Roseburg, Oregon

Roseburg, Oregon

Roseburg, Oregon
City
Motto: "Timber Capital of the Nation"
Location within Douglas County and Oregon
Location within Douglas County and Oregon
Coordinates:
Country United States
State Oregon
County Douglas
Incorporated 1872
Government
 • Mayor Larry Rich
Area[1]
 • Total 10.20 sq mi (26.42 km2)
 • Land 10.01 sq mi (25.93 km2)
 • Water 0.19 sq mi (0.49 km2)
Elevation 528 ft (161 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 21,181
 • Estimate (2013)[3] 21,968
 • Density 2,100/sq mi (800/km2)
Time zone Pacific (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) Pacific (UTC-7)
ZIP code 97470, 97471
Area code 541
FIPS code 41-63650 [4]
GNIS feature ID 1126298 [5]
Website .orgcityofroseburg

Roseburg is a city in the U.S. state of Oregon.[6] Located in the Umpqua River Valley in southern Oregon, it is the county seat and most populous city of Douglas County. Founded in 1851, the population was 21,181 at the 2010 census, making it the principal city of the Roseburg, OR Micropolitan Statistical Area. The community developed along either side of the South Umpqua River; the town is traversed by Interstate 5. Traditionally a lumber industry town, Roseburg is the home of Roseburg Forest Products.

A landmark is Mount Nebo, a 1200-foot hill west of I-5. A band of angora goats took up residence on the mountain; most were corralled and placed for adoption in the 1980s.

Contents

  • History 1
    • Roseburg Blast 1.1
    • Mass shooting 1.2
  • Geography 2
    • Climate 2.1
  • Demographics 3
    • 2010 census 3.1
    • 2000 census 3.2
  • Education 4
  • Economy 5
  • Media 6
    • Newspapers 6.1
    • Television 6.2
    • Radio 6.3
  • Transportation 7
  • Notable people 8
  • Sister cities 9
  • See also 10
  • References 11
  • External links 12

History

The city was named for settler Aaron Rose, who established a homestead within the current city limits on September 23, 1851.[7] Rose was born in 1813 in Ulster County, New York. In 1851, he came to Oregon from Coldwater, Michigan, where he had lived since 1837.[7]

Rose constructed the first building in what would become Roseburg, a rough structure made of poles and clapboards with a front room about 16 or 18 feet square; it was used as a grocery store, backed by a dining room and kitchen.[8] Originally guests could use the floor of the front room to spread their beds or were able to sleep out of doors under nearby oak trees.[8] Rose built a proper hotel in 1853. His first structure served as a roadside inn and tavern for many years. Rose died in 1899.[7]

Roseburg was first known as Deer Creek because it was at the confluence of Deer Creek and the South Umpqua River.[7] In 1854, voters chose Roseburg as the county seat over rival town Winchester. Rose donated 3 acres (1.2 ha) of land and $1,000 for the building of the county courthouse, and the important buildings of Winchester were moved to Roseburg before 1860.[7]

Deer Creek post office was established in 1852, and the name changed to "Roseburgh" in 1857. The spelling was changed to "Roseburg" in 1894.[7] Roseburg was incorporated by the Oregon Legislative Assembly on October 3, 1872.[9]

Roseburg Blast

On August 7, 1959, at approximately 1:00 a.m., the Gerretsen Building Supply Company caught fire. Firefighters soon arrived at the building, located near Oak and Pine street, to extinguish the fire. Earlier in the evening, a truck driver for the Pacific Powder Company, George Rutherford, had parked his explosives truck in front of the building, which was not noticed. The truck exploded at around 1:14 a.m., destroying buildings in an eight-block radius and severely damaging 30 more blocks.[10]

The truck was loaded with two tons of dynamite and four-and-a-half tons of the blasting agent nitro carbo nitrate. Rutherford had parked the truck after arranging his delivery for the following morning, despite warnings given to the Pacific Powder Company two days earlier not to leave such trucks unattended or park them in "congested areas." Fourteen people died in the blast and fire, and 125 were injured. Damage was estimated at ten to twelve million dollars; the Powder company was eventually made to pay $1.2 million in civil damages, but was acquitted of criminal wrongdoing.[10]

