Pittsburgh Pirates

Pittsburgh Pirates

Pittsburgh Pirates
2015 Pittsburgh Pirates season
Established 1881
Team logo Cap insignia
Major league affiliations
Current uniform
Retired numbers 1, 4, 8, 9, 11, 20, 21, 33, 40, 42
  • Black, gold, white


  • Pittsburgh Pirates (1912–present)
  • Pittsburg Pirates (1891–1911)
  • Pittsburg Innocents (1890)
  • Pittsburgh Alleghenys (1887–1889)
  • Allegheny (1881–1886)
Other nicknames
  • The Bucs, The Buccos, The Black and Gold
Major league titles
World Series titles (5) 1979 • 1971 • 1960 • 1925
NL Pennants (9) 1979 • 1971 • 1960 • 1927
1925 • 1909 • 1903 • 1902
Central Division titles (0) None
East Division titles (9) 1992 • 1991 • 1990 • 1979
1975 • 1974 • 1972 • 1971
Wild card berths (2) 2014 • 2013
Front office
Owner(s) Robert Nutting, others
Manager Clint Hurdle
General Manager Neal Huntington

The Pittsburgh Pirates are a Major League Baseball (MLB) club based in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. They compete in the Central Division of the National League (NL), and play their home games at PNC Park, formerly at Forbes Field and Three Rivers Stadium (the latter's name is derived from the three rivers the Allegheny and the Ohio, which join together to form the Ohio River.) Founded on October 15, 1881[1] as Allegheny, the franchise has won five World Series championships. The Pirates are also often referred to as the "Bucs" or the "Buccos" (derived from buccaneer, a synonym for pirate).

The franchise joined the NL in its eighth season in 1887 and was competitive from its early years, winning three NL titles from 1901 to 1903, playing in the very first World Series in 1903 and winning their first World Series in 1909 behind Honus Wagner. The Pirates have had many ups and downs during their long history, most famously winning the 1960 World Series against the New York Yankees on a game-winning home run by Bill Mazeroski, the only time that Game 7 of the World Series has ever ended with a home run, still to this day. They also won the 1971 World Series with Roberto Clemente and the 1979 World Series under the slogan "We Are Family", led by "Pops" Willie Stargell. Overall the Pirates have won five World Series and lost two.

After a run of regular-season success in the early 1990s (winning three straight East Division titles), the Pirates struggled over the following 20 years, with 20 consecutive losing seasons—the longest such streak in North American professional sports history—before posting a winning record in 2013 of 94–68 to qualify for the NL Wild Card before advancing to the NL Division Series round where they lost in 5 games to the St. Louis Cardinals.


  • Franchise history 1
  • Rivalries 2
    • Historical 2.1
      • Philadelphia Phillies 2.1.1
    • Within the Central Division 2.2
  • Current roster 3
  • Players 4
    • Baseball Hall of Fame 4.1
    • Ford C. Frick Award recipients 4.2
    • Team captains 4.3
  • Retired numbers 5
  • Franchise records 6
    • Won-loss records 6.1
    • First-in-MLB accomplishments 6.2
  • Minor league affiliations 7
  • Civil Rights advocacy 8
  • Fanbase 9
  • Community activities 10
  • Radio and television 11
    • Figures with broadcasting resumés 11.1
  • Logos and uniforms 12
  • See also 13
  • References 14
  • External links 15

Franchise history

Professional baseball has been played in the Pittsburgh area since 1876. The teams of the era were "independents", barnstorming throughout the region and not affiliated with any organized league, though they did have salaries and were run as business organizations.[2] On October 15, 1881, the strongest team in the area joined the American Association as a founding member to begin play in 1882.[3] Their various home fields in the 19th century were in a then-separate city called Allegheny City, across the Allegheny River from Pittsburgh. The team was listed as "Allegheny" in the standings, and was sometimes called the "Alleghenys" (not the "Alleghenies") in the same generic way that teams from Boston, New York, and Chicago were sometimes called the "Bostons", the "New Yorks", and the "Chicagos", in the sports writing style of that era. After five mediocre seasons in the A.A., Pittsburgh became the first A.A. team to switch to the older National League in 1887. At this time, the team renamed itself the Pittsburgh Alleghenys,[4] although Allegheny remained a separate city until it was annexed by Pittsburgh in 1907. At that time, owner-manager Horace Phillips sold the team to Dennis McKnight; Phillips stayed on as manager.[5]

