Russian espionage in the United States

Russian influence operations in the United States have existed since 1992.

According to American counterintelligence, in 2007 Russian espionage reached Cold War levels.[1]


The Foundations of Geopolitics, initially published in 1997 when Vladimir Putin became FSB chief, is a military training textbook which has influenced key Russian decision-makers. It states that Russia should use its special forces within the borders of the United States to:[2]

introduce geopolitical disorder into internal American activity, encouraging all kinds of separatism and ethnic, social and racial conflicts, actively supporting all dissident movements – extremist, racist, and sectarian groups, thus destabilizing internal political processes in the U.S. It would also make sense simultaneously to support isolationist tendencies in American politics.


  1. ^ Putin spy war on the West. The Sunday Times. May 20, 2007
  2. ^ John B. Dunlop. "Review: Aleksandr Dugin’s Foundations of Geopolitics".