Roseburg's downtown was rebuilt, primarily by businesses using money collected from insurance claims. The city built a new bridge over the South Umpqua River on parcels affected by the disaster.[10] Since the incident, it is commonly referred to as the "Roseburg Blast" or simply "The Blast". In 2005, SOPTV produced a documentary examining the Blast and the experiences of those who were involved or witnessed it, entitled The Roseburg Blast: A Catastrophe and Its Heroes.[11]

Mass shooting

On October 1, 2015, students at Umpqua Community College near Roseburg were attacked by a 26-year-old gunman, who killed nine people (eight students and an assistant professor) and injured nine others. The gunman, a student at the school, committed suicide following a gun battle with police. This was the second school shooting in the Roseburg area, the other being a 2006 shooting at Roseburg High School. On October 9, President Barack Obama privately visited families of victims of the shooting.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 10.20 square miles (26.42 km2), of which, 10.01 square miles (25.93 km2) is land and 0.19 square miles (0.49 km2) is water.[1]

Roseburg's elevation is approximately 500 feet (150 m). Its highest point is Mount Nebo, a 1200-foot hill to the west of I-5. Through the 1980s it was known for its band of 10-20 feral angora goats. Residents said they could predict the weather by watching where the goats were on the mountain; if they were high, the weather would be good. If rain was pending, the goats moved to lower levels. Because the goats wandered across the freeway for grazing, they were a risk to traffic. In the 1980s they were rounded up and placed for adoption.[12]

Roseburg is located near the confluence of the north and south forks of the Umpqua River, and the borders of the Umpqua National Forest.

Climate

Roseburg
Climate chart ()
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
4.9
 
 
50
37
 
 
2.6
 
 
53
37
 
 
3
 
 
58
39
 
 
2.5
 
 
63
41
 
 
2.1
 
 
70
47
 
 
0.8
 
 
76
52
 
 
0.1
 
 
86
57
 
 
0.2
 
 
85
56
 
 
0.8
 
 
80
51
 
 
2.1
 
 
66
45
 
 
4.7
 
 
54
41
 
 
7
 
 
48
37
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: NOAA

Roseburg has a Mediterranean climate (Köppen climate classification Csb) with cool, rainy winters and very warm, dry summers. December, with a mean temperature of 42.5 °F (5.8 °C), is usually the coldest month, and July, with a mean temperature of 71.5 °F (21.9 °C), is the warmest. In a typical year, there are 27 days where the temperature reaches or exceeds 90 °F (32 °C), and two days with a temperature of or above 100 °F (38 °C). Conversely, the temperature drops to 32 °F (0 °C) or below 28 times per annum.[13] The record high temperature is 109 °F (43 °C), set on July 20, 1946, and the record low temperature is −1 °F (−18 °C), set on January 22, 1962.[13]

In the summer, the area has little or no precipitation and plentiful sunshine — on average, 73.5 percent of days in July, August and September are at least partly sunny.[13][14] On the other hand, the majority of winter days are overcast[15] and rainy — during this period, rainfalls of 5–6 inches per month are not uncommon.[16] Roseburg averages 30.7 inches (780 mm) of rain per year, more than half of which falls between November and January. Light dustings of snow can sometimes be seen, but accumulations are rare.

Roseburg is known for its extremely low wind velocity.[17][18]

