Republic of Macedonia–United States relations
|Macedonian Embassy, Washington, D.C.||United States Embassy, Skopje|
|Ambassador Vasko Naumovski||Ambassador Jess L. Baily|
According to the 2012 U.S. Global Leadership Report, 44% of Macedonians approve of U.S. leadership, with 23% disapproving and 33% uncertain.
- History 1
- Embassy 2
- See also 3
- References 4
- External links 5
The United States formally recognized Macedonia on February 8, 1994, and the two countries established full diplomatic relations on September 13, 1995. The U.S. Liaison Office was upgraded to an Embassy in February 1996, and the first U.S. Ambassador to Skopje arrived in July 1996. The development of political relations between the United States and Macedonia has ushered in a whole host of other contacts between the two states.
Today, Macedonia and the United States enjoy a cooperative relationship across a broad range of political, economic, cultural, military, and social issues. The United States supports Macedonia's aspirations to build a democratically secure and market-oriented society, and has donated large amounts of foreign assistance for democracy and economic reforms, defense reforms, and projects to strengthen rule of law and improve education. Bilateral assistance budgeted to Macedonia under the Support Europe Economic Development (SEED) Act totaled over $320 million from 1990 to 2004, including budget support and other assistance to help Macedonia recover from the 2001 crisis. Macedonia received approximately $37 million in SEED Act assistance in 2005.
U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) programs in Macedonia promote accelerated growth, support stronger democratic institutions, and help educate Macedonians for a modern economy. A key focus of U.S. assistance is helping Macedonia implement the August 2001 Framework Agreement; implementing the decentralization provision is a priority. USAID is targeting capacity building for local government officials, who will have more authority and responsibility devolved from the central government, as well as providing grants to fund small-scale infrastructure projects.
A further priority of U.S. assistance is to facilitate Macedonia’s transition to a market economy and increase employment and growth levels. USAID has identified and is now assisting the five most competitive sub-sectors of Macedonia’s economy. USAID also helps Macedonian enterprises through business resource centers, improved access to credit and equity, trade and investment facilitation, and training. Programs target improvements in the business-enabling environment by helping to bring legislative and regulatory frameworks in line with EU standards and improving the transparency and efficiency of government services through technology. A resident U.S. Department of Treasury advisor is assisting the Ministry of Finance improve strategy, planning and execution, and public expenditure management.
USAID is working to strengthen Macedonia's organized crime.
Complementing its assistance in Macedonia’s political and economic transition, USAID programs improve education and human capacity in Macedonia through projects on the primary, secondary, and post-secondary levels. Targets include improving teaching techniques, modernizing vocational education, providing computer labs in all schools, and expanding broadband Internet service throughout the country using primary and secondary schools as a platform. Other programs address crosscutting issues, including interethnic cooperation, assistance to the Romani minority, corruption, HIV/AIDS, and trafficking.
Vasko Naumovski is the current Macedonian Ambassador in the United States. In 2008, the government of the Republic of Macedonia signed an executive agreement on Strategic Partnership and Mutual Cooperation. The agreement was signed by Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice and the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Macedonia Antonio Milososki.
Principal U.S. Officials include:
- Ambassador--Paul D. Wohlers
- Deputy Chief of Mission—Tom Navratil
- Political Affairs—David Burger
- Economic/Commercial Affairs—Darren Lathem
- Consul—Kimberly McDonald
- Management Affairs—Bruce Wilson
- Public Affairs—Ryan Rowlands
- Defense Attaché—Col. Christopher Benya
- Makfax Agency United States of America congratulate President Ivanov on his inauguration and are looking forward to continuing of the excellent relations with Macedonia
- U.S. Global Leadership Project Report - 2012 Gallup
- History of Macedonia - U.S. relations