The new owners also signed several players from American Association teams. One of them was highly regarded second baseman Lou Bierbauer, who had previously played with the A.A.'s Philadelphia Athletics. The Athletics failed to include him on their reserve list, and the Alleghenys picked him up. This led to loud protests by the Athletics, and in an official complaint, an AA official claimed the Alleghenys' actions were "piratical".[6] This incident (which is discussed at some length in The Beer and Whisky League, by David Nemec, 1994) quickly accelerated into a schism between the leagues that contributed to the demise of the A.A. Although the Alleghenys were never found guilty of wrongdoing, they made sport of being denounced for being "piratical" by renaming themselves "the Pirates" for the 1891 season.[4] The nickname was first acknowledged on the team's uniforms in 1912. Around the time the team adopted the Pirates nickname, the United States Board on Geographic Names forced the city of Pittsburgh to undergo a controversial name change by having them drop the "h" at the end of the name, making the team's official name the "Pittsburg Pirates" from the adoption of the Pirates nickname until Pittsburgh was able to get the "h" restored to its name in 1911.

The Pirates were a strong team in the early 1900s, winning National League pennants from 1901–1903 and taking their first World Series title in 1909. They again won the NL in 1925 and 1927 and the World Series in 1925. After a slow period, they returned to dominance and won the 1960 World Series, 1971 World Series and 1979 World Series. They won Eastern Division titles from 1990–1992 but did not return to the post-season after that until 2013.



Philadelphia Phillies

The rivalry between the Philadelphia Phillies and the Pirates was considered by some to be one of the best rivalries in the National League.[7][8][9] The rivalry started when the Pittsburgh Pirates entered the NL in 1887, four years after the Phillies.[10]

The Phillies and the Pirates had remained together after the National League split into two divisions in 1969. During the period of two-division play (1969 to 1993), the two National League East division rivals won the two highest numbers of division championships, reigning almost exclusively as NL East champions in the 1970s and again in the early 1990s.[9][11][12] the Pirates nine, the Phillies six; together, the two teams' 15 championships accounted for more than half of the 25 NL East championships during that span.[11]

After the Pirates moved to the National League Central in 1994, the teams face each other only in two series each year and the rivalry has diminished.[8][9] However, many fans, especially older ones, retain their dislike for the other team and regional differences between Eastern and Western Pennsylvania still fuel the rivalry.[13]

Within the Central Division

The Pirates have had long standing if sometimes dormant rivalries with NL Central Division teams such as the Cincinnati Reds, St. Louis Cardinals, Milwaukee Brewers (with the The Sausage incident and the 'You can steal first' game) and the Chicago Cubs (with the Homer in the Gloamin').

Current roster


Baseball Hall of Fame

Ford C. Frick Award recipients

Team captains

Retired numbers



Retired September 19, 1987

OF, 1B
Retired September 6, 1982

Retired August 7, 1987

Retired July 21, 2007

Retired April 18, 1972

Retired April 6, 1973

Mgr, Coach[1]

Coach, Mgr
Retired April 7, 1977

Honored April 15, 1997
  1. ^ This was Wagner's uniform number only during his tenure as coach.
  2. ^ Robinson's number is retired throughout all Major League Baseball

