Rebecca Latimer Felton
|Rebecca Latimer Felton|
United States Senator
November 21, 1922 – November 22, 1922
|Appointed by||Thomas W. Hardwick|
|Preceded by||Thomas E. Watson|
|Succeeded by||Walter F. George|
Rebecca Ann Latimer
June 10, 1835
Decatur, Georgia, U.S.
January 24, 1930
Atlanta, Georgia, U.S.
|Spouse(s)||William H. Felton|
|Education||Madison Collegiate Institute and Methodist Female College|
Rebecca Ann Latimer Felton (June 10, 1835 – January 24, 1930) was an American writer, lecturer, lynching. Bartley reports that by 1915 she "was championing a lengthy feminist program that ranged from prohibition to equal pay for equal work."
- Women's suffrage 1
- Racial views 2
- Senator 3
- Final years 4
- Quotes 5
- See also 6
- Notes 7
- References 8
- External links 9
A prominent suffragist in the
|United States Senate|
Thomas E. Watson
U.S. Senator (Class 3) from Georgia
Served alongside: William J. Harris
Walter F. George
Oldest living U.S. Senator
April 5, 1928 – January 24, 1930
- Rebecca Latimer Felton at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- Rebecca Latimer Felton (1835-1930) New Georgia Encyclopedia.
- U.S. Senate. First woman senator appointed. Retrieved March 1, 2005.
- Uncorrected transcript of interview with Richard Baker, Senate Historian, on C-SPAN Q&A television program, June 12, 2005
- Photograph of Rebecca Latimer Felton in 1927 Vanishing Georgia Collection.
- Felton, Rebecca Latimer (1919). Country Life in Georgia in the Days of My Youth. Index Print.
- Litwack, Leon F. (1999). Trouble in Mind: Black Southerners in the Age of Jim Crow (1st ed.). New York: Vintage Books.
- Scott, Thomas A. (ed.) (1995). Cornerstones of Georgia History: Documents That Formed the State. Athens: University of Georgia Press.
- Talmage, John E. Rebecca Latimer Felton: Nine Stormy Decades (1960)
- Talmage, John E. “Felton, Rebecca Ann Latimer” in Edward T. James, ed., Notable American Women: A biographical dictionary (1971) 1:606-7
- Jennifer Steinhauer (March 21, 2013). "Once Few, Women Hold More Power in Senate". The New York Times. Retrieved March 30, 2014.
- Numan Bartley, The Creation of Modern Georgia (1983) p 121
- Phillips LaCavera, Tommie (October 30, 2001). "Among Clarke County's notable women were first black female education administrator; vocal opponent of women's suffrage". Athens Banner-Herald.
- Grant, Donald L.; Grant, Jonathan (2001). The Way It Was in the South: The Black Experience in Georgia. Athens, Ga.: University of Georgia Press. p. 335.
- Cornerstones of Georgia History, p. 168
- Felton, Rebecca Latimer (1919). Country Life in Georgia in the Days of My Youth. Atlanta: Index Printing Company. p. 253.
- McKay, John (2011). It Happened in Atlanta: Remarkable Events That Shaped History. Guilford, CT: Morris Book Publishing. p. 82.
- Litwack, p. 100
- Litwack, p. 213
- Litwack, p. 221
- Litwack, pp. 282–83
- Litwack, pp. 304, 313
- Dray, Philip. At the Hands of Persons Unknown: The Lynching of Black America, p. 125 (Modern Library 2003).
- McHenry, Robert (ed.) (1983). "Felton, Rebecca Ann Latimer (1835-1930)". Famous American Women: A Biographical Dictionary from Colonial Times to the Present (2nd ed.). New York: Dover Publ. p. 128.
- McHenry, Robert (January 9, 2008). "Persons of Color and Gender in National Politics". Brittanica Blog.
- Mayhead, Molly A.; Marshall, Brenda DeVore (2005). Women's Political Discourse: A 21st-Century Perspective. Lanham, Md.: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers. pp. 44–45.
- "Mrs. Felton Dies. Appointed for One-Day Term From Georgia, She Said She Hoped to See Women in Senate. Active Almost to the Last, She Had Gone to Atlanta at 94 to Attend to School Business.".
- "Who was Rebecca L. Felton?". Banana Stew. August 2, 2005.
- Cornerstones of Georgia History, p. 165
- Cornerstones of Georgia History, p. 169
- Dittmer, John (1980). Black Georgia in the Progressive Era, 1900-1920. Urbana: University of Illinois Press. p. 121.
