|City of Oceanside|
Oceanside's Tyson St. Park beach
Location of Oceanside within San Diego County, California
|Country||United States of America|
|Incorporated||July 3, 1888|
|• Mayor||Jim Wood|
|• City Treasurer||Michele Lund, CCMT|
|• City Clerk||Barbara Riegel Wayne|
|• City Manager||Peter Weiss|
|• City Council||
Jerome M. Kern
Esther C. Sanchez
|• Total||42.174 sq mi (109.231 km2)|
|• Land||41.235 sq mi (106.798 km2)|
|• Water||0.939 sq mi (2.433 km2) 2.23%|
|Elevation||66 ft (20 m)|
|Population (2010 Census)|
3rd in San Diego County
27th in California
138th in the United States
|• Density||4,300/sq mi (1,700/km2)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC-8)|
|• Summer (DST)||PDT (UTC-7)|
|ZIP codes||92049, 92051-92052, 92054, 92056-92058|
|GNIS feature IDs||1652761, 2411301|
|City flower||Crimson Lake Bougainvillea|
Oceanside is a coastal city located on California's South Coast. It is the third-largest city in San Diego County, California. The city had a population of 183,095 at the 2010 census. Together with Carlsbad and Vista, it forms a tri-city area. Oceanside is located just south of Marine Corps Base Camp Pendleton.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Government
- 5 Economy
- 6 Attractions
- 7 Sister cities
- 8 Notable natives and residents
- 9 References
- 10 External links
Originally inhabited by Native Americans, the first European explorers arrived in 1769. Spanish missionaries under Father Junipero Serra founded Mission San Luis Rey de Francia on a former site of a Luiseño Indian village on the banks of the San Luis Rey River. In the early 19th century, the introduction of farming and grazing changed the landscape of what would become Oceanside. The area - like all of California - was under Spanish, then in 1821 under Mexican rule, and conquered by the U.S. in 1848.
In the late 1850s, Andrew Jackson Myers lived in San Joaquin County. A native of LaSalle County, Illinois, he returned in the late 1880s and lived in San Luis Rey. In 1882 Myers moved on the land that was the original town site for Oceanside. A patent for the land was issued in 1883 by the federal government. It was incorporated on July 3, 1888. The city hall as of the early 21st century stands on the former Myers homestead.
In the 20th century, Oceanside was a beach town devoted to activities on a 6-mile (9.7 km) stretch of beaches. Residential areas like downtown (built in the 1890s), South Oceanside (built in the 1920s and 1930s), and developments east of Interstate 5 (built after World War II) are preserved and remodeled when these houses are considered to have historical value. Since the establishment of Marine Corps Base Camp Pendleton in 1942, Oceanside has been home to U.S. armed forces personnel, and the wartime industry of WWII and the 1950s had an ammunition manufacturing facility in the city.
In 1970, the Census Bureau reported city's population as 91.0% white, 5.1% black and 1.7% Asian. After 1970, the main focus of Oceanside was suburban development and a choice for newcomers to move into then relatively affordable housing. Oceanside continues to be known for the value and appreciation as a vacation home market.
Oceanside is at (33.211566, -117.325701).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 42.2 square miles (109 km2). 41.2 square miles (107 km2) of it is land and 0.9 square miles (2.3 km2) of it (2.23%) is water.
Oceanside experiences a semi-arid climate (Köppen climate classification BSh). The average high temperatures range from 64 °F (18 °C) to 77 °F (23 °C). The average low temperatures range from 45 °F (7 °C) to 64 °F (18 °C). It is not too uncommon for the temperature going from 34 °F (1 °C) to 40 °F (4 °C).
|Climate data for Oceanside|
|Average high °F (°C)||
|Average low °F (°C)||
|Precipitation inches (mm)||
|Source: www.intellicast.com, May 2011|
The 2010 United States Census reported that Oceanside had a population of 167,086. The population density was 3,961.8 people per square mile (1,529.7/km²). The racial makeup of Oceanside was 109,020 (65.2%) White, 7,873 (4.7%) African American, 1,385 (0.8%) Native American, 11,081 (6.6%) Asian (3.4% Filipino, 0.7% Japanese, 0.7% Vietnamese, 0.6% Chinese, 0.4% Korean, 0.2% Indian), 2,144 (1.3%) Pacific Islander, 25,886 (15.5%) from other races, and 9,697 (5.8%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 59,947 persons (35.9%). 31.3% of the population were Mexican American. Non-Hispanic Whites numbered 74,959 persons (44.8%).
The Census reported that 166,150 people (99.4% of the population) lived in households, 802 (0.5%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 134 (0.1%) were institutionalized.
There were 59,238 households, out of which 20,486 (34.6%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 30,201 (51.0%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 6,947 (11.7%) had a female householder with no husband present, 3,111 (5.3%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 3,504 (5.9%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 472 (0.8%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 14,117 households (23.8%) were made up of individuals and 6,161 (10.4%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.80. There were 40,259 families (68.0% of all households); the average family size was 3.32.