Franchise records

Won-loss records

First-in-MLB accomplishments

  • First ever Major League Baseball game broadcast on the radio, a game between the Pirates and the host Philadelphia Phillies aired August 5, 1921, on KDKA (AM) Pittsburgh. The Pirates won the game 8–5.
  • In 1925, the Pirates became the first MLB team to recover from a 3-games-to-1 deficit in winning a best-of-seven World Series; they then became the first MLB team to repeat that feat, in 1979.[14][15][16][17]
  • During the 1953 season, the Pirates became the first team to permanently adopt batting helmets on both offense and defense. These helmets resembled a primitive fiberglass "miner's cap". This was the mandate of general manager Branch Rickey, who also owned stock in the company producing the helmets. Under Rickey's orders, all Pirate players had to wear the helmets both at bat and in the field. The helmets became a permanent feature for all Pirate hitters, but within a few weeks the team began to abandon their use of helmets in the field, partly because of their awkwardly heavy feel. Once the Pirates discarded the helmets on defense, the trend disappeared from the game.[18]
  • First franchise to win a World Series on a home run (1960 World Series) in the decisive 7th game. The only other team to meet this feat is the Toronto Blue Jays in 1993, though they accomplished it in game 6.
  • In 1970 the Pirates became the first major league club to create their uniforms using a cotton-nylon blend featuring pull-over shirts and beltless pants.[19]
  • The first all-minority lineup in MLB history took the field on September 1, 1971.[20] The lineup was Rennie Stennett, Gene Clines, Roberto Clemente, Willie Stargell, Manny Sanguillén, Dave Cash, Al Oliver, Jackie Hernandez, and Dock Ellis.[21]
  • The first World Series night game was played in Three Rivers Stadium on October 13, 1971 — eleven years to the day since Mazeroski's walk-off homer brought the Pirates their last World Series title in 1960. In this case, however, it was Game 4 between the Pirates and the Baltimore Orioles, rather than a decisive Game 7. Apparently, good things happen for the Pirates on this date, as they knotted the '71 Series at two games apiece on their way to their fourth title.
  • The first MLB scout to win the "Scout of the Year Award", Howie Haak, in 1984, three additional scouts from the organization have subsequently won the award.
  • The first combined extra inning no-hitter in MLB history took place at Three Rivers Stadium on July 12, 1997. Francisco Córdova (9 innings) and Ricardo Rincón (1 inning) combined to no-hit the Houston Astros, 3–0 in 10 innings. Pinch-hitter Mark Smith's three-run walk-off home run in the bottom of the 10th inning sealed the victory and the no-hitter for the Pirates. It remains the only such no-hitter to date.[22]
  • In November 2008, the Pirates became the first MLB team to sign Indian players when they acquired the non-draft free agents of Rinku Singh and Dinesh Patel.[23][24] This was also seen by Pirates General Manager, Neal Huntington, as "not only add[ing] two prospects to our system but also hope to open a pathway to an untapped market."[25]
  • The Pirates became the first team in MLB history (as well as all professional sports) to have 20 consecutive losing seasons by posting a 79–83 record in 2012.
  • The Pirates are the first MLB team (as well as only second in major professional sports) to be owned by an openly gay owner, although Kevin McClatchy had already divested his shares in the Pirates when he openly announced his homosexuality in September 2012.[26][27]

Minor league affiliations

Level Team League Location Years
AAA Indianapolis Indians International League Indianapolis 2005–
AA Altoona Curve Eastern League Altoona, Pennsylvania 1999–
Advanced A Bradenton Marauders Florida State League Bradenton, Florida 2010–
A West Virginia Power South Atlantic League Charleston, West Virginia 2009–
Short Season A West Virginia Black Bears New York–Penn League Morgantown, West Virginia 2015–
Rookie Bristol Pirates Appalachian League Bristol, Virginia 2014–
GCL Pirates Gulf Coast League Bradenton, Florida 1978–
DSL Pirates 1 Dominican Summer League Dominican Republic 1990–
DSL Pirates 2 Dominican Summer League Dominican Republic 2004–

