Port of Jakarta

Port of Jakarta

Port of Jakarta
Aerial view
Location
Country Indonesia Indonesia
Location Jakarta
Coordinates

6°06′14″S 106°53′11″E / 6.104°S 106.8865°E / -6.104; 106.8865Coordinates: 6°06′14″S 106°53′11″E / 6.104°S 106.8865°E / -6.104; 106.8865

Details
Owned by Port Authority of Jakarta
Type of harbor Natural
Size of harbor 604 ha (6.04 sq km)
Land area 424 ha (4.24 sq km)
Size 1,028 ha (10.28 sq km)
Available berths 76
Statistics
Vessel arrivals 17,829 vessels (2007)[1]
Annual cargo tonnage 41,980,914 tonnes (2007)[2]
Annual container volume 3,689,783 TEU's (2007)[3]
Passenger traffic 438,090 people (2007)[4]
Website
www.priokport.co.id

The Port of Jakarta also known as Tanjung Priok Port is the largest Indonesian seaport and one of the largest seaports in the Java Sea basin, with an annual traffic capacity of around 45 million tonnes of cargo and 4,000,000 TEU's.This port is located in Tanjung Priok, North Jakarta.

The port is also an important employer in the area, with more than 18,000 employees who provide services to more than 18,000 ships every year.

History

The old name of Jakarta was Sunda Kelapa. The earliest record mentioning this area as a capital city can be traced to the Indianized kingdom of Tarumanagara as early as the fourth century. In AD 39, King Purnawarman established Sunda Pura as a new capital city for the kingdom, located at the northern coast of Java.[5] Purnawarman left seven memorial stones with inscriptions bearing his name spread across the area, including the present-day Banten and West Java provinces. The Tugu Inscription is considered the oldest of all of them.[6]

After the power of Tarumanagara declined, all of its many territories, including Sunda Pura, became part of the Kingdom of Sunda. The harbour area were renamed Sunda Kelapa as written in a Hindu monk's lontar manuscripts, which are now located at the Bodleian Library of Oxford University in England, and travel records by Prince Bujangga Manik.[7] By the 14th century, Sunda Kelapa became a major trading port for the kingdom. The first European fleet, four Portuguese ships from Malacca, arrived in 1513 when the Portuguese were looking for a route for spices, especially black pepper.[8]

Jakarta's Container Port (JCP), now is known as Jakarta International Container Terminal (JICT) operated by the Hutchison Port Holdings and PT Pelindo II is the largest container terminal in Indonesia and the country's national hub port.[9][10] In August 2004, the Indonesian Commercial Newsletter announced that the country would build a new port in Jakarta using Japanese technology. Admitting that Jakarta's traditional port, Tanjung Priok, hadn’t been improved for 150 years, the new Port of Jakarta (Djakarta) was needed for import and export traffic.[11] At April 2011, JICT received an Asian Freight and Supply Chain Award (AFSCA) as the best service quality and technology innovation of terminal with less than 4 million twenty-foot equivalent units handling capacity.[12]

Description

The Port of Jakarta has 20 terminals: general cargo, multipurpose terminal, scraps terminal, passenger terminal, dry bulk terminal, liquid bulk terminal, oil terminal, chemicals terminal and three container terminals, 76 berths, a quay length of 16,853 metres, a total storage area of 661,822 m2 and a storage capacity of 401,468 tonnes.[13]

Statistics

In 2007 the Port of Jakarta handled 41,980,914 tonnes of cargo and 3,689,783 TEU's making it the busiest cargo port in Indonesia and the largest container port in the country.[14]

General statistics between 2004 - 2007[15]
Year 2004 2005 2006 2007
Bag cargo* 1,434,571 1,821,689 1,159,622 1,763,415
Liquid bulk* 11,034,843 9,147,300 8,614,492 6,333,766
Dry bulk* 10,177,616 9,969,790 10,740,499 8,200,586
Nr of passengers 619,995 577,021 485,644 438,090
Containers (TEU's) 3,248,149 3,277,868 3,419,541 3,689,783
Containers* 9,391,489 11,685,428 10,355,703 10,491,462
General cargo* 4,035,195 5,532,741 7,866,223 7,889,879
Vessels (nr) 16,154 17,374 16,214 17,829
Total*' 36,073,714 38,154,370 38,736,579 41,980,914
* figures in tonnes

References