Southampton University

Southampton University

Not to be confused with Southampton Solent University.
The University of Southampton[1]
118px
Motto Strenuis Ardua Cedunt (Latin)
Motto in English Adversity Yields to Endeavour
Established 1952 - gained University status by Royal charter
1902 - University College
1862 - Hartley Institution
Type Public
Endowment £9.98 million (2011/12)[2]
Chancellor Dame Helen Alexander[3]
Vice-Chancellor Professor Don Nutbeam
Visitor The Lord President of the Council (ex officio)
Admin. staff Around 5,000
Students 23,315[4]
Undergraduates 16,470[4]
Postgraduates 6,850[4]
Location Southampton, United Kingdom
Campus City Campus
Colours Navy Blue, Light Sea Green and Dark Red             
Mascot Stag
Affiliations Russell Group
ACU
EUA
WUN
Website http://www.southampton.ac.uk/

The University of Southampton is a British public university located in Southampton, United Kingdom. Southampton is a research intensive university and a founding member of the Russell Group [5]

The origins of the university are dated back to the founding of the Hartley Institution in 1862 following a legacy to the Corporation of Southampton by Henry Robertson Hartley. In 1902, the Institution developed into the Hartley University College, with degrees awarded by the University of London.[6] On 29 April 1952, the institution was granted a Royal Charter to give the University of Southampton full university status. It is a member of the European University Association, the Association of Commonwealth Universities and is an accredited institution of the Worldwide Universities Network. Southampton is systematically ranked in the top 15 of British universities and in the best 100 universities in the world. Besides being recognised as one of the leading research universities in the UK, Southampton has also achieved consistently high scores for its teaching and learning activities.[7] It additionally has one of the highest proportions of income derived from research activities in Britain.[8]

Southampton currently has over 17,000 undergraduate and 7,000 postgraduate students,[4] making it the largest university by higher education students in the South East region. The University has six campuses - four in Southampton, one in Winchester,[9] and one international branch in Malaysia. A further campus - the Maritime Centre of Excellence - is being developed close to the Highfield Campus. The main campus is located in the Highfield area of Southampton. Three other campuses are located throughout the city - Avenue Campus, National Oceanography Centre and Southampton General Hospital, with an additional campus - the School of Art - based in nearby Winchester.

The University has over 5000 places at University owned halls of residence, spread over two main complexes and several other smaller halls located within a couple of miles from the University.[10] The University's Students' Union, SUSU, provides support, representation and social activities for the students ranging from involvement in the Union's four media coutlets to any of the 200 affiliated societies and 80 sports.

History

Hartley Institution


The University of Southampton has its origin as the Hartley Institution which was formed in 1862 from a benefaction by Henry Robinson Hartley (1777–1850). Hartley had inherited a fortune from two generations of successful wine merchants.[11] At his death in 1850, he left a bequest of £103,000 to the Southampton Corporation for the study and advancement of the sciences in his property on Southampton's High Street, in the city centre.

...employ the interest, dividends and annual proceeds in such a manner as best promote the study and advancement of the sciences of Natural History, Astronomy, Antiquities, Classical and Oriental Literature in the town, such as by forming a Public Library, Botanic Gardens, Observatory, and collections of objects with the above sciences.[12]

—Bequest to the Corporation of Southampton of Henry Robertson Hartley estate.

Hartley was an eccentric straggler, who had little liking of the new age docks and railways in Southampton.[13] He did not desire to create a college for many (as formed at similar time in other English industrial towns and commercial ports) but a cultural centre for Southampton's intellectual elite.[13] After lengthy legal challenges to the Bequest, and a public debate as to how best interpret the language of his Will, the Southampton Corporation choose to create the Institute (rather than a more widely accessible college, that some public figures had lobbied for).

On 15 October 1862, the Hartley Institute was opened by the Prime Minister Lord Palmerston in a major civic occasion which exceeded in splendor anything that anyone in the town could remember.[14] After initial years of financial struggle, the Hartley Institute became the Hartley College in 1883. This move was followed by increasing numbers of students, teaching staff, an expansion of the facilities and registered lodgings for students.

