27 May 1922|
Zweibrücken, Palatinate, Weimar Republic
24 January 2015
Herschweiler-Pettersheim, Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany
|Years of service||1940–45|
|Rank||Oberleutnant of the Reserves|
21st Panzer Regiment
Schwere Panzer-Abteilung 502
Schwere Panzerjägerabteilung 512
|Awards||Ritterkreuz mit Eichenlaub|
Otto Carius (27 May 1922 – 24 January 2015) was a German tank ace within the German Army who fought during World War II and was credited with destroying more than 150 tanks. He was a recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves (German: Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes mit Eichenlaub). The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross and its higher grade Oak Leaves were awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership.
- World War II 1
- Postwar 2
- Awards and achievements 3
- Citations 4.1
- Bibliography 4.2
- External links 5
World War II
Early in the war, the slightly built Carius was rejected twice for military service for being underweight. However, he was eventually enlisted and initially served in the infantry, before volunteering for the Panzer branch.
In 1943, Carius transferred to the 502nd Heavy Panzer Battalion (schwere Panzer-Abteilung 502). He was severely wounded on 24 July 1944 while reconnoitering a village on a motorcycle. Until that day, he was unofficially running the 2nd Company of the 502nd. He officially became commander of 2nd Company on the day he was shot through the leg and arm, with four more wounds in the back and one the neck. When he recovered, he became commander of a Jagdtiger company of the 512th Heavy Antitank Battalion (schwere Panzerjägerabteilung) at the beginning of 1945. On 8 March 1945, 2nd Company was directed to the front line near Siegburg, where it took part in the defense of the River Rhine and eventually surrendered to the United States Army on 15 April 1945.
After the war Carius studied pharmacy at Heidelberg University. In 1956 he opened his own pharmacy shop called Tiger Apotheke in Herschweiler-Pettersheim, Rhineland-Palatinate, named after the Tiger tank. He ran his shop until he retired in 2011. He also wrote a book about his own experience in the war, entitled Tigers in the Mud. Carius died on 24 January 2015 at age 92.
Awards and achievements
- Wound Badge in Black (8 July 1941)
- Eastern Front Medal (20 August 1942)
Iron Cross (1939)
- 2nd Class (15 September 1942)
- 1st Class (23 November 1943)
- Wound Badge in Silver (15 December 1943)
- Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves
Panzer Badge in Silver
- 2nd Grade (15 July 1944)
- 3rd Grade (1 September 1944)
- Wound Badge in Gold (11 September 1944)
Total victories (kills):
- 150+ tanks, similar number of antitank guns (100–110 tanks following another source,) majority on the Eastern Front.
- "Otto Carius".
- Tiger Apotheke
- Stackpole Books, 2014 ISBN ISBN 978-0-8117-2911-6
- "In Memoriam Otto Carius". Tiger Apotheke – Herschweiler-Pettersheim. Retrieved 24 January 2015.
- German World War II Panzer Ace Otto Carius Dies at 92
- Carius 2003, Document 7
- Carius 2003, Document 8
- Thomas 1997, p. 97.
- Carius 2003, Document 9
- Carius 2003, Document 10
- Carius 2003, Document 11
- Scherzer 2007, p. 257.
- Carius 2003, Document 12
- Fellgiebel 2000, p. 152.
- Fellgiebel 2000, p. 86.
- Carius 2003, Document 27
- Carius 2003, Document 26
- Ashley Hart, p. 41
- Alman, Karl (2008). Panzer vor – Die dramatische Geschichte der deutschen Panzerwaffe und ihre tapferen Soldaten. Würzburg, Germany: Flechsig Verlag. ISBN 978-3-88189-638-2.
- Carius, Otto (2003). Tigers in the Mud – The Combat Career of German Panzer Commander Otto Carius. Mechanicsburg, PA: Stackpole Books. ISBN 978-0-8117-2911-6.
- Hart, Stephen A (2007). Sherman Firefly vs Tiger: Normandy 1944. Osprey Publishing.
- Kleine, Egon & Kühn, Volkmar (1999). Tiger – Die Geschichte einer legendären Waffe 1942–45. Stuttgart, Germany: Motorbuchbuch Verlag. ISBN 3-87943-414-X.
- Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives [The Knight's Cross Bearers 1939–1945 The Holders of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939 by Army, Air Force, Navy, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm and Allied Forces with Germany According to the Documents of the Federal Archives] (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Miltaer-Verlag.
- Thomas, Franz (1997). Die Eichenlaubträger 1939–1945 Band 1: A–K [The Oak Leaves Bearers 1939–1945 Volume 1: A–K] (in German). Osnabrück, Germany: Biblio-Verlag.
- WWII The Tiger Tank & Otto Carius Panzer Ace on YouTube