Climate data for Roseburg, Oregon (Airport), 1981–2010 normals
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 70
(21)
79
(26)
83
(28)
92
(33)
105
(41)
104
(40)
109
(43)
107
(42)
104
(40)
96
(36)
76
(24)
70
(21)
109
(43)
Average high °F (°C) 49.8
(9.9)
53.4
(11.9)
57.7
(14.3)
62.5
(16.9)
69.5
(20.8)
76.2
(24.6)
85.9
(29.9)
85.3
(29.6)
79.7
(26.5)
65.8
(18.8)
53.8
(12.1)
48.1
(8.9)
65.64
(18.68)
Daily mean °F (°C) 43.4
(6.3)
45.2
(7.3)
48.2
(9)
51.9
(11.1)
58.3
(14.6)
64.2
(17.9)
71.4
(21.9)
70.8
(21.6)
65.6
(18.7)
55.4
(13)
47.2
(8.4)
42.4
(5.8)
55.33
(12.97)
Average low °F (°C) 37.1
(2.8)
37.0
(2.8)
38.7
(3.7)
41.3
(5.2)
47.0
(8.3)
52.2
(11.2)
57.0
(13.9)
56.4
(13.6)
51.4
(10.8)
44.9
(7.2)
40.7
(4.8)
36.8
(2.7)
45.04
(7.25)
Record low °F (°C) −1
(−18)
13
(−11)
19
(−7)
25
(−4)
26
(−3)
34
(1)
39
(4)
41
(5)
32
(0)
21
(−6)
15
(−9)
5
(−15)
−1
(−18)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 4.92
(125)
2.62
(66.5)
3.00
(76.2)
2.45
(62.2)
2.05
(52.1)
0.75
(19)
0.11
(2.8)
0.20
(5.1)
0.82
(20.8)
2.10
(53.3)
4.66
(118.4)
6.99
(177.5)
30.67
(779)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 18.8 15.0 16.6 15.1 10.1 6.2 1.1 1.6 4.4 11.1 17.4 20.6 138.0
Source: NOAA [19]

Demographics

2010 census

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 21,181 people, 9,081 households, and 5,177 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,116.0 inhabitants per square mile (817.0/km2). There were 9,732 housing units at an average density of 972.2 per square mile (375.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 91% White, 0.5% African American, 1.7% Native American, 1.6% Asian, 0.3% Pacific Islander, 1.4% from other races, and 3.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.5% of the population.

There were 9,081 households of which 27.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.2% were married couples living together, 13.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 43.0% were non-families. 35.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.23 and the average family size was 2.84.

The median age in the city was 41.1 years. 21.7% of residents were under the age of 18; 9.1% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 23.8% were from 25 to 44; 26.2% were from 45 to 64; and 19.1% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.0% male and 52.0% female.

2000 census

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 20,017 people, 8,237 households, and 5,098 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,171.1 people per square mile (838.2/km²). There were 8,838 housing units at an average density of 958.6 per square mile (370.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 93.56% White, 0.3% African American, 1.3% Native American, 0.99% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 1.26% from other races, and 2.48% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.73% of the population.

There were 8,237 households out of which 28.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.2% were married couples living together, 11.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.1% were non-families. 31.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.88.

In the city the population was spread out with 23.2% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 26.5% from 25 to 44, 22.4% from 45 to 64, and 18.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 93.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $31,250, and the median income for a family was $40,172. Males had a median income of $32,624 versus $25,707 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,082. About 11.0% of families and 15.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.9% of those under age 18 and 9.2% of those age 65 or over.

Education

Primary and secondary public education in Roseburg are provided by the Roseburg School District. Umpqua Community College is the city's two-year college.

Economy

Mercy Medical Center, a 178-bed hospital. Mercy is the 2nd largest employer in the town of Roseburg.

The unemployment rate in Roseburg is about 12 percent.[23] During the Great Recession of 2009, the unemployment rate peaked at 16.5% before falling.[24] The largest employer in the town is Roseburg Forest Products.[25] With 1,139 employees, Mercy Medical Center is the second largest employer in Roseburg.[26]

Media

Newspapers

There are three newspapers serving Roseburg. The News-Review is published six days per week and is based in Roseburg. The Roseburg Beacon is a weekly publication that serves Roseburg.[27] The Douglas County News is published weekly and is based in the nearby town of Sutherlin.

Television

Channel Callsign Network Notes
18 (36.1) KTVC 3ABN Satellite of KBLN-TV, Grants Pass
19 (4.1) KPIC CBS Satellite of KVAL-TV, Eugene
41 K41JQ NBC Repeater of KOBI, Medford
45 (46.1) KTCW NBC Satellite of KMTR, Eugene
46 K46KS-D ABC Repeater of KEZI, Eugene
47 K47HT 3ABN Repeater of KBLN-TV, Grants Pass
51 K51GJ-D PBS/OPB Repeater of KEPB, Eugene

Radio

AM

  • KGRV 700 Religious
  • KTBR 950 JPR News and Information
  • KQEN 1240 News/Talk
  • KSKR 1490 Sports