University College


In 1902, the Hartley College became the Hartley University College, a degree awarding branch of the University of London. This was after inspection of the teaching and finances by the University College Grants Committee,[15] and donations from Council members (including William Darwin the then Treasurer). An increase in student numbers in the following years motivated fund raising efforts to move the college to greenfield land around Back Lane (now University Road) in the Highfield area of Southampton. On 20 June 1914, Viscount Haldane opened the new site of the renamed Southampton University College. However, the outbreak of the First World War six weeks later meant no lectures could take place there, as the buildings were handed over by the college authorities for use as a military hospital. In order to cope with the volume of casualties, wooden huts were erected at the rear of the building. These were donated to university by the War Office after the end of fighting, in time for the transfer from the high street premises in 1920. At this time, Highfield Hall, a former country house and overlooking Southampton Common,[16] for which a lease had earlier been secured, commenced use as a halls of residence for female students. South Hill, on what is now the Glen Eyre Halls Complex was also acquired, along with South Stoneham House to house male students.

Further expansions through the 1920s and 1930s was made possible through private donors, such as the two daughters of Edward Turner Sims for the construction of the University library, and from the people of Southampton, enabling new buildings on both sides of University Road. During World War II the university suffered damage in the Southampton Blitz with bombs landing on the campus and its halls of residence.[17] The college decided against evacuation, instead expanding its Engineering Department, School of Navigation and developing a new School of Radio Telegraphy.[17] Halls of residence were also used to house Polish, French and American troops.[17] After the war, departments such as Electronics grew under the influence of Erich Zepler and the Institute of Sound and Vibration was established.

University


On 29 April 1952, Queen Elizabeth II granted the University of Southampton a Royal Charter, the first to be given to a university during her reign, which enabled it to award degrees.[18] Six faculties were created: Arts, Science, Engineering, Economics, Education and Law. The first University of Southampton degrees were awarded on 4 July 1953, following the appointment of the Duke of Wellington as Chancellor of the University. Student and staff number grew throughout the next couple of decades as a response to the Robbins Report. The campus also grew significantly, when in July 1961 the university was given the approval to acquire some 200 houses on or near the campus by the Borough Council.[19] In addition, more faculties and departments were founded, including Medicine and Oceanography (despite the discouragement of Sir John Wolfenden, the chairman of the University Grants Committee).[19] Student accommodation was expanded throughout the 1960s and 1970s with the acquisition of Chilworth manor and new buildings at the Glen Eyre and Montefiore complexes.

In 1987, a crisis developed when the University Grants Committee announced, as part of nationwide cutbacks, a series of reductions in the funding of the university.[20] In order to eliminate the expected losses, the budgets and deficits subcommittee proposed reducing staff numbers. This proposal was met with demonstrations on campus and was later reworked (to reduce the redundancies and reallocate the reductions in faculties funding) after being rejected by the university Senate.[20]

By the mid-1980s through to the 1990s, the university looked to expand with new buildings on the Highfield campus, developing the Chilworth Manor site into a science park and conference venue, opening the National Oceanography Centre at a dockside location and purchasing new land from the City Council for the Arts Faculty and sports fields (at Avenue Campus and Wide Lane, respectively).

Research University


Under the leadership of then Vice Chancellor, Sir Howard Newby the university became more focused in encouraging and investment in more and better quality research.[21] In the mid-1990s, the university gained two new campuses, as the Winchester School of Art and La Sainte Union College became part of the university. A new school for Nursing and Midwifery was also created and went on to provide training for NHS professionals in central-southern England. This involved a huge increase in student numbers and the establishment of sub-campuses in Basingstoke, Winchester, Portsmouth and Newport, Isle of Wight.[21]

In the autumn of 1997, the university experienced Britain's worst outbreak of meningitis, with the death of three students.[22] The university responded to the crisis by organizing a mass vaccination programme, and later took the ground-breaking decision to offer all new students vaccinations.[21]

