Queenstown, New Zealand
Queenstown from Bob's Peak
|Territorial authority||Queenstown-Lakes District|
|Named||January 1863 |
|Founded by||William Gilbert Rees|
|• Mayor||Vanessa van Uden|
|• Urban||25.55 km2 (9.86 sq mi)|
|• District||8,704.97 km2 (3,361.01 sq mi)|
|Population (June 2015 estimate)|
|• Urban density||510/km2 (1,300/sq mi)|
|• District density||3.7/km2 (9.6/sq mi)|
|Time zone||NZST (UTC+12:00)|
|• Summer (DST)||NZDT (UTC+13:00)|
It is built around an inlet called Queenstown Bay on Lake Wakatipu, a long thin Z-shaped lake formed by glacial processes, and has spectacular views of nearby mountains such as The Remarkables, Cecil Peak, Walter Peak and just above the town; Ben Lomond and Queenstown Hill.
The Queenstown-Lakes District has a land area of 8,704.97 square kilometres (3,361.01 sq mi) not counting its inland lakes (Lake Hāwea, Lake Wakatipu, and Lake Wanaka). The region has an estimated resident population of 32,400 (June 2015 estimate). Its neighbouring towns include Arrowtown, Glenorchy, Kingston, Wanaka, Alexandra, and Cromwell. The nearest cities are Dunedin and Invercargill. Queenstown is now known for its commerce-oriented tourism, especially adventure and ski tourism. It is popular with New Zealand, Australian and international travellers alike.
- Māori visitors 1.1
- European settlers 1.2
- Naming 1.3
Tourism and education 2
- See and do 2.1
- Locations for television and film 2.2
- Language, tourism, and community education 2.3
- Sports and Recreation 3.1
- In the Area 3.2
- Geography and climate 4
- Transport 5
- Suburbs and nearby areas 6
- Sister cities 7
- See also 8
- Bibliography 9
- References 10
- External links 11
The area was known to Māori before Europeans arrived. The first European to see Lake Wakatipu was Nathanael Chalmers who was guided by Reko, the chief of the Tuturau, over the Waimea Plains and up the Mataura River in September 1853. Evidence of stake nets, baskets for catching eels, spears and ashes indicated the Glenorchy area was visited by Māori. It is likely Ngāi Tahu Māori visited Queenstown en route to collect Pounamu (greenstone). There was a settlement called Te Kirikiri Pa occupied by the tribe of Kāti Mamoe which was situated in the location of the current Queenstown Gardens, but by the time Europeans arrived in the 1860s this settlement was no longer being used.
Explorers William Gilbert Rees and Nicholas von Tunzelmann were the first Europeans to settle the area. Rees established a high country farm in the location of Queenstown's current town centre in 1860, but the discovery of gold in the Arrow River in 1862 encouraged Rees to convert his wool shed into a hotel named the Queen's Arms, now known as Eichardt's. Many Queenstown streets bear names from the gold mining era (such as Camp Street) and some historic buildings remain. William's Cottage, the Lake Lodge of Ophir, Queenstown Police Station, and St Peter's Anglican Church lie close together in a designated historic precinct.
There are various apocryphal accounts of how the town of Queenstown was named however the following is the most likely:
When William Rees first arrived in the area and built the homestead the area was known as The Station although miners soon referred to it as The Camp from 1860 to 1862.
The miners and especially the Irish had taken an interest in the ceremony held for a small town called The Cove in Ireland which was renamed to Queenstown in honour of Queen Victoria in 1850. They may have had their own ceremony at the intersection of Rees and Beach Streets replicating some of the elements in the renaming of the Irish town.
Subsequent to this a public meeting was held for the purpose of naming the township on the lake in January 1863 (probably the weekend of the 3rd and 4th) in which the town was officially given the name of Queenstown in reference to Ireland's Queenstown. By the 9 and 10 January 1863 the town was being reported with the name of Queenstown from several reports written by a correspondent in the Otago Witness on Monday the 5th and Tuesday the 6th. It was during the meeting there may have been a reference by a miner of the town being "fit for a Queen" (this is one of the most popular accounts of how the town was named).
The Māori name for Queenstown of Tāhuna means shallow bay.
Tourism and education
See and do
A resort town, Queenstown boasted 220 adventure tourism activities in 2012. Skiing and snowboarding, jet boating, whitewater rafting, bungy jumping, mountain biking, skateboarding, tramping, paragliding, sky diving and fly fishing are all popular.
Queenstown is a major centre for snow sports in New Zealand, with people from all over the country and many parts of the world travelling to ski at the four main mountain ski fields (Cardrona Alpine Resort, Coronet Peak, The Remarkables and Treble Cone). Cross country skiing is also available at the Waiorau Snowfarm, near Cardrona village.