FM

  • KMPQ 88.1 NPR Variety
  • KEAR 88.5 Family Radio – Religious
  • KLOV 89.3 K-Love – Contemporary Christian
  • KAWZ 90.7 CSN – Religious
  • KSRS 91.5 JPR Classics and News
  • KSMF 91.9 JPR Rhythm and News
  • KDOV 92.7 Religious
  • KCNA 98.3 Classic Hits
  • KSKR-FM 101.1 Jelli – Top 40
  • KZEL-FM 102.1 Classic Rock
  • KRSB-FM 103.1 Country
  • KROG 103.7 Modern Rock
  • KKMX 104.5 Sam FM – Adult Hits
  • KYTT 105.5 Contemporary Christian
  • KLLF-LP 106.7 Religious

Transportation

Oregon Route 99 runs through downtown Roseburg as the main north-south arterial. Interstate 5 runs along the west side of the city, across the South Umpqua River from downtown.

Oregon Route 138 runs northwest from Roseburg to Elkton, Oregon, and generally east from Roseburg to its terminus at a junction with U.S. Route 97, just east of Diamond Lake and Crater Lake.

There is a

External links

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010".  
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder".  
  3. ^ a b "Population Estimates".  
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder".  
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names".  
  6. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f Lewis A. McArthur and Lewis L. McArthur, Oregon Geographic Names. Sixth Edition. Portland, OR: Oregon Historical Press, 1992; pg. 723.
  8. ^ a b George W. Riddle, "Annual Address," Transactions of the Forty-Seventh Annual Reunion of the Oregon Pioneer Association, Portland, June 19, 1919... Portland, OR: Chausse-Prudhomme Co., 1922; pp. 165-166.
  9. ^ Baker, Frank C. (1891). "Special Laws". The Laws of Oregon, and the Resolutions and Memorials of the Sixteenth Regular Session of the Legislative Assembly Thereof (Salem, Oregon: State Printer): 888. 
  10. ^ a b c Binus, Joseph. 2006. "Roseburg Blast Crater, 1959". In The Oregon History Project. Retrieved 6 October 2006.
  11. ^ "History Minute: Roseburg Blast: A Catastrophe and Its Heroes". Southern Oregon Public Television (SOPTV). Retrieved 6 October 2006. 
  12. ^ "Mount Nebo Goats Placed for Adoption", Eugene Register-Guard, 8 August 1984, accessed 6 October 2015
  13. ^ a b c "National Weather Service – NWS Medford". Nws.noaa.gov. 2006-07-21. Retrieved 2012-08-18. 
  14. ^ "ROSEBURG WB AP, OREGON USA Weather History and Climate Data". Worldclimate.com. Retrieved 2012-08-18. 
  15. ^ "Roseburg Douglas County Oregon average temperature, sunshine and precipitation data". Homefacts.com. Retrieved 2012-08-18. 
  16. ^ Roseburg, Oregon (OR) Detailed Profile. Retrieved 2006-10-06.
  17. ^ "City Profile". City of Roseburg. Retrieved 2012-08-18. 
  18. ^ "Roseburg, Oregon (OR 97470) profile: population, maps, real estate, averages, homes, statistics, relocation, travel, jobs, hospitals, schools, crime, moving, houses, news, sex offenders". City-data.com. Retrieved 2012-08-18. 
  19. ^ "NowData – NOAA Online Weather Data".  
  20. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  21. ^ Moffatt, Riley. Population History of Western U.S. Cities & Towns, 1850–1990. Lanham: Scarecrow, 1996, 215.
  22. ^  
  23. ^ "Economy in Roseburg, Oregon". Sperling's Best Places. Retrieved 2014-05-26. 
  24. ^ Mimms, Cory (September 2010). "Job loss in Roseburg". Oregon Business. Retrieved 26 May 2014. 
  25. ^ "Roseburg gets an incubator". Oregon Business. January 2010. Retrieved 2012-08-18. 
  26. ^ "Douglas County Largest Employers" (PDF). Umpqua Economic Development Partnership. 
  27. ^ Roseburg Beacon newspaper website
  28. ^ "U-Trans". 
  29. ^ "Sister Cities". City of Roseburg. Retrieved 2012-08-18. 

References

See also

Roseburg has two sister cities:[29]

Sister cities

Notable people

[28]