The university celebrated its Golden Jubilee on 22 January 2002. By this time, Southampton had research income that represented over half of the total income,[21] which remains one of the highest proportions of income derived from research activities of British Universities.[8] In recent years a number of new landmark buildings have been added as part of the estates development. New constructions on the main campus include the Jubilee Sports Hall in 2004,[23][24] the EEE (ECS, Education and Entrance) building in 2007,[25][26][27] the new Mountbatten building in 2008 housing the School of Electronics and Computer Science[28][29] following a fire[30][31] and the Life Sciences building in 2010.[32][33][34] In addition, the Hartley Library and Student Services Centre were both extended and redesigned in 2005[35][36][37] and the Students' Union was also extended in 2002.[38][39] Other constructions include the Archaeology building on Avenue Campus in 2006[40][41] and the Institute of Development Sciences building at Southampton General Hospital in 2007.[42] The University is currently constructing a new research centre on a nearby campus which will be occupied by the University and part of Lloyd's Register.[43]

The University joined The Science and Engineering South Consortium (SES-5) on 9 May 2013. the SES-5 was created to pool the collective insights and resources of the University of Oxford, University of Cambridge, Imperial College London and University College London to innovate and explore new ideas through collaboration whilst providing efficiencies of scale and shared utilisation of facilities. This is the most powerful cluster of research intensive universities in the UK and the new consortium is to become one of the world's leading hubs for science and engineering research.[44]

Campuses

The University has six educational campuses - four in Southampton, one in Winchester,[45] and one international branch in Malaysia. The University also operates a science park nearby and are currently building a new institute on the site of a nearby campus. The University also owns sports facilities and halls of residences on a variety of other nearby sites.

Highfield Campus

Main article: Highfield Campus

The university's main campus is located in the residential area of Highfield. Opened on 20 June 1914, the site was initially used as a military hospital during World War I. The campus grew gradually, mainly consisting of detailed red brick buildings (such as the Hartley library and West building of the Students' Union) designed by Sir Giles Gilbert Scott.[46] In 1956, Sir Basil Spence was commissioned to prepare a masterplan of the campus for the foreseeable future.[47] This included incorporating the University Road, that split the 59-acre (240,000 m2) campus in two and the quarry of Sir Sidney Kimber's brickyard that itself was split by a stream. Unable to remove the road and the private houses along it, Spence designed many of the buildings facing away from it, using contemporary designs working in concrete, glass and mosaic.[47] During recent decades, new buildings were added that contravened the master plan of Spence, such as the Synthetic Chemistry Building and Mountbatten Building (the latter of which was destroyed by fire in 2005).

A new masterplan for the Highfield campus was drawn up in 1998 by Rick Mather, who proposed that the University Road should become a tree-lined boulevard backed by white-rendered buildings. He also contributed some of the newer buildings such as the Zepler and Gower Buildings. In 1991, the Highfield Planning Group was formed within the university under the chairmanship of Tim Holt. This led to the development of new buildings such as the Jubilee Sports Hall, Student Services Building and the Institute of Sound and Vibration Research. In addition, existing buildings, such as the Hartley Library, were extensively renovated and extended.

The campus retains an area of parkland in which are scattered 20th-century sculptures by Barbara Hepworth,[48][49] Justin Knowles, Nick Pope and John Edwards. It also houses the John Hansard Gallery, the Nuffield Theatre and the Turner Sims Concert Hall.

Avenue Campus

Main article: Avenue Campus

Avenue Campus is currently home to the Faculty of Humanities, with the exception of Music, and is located a short distance away from the main Highfield campus. The site previously housed the Southampton Tramsheds and Richard Taunton's College, of which the existing building still stands on the site. It was purchased by the University from Southampton City Council for £2 million in December 1993[21] so that the University may expand - planning regulations meant that excess land on the Highfield campus couldn't be built on and had to be reserved for future car parking spaces.[50] The departments moved onto the campus in 1996.[51] The campus consists of the original Tauntons building from the early 20th century but redevoloped with a glass-fronted courtyard and extension and a new Archaeology building built in 2006 costing £2.7 million.[52]

National Oceanography Centre, Southampton

The National Oceanography Centre, Southampton (often abbreviated to NOCS) is located in Southampton Docks some three miles south of the main University campus. The campus is home of the University's Ocean and Earth Sciences department and is also a campus of the Natural Environment Research Council's research institute, the National Oceanography Centre.[53] Five of the National Oceanography Centre's research divisions are based on the campus.[53]

Planning of the campus began in 1989 and was completed in 1994 due to cuts and uncertainties whether a national research centre could be successfully integrated with a university.[54] It was opened in 1996 by the Duke of Edinburgh. The campus was also the base for the NERC purpose-built research vessels RRS James Cook and until recently the RRS Discovery and the RRS Charles Darwin.

