, London (2.30pm-5.30pm)[50]

14 June 1965

  • Stereo mixing
  • Personnel
    • Production staff: Norman Smith (engineer), Ron Pender (2nd engineer)
Studio One (control room only, EMI Studios, London (10.00am-10.30am)[49]

8 June 1965

  • Mono mixing
    • "Dizzy Miss Lizzy" (from take 7) - released on Help! (mono)
    • "Bad Boy" (from take 4) - released on A Collection of Beatles Oldies (mono); included on Mono Masters
  • Stereo mixing
    • "Dizzy Miss Lizzy" (from take 7) - released on Help! (stereo)
    • "Bad Boy" (from take 4) - released on A Collection of Beatles Oldies (stereo); included on Past Masters
  • Personnel
    • Musicians: John Lennon (rhythm guitar, organ, vocals), Paul McCartney (bass guitar, electric piano, vocals), George Harrison (lead guitar), Ringo Starr (drums, tambourine)
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Norman Smith (engineer), Ken Scott (2nd engineer)
Studio Two (control room only), EMI Studios, London (11.30pm-1.15am)[49]
Studio Two, EMI Studios, London (8.00pm-11.30pm)[49]

10 May 1965

  • Mono mixing
    • "Help!" (remixes 1-3, from take 12) - remix 3 for use in the film Help!
  • Stereo mixing
    • "Help!" (remix 1, from take 12) - unused remix
    • "The Night Before" (remix 2, from take 2) - unused remix
  • Personnel
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Norman Smith (engineer), Phil McDonald (2nd engineer)
Room 65, Abbey Road, London (10.00am-12.30pm)[49]

18 April 1965

  • Recording
    • "Help!" (Lennon/McCartney) (takes 1-12)
  • Personnel
    • Musicians: John Lennon (rhythm guitar, vocals), Paul McCartney (bass guitar, vocals), George Harrison (lead guitar, vocals), Ringo Starr (drums)
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Norman Smith (engineer), Ken Scott (2nd engineer)
Studio Two, EMI Studios, London (7.00pm-11.00pm)[49]

13 April 1965

  • Stereo mixing
    • "You're Going to Lose That Girl" (remix 3, from take 3)
  • Personnel
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Norman Smith (engineer), unknown (2nd engineer)
Studio Two (control room only), EMI Studios, London (10.00am-11.00am)[48]

2 April 1965

  • Recording
    • "That Means a Lot" [re-make] (takes 20-24)
  • Personnel
    • Musicians: John Lennon (rhythm guitar), Paul McCartney (bass guitar, vocals), George Harrison (lead guitar), Ringo Starr (drums)
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Norman Smith (engineer), Ron Pender and Vic Gann (2nd engineer)
Studio Two, EMI Studios, London (7.00pm-10.00pm)[48]

30 March 1965

  • Mono mixing
    • "Ticket to Ride" (remix 2, from take 2)
  • Personnel
    • Production staff: Norman Smith (engineer), unknown (2nd engineer)
Studio Two (control room only), EMI Studios, London (10.00am-11.00am)[48]

15 March 1965

  • Stereo mixing
    • "Yes it Is" (from take 4) - released on Past Masters
    • "You've Got to Hide Your Love Away" (from take 9) - released on Help! (stereo)
    • "If You've Got Trouble" (from take 1)
    • "Tell Me What You See" (from take 4) - released on Help! (stereo)
    • "I Need You" (from take 5) - released on Help! (stereo)
    • "Another Girl" (from take 1) - released on Help! (stereo)
    • "Ticket to Ride" (from take 2) - released on Help! (stereo)
    • "You Like Me Too Much" (from take 8) - released on Help! (stereo)
    • "The Night Before" (remix 1, from take 2) - released on Help! (stereo)
    • "You're Going to Lose That Girl" (remix 1, from take 3)
    • "That Means a Lot" (from take 1)
    • "You're Going to Lose That Girl" (remix 2, from take 3) - released on Help! (stereo)
  • Personnel
    • Production staff: Norman Smith (engineer), Malcolm Davies (2nd engineer)
Studio Two (control room only), EMI Studios, London (10.00am-1.00pm)[47]

23 February 1965

  • Mono mixing
    • "That Means a Lot" (from take 1)
    • "You've Got to Hide Your Love Away" (from take 9) - released on Help! (mono)
  • Personnel
    • Musicians: John Lennon (rhythm guitar, maracas, vocals), Paul McCartney (bass guitar, piano, vocals), George Harrison (lead guitar, maracas, vocals), Ringo Starr (drums)
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Norman Smith (engineer), Ken Scott (2nd engineer)
Studio Two (control room only), EMI Studios, London (5.15pm-6.00pm)[47]
  • Recording
    • "That Means a Lot" (Lennon/McCartney) (take 1, tape reduction take 1 into take 2, overdub onto take 2)
      • Stereo mix of take 1 - released on Anthology 2
Studio Two, EMI Studios, London (12.00pm-5.15pm)[47]
  • Mono mixing
    • "If You've Got Trouble" (from take 1)
    • "Tell Me What You See" (from take 4) - released on Help! (mono)
    • "You're Going to Lose That Girl" (from take 3) - released on Help! (mono)
Studio Two (control room only), EMI Studios, London (11.00am-12.00pm)[47]

20 February 1965

  • Recording
  • Personnel
    • Musicians: John Lennon (rhythm guitar, vocals), Paul McCartney (bass guitar, vocals), George Harrison (lead guitar), Ringo Starr (drums)
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Norman Smith (engineer), Ken Scott (2nd engineer)
Studio Two, EMI Studios, London (3.30pm-6.20pm)[47]

19 February 1965

  • Recording
  • Personnel
    • Musicians: John Lennon (rhythm guitar, vocals), Paul McCartney (bass guitar, electric piano, vocals), George Harrison (lead guitar), Ringo Starr (drums, gruiro, vocals), Johnnie Scott (flute)
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Norman Smith (engineer), Ken Scott (2nd engineer)
Studio Two, EMI Studios, London (6.00pm-10.30pm)[46]
  • Mono mixing
    • "The Night Before" (from take 2) - released on Help! (mono)
    • "You Like Me Too Much" (from take 8) - released on Help! (mono)
Studio Two (control room only), EMI Studios, London (5.15pm-6.00pm)[46]
Studio Two, EMI Studios, London (3.30pm-5.15pm)[46]
  • Mono mixing
    • "Ticket to Ride" (remix 1, from take 2) - released as a single; included on Help! (mono)
    • "Another Girl" (from take 1) - released on Help! (mono)
    • "I Need You" (from take 5) - released on Help! (mono)
    • "Yes It Is" (from take 14) - released as the B-side to "Help!"; included on Mono Masters
Studio Two (control room only), EMI Studios, London (10.00am-1.00pm)[46]

18 February 1965

  • Recording
  • Personnel
    • Musicians: John Lennon (electric piano, rhythm guitar, vocals), Paul McCartney (bass guitar, piano, vocals), George Harrison (lead guitar, tone pedal guitar), Ringo Starr (cowbell, drums), George Martin (piano)
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Norman Smith (engineer), Ken Scott (2nd engineer)
Studio Two, EMI Studios, London (7.00pm-11.00pm)[45]
Studio Two, EMI Studios, London (2.00pm-7.00pm)[45]