Former AAA clubs:
Hollywood Stars 1945–46 & 1951–57, Salt Lake City Bees 1958–60, Columbus Jets 1957–70, Charleston Charlies 1971–76, Columbus Clippers 1977–78, Portland Beavers 1979–82, Hawaii Islanders 1983–86, Vancouver Canadians 1987, Buffalo Bisons 1988–94, Calgary Cannons 1995–97, Nashville Sounds 1998–2004

Former AA clubs:
Kansas City Blues 1935, Savannah Indians 1936–38 & 1960, Montreal Royals 1937–38, Syracuse Chiefs 1940, Toronto Maple Leafs 1943–44, Birmingham Barons 1946, New Orleans Pelicans 1948–56, Asheville Tourist 1963–66, Macon Peaches 1967, York Pirates 1968–69, Waterbury Pirates 1970–71, Sherbrooke Pirates 1972–73, Thetford Mines Pirates 1974, Shreveport Captains 1975–78, Buffalo Bisons 1979–82, Lynn Sailors 1983, Nashua Pirates 1984–86, Harrisburg Senators 1987–90, Carolina Mudcats 1991–98

Former A clubs:
Albany Senators 1940–50, Modesto Nuts 1949–52, New Orleans Zephyrs 1952–54, Salem Red Sox, 1957–1980 & 1987–1994, Asheville Tourists 1961–62, Lancaster JetHawks 1963–64, Salem Rebels 1968–71, Salem Pirates 1972–80, Niagara Pirates 1978–79, Alexandria Dukes 1981–83, Greenwood Pirates 1981–83, Prince Williams Pirates 1984–86, Macon Pirates 1984–87, Augusta Pirates 1990–94, Augusta GreenJackets 1994–98, Salem Buccaneers 1988–89, Lynchburg Hillcats 1995–2009, State College Spikes 2007–2012, Jamestown Jammers (2013–2014)

Former Rookie clubs:
Billings Mustangs 1952–56

Civil Rights advocacy

Throughout the 1940s Pirates owner William Benswanger was a leading advocate of integration of the Major Leagues, once planning a tryout for African American players to sign up for the club.[28]

The Pirates organization was the first in baseball to have both an African-American coach and manager, when Gene Baker broke the color line in 1961 and 1962 respectively. On September 21, 1963 the Pirates were the first MLB team to have an African-American manager in Gene Baker, as he filled in for Danny Murtaugh.[29]

On September 1, 1971, manager Murtaugh assembled a starting lineup that was completely composed of minorities for the first time in MLB history. [30]


Despite having some notable fans including former part-owner Bing Crosby, Michael Keaton and Regis Philbin,[31] the Pirates are considered by most to be a distant third in Pittsburgh behind the Pittsburgh Steelers and Pittsburgh Penguins in popularity among Pittsburgh's three major professional sports teams. Many surveys have backed up this finding as well.[32] However, due to their long history in Pittsburgh dating back to the 1882 season, the team has retained a strong loyal following in the Pittsburgh region.

While the team's recent struggles compared to Pittsburgh's other two teams can be partly to blame (since the Pirates last World Series championship in 1979, the Steelers have won the Super Bowl and the Penguins the Stanley Cup three times each, including both in 2009), distractions off the field have also caused the team's popularity to slip in the city. While the team was ranked first in Pittsburgh as recent as the late 1970s,[33] the Pittsburgh drug trials in 1985 and two relocation threats since are believed to have also seen the team's popularity dipped.[34] The team's standing among fans has, however, improved since PNC Park opened in 2001.[35]

Community activities

Each year, the Pirates recognize six "Community Champions" during a special pregame ceremony.[36]

Piratefest is a yearly event that is held by the Pittsburgh Pirates baseball club in January. The event is a baseball carnival for the whole family. It features autograph sessions from current and former Pirates players, live events and games, carnival booths such as dart throwing, baseball clinics, "Ask Pirates Management", and much more. Piratefest is held yearly at the David L. Lawrence Convention Center in downtown. It includes bouncy castles for kids and the Pittsburgh Pirate also attends.[37]

Radio and television

In 2007, the Pirates chose to end the longest relationship between a team and a radio station in American professional sports. KDKA first broadcast the Pirates on August 5, 1921; with Westinghouse foreman Harold Arlin behind the mic. Broadcasts ended in 1924, but returned in 1936. Except for a few years on WWSW in the late 1940s and early 1950s, the Pirates were on KDKA for 61 years. KDKA's 50,000-watt clear channel enabled Pirates fans across the eastern half of North America at night to hear the games.