Queenstown lies close to the centre of a small wine producing region, reputed to be the world's southernmost. The Two Paddocks vineyard is owned by local actor Sam Neill. Neighbouring, historic Arrowtown features restaurants and bars.
Queenstown has many festivals. In 2013, examples include Bike Festival (March/April), Winter Festival (June), and Jazz Festival (October).
Locations for television and film
Jane Campion's six-part drama mystery Top of the Lake was shot during 2012 for pay TV release in 2013. The lakes of the Wakatipu appear ominous, and the Southern Alps spectacular. The main location is Moke Lake and scenes were shot on Lower Beach Street and Coronation Drive, and at a supermarket and bottle store on Shotover Street. Top of the Lake's international cast includes Holly Hunter, Elisabeth Moss, Peter Mullan, David Wenham, and Thomas M Wright.
Queenstown and the surrounding area contains many locations used in the filming of the The Lord of the Rings film trilogy. Locations used include Paradise near Glenorchy, at the head of Lake Wakatipu.
Queenstown became popular in South Asia after the release of Bollywood Blockbuster Willow.
Filming of the 1981 film Race for the Yankee Zephyr took place in and around Queenstown, the first major motion picture production for the area.
Language, tourism, and community education
Wakatipu High School is a government co-ed school which services the community for students in years 9–13 (ages 13–18 years).
Primary schools catering to students in years 1–8 (ages 5–12 years) in the Queenstown area are: KingsView, Queenstown, Remarkables, St Joseph's and Shotover.
Adult training institutions provide a variety of options in English, sustainability, tourism and community education in Queenstown.
Specialist English language providers include Language Schools New Zealand, ABC College of English, and Southern Lakes English College. Southern Institute of Technology (SIT) offers various courses, including scholarships for English study.
Queenstown Resort College actively supports events for international travel agents, It offers accredited management courses in hospitality and adventure tourism, and a rare Diploma of Adventure Tourism Management specialising in Snowsport.
ACE Wakatipu has a community focus, and provides links to many adult training opportunities.
Otago Polytechnic offers introductory courses in sustainability. And its Centre for Sustainable Practice offers certificate and graduate diploma level courses in sustainable practice.
- The TSS Earnslaw steams on Lake Wakatipu to Walter Peak Station
- Ben Lomond, a nearby mountain for a view of the area
- The Skyline Gondola ascends Bob's Peak on Ben Lomond
- Kiwi Birdlife Park and Paradise for the paradise duck (Tadorna variegata)
- Walk, mountain bike, or run The Queenstown Trail
- Skippers Road
- Scenic flights
Sports and Recreation
- Queenstown Events Centre and stadium
- Paragliding or Hang Gliding
- Aerobatics with the Wakatipu Aero Club at Queenstown Airport at Frankton
- Golf at Millbrook Resort, Jack's Point, or Queenstown Golf Club
- Disc golf at the Queenstown Gardens
- Tennis at the Queenstown Tennis Club in Queenstown Gardens
- Cricket at the Queenstown Cricket Club
- Netball at the Wakatipu Netball Centre
- Rugby league and Rugby union at the Wakatipu Rugby League Club Memorial Park
- Touch rugby during the summer season
- Scuba diving or snorkeling in a river, bridge wreck, or in Lake Wakatipu
- Adventure sport, canyon-swing, parachute, jetboat, bungy jump, river-surf, or kitesurf
In the Area
- Central Otago region
- Central Otago wine region
- History of the Central Otago Gold Rush
- Milford Road, Milford Sound / Homer Tunnel, the Fiordland Lakes / Doubtful Sound
- Tramping track near Glenorchy
- Routeburn, one of the New Zealand Great Walks
Geography and climate
Queenstown is situated on the shore line of Lake Wakatipu, the third largest lake by surface area in New Zealand. It is at a relatively low altitude, for a ski and snowboarding centre, just 310 metres above sea level, on the shores of the lake, but nestled among mountains, and there are close-by gorges and some plains suitable for agriculture.