17 February 1965

  • Recording
    • "Yes It Is" (overdub onto take 14)
  • Personnel
    • Musicians: John Lennon (rhythm guitar, vocals), Paul McCartney (bass guitar, vocals), George Harrison (lead guitar, tone pedal guitar), Ringo Starr (cowbell, drums)
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Norman Smith (engineer), Ken Scott and Jerry Boys (2nd engineer)
Studio Two, EMI Studios, London (7.00pm-10.00pm)[45]
  • Recording
    • "Yes It Is" (Lennon/McCartney) (takes 1-14)
Studio Two, EMI Studios, London (5.00pm-7.00pm)[45]
  • Recording
    • "I Need You" (overdub onto take 5)
    • "Another Girl" (overdub onto take 1)
Studio Two, EMI Studios, London (2.30pm-5.00pm)[45]

16 February 1965

  • Recording
    • "Another Girl" (Lennon/McCartney) (take 1, and 10 [unnumbered] edit pieces)
    • "George Harrison) (takes 1-5)
  • Personnel
    • Musicians: John Lennon (rhythm guitar, vocals), Paul McCartney (bass guitar, lead guitar, vocals), George Harrison (lead guitar), Ringo Starr (drums, tambourine)
    • Production staff: Norman Smith (engineer), Ken Scott and Jerry Boys (2nd engineer)
Studio Two, EMI Studios, London (7.00pm-10.30pm)[45]
Studio Two, EMI Studios, London (2.30pm-5.45pm)[45]

15 February 1965

Help! sessions

1965

  • Stereo mixing
    • "I'll Follow the Sun" (from take 8) - released on Beatles for Sale (stereo)
    • "Everybody's Trying to Be My Baby" (from take 1) - released on Beatles for Sale (stereo)
    • "Rock and Roll Music" (from take 1) - released on Beatles for Sale (stereo)
    • "Words of Love" (from take 3) - released on Beatles for Sale (stereo)
    • "Mr. Moonlight" (remixes 1 and 2, from takes 4 and 8)
    • "I Don't Want to Spoil the Party" (from take 19) - released on Beatles for Sale (stereo)
    • "I'm a Loser" (from take 8) - released on Beatles for Sale (stereo)
    • "Baby's in Black" (from take 14) - released on Beatles for Sale (stereo)
    • "No Reply" (from take 8) - released on Beatles for Sale (stereo)
    • "I Feel Fine" (from take 9) - released on A Collection of Beatles Oldies (stereo); included on Past Masters
  • Editing
    • "Mr. Moonlight" (of stereo remixes 1 and 2) - released on Beatles for Sale (stereo)
  • Personnel
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Norman Smith (engineer), Mike Stone (2nd engineer)
Studio Two (control room only), EMI Studios, London (10.00am-1.00pm)[44]

4 November 1964

  • Stereo mixing
    • "Eight Days a Week" (remixes 1 and 2, from takes 13 and 15)
    • "Every Little Thing" (from take 9) - released on Beatles for Sale (stereo)
    • "What You're Doing" (from take 19) - released on Beatles for Sale (stereo)
    • "Honey Don't" (from take 5) - released on Beatles for Sale (stereo)
  • Editing
    • "Eight Days a Week" (of stereo remixes 1 and 2) - released on Beatles for Sale (stereo)
  • Personnel
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Norman Smith (engineer), Ken Scott (2nd engineer)
Studio Two (control room only), EMI Studios, London (12.30pm-1.00pm)[44]
  • Mono mixing
    • "What You're Doing" (from take 19) - released on Beatles for Sale (mono)
    • "Honey Don't" (from take 5) - released on Beatles for Sale (mono)
    • "Mr. Moonlight" (remixes 1 and 2, from takes 4 and 8)
    • "Every Little Thing" (from take 9) - released on Beatles for Sale (mono)
    • "Eight Days a Week" (remixes 2 and 3, from takes 13 and 15)
  • Editing
    • "Mr. Moonlight" (of mono remixes 1 and 2) - released on Beatles for Sale (mono)
    • "Eight Days a Week" (of mono remixes 2 and 3) - released on Beatles for Sale (mono)
Studio Two (control room only), EMI Studios, London (10.00am-12.00pm)[44]

27 October 1964

  • Recording
    • "What You're Doing" [re-make] (takes 13-19)
    • "Another Beatles Christmas Record" (takes 1-5)
  • Editing
    • "Another Beatles Christmas Record" (from takes 1-5)
  • Personnel
    • Musicians: John Lennon (rhythm guitar, vocals), Paul McCartney (bass guitar, vocals), George Harrison (lead guitar), Ringo Starr (drums, vocals)
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Norman Smith (engineer), Tony Clark and A.B. Lincoln (2nd engineer)
Studio Two, EMI Studios, London (7.30pm-10.00pm)[43]
Studio Two, EMI Studios, London (4.30pm-6.30pm)[43]
  • Stereo mixing
    • "Kansas City/Hey-Hey-Hey-Hey!" (from take 1) - released on Beatles for Sale (stereo)
Studio Two (control room only), EMI Studios, London (12.45pm-1.05pm)[43]
  • Mono mixing
    • "I Don't Want to Spoil the Party" (from take 19) - released on Beatles for Sale (mono)
    • "Rock and Roll Music" (from take 1) - released on Beatles for Sale (mono)
    • "Words of Love" (from take 3) - released on Beatles for Sale (mono)
    • "Baby's in Black" (remix 2, from take 14) - released on Beatles for Sale (mono)
    • "I'm a Loser" (remix 2, from take 8) - released on Beatles for Sale (mono)
    • "Kansas City/Hey-Hey-Hey-Hey!" (from take 1) - released on Beatles for Sale (mono)
Studio Two (control room only), EMI Studios, London (10.00am-12.45pm)[43]

26 October 1964

  • Mono mixing
    • "I Feel Fine" (remix 5, from take 9)
  • Personnel
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Norman Smith (engineer), Ron Pender (2nd engineer)
Studio One (control room only), EMI Studios, London (11.00am-12.00pm)[43]

22 October 1964

  • Mono mixing
    • "I Feel Fine" (remixes 1-4, from take 9) - remix 3 released as a single; included on Mono Masters
      • Remix 4 – released as a USA single
    • "I'll Follow the Sun" (from take 8) - released on Beatles for Sale (mono)
    • "She's a Woman" (remix 2, from take 6) - released as the B-side to the USA single "I Feel Fine"
    • "Everybody's Trying to Be My Baby" (from take 1) - released on Beatles for Sale (mono)
  • Personnel
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Norman Smith (engineer), Ron Pender (2nd engineer)
Room 65, Abbey Road, London (2.30pm-5.30am)[43]

21 October 1964

Studio Two, EMI Studios, London (2.30pm-11.30pm)[42]

18 October 1964

  • Mono mixing
    • "No Reply" (remix 1 and 2, from take 8) - remix 1 or 2 released on Beatles for Sale (mono)
  • Personnel
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Norman Smith (engineer), A.B. Lincoln (2nd engineer)
Studio Two (control room only), EMI Studios, London (2.30pm-5.30pm)[42]