Southampton General Hospital

The University maintains a presence at Southampton General in partnership with the NHS trust operating the hospital. It is home to some operations of the Faculty of Medicine and the Faculty of Health Sciences, although these two faculties have bases on Highfield campus. As a teaching hospital, it is used by a range of undergraduate and postgraduate medical students, research academics and clinicians.

The University's involvement began in 1971, when it became the first to house a new school of medicine alongside the Universities of Nottingham and Leicester, and currently extends to several operations and specific research centres.

Winchester School of Art

The Winchester School of Art, located in central Winchester, houses the University's arts and textiles courses that are part of the Faculty of Business and Law. The school itself was established in the 1960s and was integrated into the University of Southampton in 1996. The campus contains the original school buildings from the 1960s in addition to structures built when the merger occurred and in 1998 when the Textile Conservation Centre moved to the site from Hampton Court Palace. The centre remained with the school until its closure in 2009. The campus also contains a small union building run by the University's Students' Union.

Malaysia Campus

The University opened its first international campus, based in Nusajaya, Malaysia in October 2012.[55][56] The campus operates courses in the engineering sectors at present and students are able to continue their studies by travelling to the UK. The Malaysian campus includes state of the art equipment and facilities.[57]

Other sites

Boldrewood Campus

Main article: Boldrewood Campus

Boldrewood campus, located a short distance from the Highfield campus and currently under redevelopment, will from 2014 house the Universities new Maritime Centre of Excellence. This new 'professional campus' will house the Southampton Marine and Maritime Institute and Lloyd's Register's Group Technology Centre.[58][59]

The campus was formerly the Biomedical Sciences campus of the University and acted, until 2010, as a non-hospital base for the School of Medicine and home to a research facility for the Biological Sciences. These departments were then relocated to either Southampton General Hospital,the new Life Sciences building at Highfield, or the University of Southampton science park.

University of Southampton Science Park

The University of Southampton Science Park contains approximately 50 businesses that either wish to work with the university or were established by the University itself and which utilise the surroundings of the park to grow. Originally established in 1983 as Chilworth Science Park, named after the manor house that is now a luxury hotel and conference centre,[60] the park houses business incubator units to help these companies. The companies occupying the park range in expertise and fields including oil and gas exploration, pharmaceuticals, nanotechnology and optoelectronics, with the businesses being particularly effective[61] with three of the twelve successful spin-out companies created since 2000 being floated on London’s Alternative Investment Market (AIM) with a combined market capitalisation value of £160 million.[62] The park was renamed in 2006.[63]

Transport Links

Main article: Uni-link

To connect the University's Southampton campuses, halls of residence, hospitals, and other important features of the city, the University operates the Unilink bus service for the benefit of the students, staff and the general public. Created in 1998, the service is currently operated by local bus company Bluestar using the Unilink name. The service consists of four routes. The most popular is the U1 which runs between Southampton Airport and the National Oceanography Centre via Wessex Lane Halls, Highfield campus, Portswood, Southampton City Centre and Southampton Central railway station. The other regular routes, the U2 and the U6, run between the City Centre and Bassett Green and Southampton General Hospital respectively while the final route, the U9, runs an infrequent service between Southampton General hospital and Townhill Park. Students who live in halls of residence receive an annual smart-card bus pass, allowing them to use all of the Unilink services without extra payment.

The fleet of buses was replaced in September 2013 with new Alexander Dennis Enviro400 double-decker buses on most routes.[64][65]

Organisation

Governance


Responsibility for running the University is held formally by the Chancellor, currently Dame Helen Alexander, and led at the executive level by the Vice-Chancellor, currently Don Nutbeam. The key bodies in the University governance structure are the Council, Court and Senate.