Because of its relatively moderate altitude ( 310 metres) but with high mountain surroundings, it has an oceanic climate (Köppen climate classification Cfb). Summer has long warm days with temperatures that can reach 30 °C while winters are cold with temperatures often in single digits with frequent snowfall, although there is no permanent snow cover during the year. As with the rest of Central Otago, Queenstown lies within the rain shadow of the Southern Alps, but being closer to the west coast the town is more susceptible to rain-bearing fronts compared to nearby Cromwell, Wanaka and Alexandra. The hottest recorded temperature in Queenstown is 34.1 °C (93 °F), while the coldest is −8.4 °C (17 °F).
|Climate data for Queenstown (1981–2010)|
|Average high °C (°F)||
|Daily mean °C (°F)||
|Average low °C (°F)||
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||
|Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm)||7.2||6.2||7.4||7.4||9.0||9.2||6.9||9.1||8.5||8.8||7.6||9.6||96.9|
|Average relative humidity (%)||70.2||74.3||75.8||78.4||81.1||83.8||83.3||80.5||73.1||70.9||67.5||69.4||75.7|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||230.3||207.3||187.0||145.4||87.8||71.8||88.3||120.0||153.6||197.7||216.6||223.5||1,929.2|
|Source: NIWA Climate Data|
As a resort centre, there are many bus services that operate into Queenstown, with most being for package tours, but daily services for the local or itinerant are available to and from Invercargill, Dunedin and Christchurch, which are the main cities closest to Queenstown.
Queenstown has an international airport with flights from Australia by Air New Zealand, Qantas, Virgin Australia and Jetstar and in particular, to Brisbane, Gold Coast, Melbourne, and Sydney (the frequency is much increased over the ski season and during summer). Domestic flights operate to Auckland, Christchurch, Dunedin, Hamilton, Nelson and Wellington. Due to sustained growth, expansion of the airport terminal was undertaken in 2005 through 2010.
Queenstown Airport is New Zealand's busiest helicopter base, also the fourth busiest airport by passenger traffic, and is also heavily used for tourist 'flightseeing', especially to Milford Sound and Mount Cook, using both fixed-wing and rotary-wing aircraft.
The primary road access to the Queenstown area is via Kingston before crossing the provincial boundary and emerging on the plains of Southland, terminating in the city of Invercargill. A difficult road over the Crown Range leads to Cardrona skifield and Wanaka, and is New Zealand's highest paved public road.
Queenstown is the departure point for a large number of day trips to the similarly famous Milford Sound, which entails a return trip of approximately 12 hours. There are scenic flights available to Milford Sound. A return flight, including a two-hour cruise, is approximately four hours.
Suburbs and nearby areas
Central Queenstown contains many businesses, apartments and homes but is near many suburbs or large areas of housing which are: Fernhill, Sunshine Bay, Queenstown Hill, Goldfield Heights, Marina Heights, Kelvin Heights, Arthurs Point and Frankton. Just outside of Queenstown are the areas of: Arrowtown, Dalefield, Closeburn, Gibbston, Jack's Point, Lake Hayes Estate and Quail Rise.
- Eichardt's Private Hotel, a heritage building
- Fernhill a suburb of Queenstown
- Garrick Tremain cartoonist and painter
- Hidden Island on Lake Wakatipu
- Kawarau Gorge
- Kawarau Gorge Suspension Bridge used for bungy jumping
- Kawarau River
- Kelvin Heights a suburb of Queenstown
- Mayor of Queenstown, New Zealand
- Nicholas von Tunzelmann a European who settled in Queenstown in the 1860s
- Ngāi Tahu Māori of southern New Zealand
- Otago Region
- Queenstown Hill
- Queenstown Ice Hockey Club
- Queenstown-Lakes District
- Queenstown Police Station
- Queenstown Trail for cycling and walking
- Southern Stampede local ice hockey team
- Southern Scenic Route tourist road
- Tolkien tourism and Lord of the Rings
- Tourism in New Zealand
- Wakatipu High School
- Wakatipu Electorate
- Reed, A. W. (2002). The Reed Dictionary of New Zealand Place Names. Auckland, New Zealand: Reed Books.
- "Queenstown". Victoria University. Retrieved 2 September 2015.
- Jardine, D.G. (1978). Shadows on the Hill. A.H. & A.W. Reed Ltd. p. 187.
- "Subnational Population Estimates: At 30 June 2015 (provisional)".
- Miller., F.W.G., (1949), Golden Days of Lake County. Whitcombe and Tombs. p 3-11.
- "Spiritual bond to first people". Otago Daily Times. Retrieved 6 September 2015.
- "Queenstown history - William Gilbert Rees".
- "Queenstown". New Zealand History. Retrieved 25 August 2015.
- "The Dunstan". Otago Witness. Retrieved 24 August 2015.
- "The Dunstan". Otago Witness. Retrieved 24 August 2015.
- "Spiritual bond to first people". Otago Daily Times. Retrieved 6 September 2015.
- Bennett, Sarah; Slater, Lee (25 April 2012). "Queenstown's cycling explosion". Travel New Zealand. Fairfax. Retrieved 19 March 2013.
