Shigella boydii

Shigella boydii

Shigella boydii
S. boydii on Hektoen enteric agar
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Bacteria
Phylum: Proteobacteria
Class: Gammaproteobacteria
Order: Enterobacteriales
Family: Enterobacteriaceae
Genus: Shigella
Species: S. boydii
Binomial name
Shigella boydii
Ewing 1949

Shigella boydii is a Gram-negative bacteria of the genus Shigella. Like other members of the genus, S. boydii is a nonmotile, nonsporeforming, rod-shaped bacterium which can cause dysentery in humans through fecal-oral contamination.[1]

S. boydii is the most genetically divergent species of the Shigella genus.[2] There are 19 known serotypes of Shigella boydii.[3][4][5] Shigella boydii is restricted to the Indian subcontinent.[4]

The species is named after the American bacteriologist Mark Frederick Boyd.[6][7]

Sequenced genomes

  • Shigella boydii strain BS512 (serotype 18; group 1): one chromosome; five plasmids

References

  1. ^ Ryan, Kenneth James; Ray, C. George, ed. (2004). Sherris medical microbiology: an introduction to infectious diseases (4 ed.). McGraw-Hill Professional Med/Tech.  
  2. ^ Feng L, Senchenkova SN, Yang J, Shashkov AS, Tao J, Guo H, Zhao G, Knirel YA, Reeves P, Wang L (2004). "Structural and Genetic Characterization of the Shigella boydii Type 13 O Antigen". Journal of Bacteriology 186 (2): 383–392.  
  3. ^ Yang Z., Hu C., Chen J., Chen G., Liu Z. (1990). A new serotype of Shigella boydii. Wei Sheng Wu Xue Bao.; 30(4): 284-95
  4. ^ a b Yang F, Yang J, Zhang X, et al. (2005). species, the etiologic agents of bacillary dysentery"Shigella"Genome dynamics and diversity of . Nucleic Acids Research 33 (19): 6445–6458.  
  5. ^ Pupo GM, Lan R, Reeves PR (September 2000). and convergent evolution of many of their characteristics"Escherichia coli clones of Shigella"Multiple independent origins of . Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 97 (19): 10567–10572.  
  6. ^ Shigella boydii at Who Named It?
  7. ^ Mark Frederick Boyd at Who Named It?

External links

  • Genome Project PageShigella boydii — by Entrez