People's Republic of Mozambique

People's Republic of Mozambique

People's Republic of Mozambique
República Popular de Moçambique

1975–1990
Flag National Emblem
Motto
Unidad, Crítica, Unidad
"Unity, Criticism, Unity"
Anthem
Viva, Viva a FRELIMO
"Long, Live FRELIMO"
Capital Maputo
Languages Portuguese
Government Marxist–Leninist single-party state
Head of State
 •  1975–1986 Samora Machel
 •  1986 Political Bureau
 •  1986–1990 Joaquim Chissano
Prime Minister
 •  1986–1990 Mário da Graça
Historical era Cold War
 •  Established 25 June 1975
 •  Disestablished 1 December 1990
Currency Escudo (MZE)
(1975–1980)
Metical (MZM)
(1980–1990)

The People's Republic of Mozambique (Portuguese: República Popular de Moçambique), was a self-declared Communist regime that lasted from 25 June 1975 to 1 December 1990, when the country became the present day Republic of Mozambique.

The People's Republic of Mozambique was established shortly after the country gained independence from Portugal in 1975 and the Mozambique Liberation Front ("Frelimo") established a one-party state. It was led by Samora Machel, which soon was engaged in a civil war with the Mozambique National Resistance ("Renamo"), a guerilla movement initially financed by the Republic of Rhodesia (present day Zimbabwe), but later replaced by the Republic of South Africa, who supported and financed the group.[1]

The People's Republic of Mozambique enjoyed close ties with the [5]

See also

References

  1. ^ D4 Mozambique
  2. ^ The New Communist Third World By Peter John de la Fosse Wiles
  3. ^ Soviet Union-Mozambique
  4. ^ Angola: Communist nations
  5. ^ THE COUNCIL FOR MUTUAL ECONOMIC ASSISTANCE