Salah (biblical figure)

Salah (biblical figure)

Salah or salih
Portrait from Promptuarii Iconum Insigniorum (1553)
Children Eber, and other sons and daughters
Parents Arpachshad (or Cainan)

Salah (שלח, Shelach, ISO 259-3 Šelḥ Hebrew word #7974 in Strong's Concordance) is an ancestor of the Israelites according to the Table of Nations in Genesis 10. He is thus one of the table's "seventy names". He is called Shelah in 1 Chronicles 1:18 and Sala (Greek word #4527 in Strong's) in the Septuagint and Luke 3:35.

In the ancestral line from Noah to Abraham, he is the son of Arpachshad (in the Masoretic Text) or Cainan (in the Septuagint and Samaritan Pentateuch) and the father of Eber. The name "Eber" for his son is the original eponym of the Hebrew people, from the root 'abar (עבר, Hebrew word #5674 in Strong's Concordance), "to cross over".[1][2][3]

The Book of Luke and Book of Jubilees from the Christian Bible both agree with the Septuagint and the Samaritan Pentateuch in making Salah the son of Cainan, adding the information that his mother was Milcah (the daughter of Madai), while his wife is named as Mu'ak, daughter of Kesed (another son of Arphachsad).

Salah's age at death is given as 433 (Masoretic),[4] 460 (Septuagint),[5] and 460 (Samaritan).[6]

Henry M. Morris states that Arpachshad, Salah, and Eber are listed as the most important sons since they were in the line of the promised Seed of the Woman.[7]


  1. ^ The Israelite Samaritan Version of the Torah: First English Translation Compared with the Masoretic Version by Benyamim Tsedaka, Bereshith 11 (ISBN 0802865194)
  2. ^ The Torah: Jewish and Samaritan versions compared (Hebrew Edition), בראשית 11, by Mark Shoulson (ISBN 1904808182)
  3. ^ PNG image (a 993x731 chart delineating differences in genealogy between the MT, SP, and LXX from WorldHeritage entry Genealogies of Genesis which shows Cainan as the father of Salah in the Samaritan Pentateuch)
  4. ^ The Koren Jerusalem Bible: The Hebrew/English Tanakh, בראשית 11, Koren Publishers (ISBN 9653010557)
  5. ^ The Septuagint with Apocrypha: Greek and English, Genesis 11, by Sir Lancelot C.L. Brenton
  6. ^ The Israelite Samaritan Version of the Torah: First English Translation Compared with the Masoretic Version, Bereshith 11, by Benyamim Tsedaka (ISBN 0802865194)
  7. ^