16 October 1964

  • Mono mixing
    • "Eight Days a Week" (remix 1, from take 13)
  • Personnel
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Norman Smith (engineer), Ken Scott (2nd engineer)
Studio Two (control room only), EMI Studios, London (2.30pm-3.00pm)[42]
  • Mono mixing
    • "She's a Woman" (remix 1, from take 6) - released as the B-side to "I Feel Fine"; included on Mono Masters
  • Stereo mixing
Studio Two (control room only), EMI Studios, London (10.00am-10.30am)[42]

12 October 1964

  • Recording
  • Personnel
    • Musicians: John Lennon (rhythm guitar, vocals), Paul McCartney (bass guitar, vocals), George Harrison (lead guitar), Ringo Starr (drums)
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Norman Smith (engineer), Ken Scott and Mike Stone (2nd engineer)
Studio Two, EMI Studios, London (2.30pm-6.00pm)[41]

8 October 1964

  • Recording
    • "Eight Days a Week" (takes 7-13)
  • Personnel
    • Musicians: John Lennon (rhythm guitar, vocals), Paul McCartney (bass guitar, vocals), George Harrison (lead guitar), Ringo Starr (drums)
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Norman Smith (engineer), Ken Scott and Mike Stone (2nd engineer)
Studio Two, EMI Studios, London (7.00pm-10.00pm)[41]
  • Recording
    • "Eight Days a Week" (Lennon/McCartney) (takes 1-6)
      • Edit of takes 1, 2 and 4 – released on Anthology 1 as "Eight Days a Week (Sequence)"
      • Stereo remix of take 5 – released on Anthology 1 as "Eight Days a Week (Complete)"
Studio Two, EMI Studios, London (3.00pm-6.45pm)[41]

6 October 1964

    • "What You're Doing" (takes 8-12)
    • "No Reply" (Lennon/McCartney) (takes 2-8)
      • Stereo remix of take 2 – released on Anthology 1
  • Personnel
    • Musicians: John Lennon (rhythm guitar, vocals), Paul McCartney (bass guitar, vocals), George Harrison (lead guitar), Ringo Starr (drums)
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Norman Smith (engineer), Ken Scott and Mike Stone (2nd engineer)
Studio Two, EMI Studios, London (6.30pm-10.30pm)[41]
  • Recording
    • "Every Little Thing" (takes 5-9)
Studio Two, EMI Studios, London (2.30pm-5.30pm)[41]

30 September 1964

  • Recording
    • "I Don't Want to Spoil the Party" (takes 8-19)
    • "What You're Doing" (Lennon/McCartney) (takes 1-7)
  • Personnel
    • Musicians: John Lennon (rhythm guitar, vocals), Paul McCartney (bass guitar, vocals), George Harrison (lead guitar), Ringo Starr (drums)
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Norman Smith (engineer), Ken Scott and Mike Stone (2nd engineer)
Studio Two, EMI Studios, London (7.00pm-10.45pm)[41]
Studio Two, EMI Studios, London (2.30pm-6.30pm)[41]

29 September 1964

  • Recording
  • Personnel
    • Musicians: John Lennon (rhythm guitar, vocals), Paul McCartney (bass guitar, piano, vocals), George Harrison (lead guitar), Ringo Starr (drums, tambourine)
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Norman Smith (engineer), Ron Pender (2nd engineer)
Studio Two, EMI Studios, London (10.00pm-11.15pm)[40]
  • Mono mixing
    • "I'm a Loser" (remix 1, from take 8)
    • "Baby's in Black" (remix 1, from take 14)
Studio Two (control room only), EMI Studios, London (9.00pm-10.00pm)[40]
Studio Two, EMI Studios, London (7.00pm-9.00pm)[40]

14 August 1964

  • Recording
  • Personnel
    • Musicians: John Lennon (rhythm guitar, vocals), Paul McCartney (bass guitar, vocals), Ringo Starr (drums)
    • Production staff: Norman Smith (engineer), Ron Pender (2nd engineer)
Studio Two, EMI Studios, London (7.00pm-11.00pm)[39]

11 August 1964

Beatles for Sale and "I Feel Fine" sessions

  • Tape copying
    • "Slow Down" (copy of 4 June mono remix)
    • "Matchbox" (copy of 4 June mono remix)
    • "Things We Said Today" (copy of 22 June stereo remix)
  • Personnel
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Norman Smith (engineer), Geoff Emerick (2nd engineer)
Studio Two (control room only), EMI Studios, London (5.45pm-9.00pm)[38]
  • Stereo mixing
    • "Can't Buy Me Love" (from take 4) - released on A Hard Day's Night (stereo)
    • "You Can't Do That" (from take 9) - released on A Hard Day's Night (stereo)
    • "Tell Me Why" (from take 8) - released on A Hard Day's Night (stereo)
    • "Things We Said Today" (from take 3) - released on A Hard Day's Night (stereo)
    • "Matchbox" (from take 5) - released on Past Masters
    • "Slow Down" (from take 6) - released on Past Masters
    • "Long Tall Sally" (from take 1) - released on Past Masters
    • "I'll Cry Instead" (Section A) (from take 6)
    • "I'll Cry Instead" (Section B) (from take 8)
  • Editing
    • "I'll Cry Instead" (of stereo remixes of takes 6 and 8) - released on A Hard Day's Night (stereo)
Studio One (control room only), EMI Studios, London (2.30pm-5.30pm)[38]
  • Stereo mixing
    • "And I Love Her" (from take 21) - released on A Hard Day's Night (stereo)
    • "When I Get Home" (from take 11) - released on A Hard Day's Night (stereo)
    • "Any Time at All" (from take 11) - released on A Hard Day's Night (stereo)
    • "I'll Be Back" (from take 16) - released on A Hard Day's Night (stereo)
    • "If I Fell" (from take 15) - released on A Hard Day's Night (stereo)
    • "A Hard Day's Night" (from take 9) - released on A Hard Day's Night (stereo)
    • "I Should Have Known Better" (from take 22) - released on A Hard Day's Night (stereo)
    • "I'm Happy Just to Dance with You" (from take 4) - released on A Hard Day's Night (stereo)
    • "I Call Your Name" (remixes 1 and 2, from takes 5 and 7)
  • Editing
    • "I Call Your Name" (of stereo remixes 1 and 2) - released on Past Masters
Studio One (control room only), EMI Studios, London (11.30am-1.00pm)[38]
  • Mono mixing
    • "Any Time at All" (remix 2, for the UK, from take 11) - released on A Hard Day's Night (mono)
    • "Any Time at All" (remix 3, for the USA, from take 11) - released on Something New (mono)
    • "When I Get Home" (remix 2, for the UK, from take 11) - released on A Hard Day's Night (mono)
    • "When I Get Home" (remix 3, for the USA, from take 11) - released on Something New (mono)
    • "I'll Be Back" (remix 2, for the UK, from take 16) - released on A Hard Day's Night (mono)
    • "I'll Be Back" (remix 3, for the USA, from take 16) - released on Beatles '65 (mono)
    • "And I Love Her" (remix 2, from take 21) - released on A Hard Day's Night (mono)
Studio One (control room only), EMI Studios, London (10.00am-11.30am)[38]

22 June 1964

  • Mono mixing
    • "I'll Be Back" (remix 1, from take 16)
  • Personnel
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Norman Smith (engineer), Richard Langham (2nd engineer)
Studio Two (control room only), EMI Studios, London (10.00am-11.00am)[38]

