Olympic Stadium is the name usually given to the main stadium of an Olympics. An Olympic stadium is the site of the opening and closing ceremonies. Many, though not all, of these venues actually contain the words Olympic Stadium as part of their names.
Olympic Stadium may also be named a multi-purpose stadium which hosts Olympic sports.
In the case of the Summer Olympics, athletics competitions are traditionally held in the Olympic Stadium. Exceptions to this have occurred though at both the 1900 and 2016 Summer Olympics as well as at the 2010 and 2018 Summer Youth Olympic Games.
Early Winter Games often used figure skating venues as focal points. These were often designated as the Olympic Stadium, usually hosting the opening and closing ceremonies.
A number of stadiums have been used in more than one Olympics, in those cities that have held the Games more than once.
Lysgårdsbakkene was the main stadium of a Winter Olympics and a Winter Youth Olympic Games (YOG). Bergiselschanze was the main stadium of two Winter Olympics and one Winter YOG. Olympiahalle jointly shared the Olympic Stadium role with Bergiselschanze during the two Winter Olympics, but not during the Winter YOG. Only one stadium, the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum, has been the main stadium of two Summer Olympics. In addition to the inaugural Summer Olympics, Panathinaiko Stadio was also the main stadium of the only Intercalated Games held. In 2022 Beijing National Stadium will join these in being the main stadium at two Olympics, but with a special distinction: it will become the only stadium to have been such at both a Summer and a Winter Olympics.
A number, including both the Panathinaiko Stadio and the Vélodrome de Vincennes, have hosted events at subsequent Olympics. The London Games of 2012 were not opened and closed at the rebuilt Wembley Stadium, the site of the 1948 Olympic Stadium, but instead at a new stadium in Stratford. Wembley was, however, the venue for some 2012 Olympic football matches. Likewise, the Melbourne Cricket Ground, which was the centrepiece stadium for the 1956 games, later hosted the first games of the Sydney 2000 football tournament. Lake Placid's 1930 Olympic Stadium was utilized in the 1980 Lake Placid games as the speed skating venue. Olympiahalle hosted figure skating and short-track speed skating during the 2012 Winter Youth Olympics. Stockholm Olympic Stadium hosted equestrian events for the 1956 Summer Olympics (while the 1956 games were held in Melbourne, Australia, quarantine restrictions prevented equestrian events from being held domestically, thus Stockholm, Sweden hosted the 1956 equestrian competitions).
- Stadiums 1
- Other major events held at Olympic Stadiums 2
- References 3
- External links 4
|1896||Summer||Panathenaic Stadium||Παναθηναϊκό στάδιο||Athens||Greece||Existing||80,000||Yes|
|1900||Summer||Vincennes Velodrome||Vélodrome de Vincennes||Paris||France||Existing||50,000||Yes|
|1904||Summer||Francis Field||St. Louis||United States||Existing||19,000||Yes|
|1906 Intercalated||Summer||Panathenaic Stadium||Παναθηναϊκό στάδιο||Athens||Greece||Existing||80,000||Yes|
|1908||Summer||White City Stadium||London||United Kingdom||New||68,000||No|
|1912||Summer||Olympic Stadium||Stockholms Olympiastadion||Stockholm||Sweden||New||20,000||Yes|
|—||1920||Summer||Olympic Stadium||Olympisch Stadion||Antwerp||Belgium||New||12,771||Yes|
|1924||Winter||Olympic Stadium||Stade Olympique de Chamonix||Chamonix||France||New||45,000||Yes|
|1924||Summer||Olympic Stadium||Stade Olympique Yves-du-Manoir||Paris||France||Existing||45,000||Yes|
|1928||Winter||St. Moritz Olympic Ice Rink||St. Moritz||Switzerland||New||4,000||Yes|
|1928||Summer||Olympic Stadium||Olympisch Stadion||Amsterdam||Netherlands||Existing, renovated||31,600||Yes|
|1932||Winter||Lake Placid Speedskating Oval||Lake Placid||United States||New||7,500||Yes|
|1932||Summer||Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum||Los Angeles||United States||Existing||101,574||Yes|
|1948||Winter||St. Moritz Olympic Ice Rink||St. Moritz||Switzerland||Existing||Yes|
|1948||Summer||Wembley Stadium||London||United Kingdom||Existing||82,000||No (replaced)|
|1956||Winter||Stadio Olimpico Del Ghiaccio||Cortina d'Ampezzo||Italy||Existing, renovated||12,000||Yes|
|1956||Summer||Melbourne Cricket Ground||Melbourne||Australia||Existing||100,000||Yes|
|1960||Winter||Blyth Arena||Squaw Valley||United States||New||8,500||No|
|Squaw Valley Olympic Skating Rink||New||No|
|1964||Winter||Bergiselschanze (opening ceremony)||Innsbruck||Austria||Existing||26,000||Yes|
|Olympiahalle (closing ceremony)||New||10,836||Yes|
