Taupo District

Taupo District

Taupo District
District
Location of Taupo Territorial Authority within New Zealand
Location of Taupo Territorial Authority within New Zealand
Country New Zealand
Regions
Main towns and settlements Taupo, Kinloch, Turangi, Mangakino
Government
 • Mayor David Trewavas
 • Parliamentary electorate Taupō
 • Territorial authority Taupo District Council
Area
 • Total 6,970 km2 (2,690 sq mi)
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 • Total

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Time zone NZST (UTC+12)
 • Summer (DST) NZDT (UTC+13)
Postcode(s) Map of postcodes
Area code(s) 07
Website taupodc.govt.nz

The Taupo District covers 6,350 km² of land, as well as a further 610 km² of lake area, both in Lake Taupo, New Zealand's largest lake, and also in the smaller Lake Rotoaira. The district stretches from the small town of Mangakino in the northwest to the Tongariro National Park in the south, and east into the Kaingaroa Forest. The district's population is largely located in the two main centres, Taupo and Turangi.

Local government

The district is governed by the Taupo District Council, with the vast majority of the district falling within the jurisdiction of Environment Waikato regional council.

History

Little is known about early Māori settlement near Taupo, although Ngati Tuwharetoa have been the main iwi of the area for several hundred years. Major pa were situated at the southern end of the lake to the west of the modern town of Turangi.

Taupo town was founded in 1869 as a garrison town during the New Zealand Wars, but remained small due to the poor volcanic soils of the region. It was not until the 1950s that the region started to develop, with forestry and the construction of the Wairakei geothermal power station.

Population

The town of Taupo is situated on the north-eastern shore of the lake, and Turangi is at the lake's southern extremity.

State Highway 1 winds along the eastern shore of Lake Taupo, and several small townships are located along it. Fewer people live on the northern or western shores, although there are several small