10 June 1964

  • Mono tape copying
    • "I Should Have Know Better"
    • "If I Fell"
    • "Tell Me Why"
    • "And I Love Her"
    • "I'm Happy Just to Dance with You"
    • "I'll Cry Instead"
    • "Can't Buy Me Love"
    • "A Hard Day's Night"
  • Mono mixing
    • "A Hard Day's Night" ("remix 3", from take 9) - extended ending remix for use in the film A Hard Day's Night
    • "Things We Said Today" (from take 3) - released as the B-side to "A Hard Day's Night"; included on A Hard Day's Night (mono)
  • Personnel
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Norman Smith (engineer), Ken Scott (2nd engineer)
Studio Three (control room only), EMI Studios, London (2.00pm-5.45pm)[37]

9 June 1964

  • Mono mixing
    • "Long Tall Sally" (from take 1) - released on Long Tall Sally; included on Mono Masters
    • "Matchbox" (from take 5) - released on Long Tall Sally; included on Mono Masters
    • "I Call Your Name" (remixes 1 and 2, from takes 5 and 7)
  • Editing
    • "I Call Your Name" (of mono remixes 1 and 2) - released on Long Tall Sally; included on Mono Masters
  • Recording
    • "Slow Down" (overdub onto take 6)
  • Mono mixing
    • "Slow Down" (from take 6) - released on Long Tall Sally; included on Mono Masters
    • "When I Get Home" (remix 1, from take 11)
    • "Any Time at All" (remix 1, from take 11)
    • "I'll Cry Instead" (Section A) (from take 6)
    • "I'll Cry Instead" (Section B) (from take 8)
  • Editing
    • "I'll Cry Instead" (of mono remixes of takes 6 and 8) - released on A Hard Day's Night (mono)
  • Personnel
    • Musicians: George Martin (piano)
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Norman Smith (engineer), Richard Langham (2nd engineer)
Studio Two, EMI Studios, London (2.30pm-7.00pm)[37]

4 June 1964

  • Recording
  • Personnel
    • Musicians: John Lennon (rhythm guitar, tambourine, vocals), Paul McCartney (bass guitar, vocals), George Harrison (lead guitar, vocals), Unknown (drums)
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Norman Smith (engineer)
Studio Two, EMI Studios, London

3 June 1964

  • Recording
    • "When I Get Home" (Lennon/McCartney) (takes 1-11)
    • "Any Time at All" (takes 8-11)
  • Personnel
    • Musicians: John Lennon (piano, rhythm guitar, vocals), Paul McCartney (bass guitar, vocals), George Harrison (lead guitar), Ringo Starr (tambourine, drums)
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Norman Smith (engineer), Ken Scott (2nd engineer)
Studio Two, EMI Studios, London (7.00pm-10.00pm)[36]
Studio Two, EMI Studios, London (2.30pm-5.30pm)[36]

2 June 1964

  • Recording
  • Personnel
    • Musicians: John Lennon (rhythm guitar, vocals), Paul McCartney (bass guitar, vocals), George Harrison (lead guitar), Ringo Starr (drums, vocals)
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Norman Smith (engineer), Ken Scott (2nd engineer)
Studio Two, EMI Studios, London (7.00pm-10.00pm)[36]
Studio Two, EMI Studios, London (2.30pm-5.30pm)[36]

1 June 1964

  • Recording
    • "You Can't Do That" (overdub onto take 10)
  • Personnel
    • Musicians: George Martin (piano)
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Norman Smith (engineer), A.B. Lincoln and B.T. (2nd engineer)
Studio Two, EMI Studios, London (10.00am-11.00am)[36]

22 May 1964

  • Mono mixing
    • "A Hard Day's Night" (remix "10", from take 9) - released as a single; included on A Hard Day's Night (mono)
  • Personnel
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Norman Smith (engineer), David Lloyd (2nd engineer)
Studio Two (control room only), EMI Studios, London (4.30pm-5.45pm)[36]

23 April 1964

  • Mono mixing
    • "A Hard Day's Night" (remix test, from take 9)
  • Stereo mixing
    • "A Hard Day's Night" (remix test, from take 9)
  • Personnel
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Norman Smith (engineer), A.B. Lincoln (2nd engineer)
Studio Two (control room only), EMI Studios, London (2.00pm-3.15pm)[36]

20 April 1964

  • Recording
  • Personnel
    • Musicians: John Lennon (acoustic guitar, vocals), Paul McCartney (bass guitar, vocals), George Harrison (lead guitar), Ringo Starr (bongos, drums), George Martin (piano)
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Norman Smith (engineer), Geoff Emerick (2nd engineer)
Studio Two, EMI Studios, London (10.00am-1.00pm)[35]

16 April 1964

  • Stereo mixing
    • "Komm, Gib Mir Deine Hand" (from edit of takes 5 and 7) - released on Something New (stereo); included on Past Masters
    • "Sie Liebt Dich" (from take 14) - released on Past Masters
  • Personnel
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Norman Smith (engineer)
Studio Three (control room only), EMI Studios, London (10.00am-12.00pm)[34]

12 March 1964

  • Stereo mixing
    • "Can't Buy Me Love" (from take 4)
    • "Long Tall Sally" (from take 1)
    • "I Call Your Name" (from take 7)
    • "You Can't Do That" (from take 9)
  • Mono mixing
    • "Long Tall Sally" (from take 1)
    • "Komm, Gib Mir Deine Hand" (from edit of takes 5 and 7) - released as a German single; included on Mono Masters
    • "Sie Liebt Dich" (from take 14) - released as the B-side to "Komm, Gib Mire Deine Hand"; included on Mono Masters
  • Personnel
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Norman Smith (engineer), unknown (2nd engineer)
Studio Two, EMI Studios, London (10.00am-1.00pm)[34]

10 March 1964

  • Mono mixing
    • "I Call Your Name" (from take 7)
  • Personnel
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), unknown (engineer)
Studio Three (control room only), EMI Studios, London (10.00am-11.00am)[34]

4 March 1964

  • Mono mixing
    • "I Should Have Known Better" (from take 22) - released on A Hard Day's Night (mono)
    • "If I Fell" (from take 15) - released on A Hard Day's Night (mono)
    • "Tell Me Why" (from take 8) - released on A Hard Day's Night (mono)
    • "And I Love Her" (remix 1, from take 21)
    • "I'm Happy Just to Dance with You" (from take 4) - released on A Hard Day's Night (mono)
    • "I Call Your Name" (from take 7)
  • Personnel
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Norman Smith (engineer), A.B. Lincoln (2nd engineer)
Studio One (control room only), EMI Studios, London (10.00am-1.45pm)[33]

3 March 1964

  • Recording
  • Personnel
    • Musicians: John Lennon (rhythm guitar, vocals), Paul McCartney (bass guitar, vocals), George Harrison (lead guitar, vocals), Ringo Starr (cowbell, drums), George Martin (piano)
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Norman Smith (engineer), Richard Langham (2nd engineer)
Studio Two, EMI Studios, London (10.00am-1.30pm)[33]