The population was spread out with 39,817 people (23.8%) under the age of 18, 19,028 people (11.4%) aged 18 to 24, 45,797 people (27.4%) aged 25 to 44, 40,943 people (24.5%) aged 45 to 64, and 21,501 people (12.9%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35.2 years. For every 100 females there were 97.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.0 males.
There were 64,435 housing units at an average density of 1,527.8 per square mile (589.9/km²), of which 34,986 (59.1%) were owner-occupied, and 24,252 (40.9%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 2.2%; the rental vacancy rate was 6.2%. 97,645 people (58.4% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 68,505 people (41.0%) lived in rental housing units.
As of the census of 2000, there were 161,029 people, 56,488 households, and 39,259 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,967.2 inhabitants per square mile (1,531.7/km²). There were 59,581 housing units at an average density of 1,467.9 per square mile (566.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 53.6% White, 30.2% Hispanic, 6.3% African American, 5.5% Asian, 1.2% Pacific Islander, 0.4% Native American or Alaskan Native, 0.1% from another race alone, and 3.2% from two or more races. (These figures have been adjusted to classify Hispanics as a separate group from whites, blacks, Asians, and other races; U.S. census data do not separate out Latinos in this manner.)
In 2000, there were 56,488 households out of which 35.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.1% were married couples living together, 11.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.5% were non-families. 22.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.83 and the average family size was 3.33.
The age distribution of Oceanside in 2000 was as follows: 27.6% under the age of 18, 10.2% from 18 to 24, 31.0% from 25 to 44, 17.6% from 45 to 64, and 13.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 98.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.1 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $46,301, and the median income for a family was $52,232. Males had a median income of $34,772 versus $27,962 for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,329. About 8.2% of families and 11.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.2% of those under age 18 and 5.7% of those age 65 or over.
According to the city’s most recent Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the city’s various funds had $295.2 million in revenues, $252.8 million in expenditures, $962.8 million in total assets, $195.3 million in total liabilities, and $223.7 million in cash and investments.
State and federal representation
Residents of Oceanside may attend schools in the Oceanside Unified School District, Vista Unified School District, Bonsall Union School District, Carlsbad Unified School District, Fallbrook Union High School District, or Fallbrook Union Elementary School District, depending on their actual address. The Oceanside Unified School District provides instrumental music programs in grades 4-12, no bus service is offered in Oceanside ISD, with the exception for those who reside on Camp Pendleton and the special needs students.
The Oceanside Unified School District has two comprehensive high schools, El Camino High School off Rancho Del Oro and Oceanside High School off Mission Avenue. High school students are also served by Ocean Shores Continuation High School and Clair Burgener Academy. OUSD has 24 schools plus three charter schools, including the School of Business and Technology, and two brand new schools, Louise Foussat Elementary School and Cesar E. Chavez Middle School, that opened in the Fall of 2007. Cesar Chavez Middle School, which is on the corner of Frazee and Oleander, will be built on a 14 acres (5.7 ha), house 11 building totaling 84,000 square feet (7,800 m2) and will serve 1,000 6th - 8th grade students.
The other school, Louise Foussat Elementary School, located on Pala Road, is built on 12.6 acres (5.1 ha) of land with 35 classrooms totaling 54, 490 square feet (46 m2) and can accommodate 800 students.
The headquarters for Bergensons Property Services, Learning Forum International and International Stem Cell Corporation are among some of the companies located in Oceanside. According to the City's 2009 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the city are:
|#||Employer||# of Employees|
|1||Tri-City Medical Center||1,900|
|2||City of Oceanside||1,060|
|3||Mira Costa College||1,000|
|5||North County Transit District||600|
|8||Ocean's Eleven Casino||400|
- The Oceanside Pier, first built in 1888 (and now in its sixth incarnation), is one of the longest wooden piers on the western United States coastline at 1,942 feet (592 m).
- Oceanside is home to Mission San Luis Rey de Francia, one of the Alta California missions.
- The historic district of Mount Ecclesia, home to the Rosicrucian Fellowship, is noted for its singular architecture and the preservation of nature grounds and gardens, offering a unique meditative walking experience.
- The California Surf Museum is located in downtown Oceanside.
- The Oceanside Transit Center provides train services on Amtrak, Metrolink, Coaster, and Sprinter.
- Oceanside has annually played host to the official start of 3000 mile bicycle race, Race Across America since 2006, usually held in the second week in June. It is considered the world's toughest sporting event by many experts.
Notable natives and residents
- Bobbi DePorter - Founder of the internationally acclaimed SuperCamp program, and President of the Quantum Learning Network.
- Phil Edwards, Surfer
- Bill Goldberg - Retired professional wrestler, football player, and actor.
- Michael C. Gross , Retired Magazine Director National Lampoon, Heavy Metal Film Producer , Ghostbusters, Beethoven
- Frank Lasee, Wisconsin politician
- Rear Admiral (Ret.) Dick Lyon- One of the first 10 Navy Seals (formerly called "Scouts and Raiders"), and the first Special Warfare Officer to attain that rank. He served as mayor of the city in the 1990s.
