The 'Roxbury Russet' is an apple cultivar, believed to be the oldest apple cultivar bred in the United States, having first been discovered and named in the mid-17th century in the former Town of Roxbury, part of the Massachusetts Bay Colony southwest of (now part of) Boston.
It is a greyish-green russet apple known for its good winter-keeping qualities, as well as its suitability for making cider and juice. It is not widely grown or commercially available due to general commercial disfavor for russet varieties; the dull and heavily marked face makes it hard to sell now. The yellow-green flesh is firm and coarse-textured, suited for eating fresh and cooking. It is available from growers who specialize in heirloom plants. It ripens from September to October, and so is commonly available in autumn in farmer's markets in the Northeast. Each apple contains 12.87% sugar that ferments to 6% alcohol in hard cider production.
The 'Roxbury Russet' was first grown in Roxbury, Massachusetts by Joseph Warren, who died in 1755 of a broken neck after falling from a ladder while picking apples. Propagation wood (it propagates by grafting) was taken to Connecticut soon after 1649. Thomas Jefferson planted a number of 'Roxbury Russet' trees in Monticello's South Orchard in 1778.
Current cultivation 1
- Scionwood 1.1
- Fruit 1.2
- References 2
- Maple Valley Orchards and Nursery, Wisconsin
- Trees of Antiquity, Paso Robles, CA
The historic Shirley-Eustis House museum in Roxbury, Massachusetts, was planted in 1993 with five 'Roxbury Russet' apple trees.
- "UMass Cold Spring Orchard". Coldspringorchard.com. Retrieved 2011-12-29.
- Creighton Lee Calhoun, Jr. (21 December 2010). Old Southern Apples, Revised & Expanded. Chelsea Green Publishing. pp. 136–137.
- "Vintage Virginia Apples". Vintage Virginia Apples. 2006-10-07. Retrieved 2011-12-29.
- "Roxbury Russet". Siloamorchards.com. Retrieved 2011-12-29.
- "Monticello Explorer: Roxbury Russet Apple (Malus cv)". Explorer.monticello.org. Retrieved 2011-12-29.