1 March 1964

  • Recording
    • "If I Fell" (Lennon/McCartney) (takes 1-15)
  • Personnel
    • Musicians: John Lennon (rhythm guitar, vocals), Paul McCartney (bass guitar, vocals), George Harrison (lead guitar), Ringo Starr (drums)
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Norman Smith (engineer), Richard Langham (2nd engineer)
Studio Two, EMI Studios, London (2.30pm-5.30pm)[32]
  • Recording
    • "And I Love Her" [re-re-make] (takes 20-21)
    • "Tell Me Why" (Lennon/McCartney) (takes 1-8)
Studio Two, EMI Studios, London (10.00am-1.00pm)[32]

27 February 1964

  • Recording
    • "And I Love Her" [re-make] (takes 3-19)
  • Personnel
    • Musicians: John Lennon (harmonica, rhythm guitar, vocals), Paul McCartney (bass guitar, cowbell, vocals), George Harrison (lead guitar), Ringo Starr (claves, bongos, drums)
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Norman Smith (engineer), Richard Langham (2nd engineer)
Studio Two, EMI Studios, London (7.00pm-10.00pm)[32]
  • Recording
    • "I Should Have Known Better" [re-make] (takes 4-22)
Studio Two, EMI Studios, London (2.30pm-5.30pm)[32]
  • Mono mixing
    • "You Can't Do That" (remixes 1-4, from take 9)
      • Remix 3 - released as the B-side to "Can't Buy Me Love"; included on A Hard Day's Night (mono)
      • Remixes 2 and 4, for the USA
    • "Can't Buy Me Love" (from take 4) - released as a single; included on A Hard Day's Night (mono)
Studio Two (control room only), EMI Studios, London (10.00am-1.00pm)[32]

26 February 1964

  • Recording
  • Personnel
    • Musicians: John Lennon (harmonica, rhythm guitar, vocals), Paul McCartney (bass guitar, cowbell, vocals), George Harrison (12-string guitar, lead guitar, vocals), Ringo Starr (bongos, drums)
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Norman Smith (engineer), Richard Langham (2nd engineer)
Studio Two, EMI Studios, London (2.30pm-5.30pm)[31]
Studio Two, EMI Studios, London (10.00am-1.00pm)[31]

25 February 1964

  • Recording
  • Editing
    • "Komm, Gib Mir Deine Hand" (of takes 5 and 7)
  • Personnel
    • Musicians: John Lennon (rhythm guitar, vocals), Paul McCartney (bass guitar, vocals), Ringo Starr (drums)
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Norman Smith (engineer), Jacques Esmenjaud (2nd engineer)
Pathé Marconi Studios, Paris (late-morning/afternoon)[30]

29 January 1964

Studio One (control room only), EMI Studios, London (10.00am-10.45am)[30]

24 January 1964

A Hard Day's Night and Long Tall Sally sessions

1964

  • Stereo mixing
    • "Money (That's What I Want)" (from take 7) - released on With the Beatles (stereo)
  • Personnel
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Norman Smith (engineer), A.B. Lincoln (2nd engineer)
Studio Three (control room only), EMI Studios, London (2.30pm-5.30pm)[29]

30 October 1963

  • Stereo mixing
    • "It Won't Be Long" (from edit of takes 17 and 21) - released on With the Beatles (stereo)
    • "All I've Got to Do" (from take 15) - released on With the Beatles (stereo)
    • "All My Loving" (from take 14) - released on With the Beatles (stereo)
    • "Don't Bother Me" (from take 15) - released on With the Beatles (stereo)
    • "Little Child" (from take 21) - released on With the Beatles (stereo)
    • "Till There Was You" (from take 8) - released on With the Beatles (stereo)
    • "Please Mr. Postman" (from take 9) - released on With the Beatles (stereo)
    • "Roll Over Beethoven" (from edit of takes 7 and 8) - released on With the Beatles (stereo)
    • "Hold Me Tight" (from edit of takes 26 and 29) - released on With the Beatles (stereo)
    • "You Really Got a Hold on Me" (from edit of takes 7, 10 and 11) - released on With the Beatles (stereo)
    • "I Wanna Be Your Man" (from take 16) - released on With the Beatles (stereo)
    • "Devil in Her Heart" (from take 6) - released on With the Beatles (stereo)
    • "Not a Second Time" (from take 9) - released on With the Beatles (stereo)
    • "Money (That's What I Want)" (from edit of takes 6 and 7)
  • Personnel
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Norman Smith (engineer), Geoff Emerick and B.T. (2nd engineer)
Studio Three (control room only), EMI Studios, London (10.00am-1.00pm)[29]

29 October 1963

  • Recording
    • "I Wanna Be Your Man" (take 16)
  • Mono mixing
    • "I Wanna Be Your Man" (from take 16) - released on With the Beatles (mono)
    • "Little Child" (from takes 15 and 18) - released on With the Beatles (mono)
    • "Hold Me Tight" ("remix 2", from takes 26 and 29) - released on With the Beatles (mono)
  • Personnel
    • Musicians: John Lennon (rhythm guitar, vocals), Paul McCartney (bass guitar, vocals), George Harrison (lead guitar, vocals), Ringo Starr (drums)
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Norman Smith (engineer)
Studio Two, EMI Studios, London (10.00am-1.00pm)[29]

23 October 1963

  • Mono mixing
    • "I Want to Hold Your Hand" (from take 17) - released as a single; included on Mono Masters (2:00)
    • "This Boy" (remixes 1 and 2, from take 15)
  • Editing
    • "This Boy" (of mono remixes 1 and 2) - released as the B-side to "I Want to Hold Your Hand"; included on Mono Masters (2:00)
  • Stereo mixing
    • "I Want to Hold Your Hand" (remix 1, from take 17)
  • Personnel
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Norman Smith (engineer)
Studio One (control room only), EMI Studios, London (10.00am-1.00pm)[29]

21 October 1963

  • Recording
    • "The Beatles' Christmas Record" (takes unnumbered)
    • "You Really Got a Hold on Me" (take 12)
    • "I Want to Hold Your Hand" (Lennon/McCartney) (takes 1-17)
    • "This Boy" (Lennon/McCartney) (takes 1-17)
  • Personnel
    • Musicians: John Lennon (rhythm guitar, vocals), Paul McCartney (bass guitar, vocals), George Harrison (lead guitar, vocals), Ringo Starr (drums)
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Norman Smith (engineer), Geoff Emerick (2nd engineer)
Studio Two, EMI Studios, London (2.30pm-5.30pm, 7.00pm-10.00pm)[22]

17 October 1963

  • Recording
    • "I Wanna Be Your Man" (takes 14-15)
    • "Little Child" (takes 19-21)
  • Personnel
    • Musicians: Ringo Starr (maraca)
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Norman Smith (engineer), unknown (2nd engineer)
Studio Two, EMI Studios, London (7.00pm-10.00pm)[22]

3 October 1963

  • Editing
    • "Little Child" (of takes 15 and 18)
    • "Hold Me Tight" (of takes 26 and 29)
  • Recording
    • "Money (That's What I Want)" (three unnumbered takes of overdubs onto take 7)
    • "I Wanna Be Your Man" (six takes, numbered 8-13, of overdubs onto take 7)
  • Mono mixing
    • "All I've Got to Do" (from take 15) - released on With the Beatles (mono)
    • "Don't Bother Me" (from take 15) - released on With the Beatles (mono)
    • "Little Child" (from edit of takes 15 and 18)
    • "Hold Me Tight" ("remix 1", from edit of takes 26 and 29)
    • "Not a Second Time" (from take 9) - released on With the Beatles (mono)
  • Personnel
    • Musicians: George Martin (Hammond organ, piano)
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Norman Smith (engineer), Geoff Emerick (2nd engineer)
Studio Two (control room only), EMI Studios, London (10.00am-1.15pm)[22]

