Sadr al-Dīn Mūsā

Sadr al-Dīn Mūsā

Sadr al-Din (1305-794/1391-92) was the son and successor of Safi-ad-din Ardabili. His mother was Bibi Fatima, daughter of Zahed Gilani. Sadr al-Din directed the Safaviyya for 59 years. During this time, the activities of the Safaviyya were viewed with favour by Timur, who provided an endowment for the shrine of Safi-ad-din Ardabili in Ardabil, and allowed Sadr al-Din to collect taxes. Timur also offered Sadr al-Din to request any favour from himself, and Sheikh Sadr al-Din asked for the release of Turkish prisoners captured by Timur from Diyarbakır. Timur accepted this request, and the freed prisoners became Sadr al-Din’s loyal disciples. The descendents of these freed prisoners, emigrating by the thousands into Gilan Province, would later aid his family to found a dynasty.[1][2]

He was buried at Ardabil near his father.[3] His son Khwādja Ali († 1429) succeeded him as leader of the Safaviyya.

Sadr al-Dīn Mūsā
Preceded by
Sheikh Safī ad-Dīn Abolfath Is'hāq Ardabilī
Leader of the Safaviyya
Succeeded by
Sheikh Ali Safavi

See also


  1. ^ The history of Iran, By Elton L. Daniel, pg.83
  2. ^ A History of Persia, By Percy Molesworth Sykes, pg.240
  3. ^ Biographical encyclopaedia of Sufis, By N. Hanif, pg.415-417