- Barbara Mandrell - Country singer. Former Miss Oceanside. Graduated from Oceanside High School in 1967.
- Elana Meyers - 2014 Olympic medalist (bobsleigh).
- Denise Richards - Actress who starred in Starship Troopers, Wild Things and the James Bond film The World Is Not Enough. Graduated from El Camino High School in 1989.
- Mark Dice - Author, media analyst, political activist and conspiracy theorist based in Oceanside.
- Chris Thile - Virtuoso mandolinist of Nickel Creek; born in Oceanside.
- Evan Tanner, former UFC middleweight champion
- Francis French, author and noted space historian
- Thomas Keller, chef, restaurateur and Michelin Star recipient.
- David B. Kurtz Second Mayor of San Diego (1851-1852), lived in Oceanside from 1866 until his death in 1898.
- Victor Villaseñor, acclaimed Mexican-American writer
- Jordan Pundik, lead singer of pop punk band New Found Glory
- Christopher Lloyd, best known for his role in the Back to the Future films.
- Brandon Vera, UFC Light-Heavyweight Mixed Martial Artist
- Mickey Finn, noted inventor of weapons systems for the U.S. government.
- Jason Mraz, American singer-songwriter
Major League Baseball players
- Heath Bell, pitcher for the Arizona Diamondbacks
- Thad Bosley, player for the California Angels, Chicago White Sox, Milwaukee Brewers, Seattle Mariners, Chicago Cubs, Kansas City Royals, and the Texas Rangers
- Trevor Cahill, pitcher for the Arizona Diamondbacks
- Chris Chambliss, who played from 1971 to 1988 for the Cleveland Indians, New York Yankees and Atlanta Braves, graduated from Oceanside High School in 1966
National Football League players
- Michael Booker Graduated from El Camino High School in 1993. Went to the University of Nebraska and was later drafted 11th overall by the Atlanta Falcons.
- Willie James Buchanon, played for the Green Bay Packers and San Diego Chargers. Graduated from Oceanside High School in 1968.
- D. J. Clark, played for the Green Bay Packers.
- Joe Salave'a, plays for the Washington Redskins.
- Junior Seau, played for the San Diego Chargers, Miami Dolphins, and New England Patriots, and made 12 NFL Pro Bowls
- Ken Stills, played for the Green Bay Packers and Minnesota Vikings.
- Toussaint Tyler, played running back for the New Orleans Saints for two seasons
- Bryant Westbrook, played for the Detroit Lions, Dallas Cowboys and Green Bay Packers. Graduated from El Camino High School in 1993.
- Dokie Williams, played for the Los Angeles Raiders for 5 seasons.
- Jayice JC Pearson, played for the Kansas City Chiefs, and Minnesota Vikings
- "California Cities by Incorporation Date" (Word). California Association of
- "City Council". City of Oceanside, CA. Retrieved October 9, 2014.
- "2010 Census Gazetteer File - Places - California".
- Marine Corps Base Camp Pendleton
- . Retrieved July 17, 2006.
- "Race and Hispanic Origin for Selected Cities and Other Places: Earliest Census to 1990". U.S. Census Bureau.
- Fletcher, June (June 13, 2005). "The Hottest Vacation-Home Markets: Second homes are sizzling; We tell you where -- and why".
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990".
- "Oceanside historic weather averages". Intellicast. Retrieved May 9, 2011.
- "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - Oceanside city". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2014.
- "American FactFinder".
- City of Oceanside CAFR Retrieved August 13, 2009
- "Statewide Database". UC Regents. Retrieved November 30, 2014.
- "California's 49th Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC.
- City of Oceanside CAFR Retrieved August 13, 2009
- "Q&A: Bobbi DePorter; founder of Quantum Learning Network". The San Diego Union-Tribune. Retrieved May 10, 2009.
- Ahrens, Chris (September 17, 1992). "Surfing the Wave of Tradition".
- The Hebrew Hulk
- "Elected officials are skilled — at getting elected". North Country Times. Retrieved May 10, 2009.
- The International Who's Who of Women 2002
- Barbara Mandrell
- Denis Richards Pictures
- Edgar Meyer and Chris Thile
- D.J. Clark
- Joe Salave'a
- "Former Charger Junior Seau Commits Suicide: Cops". NBC San Diego.com. NBC. Retrieved May 2, 2012.
- "Ken Stills NFL Football Statistics". Pro-Football-Reference.com. September 6, 1963. Retrieved June 4, 2013.
- Toussaint Tyler NFL & AFL Football Statistics". Pro-Football Reference. Retrieved February 10, 2010.
- Official website
- Oceanside travel guide from Wikivoyage
- Mission San Luis Rey de Francia
- Oceanside Historical Society
- Discover Oceanside attractions, beaches and piers.