The Council is the governing body of the University.[66] It is ultimately responsible for the overall planning and management of the University.[66] The Council is also responsible for ensuring that the funding made available to the University by the Higher Education Funding Council for England is used as prescribed.[66] The Council is composed of members from 5 different classes, namely (1) officers; (2) twelve members appointed by the Council; (3) six members appointed by the Senate; (4) one member of the non-teaching staff; (5) the President of the Students’ Union.[66]

The University Court provides a forum for consultation with the local and regional community, to help promote public awareness of the University and to attract and maintain goodwill.[67] The Court is composed of some 190 members, representatives of the University, which includes members of Council, Deans of the Faculties, Heads of Academic Schools, members of staff, students and graduates; representatives of local authorities and of schools and colleges in the region; members of the UK and European parliaments; and representatives of other local societies and bodies.[67]

The Senate is the University's primary academic authority, with responsibilities which include the direction and regulation of education and examinations, the award of degrees, and the promotion of research.[68] The Senate has approximately 150 members, including the Deputy Vice-Chancellors/Pro Vice-Chancellors, the Deans and Associate Deans of the Faculties, the Heads of the academic Schools and Research Centres, representatives from the academic staff in each School, representatives of the research staff and those administrative groups most closely associated with educational activities, and representatives of the Students' Union. The Senate is chaired by the Vice-Chancellor.[68]

Faculties

The University comprises eight faculties, each with a number of academic units.[69] This current faculty structure came into effect in 2010, taking over from a structure consisting of three faculties and several separate schools as part of them.[70] The current faculty structure is:

  • Faculty of Business and Law
    • Law
    • Management
    • Winchester School of Art
  • Faculty of Engineering and the Environment
  • Faculty of Health Sciences
    • Health Sciences
  • Faculty of Humanities
    • Archaeology
    • English
    • Film Studies
    • History
    • Modern Languages
    • Music
    • Philosophy
  • Faculty of Medicine
    • Medicine
    • Complementary Medicine Research Unit
  • Faculty of Natural and Environmental Sciences
  • Faculty of Physical Sciences and Engineering
  • Faculty of Social and Human Sciences
    • Education
    • Geography and Environment
    • Mathematics
    • Psychology
    • Social Sciences (Ageing, Economics, Politics & International Relations, Sociology & Social Policy, Criminology, Social Statistics & Demography and Social Work Studies)
    • Southampton Statistical Sciences Research Institute
    • Centre for Contemporary China
    • ESRC - Doctoral Training Centre

Courses and subjects

Degrees

Southampton awards a wide range of academic degrees spanning academic degrees for bachelor's in a variety of degrees and master's degrees as well as junior doctorates and higher doctorates. The postnominals awarded are the degree abbreviations used commonly among British universities. The University is part of the Engineering Doctorate scheme,[71] for the award of Eng. D. degrees.

Professional qualifications are also awarded, such as Qualified Teacher Status (QTS). Short courses and professional development courses are run by many of the University's Academic Schools and Research Centres.[72]

The University works closely with members of the Armed Forces.[72] It provides professional military educators in the British Army to study for a Postgraduate Certificate in Education (PGCE). The University also works with the Royal Navy to provide training and qualifications towards Chartered Engineer status.[72]

League table rankings

The University of Southampton has been rated as one of the world's top 100 universities by the Times Higher Education Table,[73] while the 2012 QS World University Rankings [74] ranked Southampton 73rd overall in the world, and Webometrics Ranking of World Universities placed Southampton 32nd worldwide.[75]

Rankings
ARWU[76]
(2013, national)
15-19
ARWU[76]
(2013, world)
151-200
QS[77]
(2013/14, national)
16
QS[77]
(2013/14, world)
86
THE[78]
(2013/14, national)
21
THE[78]
(2013/14, world)
146
Complete[79]
(2014, national)
15
The Guardian[80]
(2014, national)
22
Times/Sunday Times[81]
(2014, national)
20


Subject rankings

Southampton is the only UK university in which every engineering department has received the top 5* rating for research. It is cited as being the UK's leading university for engineering.[82] The Guardian ranked the university at number 1 in the UK for Mechanical Engineering, Aeronautical Engineering, Naval Architecture, Electronic and Electrical Engineering in 2011.[83][84]

Research

Southampton is a member of the Russell Group, a network of research-led British universities. The university conducts research in most academic disciplines and is home to a number of notable research centres.

Research Institutes

Within the university there are a number of research institutes and groups that aim to pool resources on a specific research area.[72] Institutes or groups identified by the Uniuversity of being of significant importance are marked in italics.