That changed for the 2007 season, when the Pirates moved to FM talk radio station WPGB. The Pirates cited the desire to reach more people in the 25–54 age bracket coveted by advertisers. The acquisition of the rights means that Clear Channel Communications holds the rights to every major sports team in Pittsburgh. The Pirates have long had a radio network that has extended across four states. Stations for the 2007 season include Pennsylvania, West Virginia, Ohio, and Maryland radio broadcasters.[38]

On October 1, 2011, Clear Channel announced that they will not renew their deal with the Pirates. It was speculated that the club's radio broadcasting rights would likely be transferred back to CBS Radio via FM sports radio station KDKA-FM,[39] which became official on October 12.[40]

Games are televised on Root Sports Pittsburgh, the Pirates' cable television outlet since 1986, when it was known as KBL. There has been no over-the-air coverage of the Pirates since 2002, when some games were on WCWB. KDKA-TV aired Pirates games for 38 years (1957–1994). Games aired on WPXI (1995-1996) and on WPGH-TV and WCWB (1997-2002).

Announcers Greg Brown, Bob Walk, John Wehner, and Steve Blass shuttle between the radio and TV booths. Also, Tim Neverett began calling Pirates games in 2009 after Lanny Frattare, also known as the voice of the Pirates, retired after the 2008 season. He was the longest working announcer in Pirates history (33 seasons). Neverett, has called NHL, MLB, and Olympic Games. Former Pirates closer Kent Tekulve, a member of the team's 1979 World Series Championship team, serves as a post-game analyst for the team on Root Sports Pittsburgh.

On October 1, 2008, longtime play-by-play announcer Lanny Frattare retired after 33 seasons, having called Pirates' games since the 1976 season. He is the longest-tenured announcer in Pirates' history, surpassing the man he replaced, the late Bob Prince (28 seasons, 1948–1975).

On December 18, 2008, the Pirates hired former Colorado Rockies broadcaster Tim Neverett as the new play-by-play announcer. Neverett joined Greg Brown in calling Pirates games on radio and television.[41]

Figures with broadcasting resumés

Logos and uniforms

The Pirates have had many uniforms and logo changes over the years, with the only consistency being the "P" on the team's cap. It was adopted in 1948. Aside from style changes in the cap itself, the "P" logo has remained since.

The Pirates have long been innovators in baseball uniforms. In 1948, the team broke away from the patriotic "Red, White, & Blue" color scheme when they adopted the current black & gold color scheme, to match that of the colors of the Flag of Pittsburgh and, to a lesser extent at the time, the colors of the then-relatively unknown Pittsburgh Steelers of the NFL. While they were not the first baseball team to do this, they were one of the first to do this permanently. Along with the San Francisco Giants, the Pirates are one of two pre-expansion National League teams that completely changed their colors, although red returned as an "accent color" in 1997 and remained until 2009.

In the late 1950s, the team adopted sleeveless jerseys. While not an innovation by the team (that honor goes to the Cincinnati Reds), the Pirates did help to popularize the look. The team brought back the vested jerseys in 2001, a style they retained until 2009, although the away jerseys said "Pittsburgh" in script instead of "Pirates." In 2009, they introduced a new home, away and alternate black jersey all with sleeves. However, they kept the pinstriped sleeveless vest for Sunday home games.

To coincide with the move into Three Rivers Stadium in 1970, the team introduced pullover spandex uniforms, the first such team in baseball, and a look that would quickly be adopted by most other teams by the end of the decade. The Pirates ditched the pullover style in favor of the traditional button-down style in 1991, one of the last teams to switch.

