Payne County, Oklahoma

Payne County, Oklahoma

Payne County, Oklahoma
Payne County Courthouse
Seal of Payne County, Oklahoma
Seal
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Payne County
Location in the state of Oklahoma
Map of the United States highlighting Oklahoma
Oklahoma's location in the U.S.
Founded May 2, 1890
Named for Capt. David L. Payne
Seat Stillwater
Largest city Stillwater
Area
 • Total 697 sq mi (1,805 km2)
 • Land 685 sq mi (1,774 km2)
Population (est.)
 • (2013) 79,066
 • Density 113/sq mi (44/km²)
Congressional district 3rd
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website .org.paynecountywww

Payne County is a county in the U.S. state of Oklahoma. As of the 2010 census, the population was 77,350.[1] Its county seat is Stillwater.[2] The county was created in 1890 as part of Oklahoma Territory and is named for Capt. David L. Payne, a leader of the "Boomers".[3]

Payne County comprises the Stillwater, OK Micropolitan Statistical Area. The county lies northeast of the Oklahoma City metropolitan area though many consider it an extension of the Oklahoma City metro area due to commuter patterns and other indicators.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Geography 2
    • Major Highways 2.1
    • Adjacent counties 2.2
  • Demographics 3
  • Politics 4
  • Economy 5
  • Education 6
  • Communities 7
    • Cities 7.1
    • Towns 7.2
    • Unincorporated communities 7.3
  • NRHP sites 8
  • References 9
  • External links 10

History

This county was established and named as the Sixth County by the

  • Payne County Government's website
  • Oklahoma Digital Maps: Digital Collections of Oklahoma and Indian Territory

External links

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 12, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Chronicles of Oklahoma. "Origin of County Names in Oklahoma." v. 2, N, 1. March 1924. Retrieved May 26, 2013.[2]
  4. ^ a b c d e Newsom, D. Earl. "Payne County," Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture, Oklahoma Historical Society, 2009. Accessed April 4, 2015.
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved February 22, 2015. 
  6. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 22, 2015. 
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved February 22, 2015. 
  9. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 22, 2015. 
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved February 22, 2015. 
  11. ^ "American FactFinder".  
  12. ^ http://www.ok.gov/elections/documents/reg_0112.pdf
  13. ^ "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". Retrieved 2011-06-11. 

References

Other landmarks include:

The following sites in Payne County are listed on the National Register of Historic Places:

NRHP sites

Unincorporated communities

Towns

Cities

Communities

Educational entities located in Payne County include:

"Old Central", first building constructed for Oklahoma A&M College, ca. 1894

Education

The wartime experience showed local political leaders that it would be essential to diversify the county's economic base. They formed an Industrial Foundation to attract manufacturing plants and industrial jobs. This effort succeeded and accelerated an increase in population.[4]

World War II caused hundreds of students at Oklahoma A & M to leave school for military service. To offset this loss to the local economy, civic and college leaders, to lobby military leaders and Oklahoma Senator, Mike Monroney, to have the school designated as a war training center. This resulted in the establishment of twelve training programs for the Navy, with nearly 40,000 people.[4]

Agriculture was the basis of the county economy for more than fifty years. The primary crops were cotton, corn and wheat.[4]

Economy

Presidential election results[13]
Year Republican Democrat
2008 63.49% 18,435 36.51% 10,601
2004 65.95% 19,560 34.05% 10,101
2000 61.15% 15,256 37.36% 9,319
Voter Registration and Party Enrollment as of January 15, 2012[12]
Party Number of Voters Percentage
  Democratic 16,610 42.69%
  Republican 18,467 47.46%
  Unaffiliated 4,901 9.85%
Total 38,910 100%

Politics

The median income for a household in the county was $28,733, and the median income for a family was $40,823. Males had a median income of $31,132 versus $21,113 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,983. About 10.80% of families and 20.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.00% of those under age 18 and 8.50% of those age 65 or over.

In the county, the population was spread out with 19.60% under the age of 18, 25.90% from 18 to 24, 26.20% from 25 to 44, 17.60% from 45 to 64, and 10.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 28 years. For every 100 females there were 103.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.60 males.

There were 26,680 households out of which 25.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.60% were married couples living together, 8.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 42.60% were non-families. 30.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 2.90.

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 68,190 people, 26,680 households, and 15,314 families residing in the county. The population density was 99 people per square mile (38/km²). There were 29,326 housing units at an average density of 43 per square mile (16/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 84.33% White, 3.63% Black or African American, 4.58% Native American, 3.00% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.77% from other races, and 3.64% from two or more races. 2.15% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

Age pyramid for Payne County, Oklahoma, based on census 2000 data.

Demographics

Adjacent counties

Major Highways

Payne County is covered by rolling plains, mostly within the Sandstone Hills physiographic region, but with the western part of the county in the Red Bed plains. The county has two significant reservoirs: McMurtry Lake and Carl Blackwell Lake. The Cimarron River and Stillwater Creek drain most of the county.[4]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 697 square miles (1,810 km2), of which 685 square miles (1,770 km2) is land and 12 square miles (31 km2) (1.8%) is water.[5]

Geography

In 2010, the Keystone-Cushing Pipeline (Phase II) was constructed into Payne County.

Eastern Oklahoma Railway built two lines in Payne County between 1900 and 1902, then immediately leased them to the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway.

[4]