- Felton, p.79
- Felton, p. 86
- "There was never a more loyal woman in the South after we were forced by our political leaders to go to battle to defend our rights in ownership of African slaves, but they called it "State's Rights," and all I owned was invested in slaves and my people were loyal and I stood by them to the end. Like 
- On slavery: "There were abuses, many of them. I do not pretend to defend these abuses. There were kind masters and cruel masters. There were violations of the moral law that made 
- "I do not want to see a negro man walk to the polls and vote on who should handle my tax money, while I myself cannot vote at all. Is that fair?"
- "This women's movement is a great movement of the sexes toward each other, with common ideals as to government, as well as common ideals in domestic life, where fully developed manhood must seek and find its real mate in the mother of his children, as well as the solace of his home." – Why I Am a Suffragist?
- "Savage tribes used physical force to manage their women. The club and the lash were their only arguments. Moslem fanatics go a step further in saying women have no souls" – Why I Am a Suffragist? essay, dated May 14. 1915
- "When there is not enough religion in the pulpit to organize a crusade against sin; nor justice in the court house to promptly punish crime; nor manhood enough in the nation to put a sheltering arm about innocence and virtue----if it needs lynching to protect woman's dearest possession from the ravening human beasts----then I say lynch, a thousand times a week if necessary." August 11, 1897
- "When the women of the country come in and sit with you, though there may be but very few in the next few years, I pledge you that you will get ability, you will get integrity of purpose, you will get exalted patriotism, and you will get unstinted usefulness." – Address to the Senate, November 21, 1922
- "A Senator of the U.S., a woman, is still a sort of political joke with our masculine leaders in party politics.... But the trail has been blazed! The road is apparently rough—maybe rocky—but the trail has been located. It is an established fact. While it is also a romantic adventure, it will ever remain an historical precedent—never to be erased.” Nov. 7, 1922
 Felton was engaged as a writer and lecturer and resided in
Felton thus became the first woman seated in the Senate and served until George took office on November 22, 1922, one day later.  Congress was not expected to reconvene until after the election, so the chances were slim that Felton would be sworn in. However,
In 1922, Governor Thomas W. Hardwick was a candidate for the next general election to the Senate, when Senator Thomas E. Watson died prematurely. Seeking an appointee who would not be a competitor in the coming special election to fill the vacant seat and a way to secure the vote of the new women voters alienated by his opposition to the 19th Amendment, Hardwick chose Felton to serve as senator on October 3, 1922.
Felton also advocated more lynchings of black men, saying that such was "elysian" compared to the rape of white women. On at least one occasion, she stated that white Southerners should "lynch a thousand [black men] a week if it becomes necessary" to "protect woman's dearest possession."
In 1899, a massive crowd of white Georgians tortured, mutilated, and burned a black man, Sam Hose, who purportedly had killed a white man in self-defense but had not committed the rape of the white woman whites accused him of. The crowd divided and sold his physical remains as souvenirs, Felton said that any "true-hearted husband or father" would have killed "the beast" and that Hose was due less sympathy than a rabid dog.
Felton considered "young blacks" who sought equal treatment "half-civilized gorillas," and ascribed to them a "brutal lust" for white women. While seeking suffrage for women, she decried voting rights for blacks, arguing that it led directly to the rape of white women.
 For the 1893 World's Columbian Exhibition, she "proposed a southern exhibit 'illustrating the slave period,' with a cabin and 'real colored folks making mats, shuck collars, and baskets—a woman to spin and card cotton—and another to play banjo and show the actual life of [the] slave—not the Uncle Tom sort.'" She wanted to display "the ignorant contented darky—as distinguished from [Harriet Beecher] Stowe's monstrosities." Felton was a
Felton owned slaves before the Civil War, and was the last member of either the House of Representatives or Congress to have been a slave owner.
Felton criticized what she saw as the hypocrisy of Southern men who boasted of superior Southern "chivalry" but opposed women's rights, and she expressed her dislike of the fact that Southern states resisted women's suffrage longer than other regions of the US. She wrote, in 1915, that women were denied fair political participation "except in the States which have been franchised by the good sense and common honesty of the men of those States—after due consideration, and with the chivalric instinct that differentiates the coarse brutal male from the gentlemen of our nation. Shall the men of the South be less generous, less chivalrous? They have given the Southern women more praise than the man of the West—but judged by their actions Southern men have been less sincere. Honeyed phrases are pleasant to listen to, but the sensible women of our country would prefer more substantial gifts...."