The Pirates were also innovators in third jerseys. Even though it would be the Oakland A's that would beat them to having such jerseys, the Pirates, by 1977 had different uniform styles that included two different caps, two different undershirts, three different jerseys and three different pairs of trousers. They would actually rotate (and sometimes mix, with painful results) these styles daily until returning to the basic white and gray uniform ensemble in 1985.

In 1976, the National League celebrated its 100th anniversary. To coincide with it, certain NL teams wore old-style pillbox hats complete with horizontal pinstripes. After the season, the Pirates were the only team to adopt the hats permanently, (alternating between a black hat and a gold hat for several seasons until keeping the black hat in 1985) and kept the hat through the 1986 season, which would be Barry Bonds rookie season with the team. The hats, which recall the team's last World Series championship season (1979), remain popular items in the throwback market.

The 2013 season will mark the last of the team's current logo, introduced in 1997 just after former owner Kevin McClatchy took over the team. The Pirates chose to use the "P" on their caps as the primary logo; however, the former logo will continue to be used as a secondary logo. [43]

See also


  • Markusen, Bruce. The Team That Changed Baseball: Roberto Clemente and the 1971 Pittsburgh Pirates.[44] Yardley: Westholme Publishing. 2005. ISBN 1-59416-030-9
  • McCollister, John (1998). The Bucs!: The Story of the Pittsburgh Pirates. Lenexa: Addax Publishing Group.  
  • Nemec, David (2004). The Beer and Whisky League : The Illustrated History of the American Association—Baseball's Renegade Major League. Guilford: The Lyons Press.  
In-line citations
  1. ^ http://books.google.com/books/about/Denny_McKnight.html?id=6pAJywAACAAJ
  2. ^ Pittsburgh Pirates | BaseballLibrary.com
  3. ^ http://books.google.com/books/about/Denny_McKnight.html?id=6pAJywAACAAJ
  4. ^ a b "Pirates official team history, part 1". Pittsburgh.pirates.mlb.com. Retrieved December 5, 2010. 
  5. ^ Purdy, Dennis (2006). The Team-by-Team Encyclopedia of Major League Baseball. New York City:  
  6. ^ Why is our baseball team called the Pirates? Pittsburgh City Paper, August 14, 2003.
  7. ^ Woolsey, Matt (April 28, 2009). "In Depth: Baseball's Most Intense Rivalries". Forbes. 
  8. ^ a b Collier, Gene (July 4, 2005). "Pirates—Phillies: A Rivalry Lost and Missed". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. p. D1. 
  9. ^ a b c Von Benko, George (July 7, 2005). "Notes: Phils–Pirates rivalry fading". Phillies.MLB.com. Major League Baseball. Retrieved January 3, 2011. 
  10. ^  
  11. ^ a b Collier, Gene (September 27, 1993). "Pirates, Phillies Have Owned the Outgoing NL East Division". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. p. D1. 
  12. ^ "Pirates perform rare three-peat feat 4–2". USA Today. September 28, 1992. p. 5C. 
  13. ^ "It's Philly vs. the Burgh". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. May 11, 2008. p. B1. 
  14. ^ "World Series 1–3 Comebacks – MLB". ESPN. October 27, 2008. Retrieved December 5, 2010. 
  15. ^ MLB.com (January 2, 2010). "LCS, World Series 3–1 comebacks | MLB.com: News". Mlb.mlb.com. Retrieved December 5, 2010. 
  16. ^ "World Series 1–3 Comebacks – MLB – CBSSports.com Baseball". Cbssports.com. Retrieved December 5, 2010. 
  17. ^ "Most Popular". CNN. 