30 September 1963

  • Recording
    • "Don't Bother Me" [re-make] (takes 10-19)
    • "Little Child" (takes 3-18)
    • "I Wanna Be Your Man" (takes 2-7)
  • Personnel
    • Musicians: John Lennon (harmonica, rhythm guitar, tambourine, vocals), Paul McCartney (bass guitar, claves, piano, vocals), George Harrison (lead guitar, vocals), Ringo Starr (Arabian bongos, drums, vocals)
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Norman Smith (engineer), Richard Langham (2nd engineer)
Studio Two, EMI Studios, London (7.00pm-11.30pm)[22]
  • Recording
    • "Messages to Australia" (takes 1-4)
    • "Hold Me Tight" [re-make] (Lennon/McCartney) (takes 20-29)
Studio Two, EMI Studios, London (2.30pm-6.30pm)[22]

12 September 1963

  • Recording
  • Personnel
    • Musicians: John Lennon (rhythm guitar, vocals), Paul McCartney (bass guitar, vocals), George Harrison (lead guitar, vocals), Ringo Starr (drums, vocals), George Martin (piano)
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Norman Smith (engineer), Richard Langham (2nd engineer)
Studio Two, EMI Studios, London (7.00pm-10.15pm)[28]
Studio Two, EMI Studios, London (2.30pm-6.00pm)[28]

11 September 1963

  • Editing
    • "Money (That's What I Want)" (of takes 6 and 7)
    • "You Really Got a Hold on Me" (of takes 7, 10 and 11)
    • "Roll Over Beethoven" (of takes 7 and 8)
    • "It Won't Be Long" (of takes 17 and 21)
  • Mono mixing
    • "Devil in Her Heart" (from take 6) - released on With the Beatles (mono)
    • "Money (That's What I Want)" (from edit of takes 6 and 7) - released on With the Beatles (mono)
    • "You Really Got a Hold on Me" (from edit of takes 7, 10 and 11) - released on With the Beatles (mono)
    • "Please Mr. Postman" (from take 9) - released on With the Beatles (mono)
    • "Till There Was You" (from take 8) - released on With the Beatles (mono)
    • "Roll Over Beethoven" (from edit of takes 7 and 8) - released on With the Beatles (mono)
    • "All My Loving" (from take 14) - released on With the Beatles (mono)
    • "It Won't Be Long" (from edit of takes 17 and 21) - released on With the Beatles (mono)
  • Personnel
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Norman Smith (engineer), Geoff Emerick (2nd engineer)
Studio Three (control room only), EMI Studios, London (10.00am-1.00pm, 2.00pm-5.30pm)[27]

21 August 1963

  • Recording
  • Personnel
    • Musicians: John Lennon (rhythm guitar, vocals), Paul McCartney (bass guitar, vocals), George Harrison (lead guitar, vocals), Ringo Starr (bongos, drums)
    • Production staff: George Martin (producer), Norman Smith (engineer), Richard Langham (2nd engineer)
Studio Two, EMI Studios, London (10.00am-1.30pm)[27]

30 July 1963

Studio Two, EMI Studios, London (7.00pm-10.45pm)[27]

18 July 1963

With the Beatles and "I Want to Hold Your Hand" sessions

  • George Martin – producer

Production staff:

Personnel[26]

10 am – 1 pm[26]

4 July 1963

  • George Martin – producer
  • Norman Smith – engineer
  • Geoff Emerick – 2nd engineer

Production staff:[26]

  • George Harrison – backing vocals, lead guitar, handclaps
  • John Lennon – vocals, rhythm guitar, harmonica
  • Paul McCartney – vocals, bass guitar, handclaps
  • Ringo Starr – drums, handclaps

Musicians:

Personnel
  • "She Loves You" – destroyed
    • Edit (from unknown take)
      • Mono mixed – released as a single on 23 August 1963; included on Past Masters and Mono Masters
  • "Get You in the End" – destroyed
    • Mono mixed – released as the B-side to "She Loves You"; included on Past Masters and Mono Masters

2.30–5.30, 7–10 pm

Recordings[26]

1 July 1963

On 1 July, between 2.30 and 10 pm, in Studio 2, the Beatles recorded their fourth single. The B-side, "Get You in the End" was later retitled "I'll Get You". The number of takes recorded is unknown, as the documentation and session tapes were later destroyed or lost. The songs were edited and mixed in mono on 4 July, in Studio 2.[26] No stereo mixes were ever made from the master recordings, and later stereo releases of the songs are in duophonic stereo or are combined with the recordings made on 13 March 1964 for the German-language version of "She Loves You". They tried to make a stereo mix of the track in 1966 for "A Collection Of Beatles Oldies"

"She Loves You" single sessions

  • George Martin – producer

Production staff:

Personnel[25]

10 am – 1 pm[25]

14 March 1963

  • George Martin – producer
  • Norman Smith – engineer
  • Geoff Emerick – 2nd engineer

Production staff:

  • John Lennon – harmonica

Musicians:

Personnel[25]
  • "Thank You Little Girl" (takes 14–28) – harmonica overdubs
    • Edit of takes 6, 13, 17, 20, 21 and 23
      • Mono mixed – released as the B-side to "From Me to You"; included on Mono Masters
      • Stereo mixed – released on Past Masters

10 am – 1 pm

Recordings[25]

13 March 1963

  • George Martin – producer
  • Norman Smith – engineer
  • Richard Langham – 2nd engineer

Production staff:[20]

  • George Harrison – harmony vocals, lead guitar
  • John Lennon – rhythm guitar, vocals, harmonica
  • Paul McCartney – bass guitar, vocals
  • Ringo Starr – drums

Musicians:

Personnel
  • "The One After 909" (takes 1–4)
  • "The One After 909" (take 5) – edit piece
    • Edit of takes 3, 4 and 5 – released on Anthology 1 as "One After 909 (False Starts)"
    • Edit of takes 4 and 5 – released on Anthology 1 as "One After 909 (Complete)"

7–10 pm

  • "From Me to You" (takes 1–7)
  • "From Me to You" (takes 8–13) – edit pieces (harmonica, the guitar solo and the harmonised introduction)
    • Edit (from unknown take) (14 March 1963)
      • Mono mixed (14 March 1963) – released as a single on 11 April 1963; included on Mono Masters
      • Stereo mixed (14 March 1963) – released on Past Masters
  • "Thank You Little Girl" (takes 1–6)
  • "Thank You Little Girl" (takes 7–13) – edit pieces (guitar flourish at the end)
    • Edit of takes 6, 13, 17, 20, 21 and 23 (see 13 March 1963 below)

2.30–5 pm

Recordings[20][25]

5 March 1963

On 5 March, between 2.30 and 10 pm, in Studio 2, the Beatles recorded their third single. They also wanted to record "What Goes On" and "The One After 909", later retitled "One After 909". In the end, only the latter was recorded but the song remained unused until it was re-recorded during sessionsGet Backthe .[20][23] "What Goes On" was later recorded for Rubber Soul.[24] On 13 March, in Studio 2, Lennon recorded a harmonica overdub for "Thank You Little Girl" (later retitled "Thank You Girl"), the single's B-side, and the song was edited and mixed. The A-side, "From Me to You", was edited and mixed on 14 March, in Studio 2.[25]