- "Waiorau Snowfarm". Destinations. Australia: Canberra Alpine Club.
- Cathy Scott. "Two Paddocks: Our Story".
- "Queenstown events: Festivals and events in Queenstown, NZ".
- "Home " Queenstown Bike Festival". Queenstown Bike Festival.
- "Dates set for 2013 Queenstown Winter Festival". Queenstown Winter Festival.
- "Queenstown Jazzfest 2014 - 24-26 October - 3 days of Fantastic Music over Labour Day Weekend".
- Beech, James (8 March 2013). "Setting stars in top drama". Otago Daily Times. Fairfax. Retrieved 19 March 2013.
- "'"Campion shoot is now 'Top of town. Mountain Scene. Queenstown, New Zealand: Scene. 20 March 2012. Retrieved 19 March 2013.
- Pulver, Andrew (9 February 2013). "Top of the Lake – first look review". Guardian. Guardian News. Retrieved 19 March 2013.
- "Entertainment: Top of the Lake". Sydney Morning Herald. Fairfax. 18 March 2013. Retrieved 19 March 2013.
- "Wakatipu High School". Retrieved 21 May 2013.
- Crosbie, Celia (1 October 2010). "Educators join forces for Study Queenstown website". Mountain Scene. Queenstown, New Zealand: Scene. Retrieved 19 March 2013.
- "Institutions". Study Queenstown. 2010. Retrieved 19 March 2013.
- "Language Schools New Zealand – Queenstown".
- ABC College of English. "Queenstown - ABC College of English, Queenstown - English language school in Queenstown, New Zealand".
- "Learn english / English as a second language - Southern Lakes English College".
- Chandler, Philip (5 July 2012). "SIT cuts teacher hours". Mountain Scene. Queenstown, New Zealand: Scene. Retrieved 19 March 2013.
- "About Us".
- Lamont, Sarah (1 March 2012). "Rare window opens for Queenstown". Southland Times. Fairfax. Retrieved 19 March 2013.
- "Hospitality and Tourism Management Education // Queenstown Resort College".
- "Snowsport Specialisation - Tourism Management - Courses // Queenstown Resort College".
- "Adult Learning Link Wakatipu: Wakatipu Adult Classes".
- "Otago Polytechnic". Institutions. Study Queenstown. 2010. Retrieved 19 March 2013.
- "Centre for Sustainable Practice". Welcome. Otago Polytechnic. Retrieved 19 March 2013.
- Queenstown Skyline Gondola
- "Kiwi Birdlife Park". Kiwi Birdlife Park.
- Gardiner, Brooke (14 September 2012). "Slip closes Skippers road for month". Southland Times. Fairfax. Retrieved 19 March 2013.
- "Tourist Flight Operators". AIA.
- "SkyTrek - tandem hang gliding & paragliding - Queenstown".
- Graham Barker. "Aerobatics over Queenstown".
- "Trial Flight - Ever Dreamed of Flying".
- "Golf " Jack's Point".
- "Queenstown Golf Club".
- "Queenstown Disc Golf".
- "Disc Golf in Queenstown, New Zealand.".
- "Queenstown Tennis Club".
- "Queenstown Cricket Club".
- "Home - Wakatipu Netball, Queenstown New Zealand".
- Wakatipu Rugby League Club
- "About Us".
- "One-touch rugby". Mountain Scene. Queenstown, New Zealand: Scene. 20 October 2011. Retrieved 19 March 2013.
- "Touch Southland". Invercargill, New Zealand. Retrieved 19 March 2013.
- "Bathroom Renovation Wellington NZ".
- "The Routeburn Track".
- "Statistics for NZL Queenstown". Department of Energy. 2010. Retrieved 6 June 2011.
-  (from the NIWA website)
- "Climate Data and Activities". NIWA. Retrieved 19 October 2013.
- Sister Cities
- "新西兰皇后镇与杭州"互粉" 杭州"朋友圈"新增3个友好城市 - 杭网原创 - 杭州网".
- Queenstown Lakes District Council
- Queenstown Lakes District Council Community Groups database
- Queenstown Tourism official site
- Queenstown Official Visitor GuideQueenstown Tourism's pdf
- Chamber of Commerce
- Queenstown Airport official site
- 360queenstown-wanana - information site with 360 degree panorams and virtual tours
- Otago Daily Times - Queenstown Lakes News
- NZ Ski The Remarkables
- Queenstown at DMOZ
||Glenorchy and Mount Aspiring National Park||Mount Aspiring National Park||Arrowtown and Wanaka|