|1964||Summer||Olympic Stadium||国立霞ヶ丘陸上競技場||Tokyo||Japan||Existing||71,556||No (being replaced)|
|1968||Winter||Olympic Stadium (opening ceremony)||Stade olympique||Grenoble||France||Temporary||60,000||No|
|Le Stade de Glace (closing ceremony)||New||12,000||Yes|
|1968||Summer||Estadio Olímpico Universitario||Mexico City||Mexico||Existing||83,700||Yes|
|—||1972||Winter||Makomanai Open Stadium (opening ceremony)||真駒内屋外競技場||Sapporo||Japan||New||30,000||Yes|
|Makomanai Ice Arena (closing ceremony)||New||11,500||Yes|
|1976||Winter||Bergiselschanze (opening ceremony)||Innsbruck||Austria||Existing||26,000||Yes|
|Olympiahalle (closing ceremony)||Existing||10,836||Yes|
|1976||Summer||Olympic Stadium||Stade olympique||Montreal||Canada||New||70,000||Yes|
|1980||Winter||Lake Placid Equestrian Stadium (opening ceremony)||Lake Placid||United States||Temporary stadium at existing equestrian grounds||30,000||No|
|Olympic Center Arena (closing ceremony)||New||10,000||Yes|
|1980||Summer||Grand Arena of the Central Lenin Stadium||Гранд Арена Центрального стадиона имени Ленина||Moscow||Soviet Union||Existing||103,000||Yes|
|1984||Winter||Olympic Stadium (opening ceremony)||Olimpijski stadion||Sarajevo||Yugoslavia||Existing||50,000||Yes|
|Zetra Olympic Hall (closing ceremony)||New||12,000||Yes|
|1984||Summer||Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum||Los Angeles||United States||Existing||92,516||Yes|
|1988||Winter||McMahon Stadium||Calgary||Canada||Existing, renovated||38,205||Yes|
|1988||Summer||Olympic Stadium||올림픽주경기장||Seoul||South Korea||Existing||100,000||Yes|
|1992||Winter||Theatre of Ceremonies||Théâtre des Cérémonies||Albertville||France||Temporary||35,000||No|
Estadi Olímpic de Montjuïc
Estadio Olímpico de Montjuïc
|1994||Winter||Lysgårdsbakkene Ski Jumping Arena||Lysgårdsbakkene hoppanlegg||Lillehammer||Norway||New||35,000||Yes|
|1996||Summer||Centennial Olympic Stadium||Atlanta||United States||New||85,000||Yes|
|1998||Winter||Nagano Olympic Stadium||長野オリンピックスタジアム||Nagano||Japan||New||30,000||Yes|
|2002||Winter||Rice-Eccles Olympic Stadium||Salt Lake City||United States||Existing, Replacement||45,017||Yes|
|2004||Summer||Olympic Stadium||Ολυμπιακό Κεντρικό Στάδιο Αθήνας "Σπύρος Λούης"||Athens||Greece||Existing, renovated||71,030||Yes|
|2006||Winter||Stadio Olimpico di Torino||Turin||Italy||Existing||28,000||Yes|
|2008||Summer||Beijing National Stadium||国家体育场||Beijing||China||New||91,000||Yes|
|2010||Winter||BC Place Stadium||Vancouver||Canada||Existing, renovated||54,500||Yes|
|2010 Youth||Summer||The Float@Marina Bay||Pentas Terapung Teluk Marina||Singapore||Existing||30,000||Yes|
|2012||Summer||Olympic Stadium||London||United Kingdom||New||80,000||Yes|
|2014||Winter||Fisht Olympic Stadium||Олимпийский стадион||Sochi||Russia||New||40,000||Yes|
|2014 Youth||Summer||Olympic Stadium||南京奥林匹克体育中心||Nanjing||China||Existing||61,443||Yes|
|2016 Youth||Winter||Lysgårdsbakkene Ski Jumping Arena||Lysgårdsbakkene hoppanlegg||Lillehammer||Norway||Existing||35,000||Yes|
|2016||Summer||Maracanã Stadium||Estádio do Maracanã||Rio de Janeiro||Brazil||Existing, renovated||78,600||Yes|
|2018||Winter||Pyeongchang Olympic Stadium||횡계 올림픽 파크||Pyeongchang||South Korea||Temporary||50,000||Not Yet Built|
|2018 Youth||Summer||River Plate Stadium||Estadio Mounumental||Buenos Aires||Argentina||Existing||61,321||Yes|
|2020 Youth||Winter||Stade Pierre de Coubertin||Lausanne||Switzerland||Existing||TBA||Yes|
|2020||Summer||Olympic Stadium||新国立競技場 (tentative)||Tokyo||Japan||Existing, replacement||80,000||Not Yet Built|
|2022||Winter||Beijing National Stadium||国家体育场||Beijing||China||Existing||80,000||Yes|
Other major events held at Olympic Stadiums
- Olympic Stadium. Big Olympic Encyclopedia. Moscow 2006.
- "Atlanta to demolish Turner Field".
- After the 
"Maracanã region". www.basil2016.gov.br. Brasil 2016. Retrieved August 19, 2015.
Maracanã Stadiun Stage of the 1950 World Cup final, the mystical arena was refurbished for the 2014 FIFA World Cup. On 13 July, it was the stage of the World Cup final between Germany and Argentina, when the Germans were crowned champions of the world. The Maracanã will be the stage of the opening and closing ceremonies of the Olympic and Paralympic Games. In addition, it will host football matches at the Olympic Games. However, the arena will not host any Paralympic competitions. Sports at the Olympic Games: football Sports at the Paralympic Games: ceremonies Capacity: 78,600 people
- "Government drops plan to build retractable roof on Olympic stadium as costs soar".
- Olympic Past & Future Stadiums - BALLPARKS.com
- Summer Olympic Stadiums (Stadia) 1896 - (2020) on Google Maps (select "Sat View")