"From Me to You" single sessions

  • George Martin – producer
  • Norman Smith – engineer
  • A. B. Lincoln – 2nd engineer

Production staff:

Personnel[20]

10 am – 1 pm, 2.30–5.45 pm[20]

25 February 1963

  • George Martin – producer
  • Stuart Eltham – engineer
  • Geoff Emerick – 2nd engineer

Production staff:

  • George Martin – piano, celesta

Musicians:

Personnel[20]

10.30 am – 1 pm[20]

20 February 1963

  • George Martin – producer
  • Norman Smith – engineer
  • Richard Langham – 2nd engineer

Production staff:[21]

  • George Harrison – guitar, vocals, handclaps
  • John Lennon – guitar, vocals, harmonica, handclaps
  • Paul McCartney – bass guitar, vocals, handclaps
  • Ringo Starr – drums, handclaps, vocals

Musicians:

Personnel
  • "Anna (Go to Him)" (Alexander) (takes 1–2) – false starts
  • "Anna (Go to Him)" (take 3) – complete
    • Mono mixed (25 February 1963) – released on Please Please Me (mono)
    • Stereo mixed (25 February 1963) – released on Please Please Me (stereo)
  • "Boys" (DixonFarrell) (take 1) – complete
    • Mono mixed (25 February 1963) – released on Please Please Me (mono)
    • Stereo mixed (25 February 1963) – released on Please Please Me (stereo)
  • "Chains" (GoffinKing) (take 1)
    • Mono mixed (25 February 1963) – released on Please Please Me (mono)
    • Stereo mixed (25 February 1963) – released on Please Please Me (stereo)
  • "Chains" (takes 2–3) – false starts
  • "Chains" (takes 4) – complete
  • "Baby It's You" (BacharachWilliamsDavid) (take 1) – complete
  • "Baby It's You" (take 2) – false start
  • "Baby It's You" (take 3) – complete
    • Celesta overdub (take 4) (20 February 1963)
    • Celesta overdub (take 5) (20 February 1963)
      • Stereo mixed (25 February 1963) – released on Please Please Me (stereo)
      • Mono mixed (25 February 1963) – released on Please Please Me (mono)
    • Piano overdub (take 6) (20 February 1963)
  • "Twist and Shout" (MedleyRussell) (take 1) – complete
    • Mono mixed (25 February 1963) – released on Please Please Me (mono)
    • Stereo mixed (25 February 1963) – released on Please Please Me (stereo)
  • "Twist and Shout" (take 2) – complete

destroyed

  • "Hold Me Tight" (take 1) – false start
  • "Hold Me Tight" (take 2) – complete (1:48)
  • "Hold Me Tight" (takes 3–4) – false start
  • "Hold Me Tight" (take 5) – break-down
  • "Hold Me Tight" (take 6) – complete (2:28)
  • "Hold Me Tight" (takes 7–8) – false starts
  • "Hold Me Tight" (take 9) – complete (1:26)
  • "Hold Me Tight" (take 10) – edit piece
  • "Hold Me Tight" (take 11) – false start
  • "Hold Me Tight" (take 12–13) – edit pieces

7.30–10.45 pm

  • "A Taste of Honey" (MarlowScott) (take 1) – complete (2:00)
  • "A Taste of Honey" (takes 2–3) – break-downs (1:00)
  • "A Taste of Honey" (take 4) – complete (2:02)
  • "A Taste of Honey" (take 5) – complete (2:00)
    • Lead vocal double tracking overdub (take 6) – complete
    • Lead vocal double tracking overdub (take 7) – complete
      • Mono mixed (25 February 1963) – released on Please Please Me (mono)
      • Stereo mixed (25 February 1963) – released on Please Please Me (stereo)
  • "Do You Want to Know a Secret" (take 1) – false start
  • "Do You Want to Know a Secret" (takes 2–4) – complete (1:55)
  • "Do You Want to Know a Secret" (takes 5) – false start
  • "Do You Want to Know a Secret" (takes 6) – complete (2:00)
    • Overdub (take 7) – complete
    • Overdub (take 8) – complete
      • Mono mixed (25 February 1963) – released on Please Please Me (mono)
      • Stereo mixed (25 February 1963) – released on Please Please Me (stereo)
  • "Misery" (take 1) – complete
  • "Misery" (takes 2–5) – false starts
  • "Misery" (take 6) – complete (1:42)
  • "Misery" (take 7) – complete (1:44)
  • "Misery" (takes 8–10) – false starts
  • "Misery" (take 11) – complete (1:44)
    • Piano overdub (takes 12–15) (20 February 1963)
    • Piano overdub (take 16) (20 February 1963)
      • Mono mixed (25 February 1963)
      • Stereo mixed (25 February 1963)
      • Mono mixed (25 February 1963) – released on Please Please Me (mono)
      • Stereo mixed (25 February 1963) – released on Please Please Me (stereo)

2.30–6 pm

  • "There's a Place" (take 1) – complete (1:58)
  • "There's a Place" (take 2) – complete (1:54)
  • "There's a Place" (take 3) – false start
  • "There's a Place" (take 4) – complete (1:50)
  • "There's a Place" (take 5) – false start
  • "There's a Place" (take 6) – complete (1:57)
  • "There's a Place" (take 7) – false start
  • "There's a Place" (take 8) – complete (1:57)
  • "There's a Place" (take 9) – complete (1:53)
  • "There's a Place" (take 10) – complete (1:50)
    • Harmonica overdub (take 11) – complete (2.30–6 pm)
    • Harmonica overdub (take 12) – false start
    • Harmonica overdub (take 13) – complete
      • Mono mixed (25 February 1963) – released on Please Please Me (mono)
      • Stereo mixed (25 February 1963) – released on Please Please Me (stereo)
  • "Seventeen" (take 1) – complete (2:50)
    • Handclaps overdub (take 11) – false start (2.30–6 pm)
    • Handclaps overdub (take 12) – complete
      • Edit of takes 9 and 12 (25 February 1963)
        • Mono mixed (25 February 1963) – released on Please Please Me (mono)
        • Stereo mixed (25 February 1963) – released on Please Please Me (stereo)
  • "Seventeen" (take 2) – complete (2:49)
  • "Seventeen" (take 3) – edit piece (0:23)
  • "Seventeen" (takes 4–5) – edit pieces (0:37)
  • "Seventeen" (takes 6–8) – false starts
  • "Seventeen" (take 9) – complete (2:45); released as a B-side to "Free as a Bird" (2:51)
    • Handclaps overdub (take 10) – complete (2.30–6 pm)
    • Edit of takes 9 and 12 (see take 12 above)

10 am – 1 pm

Recordings[21][20]

11 February 1963

On 11 February, between 10 am and 10.45 pm, in Studio 2, the Beatles recorded their debut album, Please Please Me. In 1963, the convention of destroying session tapes after the final mixes were made mostly ceased; however, the first session's takes of "Hold Me Tight" in 13 Takes were destroyed, as the song was left unused until seven months later when they re-recorded it for their next album.[21][22] On 20 February, in Studio 1, Martin recorded overdubs for "Misery" and "Baby It's You". The album was edited and mixed on 25 February, in Studio 1. The song "Seventeen" was later retitled "I Saw Her Standing There".[20]