  18. ^ "Oakland A's Fan Coalition – Athletics baseball enthusiasts dedicated to watching a winner". Oaklandfans.com. July 12, 1980. Retrieved December 5, 2010. 
  19. ^ "Dressed to the Nines: A History of the Baseball Uniform". National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum. Retrieved November 26, 2014. 
  20. ^ John Perrotto (August 14, 2006). "Baseball Plog".  
  21. ^ "Honoring First All-Minority Lineup". New York Times. September 17, 2006. p. Sports p. 2. 
  22. ^ description and assertion of first combined extra-innings no hitterSporting News; Box score via Baseball Reference
  23. ^ By Jenifer Langosch / MLB.com (January 2, 2010). "Indian hurlers' inking opens new market | pirates.com: News". Pittsburgh.pirates.mlb.com. Retrieved December 5, 2010. 
  24. ^ 8:49 am ET (November 25, 2008). "Pirates find 2 pitchers from Indian reality show – Baseball- NBC Sports". Nbcsports.msnbc.com. Retrieved December 5, 2010. 
  25. ^ By Jenifer Langosch / MLB.com (January 2, 2010). "Bucs sign pair of Indian hurlers | pirates.com: News". Pittsburgh.pirates.mlb.com. Retrieved December 5, 2010. 
  26. ^ Bruni, Frank (2012-02-22). "Coming Out in the World of Sports".  
  27. ^ Ex-Pittsburgh Pirates owner Kevin McClatchy comes out as gay – ESPN. Espn.go.com (2012-09-26). Retrieved on 2013-07-23.
  28. ^ Negro League Baseball: The Rise and Ruin of a Black Institution – Neil Lanctot – Google Books. Books.google.com. Retrieved on 2013-07-23.
  29. ^ Let us not forget about Gene Baker. Thesouthern.com (2013-02-19). Retrieved on 2013-07-23.
  30. ^ http://m.mlb.com/news/article/24052540/. Retrieved 26 September 2014. 
  31. ^ Regis Philbin Pulling For Pirates To End Pitiful Streak – Pittsburgh News Story – WTAE Pittsburgh
  32. ^ Anderson, Shelly (November 7, 2007). "Penguins Notebook: In this case, No. 20 ranking is huge".  
  33. ^ America's Game: The Super Bowl Champions. The 1979 Pittsburgh Steelers
  34. ^ Cook, Ron (September 29, 2000). "The Eighties: A terrible time of trial and error". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. 
  35. ^ Pittsburgh Pirates Fans Hopeful At Home Opener At PNC Park « CBS Pittsburgh
  36. ^ "Annual African American Heritage Weekend Friday, August 20 and Saturday, August 21 to be Hosted by Pitsburg Pirates". Ask Blackie: African American Entertainment, Music, News and Anything Afro-American. Ask Blackie. Retrieved November 3, 2011. [People] all nominated by their fellow citizens for having positively contributed to the betterment of the diverse community in our region. 
  37. ^ Piratefest webpage
  38. ^ "Pirates Radio Network | pirates.com: Schedule". Pittsburgh.pirates.mlb.com. January 2, 2010. Retrieved December 5, 2010. 
  39. ^ "Smizik on Sports – Pittsburgh Post-Gazette". Communityvoices.sites.post-gazette.com. Retrieved 2013-10-02. 
  40. ^ "Pirates, KDKA-FM agree to broadcasting deal". Pittsburgh.pirates.mlb.com. October 12, 2011. Retrieved October 12, 2011. 
  41. ^ "Tim Neverett hired as play-by-play announcer | pirates.com: Official Info". Pittsburgh.pirates.mlb.com. Retrieved 2013-01-30. 
  42. ^ Cohen, Bob (February 11, 2013). "Pirates will commission new logo for 2014 season".  
  43. ^ http://espn.go.com/mlb/story/_/id/10266390/pittsburgh-pirates-ditch-jolly-roger-logo
  44. ^ "The Team That Changed Baseball: Roberto Clemente and the 1971 Pittsburgh Pirates". Westholme Publishing. April 3, 2006. Retrieved December 5, 2010. 

External links

  • Pittsburgh Pirates official website