In free agency or trading, and who are seen as filling a team's specific need at a certain position. Advance scouts watch the teams that their teams are going to play in order to help determine strategy.
Many scouts are former
- Joyce, Gare. "Wall of Dreams."
- Jordan, David M. Occasional Glory: The History of the Philadelphia Phillies. McFarland & Company, 2003. ISBN 0-7864-1260-7
- Robbins, Mike, Ninety Feet from Fame: Close Calls With Baseball Immortality. Carroll & Graf Publishers, 2004. ISBN 0-7867-1335-6
- Spivak, Jeffrey. Crowning the Kansas City Royals: Remembering the 1985 World Series Champs. Sports Publishing LLC, 2005. ISBN 1-58261-826-7
- Winegardner, Mark. Prophet of the Sandlots: Journeys with a Major League Scout. Prentice Hall Press, 1990. ISBN 0-13-726373-2
- Robbins, Mike (2004). Ninety Feet from Fame: Close Calls With Baseball Immortality. Pp. 99–100.
- Jordan, David M. (2004). Occasional Glory: The History of the Philadelphia Phillies. Pp. 163–164.
- Spivak, Jeffrey (2005). Crowning the Kansas City Royals: Remembering the 1985 World Series Champs. P. 36.
- Joyce, Gare. Wall of Dreams.
- Winegardner, Mark (1990). Prophet of the Sandlots: Journeys with a Major League Scout. P. 97.
- Piet de Visser
- Geoff Twentyman
- Les Kershaw
- Jack Hixon
- Aldo Pecini
- Marco Zunino
- Liam Brady
- Pierluigi Casiraghi
- Natale Bianchedi
- Urs Siegenthaler
- Jorge Alvial
Association football (soccer)
- Will Robinson- also scouted for the NFL's Detroit Lions.
- Kevin Mackey, Indiana Pacers
- Walt Perrin- Utah Jazz
- Rich Behm — Dallas Cowboys scouting assistant who was permanently paralyzed from the waist down after his spine was severed in the May 2009 collapse of the Cowboys training facility.
- Steve Belichick — assistant coach and scout for the United States Naval Academy, author of Football Scouting Methods (1962), and father of the NFL coach.
- Dick Haley — architect of 1970's Pittsburgh Steelers dynasty
- Bill Nunn — legendary scout for Pittsburgh Steelers
Modern day scouts are becoming more and more reliant on computer programs to aid and assist in the evaluation of talent being scouted. Every professional sports franchise is now using computers to organize their collected information and data. As of 2007, most franchises still depend on human management to decide which players their organization will draft or sign. In every major sport however, there are some new pioneering programmers that very well may change the landscape of how scouting is done at the professional level.
Lucadello estimated that five percent of scouts were poor, five percent pickers, 85 percent performance scouts and five percent projectors.
- Poor – wastes time looking for games rather than having a planned itinerary
- Picker – emphasizes a player's one weakness to the neglect of all strengths and ignores the potential within
- Performance – bases his evaluation on what a player does in his presence
- Projector – envisions what a player will be able to do in two or three years
According to Tony Lucadello, considered by some to be the greatest scout ever, the four kinds of scouts start with the letter 'P':
- Advance scouts follow other MLB clubs their team is scheduled to play and file reports on trends and tendencies that influence pitching, defensive, offensive and game strategy.
- Major League scouts and professional scouts (the most senior of whom are sometimes called "special assignment scouts" or "special assistants to the minor league and independent league baseball.
- Amateur scouts evaluate high school and college baseball players and prepare their MLB teams for the June amateur draft. To ensure that players are seen by multiple evaluators, amateur scouts are usually divided into area scouts, regional cross-checkers and national cross-checkers.
- International scouts cover players not from the United States, Puerto Rico and other U.S. territories, or Canada. These players are signed as international free agents and are not subject to the June draft, although bonus amounts and signing regulations are governed by the collective bargaining agreement between MLB and its players' union. In addition to the Dominican Republic, Venezuela, Mexico, and other Latin American and Caribbean countries, where MLB teams have had a scouting presence since the mid-20th century, the growth in international baseball has compelled most teams to station scouts in Japan, Korea and other Asian countries, Australia, and Europe.
Contemporary Major League Baseball teams tend to classify scouts and their differing responsibilities as follows:
Scouts tend to have to perform one of two tasks, either scouting opposition teams to research the opposition's players and tactics, or scouting individual players to identify their level of skill and to keep track of potential new signings.
Kinds of scouts
- Kinds of scouts 1
- Computer-aided scouting 2
Notable scouts 3
- Baseball 3.1
- American football 3.2
- Basketball 3.3
- Association football (soccer) 3.4
- Ice hockey 3.5
- Notes 4
- References 5
- External links 6