Strange D meson

The D mesons are the lightest particle containing charm quarks. They are often studied to gain knowledge on the weak interaction.[1] The strange D mesons (Ds) were called the "F mesons" prior to 1986.

Overview

The D mesons were discovered in 1976 by the Mark I detector at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center.[2]

Since the D mesons are the lightest mesons containing a single charm quark (or antiquark), they must change the charm (anti)quark into an (anti)quark of another type to decay. Such transitions violate the internal charm quantum number, and can take place only via the weak interaction. In D mesons, the charm quark preferentially changes into a strange quark via an exchange of a W particle, therefore the D meson preferentially decays into and .[1]

In November 2011, researchers at the LHCb experiment at CERN reported (3.5 sigma significance) that they have observed a direct CP violation in the neutral D meson decay, possibly beyond the Standard Model.[3]

List of D mesons

D mesons
Particle name Particle
symbol
Antiparticle
symbol
Quark
content[4]
Rest mass (MeV/c2) IG JPC S C B' Mean lifetime (s) Commonly decays to

(>5% of decays)

D meson[5] 1,869.62 ± 0.20 12 0 0 +1 0 1.040 ± 0.007 × 10−12 See decay modes
D meson[6] 1,864.84 ± 0.17 12 0 0 +1 0 4.101 ± 0.015 × 10−13 See decay modes
Strange D meson[7] 1968.47±0.33 0 0 +1 +1 0 (5.00±0.07)×10 See decay modes
D meson[8] (2010) (2010) 2,010.27.62 ± 0.17 12 1 0 +1 0 6.9 ± 1.9 × 10−21[a] + or
+
D meson[9] (2007) (2007) 2,006.97 ± 0.19 12 1 0 +1 0 >3.1 × 10−22[a] + or
+

[a] ^ PDG reports the resonance width (Γ). Here the conversion τ = ħΓ is given instead.

See also

References