Please Please Me album sessions

1963

  • George Martin – producer
  • Norman Smith – engineer

Production staff:

Personnel[17]

30 November 1962

  • George Martin – producer
  • Norman Smith – engineer

Production staff:[17]

  • George Harrison – backing vocals, lead guitar
  • John Lennon – rhythm guitar, vocals, harmonica
  • Paul McCartney – bass guitar, vocals
  • Ringo Starr – drums

Musicians:

Personnel
  • "Please Please Me" (takes 1–18)
    • Mono mixed (from an unknown take) (30 November 1962) – released as a single on 11 January 1963; included on Please Please Me (mono) (2:03)
    • Edit of takes 16–18 (25 February 1963)
      • Stereo mixed (25 February 1963) – released on Please Please Me (stereo) (2:01)
  • "Ask Me Why" (takes 1–5)
  • "Ask Me Why" (take 6)
    • Mono mixed (30 November 1962) – released as the B-side "Please Please Me"
    • Mono mixed (25 February 1963) – released on Please Please Me (mono) (2:28)
    • Stereo mixed (25 February 1963) – released on Please Please Me (stereo) (2:27)
  • "Tip of My Tongue"

7–10 pm

Recordings[17][20]

26 November 1962

On 26 November, over a month after the release of the first single, the Beatles returned to Studio 2 to record their second. They also performed an original composition, "Tip of My Tongue", but Martin was unhappy with the arrangement. They never recorded it again and, instead, gave it to Tommy Quickly, another artist managed by Epstein. "Please Please Me" and "Ask My Why" were mono mixed at an unknown time on 30 November, in Studio 2. An edit and stereo mix of "Please Please Me" and a new mono and a stereo mix of "Ask Me Why" were made on 25 February 1963, in Studio 1, for inclusion on the mono and stereo Please Please Me albums.[17][20]

"Please Please Me" single sessions

  • Ron Richards – producer
  • Norman Smith – engineer

Production staff:[18]

  • George Harrison – acoustic and lead guitar, backing vocals
  • John Lennon – rhythm guitar, vocals, harmonica
  • Paul McCartney – bass guitar, vocals
  • Ringo Starr – maracas, tambourine
  • Andy White – percussion, drums

Musicians:

Personnel
  • "P.S. I Love You" [9 Takes]  – destroyed
  • "P.S. I Love You" (Take 10) – destroyed
    • Mono mixed – released as the B-side to "Love Me Do"; included on Please Please Me (mono) (2:04)
      • Duophonic stereo mixed (25 February 1963) – released on Please Please Me (stereo) (2:04)
  • "Love Me Do" (17 Takes) – destroyed
  • "Love Me Do" (Take 18) – destroyed
    • Mono mixed – released on Please Please Me (mono) (2:21)
      • Duophonic stereo mixed (25 February 1963) – released on Please Please Me (stereo) (2:21)
  • "Please Please Me" (McCartney–Lennon) – released on Anthology 1 (1:59)

10 am – 1 pm

Recordings[18][20]

Concerned with Starr's drumming, the producers hired session drummer Andy White for another attempt at recording the Beatles' first single. In Studio 2, they recorded three songs with White drumming. The best takes of "Love Me Do" and "P.S. I Love You" were mono mixed. An unknown number of takes of "Please Please Me" were also recorded but none was used. The session tapes were later destroyed, thus there are no true stereo versions of the songs, although at least one mono recording has been discovered.[18] Although the previous session's version of "Love Me Do" was originally released as the single, following the release of The Beatles' Hits EP, it was replaced with the version from this session and destroyed.[19] "Love Me Do" and "P.S. I Love You" were mixed in duophonic "fake stereo" on 25 February 1963, in Studio 1.[20] Although they were originally released in duophonic stereo on the stereo version of Please Please Me, the 2009 remastered stereo version contains the two songs in mono.

11 September 1962

  • George Martin – producer
  • Norman Smith – engineer

Production staff:[16]

  • George Harrison – acoustic and lead guitar, backing vocals
  • John Lennon – harmonica, rhythm guitar, vocals
  • Paul McCartney – bass guitar, vocals
  • Ringo Starr – drums

Musicians:

Personnel
  • "How Do You Do It[2 takes](Murray)
    • Mono mixed (from take 2) – released on Anthology 1 (1:57)
  • "Love Me Do" [15 takes] destroyed

7–10 pm

Recordings[16]

90 days after their EMI audition, the Beatles returned to EMI Studios, with their new drummer, to record their debut single in Studio 2. They began work on Mitch Murray's "How Do You Do It", which Martin had chosen for them, but they disliked the song and wanted to release an original composition. They recorded at least two takes of "How Do You Do It" and at least 15 takes of "Love Me Do", then the best take of each song was mono mixed and pressed onto an acetate disc for Epstein to hear. The session tapes were later destroyed, as was common practice until 1963.[16] This session's version of "Love Me Do" was released as the Beatles' first single; however, it was later replaced with a version recorded seven days later, and the original was destroyed.[17] When the original was later released on compilations, it had to be sourced from an original mono 45 rpm single.

4 September 1962

"Love Me Do" single sessions

  • George Martin – producer
  • Ron Richards – producer
  • Norman Smith – balance engineer
  • Chris Neal – 2nd engineer

Production staff:[15]

  • Pete Best – drums
  • George Harrison – backing vocals, guitar
  • John Lennon – harmonica, rhythm guitar, vocals
  • Paul McCartney – bass guitar, vocals

Musicians:

Personnel
  • "Bésame Mucho" (Velázquez/Skylar) – released on Anthology 1 (2:36)
  • "Love Me Do" (McCartney–Lennon) – released on Anthology 1 (2:31)
  • "P.S. I Love You" (McCartney–Lennon) – destroyed
  • "Ask Me Why" (McCartney–Lennon) – destroyed

6–8 pm

Recordings[15]

After the Decca audition recordings came to the attention of EMI managers through the efforts of the Beatles' manager Brian Epstein, a recording contract was executed between Epstein and EMI's Parlophone record label. EMI would record a minimum of six single "sides" and the agreement would start on 6 June 1962, expiring a year later, but renewable. After the contract was signed, Parlophone record producer George Martin gave the Beatles an audition at EMI Studios in London, to assess their musical quality and respective vocal talents. The audition, held on 6 June, also acted as their first EMI recording session. They performed in Studio 2, the studio in which they would record most of their music. Because none of the recordings was considered worthy of release, the session tapes were destroyed per standard protocol; however, at least two mono recordings have since been discovered. Most documentation from the session has also been destroyed; however, it is known that four songs were recorded in an unknown amount of takes. Martin was not satisfied with Best's drumming, and Epstein and the other Beatles soon dismissed him from the group. This session was Best's only recording session at EMI before he was replaced with Ringo Starr.[15]

6 June 1962

Parlophone audition

  • Mike Smith – producer

Production staff:

  • Pete Best – drums
  • George Harrison – lead guitar, vocals
  • John Lennon – rhythm guitar, vocals
  • Paul McCartney – bass guitar, vocals

Musicians:

Personnel[14]
Recordings[13]

[13]