EPrints

Main article: EPrints

The School of Electronics and Computer Science created the first archiving software (EPrints) to publish its research freely available on the Web. This software is used throughout the university and as an archiving system for many different institutions around the world.

Student life

Students' Union

The University of Southampton Students' Union (SUSU), is sited in three buildings opposite the Hartley Library. One, the West Building, dates back to the 1940s in a red brick style, complementing the Hartley Library opposite; the main building was built in the 1960s in the Basil Spence masterplan. This was extended with new nightclub and cinema facilities in 2002. The newest building was built during the mid-1990s which includes the recently refurbished Union shop, on the ground floor, and hairdressers and travel agency, both on the first floor.

In May 2002, (after numerous attempts going back several years), it chose to disaffiliate itself from the NUS, believed by SUSU to be too bureaucratic.[100] In December 2010, a referendum was held to decide whether SUSU should re-affiliate with the NUS, with the result being that SUSU should remain outside the NUS.[101] A Further Referendum took place in 2012, with 73% of voters opting to remain independent of the NUS.[102]

The student union is actually separate from the University of Southampton, and is its own business. It gets funds partially from the University to finance many of its activities. The multiple award winning student radio station, Surge, broadcasts from new studios in the main Union building. The award winning website[103] SUSU.org was created and run by students at the university. A brand new purpose built studio has been constructed for the TV station SUSUtv. The student newspaper, originally Wessex News, is now published once every three weeks as Wessex Scene following a name change in 1996. The Edge, originally an insert of the Wessex Scene, is now an editorially independent entertainment magazine. Events are held in The Cube, the Union's nightclub, The Bridge, the Union's cocktail bar, and in the Stag's Head, the Union pub. National touring bands play in the Garden Court in the West Building.

Halls of Residence


The university provides accommodation for all first year students who require it and places in residences are further available for international and MSc students. Accommodation may be catered, self catered, have ensuite facilities, a sink in the room, or access to communal bathroom facilities. Each hall has a Junior Common Room (JCR) committee that is responsible for the running of social events and representing the residents to the students union and the university via the Students union JCR officer. Glen Eyre and Montefiore also have bars which are separately run by the students union and are staffed by current and ex residents.

The university's accommodation exists around two large complexes of halls and some other small halls located around the city, three of which are usually grouped into another collective entity. These are:

  • Glen Eyre Complex - The complex lies less than half a mile to the north of Highfield Campus and houses approximately 2000 students. The complex consists of several building sets, designed over the years and arranged either around the central landscaped garden - the main building, Old Terrace, New Terrace, Richard Newitt courts, Chancellors' courts and Brunei house - or are located across the road on the periphery of the site - Hartley Grove, South Hill, Beechmount House and the Chamberlain Hall site.
  • Wessex Lane Halls Complex - This complex lies approximately one mile east of the Highfield Campus and houses over 1800 students. The complex comprises two halls of residence: Montefiore, abbreviated as Monte and occasionally sub-divided into the four stages of construction, and Connaught, one of the original halls of residence of the University and sub-divided into the Old and New quads. The complex also houses South Stoneham House, an older building with adjoining tower block, that is currently undergoeing renovation and changes.
  • Archers Road - Lying two miles south of Highfield and housing 500 students, Archers Road compromises three halls on separate sites, grouped together for their close proximity alone. The three halls, Gateley, Romero and St. Margaret's, are all self-contained and self catered but share are reception and other community facilities.
  • Bencraft Hall - Located a mile and a half north of Highfield and housing approximately 200 students, Bencraft is one of the smaller and cheaper halls of the University.
  • Highfield Halls - Located adjacent to Avenue Campus and half a mile from Highfield campus. Highfield halls comprises Aubrey and Wolfe houses and both have on site catering. The site is also used as a University conference facility during the summer months when vacated.
  • Shaftesbury Avenue and Gower Building - These two sites are used by mature and postgraduate students. Shaftesbury Avenue is located near Portswood and is a mile from Highfield while the Gower building is located on Highfield campus. These two are a small number of self-contained apartments, in the case of the Gower building, located above other University amenities.
  • Orions Point - Located in Central Southampton, this accommodation is not owned by the University but does provide approximately 300 accommodation spaces in partnership with the university.
  • Erasmus Park - Located in Winchester, this hall houses around 400 students studying at the Winchester School of Art.

The University also has accommodation located in Balmoral House and Victoria Place, Portsmouth and in Basingstoke for the use of Nursing and Midwifery students studying on placement in these areas.

The University is currently in the process of constructing two new halls of residence on Burgess Road, approximately half way between Highfield Campus and Wessex Lane Halls complex, and in the City Centre next to the Mayflower Theatre.[104][105] They are also in the process of replacing the former Chamberlain hall.[104]

Library


The University has libraries located on each of their academic campuses and holds over 1.5 million books and periodicals.[106] The main base is the Hartley Library, located on Highfield campus and first built in 1935 and extended further in 1959 and 2005.[106]

In addition to the books and periodicals, the University also looks after special collections consisting of more than 6 million manuscripts and a large archive of rare books.[107] Specific collections include the correspondence of Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, acquired by the University in 1983, as well as the Broadlands Archive, including the Palmerston and Mountbatten papers. The library also contains 4,500 volumes of Claude Montefiore's library on Theology and Judaism, the Ford Parliamentary Papers, Frank Perkins' collection of books on agriculture, Sir Samual Gurney-Dixons's Dante collection and the James Parkes Library of Jewish/non-Jewish relations.[107] The library also includes six rare editions of the Divina Commedia; the first of these, the Brescia edition of 1487, is the library's earliest book.[107]

Sports


The University's Sport and Wellbeing depsrtment runs the majority of the sports facilities on campus which are based predominately at two locations: the Jubilee Sports Centre and Wide Lane Sports Ground. The Jubilee Sports Centre, opened in 2004 at a cost of £8.5 million, is located on the Highfield Campus and contains a six-lane 25-metre swimming pool, 160 workstation gym and an eight-court sports hall.[108] Wide Lane meanwhile is located nearby in Eastleigh and was refurbished at cost of £4.3 million in 2007. The 73-acre (300,000 m2) complex includes flood-lit synthetic turf and grass pitches, tennis courts, a pavilion and a 'Team Southampton' Gym.[109] The university also runs facilities at the Avenue Campus, National Oceanography Centre, the Watersports Centre on the River Itchen and at Glen Eyre and Wessex Lane halls while there is another sports hall, squash courts, martial arts studio and bouldering wall located within the Students' Union.[108][109]

The university competes in numerous sports in the BUCS South East Conference (after switching from the Western Conference in 2009[110]). A number of elite athletes are supported by the SportsRec through sports bursaries and the UK Government's Talented Athlete Scholarship Scheme (TASS).[111]

The University Athletic Union was formally established on 29 November 1929, by the University College council. Versions of the union had existed previously to which many clubs such as Cricket, Association Football, Rugby, Boxing, Gymnastics, Tennis and Boat clubs (all formed before the turn of the 20th century) were members.[112]

Throughout its history the university has had a number successful teams in national student championships.

Notable people

Academics

Academics working at the university include Sir Tim Berners-Lee, inventor of the World Wide Web,[114] Erich Zepler, who made leading contributions to radio receiver development,[115] David Payne, who invented EDFA for use in fibre optics cables,[116] Sir Barry Cunliffe, a pioneer of modern British archaeology,[117] Albie Sachs, former Judge of the Constitutional Court of South Africa,[118] and Tim Holt, former President of the Royal Statistical Society and Office for National Statistics.[119]

Alumni

Former students of the university include:

See also

References

Further reading

  • Patterson, A. Temple (1962). The University of Southampton : A Centenary History of the Evolution and Development of the University of Southampton, 1862–1962. Southampton: The Camelot Press Ltd.
  • Nash, Sally and Martin Sherwood (2002). University of Southampton: An Illustrated History. London: James and James

External links

  • University of Southampton website
    • Facebook
    • Twitter
    • YouTube
  • University of Southampton Students' Union website
  • The Complete University Guide - University of Southampton
  • The Guardian - University of Southampton
  • University of Southampton - Ship Science Degrees

Coordinates: 50°56′05″N 1°23′45″W / 50.93463°N 1.39595°W / 50.93463; -1.39595